Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom
K ~ LT. 'iO a
ANN ARBOR, MICIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 7, 1964
r vAw ra
McNamara Doubts Attack by China
Hanoi To Get
Aid in Planes
U.S. Sea, Air Forces
Poised in Crisis Area
WASHINGTON. (P) -Secretary
of Defense Robert S. McNamara
said yesterday there have been
no signs that Red China is about
to jump into the Vietnamese war.
He told a news conference that
while there have been no indica-
tions of any substantial Chinese
military movements in the last
fewdays, he assumes that Peking
may send in some combat air-
craft to help the, North Vietnam-
The Defense chief met newsmen
after detailing to Congressional
committees a widescale series of
moves; designed to put this coun-
trys sea aid air forces in position
to counter any sudden blows in
the Southeast Asia area.
Senate and House committees
voted quick . approval of a joint
resolution requested by President
Lyndon B. Johnson authorizing
him to take whatever measures
are deemed necessary to stem
Communist aggression in the area.
The Senate opened debate on
the resolution almost immediately
but decided after several hours
to postpone a vote until tomorrow.-
The House also is due to act to-
McNamara said he had no in-
formation that the Chinese Com-
munists assisted the North Viet-
namese In their two torpedo boat
attacks on U.S. warships, which
ignited the flareup, but .he said
it is probable they will send in
combat aircraft if requested. '
In the two Gulf of Tonkin en-
gagements fought thus far, U.S.
forces encountered no hostile air-
craft. McNamara noted that the
Iorth Vietnamese have no fight-
ing planes of their own, but he
assumes they will ask their big
ally to the north for some now.
Asled if the big U.S. military
buildup now under way would be
cut back if there are no more in-
cidents, McNamara said these
forces will "stay in position as
long as required."
Sen. Henry M. Jackson (D-
Wash) said that if Chinese Cm-
munist forces move in "we are
prepared for that eventuality.".
Jackson, a member of the armed
forces and atomic energy com-t
mittees, said he had not heard
of any deployment of Communist
troops in tie Viet Nam sector.
Despite the lull, there was no
disposition in Senate debate to
minimize the seriousness of the
It is "one of utmost seriousness,"i
Sen. Bourke B. Hickenlooper (R-
Iowa) said. Hickenlooper, senior1
Republican on the foreign rela-
tions committee, was a co-sponsor
of the bipartisan resolution back-t
ing President Johnson's moves in
the conflict. .
Another co-sponsor, Sen. Lev--t
erett Saltonstall (R-Mass), top
ranking GOP member of the arm-,
ed services committee, said theI
"prestige of the United States" is
Sen. Richard B. Russell (D-
Ga), chairman of armed services,
called for a vigorous show of
strength against the North Viet-
namese forces that attacked U.S.S
"There is reason to hope that
the outrageous conduct that gave
rise" to this resolution is only a
spontaneous irresponsibe action
by the North Vietnam se with-
out direction and approval of anyl
of their Communist associates,"
"They must know that further
SECRETARY McNAMARA SECRETARY-GENERAL THANT
Thant Sees No Role
For UN in Asia Fray
WASHINGTON (M)-United Nations Secretary-General U Thant
said yestprday he does not believe the UN Security Council can be
"usefully employed in a settlement" at this stage of the Southeast
Asia crisis precipitated by North Vietnamese attacks on United
;Thant added, however, that he has suggested to President Lyndon
B. Johnson a new formula for keeping the peace in Southeast Asia.
But he declined to make publics
After Sunday's initial attack on
the U.S. destroyer Maddox in the
Gulf of Tonkin, the United States
called for Security Council con-
sideration of what it described as
calculated aggression by Commun-
ist North Viet Nam.,
Thant told reporters that be-
cause of the circumstances sur-
rounding the PT boat attacks on
U.S. destroyers and the subse-
quent U.S. air strike, he does not
feel that the Security Council can
act effectively now. He pointed out
that one of the parties-North
Viet NIam-is not a UN member.
However, diplomatic sources said
the UN Security Council may
plunge into full-scale debate early
next week on the Southeast Asian
crisis with delegates from both
sides of divided Viet Nam taking
Most diplomats expected that a
majority of the council would go
along with extending a joint in-
They said the council could be
called into session as early as to-
day to hear a report from Nielsen
on his consultations and in effect
to give formal blessing to the in-
The invitations would be sent
out at once. If there is a prompt
response a meeting of the council
could be called for early next
week, allowing the rival delega-
tions time to fly to New York.
Morozov introduced a resolu-
tion Wednesday that asked that
a delegate from North Viet Nam
be invited to take part in the de-
Ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson,
the U.S. chief delegate, said his
country had io objection but that
an invitation should be issued also
to South Viet Nam.
GETTYSBURG (R)-Sen. Barry
Goldwater described former Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower yes-
terday as "very enthusiastic and
... very anxious to get along" in
the campaign to oust President
Lyndon B. Johnson from the
Goldwater, the Republican pres-
idential nominee, said he is now
awaiting further word from Eisen-
hower on just what he will under-
take in the campaign against
Johnson. The question, Goldwater
said, is how much campaigning
the general can handle "from a
The most recent Republican
President and the man who hopes
to be the next met for two hours
at lunch at Eisenhower's Gettys-
burg estate. With them were Gold-
water's running mate, Rep. Wil-
liam E. Miller of New York, and
Eisenhower's vice president, Rich-
ard M. Nixon.
Speaking at reporters at Gettys-
burg's small airport, the Arizona
senator said Eisenhower's help
would be particularly valuable to
the GOP cause in such statesas
California, Texas, Pennsyvlania,
New York, Illinois and Indiana.
He said Eisenhower has agreed
to make speeches in Illinois and
Oklahoma. Eisenhower himself
had already said that, saying he
has promised to help the GOP
campaigns of Charles H. Percy,
running for governor in Illinois,
and Clarence (Bud) Wilkinson,
Senate candidate in Oklahoma.
By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
The Michigan Union will ask its
members to approve the place-
ment of student activities under
co-educational guidance. Permis-
sion for this unprecedented move
in the all-male Union will be
sought in an October referendum,
Union President Kent Cartwright,
'65, said last night.
The vote will seek to rid the
Union constitution of its bar to
females becoming members of the
IUnion's managerial body - the
Board of Directors.
Women are denied Boardmem-
bership because they cannot be-
come members of the Union. The
amendment would waive the re-
quirement that only members;,can
serve on the Board.
Male students of the present
student body will be polled on
Student Government Council elec-
tion day, Oct. 14. Male graduates
will be provided ballots in the
A two-thirds "yes" vote could be
a vital step in the merger of stu-
dent activities of the Union and
Michigan League, Cartwright told
SGC last night at its interim
Approving t h e constitutional
change would, in effect, permit a
woman student-presumably the
League president-to become an
executive. office next spring when
both organizations appoint new
Although the student-faculty-
alumni Board of Directors man-
ages the entire Union organiza-
tion, the female representative
would be steered to student activi-
ties. She would function with
other executive student officers of
the Union on the Board's student
While the Union attempts to
make its student executive unit
co-educational, the League will
face some parallel constitutional
The League's Board of Gover-
nors must alter its bylaws to per-
mit senior officers to serve on the
Union Board. There is no require-
ment for ballot approval.
Cartwright emphasized that the
Union ballot and League action-
if successful - would affect only
student activities. This seems
feasible he explained, to avoid
duplication of functions. Many
activities, such as Homecoming
and Spring Weekend, are current-
ly co-directed by the two organi-
zations. However, co-ordination is
Linking the two activitieswings
would be a tangible first move to-
wards a monolithic League and
Union organization. The idea of
uniting managerial, financial and
activities leadership under one co-
ed body was expressed in the Un-
ion-League study report last May
chaired by Associate Dean James
Robertson of the literary college.
five in favor,,six against and one
He announced his intention to
await further ballot returns.
Post-card; balloting is used to
poll SGC members, for all major
decisions of Council necessary dur-
ing the summer.
SGC President Thomas Smith-
son, '65, andi Council member
Barry Bluestone, '66, had request-
ed the vote earlier this week.
Bluestone said he favored im-
mediate recognition to enable the
bookstore to take advantage dur-
ing registration of its student or-
Vice-President for Student Af-
fairs James A. Lewis has express-
ed his intention of holding up the
decision on recognition even if
Council members should favor it.
In calendaring elections for Oct.
14, the summer Council sought to
allow candidates time to submit
their petitions and to campaign.
Petitioning will open Sept. 14 and
conclude Sept. 26.
Turning to a recommendation
by IFC President Lawrence Los-
sing, '65, the interim Council ap-
proved IFC bylaw changs. These
would set up a more unstructured
rush starting this year on Sun-
The "unstructuring" is achieved
by allowing fraternities to rush
from 9 a.m.-9 p.m. starting with
the third day of rush.
Previously IFC's bylaws had re-
quired houses to confine their
rushing to evenings from 7-9 p.m.
after the third day.
The first Sunday of rush re-
mains the same with open houses
at 2-5 p.m. and 7-10 p.m.
Council members also devoted
attention to reviving the National
Student Congress delegation. Last
spring eight voting delegates and
eight alternate delegates were
But the chairman of the Uni-
versity delegation, Sue Orrin, '65,
reported to Council last night that
three delegates and several alter-
nates would be unable to attend
the Congress which runs from
Aug. 16-27 in Minneapolis.
The four-year-old union push-
ing an organizing drive at the
University may soon join forces
with a second union which has
been on campus 13 years.
At an open meeting of Univer-
sity Employes Local 1583 (AFL-
CIO) last night, several prospec-
tive members suggested that new
contacts be made with the, Build-
ing Service International Union,
which organized here in 1951.
They indicated that many mem-
bers of the service union favor a
merger of the two unions, with
the combination keeping the name
and affiliations of the University
Leaders of the University local
indicated that the two unions had
discussed a merger last year, but
that talks had "broken off after
several months with no results."
However, considering the evidence
of sentiment for a merger, they
said their union will make at-
tempts to contact the service un-
ion "as soon as possible."
Increased f u t u r e bargaining
power through greater numbers
would be the goal of the merger.
The University local, which in-
cludes both non-teaching and non-
management employes, has hiked
its membership from about 430 to
almost 500 in its two-week old or.
ganizing drive. Several new mem-
bers signed up last night. The
service local has about 150 mem-.
The goal of the University local
is to organize a majority of the
University's 4700 non - teaching
and non-management employes. If
it reaches that number, the union
has indicated it will ask the State
Mediation Board for a representa-
tion election on campus. The Na-
tional Labor Relations Board has
indicated that it has no authority
over publicly employed unions.
the past ten
SGC Sets Election,
Student Government Council's summer housekeepers last night
polished off minor business requiring immediate attention.
By consensus votes, the eight Council members present set up
all-campus elections for Oct. 14, accepted the new rush regulations
of Inter-Fraternity Council and bolstered a thin-ranked delegation to
the National Student Congress.
Acting President Doug Brook, '65, also announced that the post-
card vote on whether to extend student recognition to the new
student co-operative bookstore was4
Both letters were written
early this week.
The resignation of L e w is
has been rumored for some time.
Increasingly over the past few
years, he has expressed a strong
desire to go back to teaching. He
indicated yesterday that the an-
nouncement came at this time be-
cause the rumors were getting
"just too heavy."
President Hatcher, who is cur-
rently on vacation, promised in his
letter to "try to work out the
changes in a manner and on a
time schedule which will be most
convenient to all concerned." Lew-
is, anxious to step down, said he
hoped a ,successor would be nam-
ed within two or three months. He
added that the selection procedure
and timing would be "up to the
President. I don't know what will
Won't Rush Things
Terming the appointment "very
important," Executive Vice-Presi-
deit Marvin L. Niehuss said that
the University "wouldn't want to
hurry unduly" in filling Lewis'
job. "The President would like to
have the appointment as soon as
possible, but nobody's been picked
yet, and we're not close."
Niehuss said that the Regents
and the administration had in-
formally discussed a number of
candidates, most of whom are cur-
rently within the University.
President Hatcher doesn't re-
turn until the end of the month,
and the Regents, who have to ap-
prove any appointment, don't meet
until September. Nevertheless, al-
though Niehuss wouldn't confirm
this, there is a general feeling
among administration personnel
that the new vice-president will
be named fairly early in the com-
ing semester. Lewis, a professor of
education, is scheduled to begin
teaching as of January.
In picking a successor for Lew-
is, President Hatcher is expected
to consult on a formal or informal
basis with faculty members.
Whether or not he will consult
with students is less certain.
School Services Chief
James A. Lewis became the Uni-
versity's first vice-president for
student affairs on April 20, 1954.
He had been at the University
for a year as director of the Bu-
reau of School Services, a unit
which provides several aids, in-
cluding accreditation, to the state's
high schools. Prior to that he
had been superintendent of schools
in Dearborn (1948-53) and St. Jo-
President Hatcher first consid-
ered a vice-president for student
affairs in the spring of 1953,
shortly after he was inaugurated.
At the time the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs was headed by a
dean. It also included a dean of
women and various agencies, but
there was little coordination be-
In the fall of 1953, Student
Legislature, the predecessor to Stu-
dent Government Council, sup-
ported the concept of a vice-pres-
idency as "desirable to promote
the close contact between the stu-
dents and the University adminis-
tration and Regents so necessary
to effect the concept of an edu-
Expect To Nam(
Hatcher Praises Vice-President;
Lewis Wants To Return to Teachin
By H. NEIL BERKSON
James A. Lewis has resigned from the vice-presider
for student affairs. He will leave his post as soon as the Ur
versity names a successor.
In an exchange of letters made public yesterday, the 5
year-old Lewis requested University President Harlan Hatc
to relieve him of his duties so that he could return to fi
time teaching in the education school. Accepting the res
nation with "great reluctance," President Hatcher wrote:
wish to express my own personal appreciation and the gra
tude of the entire University community for your faith
service, your devotion to the welfare of our students a
deep sense of loyalty and dedi-t
Worold Nw onu
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-Unemployment dropped to 4.9 per cent in July,
the first time the jobless rate has been below 5 per cent since Feb-
At the same time, the Labor Department reported yesterday that
total employment climbed over 72 million for the first time in the
Qnation's history-up to 72.4 mil-
I U' Scientists Launch Weather Missile
COPP R HARBOR (P)-Michigan's first weather-detecting rocket Q
was fired successfully by University scientists Wednesday in an un-
announced launching on the Keweenaw Peninsula in Upper Michigan.
University spokesman said the rocket blasted off at 10:07 a.m.
and soared to a height of 41 miles before plunging into Lake Superior
20 miles east of the launching site five minutes later.
The Arcas rocket, eight feet long, measured temperature, air
pressure and density and wind velocity and radioed back to the
ground until the rocket was destroyed on impact. No attempt was
made to recover it.
the rocket performed predictably.
Allen, with the assistance of tech-
nicians from the University and
Michigan Technological University,
directed the actual launching.
He said the launching enabled
the team to check out much of
its equipment and noted that
"everything seemed to work out
well. Similar equipment will be
used in next week's launching."
* * *
NASHVILLE-Rep. Ross Bass,
a staunch supporter of the John-
son administration, gained the
Democratic nomination yesterday
for the remaining two years of
the U.S. Senate seat once held by
the late Sen. Estes Kefauver. In
a solid victory which surprised
many Tennesseans, Bass handed
Gov. Frank Clement his first de-
feat in four trips to the polls.
Bass had been criticized by both
his opponents for supporting the
civil rights bill.
Meanwhile in Somerville two
Negro-backed candidates for sher-
iff and tax assessor went down to
Me an w hi1e in Philadelphia,
Miss., FBI agents fanned out
around Old Jolly farm yesterday,
questioning residents for clues to
who killed three civil rights work-
ers and buried them in a red-dirt
The FBI said it believed the
three were victims of "abduction
and murder" but steadfastly re-
fused to confirm or deny wide-
spread r u n ors of imminent
Deputy Sheriff Cecil Price said
pathologists found three bullets in
the Negro and one each in the two
white youths. All had been shot