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August 03, 1962 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1962-08-03

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RESTORE KATANGA
TO ADOULA GOVT.
See Page 2

11 4

Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom

~IaitF

WARM
Hilgh--85
Low-56
Partly sunny
most of the day.

VOL. LXXII, No. 28-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 3,1962 SEVEN CENTS

FOUR PAGES

Research Picture Clouded,
With Indirect Cost Limits

Ben Bella

Wins

Power

To

Rule

With New Peace Pact in Algeria

With the Congressional picture
clouding up considerably, Vice-
President for Research Ralph
Sawyer said last night the Uni-
versity is willing to accept federal
research grants with a 25 per cent
limit on indirect costs not covered
by the grants themselves.
However, officials here are still
studying what should be done with

those having only a 20 per cent
allowance.
The normal extent of indirect
costs (space and facilities) at the
University normally runs about 30
per cent of 'the grants' direct
funds, which cover supplies and
salaries. The University has to
finance the difference out of its
own pocket..

FUTURE IN DOUBT-These raccoons at the University Zoo may
not be around very much longer, as the zoo will he torn down.
The animals will be either given away or destroyed.
Zoo Doomed to Make Way
For Biosystematies Center
The University Zoo soon will be no more.
Forced to make room for the new $1 million addition to the Mu-
seum Bldg., the zoo has only enough money to care for the animals-
eight kinds of turtles, two black bears, two foxes, five raccoons and
one skunk (deodorized)-for three more months.
The facility-the animal cage and reptile pit at the rear-will
have to go by fall, when construction begins for the new national

Both houses of Congress this
week approved setting a 20 per
cent ceiling in stipends from the
Defense Department and Health,
Education and Welfare Depart-
ment.
But the House sent a bill to the
Senate Wednesday providing for
a 25 per cent allowance in grants
from the National Science Foun-
dation, National Aeronautics and
Space Agency and the Atomic En-
ergy Commission.
If these measures are passed as
they stand now, the University
would gain nearly $.25 million
overall, Sawyer indicated. Prev-
iously, the defense grants had no
limitation, but the HEW funds had
a 15 per cent limit. The other
three sources remain about the
same.
Defense Danger
Sawyer cited one big danger,
though, which conceivably could
wipe out whatever the University
would gain: if the Defense Depart-
ment insists on converting its con-
tracts (with no limits) into grants,
thus, paying out only another 20
instead of around 30 per cent of
the direct grant costs.
The vice-president said he still
plans to meet with representatives
from other Big Ten universities
and the University of Chicago to
discuss what combined action, if
any, should be taken in reaction
to the new cost restrictions, and
to the possibility of the defense
grant rearrangements.
He also plans to confer by tele-
phone with research heads at the
Massachusetts Institue of Tech-
nology and the University of Cali-
fornia, both of which have a
heavy load of federally-sponsored
research.
Could Be Important
The meetings would be strictly
informal, and would not take place
until Congress completes its action
on appropriations. But the Uni-
versity's policy on the 20 per cent
levels "might depend on what the
other schools want to do," Sawyer
said.
Last week, he warned that the
University would refuse any de-
fense grants having a 15 per cent
limitation, and threatened not to
increase the volume of work done
under HEW auspices at that
figure.
Dean Travels
To Conference
'Strengthened'
WASHINGTON (R) - Disarma-
ment negotiator Arthur H. Dean
said yesterday President John F.
Kennedly's offer of new concessions
for a nuclear test-ban treaty with
Russia will strengthen his hand
when he returns to Geneva today.
"I think the President's state-
ment will enable us to sound out
the Soviet Union and determine if
it is interested in effectively con-
trolled disarmament with the gen-
eral obligatory principle of on-site
inspections," he told reporters
after briefing the Senate Disarma-
ment Subcommittee.
The critical issue -is international
inspection inside the Soviet Union.
Kennedy appealed to the Russian
government to drop its total oppo-
sition to such inspection at a
White House meeting late Wed-
nesday.

Release
By GERALD STORCH
The latest quarterly survey
by the Survey Research Centert
on consumer attitudes ended
interviews on May 29-barely 1
too late to gather opinions on
the effect of the stock market's
sad days on purchasing habits.'
So the next survey to be com-
pleted early in September by
Professors George Katona and
Eva Mueller of the Institute
for Social Research will "make
an extensive study of the im-
pact of the stock market de-
cline on consumer attitudes," 1
Prof. Katona reports.l
With interviews beginning c
two days ago, this survey is al-t
so probing another pertinent is-i
sue: tax reduction. "We want
to find out what people know
about it, how they feel about it,
why they maintain a pro orE
con attitude, and, by means of
indirect questioning, what they
would do with any extra money i
from a tax cut," he adds.
1,300-Member Sample1
These questions are in addi-
tion to the usual measurements
of consumer inclinations to buy.£
They are based on a nation-X
wide cross-section of 1,300
adults, selected by the center'st
widely-known probability meth-
ods
The latest quarterly survey,
issued last month, found con-i

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/:

Berrien GOP
Probes Charge
Against Byrns
Special To The Daily
BERRIEN SPRINGS - Consti-
tutional Convention delegate Lee
Boothby (R-Niles) and Speaker of
the House Don R. Pears (R-Buch-
anan) were the only congressional
candidates to appear last night, as
the Berrien County Republican
Screening Committee met to in-
vestigate Boothby's charges against
an opponent, St. Joseph attorney
Chester J. Byrns, '51L.
Byrns, accused of being in favor
of world federalism and misrep-
resenting his party affiliation, re-
fused" to appear. He called the
probe "an insult to the voters."
Boothby made the charges here
Monday night, and Byrns has de-
nied, but not refuted them.
Two newspapers, St. Joseph Her-
ald-Press and the Benton Harbor
News-Palladium, supported Byrns
in yesterday's edition and loudly
denounced the GOP investigation.
Group Puts Up Duke
However, the committee chair-
man C. C. "Duke" Harrah of Niles,
made it clear that the investiga-
tion was not an attempt "to smear
Byrns," but merely an effort to
"get the true picture."
The papers have also attempted
to link Pears to the Boothby at-
tack, but the committee vindicated
the Speaker on that count.
The committee, comprised of
seven Berrien County Republicans
and the six GOP county chairmen
in the district found both Pears
and Boothby "forthright with the
voters."
Daily Gets Attention
However, it did question 3yrns'
background with reference to
Boothby's charges and regretted
that he refused to appear. The
committee said it was unable to
reconcile Byrns' campaign state-
mevnt of being a life-long Republi-
can with the letter he published in
The Daily in 1949. At that tine,
he described himself as "a -nem-
ber of no political party."
Byrns' statement to the paper,
the committee decided, "seems to

center for research into animal
biosystematics.
Searching
Prof. Irvin G. Reimann, director
of the Exhibit Museum and who
also is in charge of the 'zoo, is
trying to find a new home for the
animals, either singly or in groups.
If he cannot find proper homes,
however, the animals will have to
be destroyed.
Placement is a big problem, he
admits, as 'the established zoos
have surpluses of these kinds of
creatures and do not care to ac-
quire more.
Turtle Types
Much research was done on the
animal inhabitants, especially on
the array of turtles: five species
of musk turtles, two kinds of Mex-
ican sliders and one type of box
turtle.
Prof. Reimann said the zoo has
been a very popular attraction for
residents and visitors since its con-
struction in 1928, and added that a
city the size of Ann Arbor was
fortunate in having a zoo of its
own.
If he ever gets a new zoo facil-
ity, he would make it -larger and
more modern than the doomed
University model.

Consumer Survey

PROF. ALBERT STEIGERWALT
directs program .
Venezuelans'
Study Starts
In spite of a severe budget cut-
back, 20 Venezuelan undergradu-
ates will begin an intensive six-
week study of United States eco-
nomics in the context of North
American culture with a tour to-
day of Ford's Rouge Plant.
They are the third group of Ven-
ezuelan students in the past three
years brought to the University by
the State Department under its
"Exchange of Persons Program,"
initiated about six years ago.
"While other colleges and uni-
versities throughout the country
have had similar courses sponsor-
ed by the State Department, the
University's seminar is unique in-
sofar as it is the only one which
has been continued," Prof. Albert
Steigerwalt of the business admin-
istration school and director of
the program, said yesterday.
Change in Emphasis
He indicated that the $34,000
budget (paid for wholly by the
State Department), represents a
considerable cut-back from last
year's appropriation due to "more
stress being placed on African
students rather than Latin Ameri-
cans."
This means that trips to Chi-
cago, Niagara Falls, and other
scenic wvonders which were made
in 1960 and 1961 will have to be
cancelled.
"The students are selected main-
ly on the basis of achievement,
both in their studies and activi-
ties, for what we want is a sam-
pling of the leaders of Latin Amer-
ican youth,' Peter Schoderbek, an
instructor in industrial manage-
ment, added.
Language Problem
Schoderbek noted that none of
the students speak English (all. of
the seminars will be conducted in
English), but added that this rep-
resents no real problem since in-
terpreters will be p r o v i d e d
throughout their stay.
In addition to studying econom-
ics, the group will hold discus-
sions about the social structure,
politics, unions, and foreign policy
in the United States, and will take
numerous field trips to industrial
plants and union headquarters.'

ECM Countries WORLD NEWS ROUNDUP:
Reach Accord Expand Food Stamps;
On Eligibility Foil Assasination Plot.

sumers during the spring
months to be "soberly optimis-
tic," with the outlook particu-
larly favorable for the automo-
bile market.
Professors Katona and Muel-
ler concluded that consumers'
satisfaction with their own fi-
nancial situation had improved
since November, but their ex-
pectations regarding general
business conditions took a turn
for the worse.
See No Inflation
The favorable outlook for
personal finances, was buoyed
by price stability, "or more pre-
cisely, by absence of the feeling
that rising prices are reducing
real income.
"The proportion of people
who expect to be better off in
another year has not been high-
er at any time in the past 10
years," the authors continued.
"And even long-run personal fi-
nancial expectations, which
usually show great stability,
have grown somewhat more op-
timistic in recent months."
But attitudes toward business
conditions, which had improv-
ed decidedly between Novem-
ber 1961 and the early parts of
1962, then declined again by
the start of summer.
Upper Crusty
In particular, individuals with
incomes of $7,500 or more were

BRUSSELS (P)-Ministers for
the six Common Market countries
agreed yesterday on another pointi
preliminary to Britain's proposed1
membership: which British de-1
pendent territories will be associ-(
ated with the market.
The six also agreed on associa-
tion for British Commonwealth {
empire countries in Africa: Glia-I
na, Nigeria, Sierre Leone, Togo,
Tanganyika and the Federation
of the Rhodesias and Nyasaland.
The, Commonwealth countries
could be admitted under the same
status as the 18 African countries
which formerly were French and
Belgian territories.
Edward Heath, heading Britain's
delegation, told the ministers that
Britain accepts the market's fi-
nancial regulations for agriculture.
But he asked for a written inter-
pretation.
Financial regulations provide for
an agricultural fund built up with
tariff receipts. By 1970, all tariff
receipts would go into the fund
and would be used to improve ag-
riculture.
Heath offered Britain's reply to
the Market's proposal on Com-
monwealth agricultural exports. It
suggested shortening from 1970 to
1965 the period during which Com-
monwealth countries adapt to the
Market's outer tariff.

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-President John F. Kennedy yesterday directed
the Agriculture Department to extend the food-stamp plan to an addi-
tional 25 areas in 18 states and to continue it in eight pilot areas. A to-
tal of 223,000 people wil be involved in the extension.
ACCRA-Police rounded up 25 persons yesterday in an apparent
effort to determine whether the attempt to assassinate President
Kwame Nkrumah was motivated by a political plot. The 52-year-old
African leader escaped unharmed
when a bomb exploded Wednesday
night near his car in a village 500
miles north of Accra.
WASHINGTON - An abortive
move to save and extend Billie Sol
Estes' dubious cotton-acreage al-
lotments was made by an Agricul-
ture Department official early this
year, Senate investigators were
told yesterday. The recommenda-
tion to recognize as legal the Tex-
an's 1961 allotment transfers and
allow them to stand for 1962 got
nowhere.
BUENOS AIRES-Heavy indus-
try shut down tight and pickets
defied a police, ban, but the gov-
ernment claimed victory last night
against a "show - of - strength"
strike by Peronist-dominated un-
ions.
HELSINKI-Finland's President
KWAME NKRUMAH Urho Kekkonen, in a move to dis-
...Ghanan escapes courage further crowd demonstra-
tions, last night attended a con-
_ certmand reception staged by the
Communist-sponsored World
Youth Festival.

PROF. GEORGE KATONA
... one ends, another starts
the most pessimistic, in fact
the only group that viewed in-
dustry prospects less confident-
ly than in November.
The professors - postulated
that people in the upper in-
come brackets were most sen-
sitive to the stock market -
which was wavering noticeably
even in the months before the
See NEW, Page 3

.'...

Ben Khedda
To Remain
Figurehead
Arniy-Backed Leader
Returns Triumphant;
To Prepare Elections
ALGIERS (AP)-Ahmed Ben Bel-
la, a tough former sergeant in the
French Army, won his first major
battle yesterday for power in new-
ly independent Algeria.
Two rival deputy premiers -
Belkacem Krim and Mohammed
Boudiaf-agreed to accept for the
next month the leadership of the
Ben Bella-led political bureau so
as to avert catastrophe.
The stage thus was set for the
triumphal arrival of Ben Bella
and his lieutenants in the capital
today to take over temporary rule.
Has Little Power
Premier Ben Youssef Ben Khed-
da, who remained aloof from the
feud between his deputies, will re-
main a nominal head of the pro-
visional government, but the poli-
cy-making power will rest in the
political bureau.
Under the truce. the seven-man
bureau will prepare general elec-
tions for Aug. 27 and then turn
over power to the National Counm
cil of the Algerian Revolution
(CNRA), the old revolutionary
parliament.
The peace pact checked-at least
temporarily-the running political
crisis that has brought economic
chaos and plunged the nation to
the bring of anarchy only a month
after winning independence from
France.
Reasons
Ben- Bella's political foes said
they bowed to pressure for a com-
promise because "the Algerian
people have been waiting for the
fruits of their victories."
The temporary solution, how-
ever, fails to deal directly with the
basic problem of Algeria of the
future-the army and its dis-
gruntled general staff.
Headed by Col. Houari Boume-
dienne, the general staff was fired
by Ben Khedda's government-in-
exile on the eve of independence.
Officers Move In
The officers of the 40,000 strong,
well equipped troops, who waited
in the wings in Tunisia and Mor-
occo while guerrillas carried on
the fight inside Algeria, rallied be-
hind Ben Bella and moved in after
independence.
Officials in Algeria said the
problem of the army would be
,ettled later, after the elections.
Boudiaf, Ben Bella's major op-
ponent, immediately prepared to
leave for Paris to persuade for-
mer state minister Hocie Ait Ah-
med to return to Algiers and join
the political bureau of which he is
a member. Ait Ahmed left Algiers
at the height of the crisis, appar-
ently embittered by the political
squabbling.
Actual Rulers
The seven-man political bureau
will be the top policy-making body
of Algeria's ruling party, the
Front of National Liberation
(FLN).
Ben Khedda's provisional gov-
ernment will remain functioning
but will be dissolved after the elec-
tions.
EThe country's administration,
however, will be in the hands of
the French-appointed provisional
executive. The executive's author-
ity is limited, and has been large-
ly supplanted by former guerrilla
troops that took over the country.
Union Begins

'MAJOR' SPORTS NOW IGNORED:
Cricketing Comes Back! Take

Is Over Ferry Field LONDON-Britain rejected Dr.
'! 7 Robert Soblen's plea for political
asylum yesterday and ordered the
By DENISE WACKER Soviet spy packed off to the United
G By ENIS WACER jStates.
Three years ago cricket was a forgotten sport in University
atleic.NASHVILLE - Former Gov.j
athleticsg FFrank G. Clement gained another
Although Ferry Field had initially been designed for cricket play- chance for the Tennessee gover-
ing (it was the first sport played on campus-players date from 1860 jnorship in yesterday's Democratic
when students used State St. as a cricket field-and for many years primary by a handsome margin
dominated athletic activities), there has until this year been neither over two opponents.
wicket nor pitch nor bowler on the field since the 1920's, when the
sport died out. WASHINGTON - The Senate
Instead, football fans, baseball enthusiasts, wiffle-ball followers, Foreign Relations Committee an-
soccer players, and marbles kings had taken over Ferry Field activities. ounced plans today for an n-
soce tensv ive round of hearing~s on inter-,
Members Go Unnoticed for Two Years national aspects of the satelliteI
But two years ago a brave and devoted band of students, most of communications bill that ran intoj
whom were from countries belonging to the British Commonwealth, a filibuster in the Senate.
where the sport is the traditional national pastime, organized a cricket

Constril eion,
Raises Prices
Construction work on thec
ing of the Michigan Union C
should be finished by the be
ning of orientation week, U
General Manager Franklin K

1

ceil-
Grill
gin-
nion
:uen-

club. For two summers they engaged in informal cricket matches. REGINA - The Saskatchewans
But this summer, thanks to the efforts of James M. Davis, direc- legislature approved last night
tor of the International Center, and the men's physical education de- doctor-supported amendments to
partment, cricket has been moved back onto Ferry Field, and exhibi- heprnsvunces compulsory medical
fin"."Omcare.insurance act.

zel announced yesterday.
As the first step in a $33,000
project to improve the appearance
and atmosphere of the MUG, the
! cafeteria's ceiling will be covered

'I..

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