Fair Housing Ordinance Quest Enters New
By PHILIP SUTIN
The quest of a fair housing ordinance is entering a new
and decisive stage.
The Ann Arbor City Council will meet with the Human
Relations Board next Tuesday and on the following Monday
the council may hold its first full-dress consideration of measure
at its monthly working session.
The question of housing discrimination has been a major
issue in Ann Arbor politics in recent years. In April, 1960, HRC-
council committee draft ordinance was presented to council
Eley Revises Motion
Eighteen months later Democratic Councilman Lynn W.
Eley introduced a revised version of the ordinance to council.
On July 2, on the advise of the Human Relations Commission,
this ordinance was also scrapped.
"The commission has given careful consideration to this
ordinance and because of procedural aspects therein does not
recommend its adoption," HRC Chairman Paul Wagner told
the council in a letter.0
However, the letter reiterated the HRC's stand favoring the
need for such legislation. The HRC has been studying the
problem for a number of years and on several occasions has
publically stated its approval of a fair housing ordinance.
An April 12, 1962 report of the HRC's housing committee
asserts that housing discrimination does exist in Ann Arbor.
Case Histories Cited
"According to case histories accumulated by the Human
Relations Commission, the University, the HOME Committee of
the Life and Work Department of the Ann Arbor-Washtenaw
Council of Churches, and the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People, many Negroes have been
forced to seek help in their search for housing from other than
normal channels," the report stated.
Two population study reports, one issued in 1961, the other
this year, indicated that Ann Arbor's approximately 4100 non-
whites are cramped into areas in the north-central part of
town. Foreign students, the report added, are concentrated in
an area bounded by Packard, E. William and Thompson Streets.
"If the non-white population in Ann Arbor were evenly
distributed throughout the residential area of Ann Arbor, there
would be no more than two non-white families per square block.
However, it is readily apparent . .. that there is a very heavy
concentration in the center of the city and to a lesser degree
in two contiguous north side areas," the report on "Population
Distribution of Racial Minorities in Ann Arbor, 1950-1960,"
Two Tracts Listed
Census Tract Seven and Eight bounded by Seventh St.
on the west, Summit St., the Ann Arbor Railroad tracks and
the Huron River on the north, Glen St. on the east and Huron
St. on the south have over 35 per cent Negro residents. Two
continguous census tracks contain 10 to 20 per cent Negro
residents. The rest of Ann Arbor has no more than two per
cent Negro occupancy, the report said.
According. to the 1962 report, tract seven has the densest
Negro population. Thirty-eight and seven tenths of the area's
population is Negro. The area has "more dilapedated and less
sound housing than any other tract of the city," the report
The HRC's housing committee report claims that the cause
of housing discrimination is economic. "The reason often
expressed for discrimination is economic in nature. People fear
the presence of a Negro-owned home wil produce a decrease
in the value of other homes in adjacent areas," it said.
Discount Economic Effects
The report discounted this effect, citing studies in Kala-
mazoo, Laurenti and other cities.
Concluding its report, the HRC committee said, "At this
point then the Commission and ultimately the City Council
must determine whether to:
See FAIR, Page 3
See Page 2
Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom
Moderate weather today
with little chance of rain
VOL.LXXII, No. 13-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 13, 1962 SEVEN CENTS
Board Approves Student Fee
For Season Football Tickets
House Approves Foreign Aid;
Vote Backs Kennedy Proposal
The University Board in Con-
trol of Intercollegiate Athletics
has ruled that students will have
to pay a $1 handling charge for
their season football tickets be-
ginning this fall.
In the past students have re-
ceived football tickets for all home
games free, as a privilege extended
to those paying tuition for a full
Prof. H. O. "Fritz" Crisler, Uni-
versity athletic director, explained
that the new charge is designed to
defer the cost of printing and
handling the tickets.
Only for "Full Students"
This fee will apply to tickets of
full program students only. Part
time students and the husbands
and wives of students will con-
tinue to pay the $15 fee that they
have in the past for season tickets.
In the past the entire cost of
tickets for full-time students was
covered by the general University
budget, Prof. Marcus Plant, of the
law school, a member of the ath-
letic board, explained.
PROF. 'FRITZ' CRISLER
... a little charge
WASHINGTON (W)-A new pro-
posal for settling the protocol feud
holding up the government's
money bills in Congress was work-
ed out by House and Senate lead-
There were some signs it will be
The deadlock developed three
months ago when the House and
Senate Appropriations Committees
became involved in a dispute over
Vice-President Lyndon B. John-
son, who presides over the Senate,
reportedly demanded a solution
at a meeting this morning 'with
members of the Senate group.
To Meet Today
Members of the House and Sen-
ate committees will meet today to
consider the compromise. It re-
portedly has the advance approval
of leaders in both branches of
Chairman Carl Hayden (D-Ariz)
of the Senate committee denied
that he or the Senate had agreed
to any compromise.
Details of the proposal were not
made public. It reportedly would
be in effect only for this session of
Congress. Subcommittees of the
two appropriations committees
would work on getting a perma-
rient agreement for the new ses-
sion next January.
One Senator said the compro-
mise would permit a House mem-
ber to preside at about half of
the conference meetings where dif-
ferences between the Senate and
House on government spending are
worked out. Heretofore, a Senator
The agreement also would not
give the Senate original jurisdic-
tion over any of the annual money
bills, he said.
Senators had agreed earlier to
yield half the chairmanships if the
WASHINGTON (M--Chances for
passage at this session of a new
tax bill remained alive yesterday
as the Senate Finance Commit-
tee completed approval of a tax-
credit plan to encourage industrial
This left as the only major
question for committee action the
proposal for increased taxation of
United States profits earned
Chairman Harry F. Byrd (D-Va)
has announced that if the com-
mittee does not complete its re-
shaping of the tax bill by next
Tuesday, he will lay it aside to
take up the House-passed Trade
Not Before Adjournment
Such a move probably would'
mean passage of a tax measure
could not be completed before
Congress adjourns in early fall.
The House has passed a tax
bill but it already has been dras-
tically altered by the Senate Fi-
nance Committee so that even
after Senate passage considerable
time probably would be required
to reconcile the two bills.
Another complicating factor in
the clouded tax legislation out-
look is the still-undecided ques-
tion of whether President John F.'
Kennedy will ask for a general
tax cut this year.
Administration legislative lieu-
tenants have indicated Kennedy is
leaning more strongly toward such
a recommendation. If he makes it,
a whole new area of time-consum-
ing controversy will be opened.
The Senate committee reaffirm-
ed yesterday its 10-7 vote of Wed-
nesday to retain a seven per cent
tax credit proposal aimed at en-
couraging industry to modernize
its production and equipment. The
finally adopted version differs in
detail from that in the House bill
but basically is what the Presi-
dent asked. It would save industry
an estimated $1.1 billion in taxes.
The committee has eliminated
the administration request-which
the House approved-to set up the
machinery to withhold 20 per
cent of dividend and interest pay-
ments, much as withholdings now
are made from wages and salaries.
The athletic department is fi-
nancially independent from the
University budget and receives a
small amount from student fees
toward the cost of student football
tickets. The remaining income for
the entire athletic department pro-
gram comes from gate receipts;
the vast majority coming from the
sale of football tickets.
Prof. Crisler notes that all of
the athletic costs are increasing.
This new charge is one means
of covering some of the miscel-
A season ticket for any non-
student would cost $5 per game.
Thus the students are getting the
entire home schedule for a $1
This fall there will be five home
games. In some years there have
been as many as seven home con-
The athletic department must
also pay each visiting team $.50
for each ticket sold, including stu-
dent tickets whether or not they
are used. Some "Big Ten" schools,
in order to cut down this cost,
require their students to pick up
separate tickets before each game,
and then pay the visiting team
according to the number of tickets
used by this method.
Other schools also ration their
student tickets, not allowing every
student to see the entire home
schedule. This is done because
more income is made from tickets
sold publicly than from those ap-
portioned to students. The fact
that the University has a 101,001
seat stadium has not made this
practice necessary in order to meet
the athletic budget here.
REGINA (P)--A royal commis-
sion will be appointed to insure
that doctors practicing during
Saskatchewan Province's physi-
cians' strike are not harassed or
persecuted, Premier W o o d r o w
Lloyd said yesterday.
Lloyd said in a statement read
by Deputy Premier J. J. Brockel-
bank there has been an accumu-
lation of evidence that the Sas-
katchewan College of Physicians
and Surgeons is seeking to exercise
its policing powers under the med-
ical professions act as "an offen-
sive weapon against doctors who
are not supporting the College's
"The government is disturbed at
the allegations that have been re-
portedly made concerning physi-
cians who have recently taken up
practice in Saskatchewan," Lloyd
ABRAHAM A. RIBICOFF
... hopeful resignation
Quits To Run
HARTFORD UP) - Secretary of
Health, Education and Welfare
Abraham A. Ribicoff announced
last night his resignation from the
Cabinet and his candidacy for the
Democratic nomination to the
United States Senate from Con-
He expressed hope the people of
his home state will elect him to
the Senate and let him remain
there for the remainder of his
public career, putting that ambi-
tion above a possible seat on the
United States Supreme Court.
The formal announcement by
Ribicoff had long been expected,
but it had two unusual aspects.
One was that a Cabinet member
announced his resignation rather
than having the President do so.
Also, it was the first time that a
Cabinet member used a television
speech-a taped speech in this in-
stance-as the vehicle for an-
nouncing his resignation.
"An hour ago I sent to Presi-
dent John F. Kennedy my resig-
nation as secretary of health, edu-
cation, and welfare. I took this
action so that I might announce
my candidacy for the Democratic
nomination for the United States
Senate," Ribicoff said in his pre-
In Washington, Andrew T.
Hatcher, the assistant White House
press secretary, said there will be
"no undue delay in announcing a
However, it was understood the
White House might make no offi-
cial announcement concerning the
resignation until release this after-'
noon of Ribicoff's letter and Ken-
Ribicoff had long made it clear
he itnended to resign at about the
time of the Connecticut Democrat-
ic state convention so he could
seek the Senate nomination.
RETURNS TO ORAN:
Ben Bella Asks A igerian Discipline
ORAN WP)-Deputy Premier Ah-
med Ben Bella returned trium-
phantly to this West Algerian
metropolis yesterday and declar-
ed he wants to "wipe the slate
clean"- of quarrels among nation-
"We demand that the minorityI
give way to the majority," BenE
Bella told a mass meeting. "We
want to bar the path of all those
who wish to bring about an un-
Ben Bella made it clear he wants
single-party rule within the Na-
tional Council of the Algerian
Revolution. The council includes
many of the Algerian officers who
are bitterly opposed to the mod-
erate regime of Premier Ben
Youssef Ben Khedda.
'One Strong Organization'
"The future must be protected
by one strong, popular organiza-
tion," Ben Bella said.
"We must have a single, disci-
plined party to achieve the aims
of our revolution, not several par-
ties. We will not permit a return
to the sterile game of the old
"The army of national libera-
tion provides a guarantee for the
objectives of the revolution and its
strength will discourage counter-
revolution," he asserted.
Before Ben Bella spoke to the
cheering Oran throng, Premier
Ben Khedda, his political rival,
appealed for unity in a speech be-
fore a Moslem rally 60 miles out-
"We must build a modern, so-
cialist state; we will do so-thanks
to the unity, discipline and obed-
ience of the Algerian people," Ben
In his Oran speech, Ben Bella
"We say 'yes' to unity, but only
a unity that leaves the way openi
to the goals of the revolution."
Ben Bella's talk was his first
major address since his return to
Algeria after France proclaimed
the North African nation inde-
Ben Bella's aides dropped hints
that talks in Rabat, Morocco, be-E
tween the rival Algerian factions
had failed to produce agreement.-
These aides said Ben Bella may1
delay his trip to Algiers to meet
the rest of the provisional govern-
ment headed by Ben Khedda.-
The army must be the rulingt
party's instrument of power and,
its protection against counter-E
revolution, he said.I
TRIUMPHANT RETURN-Ahmed Ben Bella (center), dissident
deputy premier of the Algerian nationalist regime, was greeted by
a large crowd of friends and followers when he returned to Oran
yesterday. Shortly after his arrival, Ben Bella delivered a speech
calling for a single ruling party protected from counterrevolu-
tion by a strong army.
WORLD NEWS ROUNDUP:
Negroes Pass Voter Test;
Senate Passes Drug Bill
To Red States
To Consider Limit
On Bond Purchase
WASHINGTON UP)-The House
passed yesterday a $4.7-billion
foreign aid authorization bill giv-
ing President John F. Kennedy a
freer hand in helping Communist-
dominated countries than the
measure voted by the Senate.
It will be up to a Senate-House
conference to work out also what
to do about a House-voted ban on
any loans or grants to the United
Nations until other members pay
their share of peacemalsing o er-
ations in the Congo and the Mid-
dle East. The Senate version con-
tains no such provision.
The differences in the money
totals voted for the fiscal year
that started July 1 also will have
to be reconciled in the conference.
But there is little difference in the
money ceilings provided in the two
versions, $4,668,500,000 by the
House and only $6.5 million less by
the Senate. The administration
originally requested $4,878,500,000.
Restricted to Food
The Senate wrote in language
that would restrict aid to such
countries as Yugoslavia and Po-
land to surplus food. The House
beat down similar proposals and
went on to approve discretionary
authority similar to that given to
Kennedy could provide the aid
under broad guidelines, including a
presidential finding that the aid
would advance United States se-
curity, that the aided country is
not dominated by international
Communism and that the help
would promote the independence
of the assisted state.
The bipartisan effort to give the
President a freer hand was by a
standing vote of 277 to 4. This
came after a similar vote of 201
to 44 defeated an amendment, by
Rep. Thomas Feighan (D-Ohio)
that would have permitted aid only
if a country overthrew its Com-
Drops Amendment Plan
House leaders decided to drop
plans to try and overturn Wed-
nesday's 124-112 vote which wrote
in the United Nations loan amend-
ment. Instead they decided to re-
ly on the Senate-House confer-
ence to eliminate it.
The Senate already has author-
ized, in a separate measure, ap-
propriations for a $100 million loan
to the United Nations. The House
Foreign Affairs Committee is ex-
pected to approve a similar sep-
arate authorization later this
Another variation between the
two versionsuthat the conference
must work out relates to advance
authority to finance the Alliance
for Progress in Latin America.
Total $600 Million
Both versions approve $600 mil-
lion for the current year. The
Senate accepted the President's
request for advanced authority for
$800 million in each of the three
years following. The House cut
$200 million from each of the
three years ahead, for a total re-
duction of $600 million.
By The Associated Press
MONROE, La. - Twenty-eight
Negroes from East Carroll Parish
in Northeast Louisiana passed a
voter qualification test held by a
Feleral judge yesterday in the first
proceeding of its kind under the
1960 Civil Rights Act.
WASHINGTON - The Senate
Judiciary Committee approved by
a 15-0 vote yesterday a modified
version of the Kefauver bill to
tighten Federal controls over the
prescription drug industry.
* * *
BRASILIA, Brazil - The Cham-'
ber of Deputies was summoned in-
to special session last night to
vote on the cabinet nominations
and government program of Prime
Minister Francisco Brochado da
Rocha. He had threatened to re-
sign if he failed to organize a
Brazil's government crisis is re-
ported to be the behind-the-
scenes reason for the postpone-
ment, announced earlier, of the
Brazilian visit President John F.
Kennedy planned for the end of
WELLINGTON, New Zealand-
Two Soviet dpilomats were expell-
ed from New Zealand yesterday on
charges of spying. Prime Minister
Keith J. Holyoake told Parliament
the government had "irrefutable
proof" the two Russians triel to
obtain secret defense information
by offers of gifts and money.
MOSCOW -- British, American,
Canadian and Scandinavian dele-
gates to the World Peace Con-
gress plan a "ban-the-bomb"
march in Moscow today despite
a Soviet refusal to permit it.
NEW YORK-The stockrmarket
steadied and showed renewed
strength late yesterday. At 2 p.m.
the Dow-Jones average of 30 in-
dustrials was up 3.10, while the
Standard & Poor's 500-stock index
also resumed its advance.
tioning of Thurgood Marshall
about NAACP activities brought,
protests yesterday from several
senators at a hearing on his nomi-
nation to be a Federal circuit
'TWO WARRING CAMPS':
Burg Examines Soviet Literary Trends
By EARL POLE
"Present day conflicts in Soviet'
literature resemble the Cold War,
on a smaller 'Interliterary front',"
David Burg of Harvard University,
said yesterday, in his lecture on
"Current Soviet Literary Politics,"
one of an interdepartmental lec-
ture series on the USSR.
The term "Literary Politics" re-
The conflict between these two
schools of thought resembles the
cold war only superfically, in that
the liberals derive some of their
ideals from the Western world. The
conservatives, reaffirm the Eastern
principle of restrictive dictator-
The real basis for the split is
the "internal contradictions pres-
point contained opposition to the
trend in recent Soviet literature
towards too much social criticism
and individualism. The conserva-
tives blamed such literary patterns
on the "bourgeois" influences of
the West. Consequently, the con-
servatives are for lessening of the
cultural exchange program.
Seek More Independence