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August 10, 1962 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1962-08-10

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GRADE POINT AVERAGE
AND PERSONAL WORTH

Y

Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom

4Iaitt

SUNNY
Hligh--78
Low-52
Continued cool and
clear with tight winds

See Page 2

VOL. LXXII, No. 33-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 1962 SEVEN CENTS

FOUR PAGES

Satellite Bill Faces
Second Senate Tieup
WASHINGTON (P) - The administration's Communications
Satellite Bill - faced with the threat of a new Senate filibuster -
was approved without change late yesterday by the Senate Foreign
Relations Committee.
The committee voted 14 to 3 to send the measure to the Senate
for the resumption today of what may be extended debate.
It did so after a top-heavy majority rejected a dozen amendments
offered by Sens. Wayne Morse, (D-Ore.), and Albert Gore, (D-Tenn.),

I , " - - I., 1.. 1 :,.m - , , - - , 71 j

Russians

Reject

New

Plan

For

Nuclear

Test-Ban Pact

c:

McNamara
Asks Change
In Carriers
WASHINGTON (t) - Secretary
of Defense Robert S. McNamara's
drive to streamline military man-
agement and command may give
a final push toward ending the
.two-decade dominance in the
Navy of the aircraft carrier force.
The trend began with changes
in weaponry and strategy, espe-
cially the swiftly growing role of
the Polaris submarine-missile sys-
tem, and now may be accelerated
by sweeping service administrative
changes ordered by the Defense
Department.
Vice Adm. Robert B. Pirie, depu-
ty chief of naval operations for
air, announced Wednesday he has
applied for retirement, effective in
November.
Drop Office
There is prospect that no three-
star officer will succeed him, that
the office may be dropped from
Navy organization - or, on the
other hand, that the other branch-
es such as the submarine and
cruiser-destroyer may be given
equal three-star representation.
Secretary of the Navy Fred
Korth named a Management Sur-
vey Committee two months ago to
see what further internal reorgan-
ization is needed to bring the
Navy's structure into alignment
with McNamara's over-all reor-
ganization plans. Those plans in-
cluding a reduction in the size and
complexity of staffs. A report by
the committee is not expected be-
fore late this year.
Importance Noted
The vitally important role of
carrier-based aviation emerged
early in World War II. For long,
desperate months after Pearl Har-
bor carrier planes were virtually
the only weapon with which the
United States could hit back
against the advancing Japanese in
the Pacific.
A second important mission de-
veloped: tactical air support in
amphibious landings. This com-
bined capability for strategic or
tactical attack and for support of
ground forces began overshadow-
ing the traditional battleship even
before the end of World War II.
bany Clergy,
Mothers Plan
'Pilgrimage' t
ALBANY (A') - Negro mothers
and ministers planned protest
demonstrations today over segre-
gation in this South Georgia city
and the jailing of hundreds of
persons during the past nine
months.
The "pilgrimages" are scheduled
to coincide with the trial of Dr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. and the
Rev. Ralph D. Abernathy, arrest-
ed nearly two weeks ago for stag-
ing a prayer vigil at City Hall.
Requests were sent to City Man-
ager Stephen Roos for permission 6
to stage a demonstration.
Set Time
A "mothers' pilgrimage" set for
between noon and 3 p.m. will be
composed of 25 to 35 women led by
Mrs. King and Mrs. Abernathy.
The second demonstration is
scheduled between 3 p.m. and 5
p.m.
"It will be composed of local
citizens and a large number of
ministers and laymen from around
the nation," the letter of request
said.
Both groups plan to assemble at

a church and then walk several
blocks to city hall for prayer ses-
sions.
The Rev. Wyatt Tee Walker, an
aide to King, disclosed the plans.
He said Negro leaders understood
that "peaceful demonstrations or
so-called parades will be permitted
if permits are secured or applied
for."
Will Demonstrate
Even if the permission is denied.

-'aimed at tightening presidential
control over the proposed satellite
system.
The bill would set up a private
corporation, with voting stock
half-owned by the American Tele-
phone & Telegraph Co., and other
carriers, and half by the general
public, to own and operate the
Inited States part of a global sat-
ellite communications system.
Refuse Support
Morse, Gore and Sens. Russell
B. Long (D-La.), and Frank
Church, (D-Idaho), voted against
the bill.
The committee's action came
after former President Harry S.
Truman, siding with a small group
of Senate Democrats fighting the
measure, called the legislation a
"gigantic giveaway" and asserted
he didn't think President John F.
Kennedy "understands the bill."
Chairman J. William Fulbright,
(D-Ark.), who supported the bill,
said opponents would have until
Monday to file a minority report.
The measure automatically be-
comes the order of Senate busi-
ness at noon today. That was the
agreement reached last week when
the bill was sent to the committee
for further hearings after a five-
day filibuster against it.
Floor Fight
Gore, who saw three of his
amendments defeated by 13-4
votes, told reporters:
"I'm prepared to make a deter-
mined fight on the floor to pre-
serve the primacy of the President
in the negotiation of agreements
between our country and foreign
countries."
Morse said it was unfortunate
that Kennedy, "who is so right on
so many things, is wrong on this."
He, too, said he would fight on
the floor for a series of amend-
ments the committee rejected.
Army Chiefs
Seek Accord
In Argentina
BUENOS AIRES (P) - Argen-
tina's feuding army chiefs ap-
peared headed last night for a
patched up solution of a crisis
which the wobbly Guido govern-
ment feared had hurt its quest
for foreign aid.
Defense Minister Jose Maria
Cantilo said a new war secretary
would be appointed today replac-
ing Gen. Juan Bautista Loza wvho
resigned Wednesday in the face of
a spreading army revolt against
him.
Cantilo said he had consulted
more than 50 generals in an effort
to find a new war minister.
The leader of the rebellion, Fed-
erico Toranzo Montero, was on his
way to the capital by train from
the command post he had set up
in North Argentina.
Economy Minister Alvaro Al-
sogaray bitterly complained that
the crisis in the army - main
prop of the Guido government -
had undone months of work to-
ward rebuilding confidence in Ar-
gentina, Alsogaray has been hold-
ing almost -daily meetings with a1
mission from the international
monetary fundr

GEN. MAXWELL TAYLOR
...Senate approval
T"aylor Gets
'Major Post
WASHINGTON (IP)-Gen. Max-
well Taylor was confirmed last
night as new chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff after giving
assurances that he won't return
to the Pentagon as a crusader.
The Senate also confirmed the
nomination of Gen. Earle G.
Wheeler to succeed Gen. George
H. Decker as Army chief of staff.
Decker is retiring Sept. 30 at the
end of his two-year term.
In both cases, the Senate acted
by unanimous voice vote with only
a handful of members on hand.
The Armed Services Committee
had recommended confirmation,
also unanimously in both cases, a
few hours earlier.
Laud Choice
President John F. Kennedy's se-
lection of Taylor was lauded by
most committee members at a
brief hearing earlier in the day.
A paratroop veteran, he had
quit as Army chief of staff in 1959
in a widely publicized protest
against Eisenhower administration
defense policies.
Chairman Richard B. Russell
(D-Ga) said he wouldn't even have
bothered to call a hearing on Tay-
lor's nomination if some commit-
tee members hadn't asked for one.
Question Taylor
Many of the questions put to
Taylor centered on a book he
wrote after he doffed his uniform
three years ago, "The Uncertain
Trumpet." It criticized the organi-
zation of the Joint Chiefs and the
policy of massive retaliation.
Taylor said he is not prepared
to withdraw anything he wrote in
his book, declaring "I meant exact-
ly what I said." He said smilingly
that he hand't expected to return
to uniform at the time he wrote it.
But his new role, Taylor said,
will not be that of a crusader but
one of making the present system
"as effective as possible."
Find Home
For Animals
The soon to be displaced animals
from the University zoo will be
given a new home by the Omaha
Nebraska Municipal Zoo.
The two black bears, one de-
odorized skunk, five racoons and
two foxes will be sent to Omaha
to make room for a new $1 million
animal research building.-
Omaha authorities were among
some 250 persons in 40 states ex-
pressing concern for the animals
when a story was carried over the
national Associated Press wires.

GOP Claims
Move Hurtsr
U..S. Security
State Department
Counters Charges
WASHINGTON (P) - The State
Department disputed yesterday
Republican claims that the Ken-
nedy administration's new atomic
test-ban terms would weaken
United States security.
In arguing the new United
States test-ban proposals wouldz
not involve "a lessening of secur-
ity at all," Professor Lincoln White
said he was not commenting on-
any "specific allegations made by
certain individuals." But the ques-
tion arose at his daily news brief-
ing in the wake of charges made
yesterday by GOP leaders.
New York's Governor Nelson A.
Rockefeller saw a "weakening" of
the United States proposals which
"run a high risk of endangering
our national security."
Too Many Concessions
Senate Republican leader Ever-<
ett M. Dirksen of Illinois said
President John F. Kennedy has
sent United States negotiators to
the Geneva disarmament confer-
ence "hat in hand" with conces-
sions to the Russians,
Arthur H. Dean, chief United
States negotiator at Geneva, told'
the disarmament conference yes-
terday that the revised American
position might allow for fewer
than half the previously proposed:
180 atomic detection stations to
police against any violation of a
nuclear test-ban treaty.
White said there "was not a
diminution of security safeguards
we felt was necessary in an atom-
ic test-ban treaty." He added he
stands absolutely behind Kenne-
dy's statement of last week that
new scientific data "can provide a
more , effective control than we"
had ever had before."
Counters Criticism
William C. Foster, director of
the United States Disarmament
Agency, also undertook to counter-
Republican criticisms of the new
approach. He had a session yester-
day with five members of the
House Armed Services Committee
and three Senators
One of the Senators who met
with Foster, Sen. John Stennis,
(D-Miss.), announced later in the
day that the Armed Services Pre-
paredness Subcommittee he heads
will begin hearings as soon as pos-
sible on "nuclear test develop-
ments and arms control and dis-
armament matters."
His announcement caused some
speculation that there may be
some division within the Senate
over the new administration ap-
proach. Heretofore, nuclear wea-
pons matters have been handled
largely by the Joint Senate-House
Atomic Committee and disarma-
ment by a Foreign Relations Sub-
committee.
State Department officials stress-
ed that the revised United States ne
position is based on the recent
findings from the Defense Depart- au
ment. sa

By GERALD STORCH
Schistosomiasis, a 1 i t t 1 e-
known but tragically potent
disease, may negate any eco-
nomic benefit to be derived
from the building of Egypt's
Aswan Dam, Prof. Henry van
der Schalie of the zoology de-
partment believes.
The affliction strikes between
114 to 200 million people, most
of whom are in agricultural
communities in Asia, Africa
and South America.
The disease is a parasitic one,
originating from snails residing
in streams and irrigation ca-
nals.
Affects Organs
Small flatworms emerge from
the snails, bore through human
skin, into the blood vessels and
eventually the abdominal or-
gans.
Within the human, the worm
mates and lays millions of eggs,
many of which become embed-
ded within various tissues of the
body, disrupting their function.
The mild form of the disease
is a general malaise, but as it
increases in severity, an irritat-
ing cough, skin rash, head-
ache, fever and difficulty in
breathing develop.
In the acute stage, nausea
sets in along with diarrhea, dys-
entery, and blood in the urine.
At the chronic level, the liver
shrinks, the spleen becomes en-
larged and the abdomen bloat-
ed while the rest of the body
emaciates. Cancerous growths
often result, as well as lesions
of the lungs and heart and
of the brain.
Eventually, schistosomiasis
will either kill the person or
drastically shaorten his lifetime.
Tragic Irony
The most tragic irony of all,
Prof. van der Schalie feels, is
that modern technology, with
its sweeping hopes for a more
decent and humane existence
for the world's unfortunate, it-
self helps to spread this vicious
disease.
For as techniques of irriga-
tion and water control-such as
the Aswan Dam-are introduc-
ed into primitive agricultural
communities, the sources and
breeding grounds for the snails
are multiplied.
At present, there is no known
method of making human be-
ings immune to the disease, a
r e c e n t Michigan Memorial

Disease vs. Development

SPECIMENS-Two schistosome worms recovered from an in-
fested mouse are about eight and 12 millimeters in length.
The male worm is holding the ends of the longer and more
slender female in a ventral groove. (Courtesy of Phoenix.)

Phoenix Project Quarterly re-
ports. Scientists know much
more about schistosomiasis, of
course, than was known when
it was first recorded thousands
of years ago, but there has been
no comporable improvement in
their ability to combat the dis-
ease.
Two Projects
The Phoenix Project, how-
ever, is sponsoring two research
projects, and most of the ma-
jor drug companies are at-
tempting to find and produce
chemicals which would kill off
the worms.
While the researchers con-
tinue their work, the disease
takes its toll in the underdevel-
oped nations. An irrigation sys-
tem in Southern Rhodesia had
to be abandoned in 1939 after
it spread the disease to almost
half the nation's population, the
Phoenix report points out.
And Prof. van der Schalie
fears the same pattern will hit
Egypt when the Aswan Dam is
completed. Already, the disease
has a high incidence in lower
Egypt.
As the dam, which will,form
a 300-mile lake, feeds new wa-
terways into the Nile system,
further infecting its waters, the
disease will be carried up to
heavily agricultural, over-popu-
lated upper Egypt.
The Egyptian government is
not aware of the problem. Be-
tween 1952 and 1954, it spon-

sored along with the World
Health Organization an inten-
sive program to eradicate the
snails and disinfect the canals.
Little Success
But Prof. van der Schalie,
who 'participated in the pro-
gram, found that although
there was some success, two
years later "the snail popula-
tion was back to such a high
level that one could not detect
the tracts which had been treat-
ed."
The' primary reason lies in
the amazing production rate of
the snails. Within a period of
eight months, one snail is cap-
able of spawning 3.5 million.
He also notes other serious
handicaps, inherent in under-
developed areas. The population
is highly illiterate and unable
to comprehend preventative
methods against the disease; the
lack of sanitary plumbing facil-
ities and pure water sources
hinder other efforts at im-
provement.
Circular Problem
So at present, there is little
the Egyptian government can
do. And even if it can solve or
at least alleviate the "schisto"
problem, the professor thinks
equally urgent problems will be
raised. For any lives saved
would only add to the drain on
the already insufficient food
supply and further intensify the
overcrowding.
See TECHNOLOGY, Page 3

Zorin Greets
Compromise
With Distalin
Minister Refuses
Compulsory Check
In Western Proposal
GENEVA (P)--The Soviet Union
coldly spurned yesterday a new
Western offer to compromise on a
treaty banning nuclear weapons
testing.
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister
Valerian Zorin told United States
delegate Arthur H. Dean and Brit-
ain's Joseph B. Godber he would
not even consider the new British-
backed American move.
The three' negotiators were
meeting in the nuclear test ban
subcommittee of the 17-nation dis-
armament talks
Compulsory. Checks
The American offer for fewer
control posts to detect illegal nu-
clear blasts and a smaller number
of on-site inspections of suspicious
events on Soviet territory was
made on condition that the Rus-
sians give firm prior commitment
to the principle of compulsory on-
the-spot checks by international
inspection teams. Zorin categor-
ically refused to undertake such
a commitment on behalf of his
government.
He slapped the Western formu-
la down as "just the old American
position dolled up in a new guise
to deceive the neutrals."
Godber called Zorin's rejection
speech "rough, rugged and bitterly
disappointing."
No Games
Dean told newsmen after the
meeting: "We are not going to
play the numbers game. We are
not going to talk in detail about
the number of control posts or on-
site inspections until the Soviets
accept the right of on-site inspec-
tions."
Zorin rejected the Western
compromise in a speech prepared
before he heard Dean outline the
new suggestions. He said:
"From all that we have heard..
it is clear that on the basis of the
proposals which Mr. Dean has
brought from Washington, no
agreement on the cessation of nu-
clear weapons tests can be reach-
ed."
Suspend Meetings
Zorin insisted the three-power
subcommittee negotiations be tem-
porarily suspended and concluded
his speech with the following
statement:
"There is no sense to go into
detailed discussion now because
the United States position has not
been changed in principle and
there cannot be an agreement on
the basis which the United States
proposes."
Godber said Zorin "appears
constantly to wish to find points
of disagreement instead of points
of agreement. %e
Raps Statements
"This is no way," Godber con-
tinued, "to reach a treaty agree-
ment which he claims we need ur-
gently. His statements are cynical,
incredible, and almost scandalous."
Dean stressed the United States'
firm desire to end nuclear tests
"because in stopping them we will
end the present race to perfect
nuclear weapons and end forever
the dangers caused by radioactive
fallout."
Dean told Zorin:
"If the Soviet Union stops the
tests and accepts our offer, we will
stop our testing tonight."
Senate Ties Up

Research Bills
Three bills affecting overhead
cost limits on University research
are still tied up in the Senate,
Vice-President for Research Ralph
Sawyer reported yesterday.
On two of the measures - the
appropriations for the Defense
Denartment and Health. Educa-

": r:. :.v:

Government Proposes
Tighter Control of Drugs
By The Associated Press

Railroads Vie
With Workers
In Court Test

'LEGAL REVISION NEEDED'-

WASHINGTON-The government proposed yesterday a series of
w regulations which would give it tighter control over drug testing.
One key proposal would give the Food and Drug Administration
thority to halt a test if "a substantial doubt" developed as to the
[ety of the drug. The agency has no such authority now. The pro-
"posed new regulations, which will
Snot go into effect for at least 60
days, were announced by Secre-
tary of Welfare Anthony J. Cele-
brezze.

'U' Hospital Suffers $300,001

V . oss

f
{

By ROBERT SELWA
The University Hospital and other hospitals all over Michigan
have been sustaining annual losses of thousands of dollars each be-
cause of state acts 158 and 283.
This was the point made yesterday in a telephone interview by
Ernest C. Laetz, business manager of the 1000-bed University Hospital.
He spoke to an Optimist Club of Ann Arbor on this matter last week.
Many children on state and county welfare programs receive
hospital care. State acts 158 and 283 limit the amount the state pays
for their treatment to $25 a day. But their expenses often are much
above this - sometimes even $100 a day. In major heart operations
for children on the program, the University Hospital loses $850 to+
$1,000.
Losses Mount
"Naturally, these children must receive treatment," Laetz said.
So losses mount up: $300,000 this past year for the University Hos-
pital; probably $1,500,000 to $2,000,000 for all the hospitals in the
san

UNITED NATIONS-The Unit-
ed States told the United Nations
yesterday what kind of pressure it
is ready to apply to induce Ka-
tanga province to end its two-
year-old secession from the Con-
go.
But United States spokesmen,
disclosing this here and in Wash-
ington, declined to give details.
Diplomatic sources had reported
earlier that the United States was
prepared to boycott Katangan cop-
per.
WASHINGTON - Twenty-four
hours after a Republican leader
called it "a $900-million political1
slush fund," President John F.
Kennedy's public works bill was
cleared for House action yester-
day by the Rules Committee.

CHICAGO (P) - A railroad
spokesman testified yesterday that
the nation's carriers hope even-
tually to eliminate 65,000 jobs,
or about one seventh of their work
force, under an economy program
they want to start, next Thursday.
A court battle by five operating
unions, representing 210,000 work-
ers, to block the move was re-
cessed by Judge Joseph Sam Perry
until this morning in United States
sdistrict court.
The unions want a temporary
court order which will keep the
status quo until the fight is set-
tled in a higher court. They say
they will strike if new rules declar-
ing 40,000 firemen's jobs obsolete
go into force on schedule.
White House action was expect-
ed to delay such a showdown at
least two months.
Judge Perry, who dismissed
Monday the brotherhoods' suit to
void the new work rules, is hear-
ing arguments on a temporary in-
junction petition.
Most of yesterday's testimony
came from James E. Wolfe of Chi-
cago, chairman of the railroads'
bargaining committee, who said
that A5s nAR2 ndoman. A mr is

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