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Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom
V, No. U-S
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 29, 1964
Tshombe's Congo: Terror,, Revolt,
ALL SYSTEMS A-OK
Ranger Heading Toward Moon
DITOR'S NOTE: Since the U.N.
re force has departed, the pockets
rebellion in the Congo have be-
ne the chief problem of the new
ernment of Premier Moise Tshom-
He has launched a policy of,
oncillation of all opposing Congo
es in an effort to attain a united
igo. One rebellion is centered in
north Katanga capital of Albert-
e. Writer Dennis Neeld has been
re for nearly two weeks.
By DENNIS NEELD
sociated Press Features Writer
LBERTVILLE, The Congo (A')
ocks of food are running low,
hospitals are filling up with
nded in this rebel Congolese
ital on the flooded shores of
ut ragged bands of warriors
go oi aboard daily trains to
fighting front, and people
vding into cattle trucks sing
gs of praise to the late Patrice
rumba, patron saint of the
Many rebel braves are armed
with spears and razor-honed ma-
chetes. Some have only wooden
clubs. A few carry rifles captured
from Congolese troops they have
been fighting for the past three
They go off to war firm in the
belief that "Dawa"-Juju medi-
cine-protects them from bombs
In a way it does, for supersti-
tious belief in their enemy's im-
munity has struck terror into the
Congolese army and the sight of
a rebel often is enough to put
troops to flight.
In private, rebel leader Gaston
Soumialot admits there is no
yDawa". "It is only the holy anger
of the people," he declares.
But it has helped rebel guerrilla
fighters overrun some 70,000
square miles of the eastern Congo
and threaten the new regime of
Congo Premier Moise Tshombe.
The rebel hordes have been
checked in the south at Baudoin-
ville and in the west at the im-
portant rail junction of Kaballo
on the Lualaba River. But they
have captured Kindu, capital of
Maneima Province, in the north
and are pushing slowly toward
Stanleyville, former capital of
Antoine Gizenga's old breakaway
regime and a center of Lumumbist
Soumialot, an ex-grocer who
sometimes dons the camouflage
uniform of a paratrooper, says his
forces will press on until they
have occupied not only Stanley-
ville but Kamina and Elisabeth-
Soumialot has set up a provi-
sional government to rule the
"liberated" territories but his own
authority is respected little be-'
In town he can do little to con-
trol his troops who roam the
streets flashing their weapons and
demanding protection money
from Asian, European and Afri-
When insurgents took over Al-
bertville June 18 they confiscated
all trucks and autos. Now the
roads are littered with broken-
down vehicles, driven to collapse
by primitive tribesmen with only
vague ideas that cars need oil and
water. One young rebel with more
knowledge than most took pains
to keep his engine filled with oil.
But he poured it in the radiator.
About 120 Europeans, mostly
Belgian, remain in Albertville.
They keep water and power serv-
ices going and on the outskirts of
town a big partly American-
owned textile plant still is oper-
A single doctor, aided by Catho-
lic nuns, runs Albertville's two
hospitals which rapidly are fill-
ing up with wounded from the
front. Drugs are in short supply.
Armed rebels wander in and out
of the hospital wards threatening
reprisals if any of the wounded
Soumialot's army is almost
completely undisciplined and un-
trained. It has been living off the
land. But as their advance takes
them further and further away
from the seat of the revolt, rebel
forces are becoming thinner on
Soumialot already has suggest-
ed a parley, with Tshombe in Bu-
jumbura, capital of neighboring
Burundi. If Tshombe refuses,
Soumialot probably will stake all
on the capture of Stanleyville.
By The Associated Press
CAPE KENNEDY-The Ranger
7 spacecraft, benefitting f r o m
nearperfect rocket marksmanship,
raced last night on a collision
course with the moon.
The' lunar photographic expe-
dition had two major goals before
its intended crash-landing on the
moon at 7:45 a.m. Friday morn-
-To transmit to earth more
than 4000 closeup pictures of areas
where American astronauts may
explore five years from now;
-To end six years of frustra-
tion during which the United
States has tried and failed with
12 moon shots.
The camera-laden spacecraft
blazed into the sky from Cape
Kennedy at 10:50 a.m. and suc-
cessfully cleared all early hurdles
on its planned 69-hour, 228,522
mile space voyage.
At 5 p.m., the insect-shaped ve-
hicle was 46,600 miles from earth,
traveling 6,425 miles an hour.
All systems aboard the moon-
bound craft were working well.
But despite the good beginning,
there was an attitude of caution
at Cape Kennedy. Everyone re-
membered the perfect flight flown
by Ranger 6 last January, only to
have the cameras fail in the final
minutes before it crash landed
just 20 minutes from its target
in the Sea of Tranquility.
Prof. William Pickering, direc-
tor of the Jet Propulsion Labora-
tory of Pasadena, Calif., said he is
hopeful of complete success. But
he hedged on making a prediction
and said Ranger 7 had a 50-50
chance of doing everything plan-
ned for it. He had given Ranger 6
a 25 per cent chance of success.
So accurate was the Atlas-
Agena booster rocket that the Na-
tional Aeronautics and Space Ad-
ministration announced s e v e n
hours after launching 'that on its
present path, Ranger 7 would
sweep around the leading, or left,
edge and impact on the dark side
of the moon that always is hidden
from earth's view.
But scientists want to hit the
visible, lighted side for photo-
graphic purposes and because this
is the face on which U.S. space-
men are to trod late in this decade.
So- they planned to jockey
Ranger 7 toward the intended
target on the front side during a
c r u c i a I midcourse maneuver
scheduled about 3:30 a.m. this
morning. At that time a radio
signal was to be sent from the
ground to ignite a small steering
motor aboard the craft.
;h anh Hints Viet Naml
ek ,the North
Soviets To Stay for Now
In Laos Conference Role
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW-Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev's- administration as-
sured British Foreign Secretary R. A. Butler yesterday that the
Soviet Union will wait and see before deciding whether to drop its
peacekeeping role in Laos.
Butler came away from a day "of talks with the Soviet leader
and foreign minister Andrei A. Gomyko sure that a Russian resig-
nation from the 1962 Genvea conference machinery for keeping
peace in Laos is not imminent, reliable sources said.
The Soviet Union, co-chairman with Britain of the Geneva
conference, threatened Sunday to resign: The Russians charged in
ta note that U.S. interference in
ig Discusses Federal
ln for Harlem Unrest
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK - Mayor Robert F. Wagner and the Rev. Martin
Luther King Jr. discussed yesterday possible increased federal help
in city programs as a means of solving racial strife and rioting.
The meeting between the Mayor and King, leader of the South-
ern Christian Leadership Conference and advocate of non-violence,
was their second in less than 24 hours.
A number of city officials and- civil rights leaders attended the
session in Grance Mansion, the mayor's official residence.
Aides of the mayor held telephone conversations with aides
of President Lyndon B. Johnson and various federal agency officials
"in a "joint effort by all partici-
pants to increase federal partici-
pation" in various programs.
Mobilization for youth, and job
training programs for youth were
among the programs discussed.
S~ ~ Those at the conference includ-
edBayard Rustin, leader of last
year's civil rights March on
Washington: Cleveland Robinson,
a member of the city's Commis-
sion on Human Rights; and the
Rev. Bernard Lee, an aide to
King flew here from Atlanta
last night and conferred with
Wagner for almost four hours
until 2 a.m. The second session
began in mid-afternoon.
Members of the Unity Council
yr of Harlem Organizations, repre-
senting more than 50 groups, ex-
pressed resentment that King had
not conferred with them prior to
MAYOR ROBERT WAGNER seeing Wagner.
King commented that he had
GRA DES - talked with some Harlem leaders
-including officials of the Na-
tional Association for the Ad-
View Indiana vancement of Colored People, the
Urban League and Harlem Youth
" " Opportunities Unlimited - before
JFavorlism meeting Wagner.
Meanwhile, in the other racial
To Foreigners trouble spot in New York State,
swift, harsh retribution was prom-
ised any persons who renew racial
INDIANAPOLIS (/P) - Indiana rioting. Rochester officials lifted
colleges have become embroiled a dusk to dawn curfew over the
in a controversy over foreign stu- troubled city, but warned that
dents, and whether they actually "any violations of the peace will
earn some of the grades they get. be dealt with severely."
Those charges were leveled by Tension still hung heavy, al-
a faculty committee at Indiana though three days of rioting and
University, but officials of two pillaging ended early Monday.
other state-supported schools im- Mayor Frank Lamb announced
mediately replied that no such that "we are determined . . . that
favoritism prevails at their insti- law and order shall prevail in
Shirley H. Engle, chairman of He added that law enforcement
the Advisory Committee on For- men, who have used fire-arms
eign Students at I.U., made the sparingly during the rioting,
charges in a secret report to the "have been well-trained in their
university's faculty council. and have been instructed to
use them if the situation demands
The committee charged that it."
admission requirements sometimes Despite their firm stand, offi-
are lowered for foreign students cials privately expressed concern
who do not have the cultural that rioting might flare anew dur-
background to absorb what would ing next weekend when factories
be required of an American stu- shut down and thousands of
dent. workers leave their jobs tempor-
Engle said his committee did arilv
His Nation To Decide;
SAIGON (1P) - Nguyen Khanh,
strong-man premier of South Viet
Nam, indicated yesterday that his
government would feel free to
strike without United States help
if it were to decide to stage what
he called "a counterattack, a de-
fensive action," and the U.S. were
to hold back.
When asked whether South Viet
Nam had the military capability
to move against her northern
neighbor, Khanh would not com-
mit himself. He insisted however,
that whatever moves his country
would make, it would make inde-
pendent of U.S. urgings.
Asked about any differences in
tactics, Khanh said there are al-
ways differences. He explained:
"If you presented the same prob-
lem to 30 tacticians, you would get
In Washington, a State De-
partment spokesman agreed the
South Viet Nam government
makes its own decisions, but said
there is no indication Khanh in-
tends to attack North Viet Nam.
The spokesman replied to ques-
tions at a news conference. He
recalled President Lyndon B.
Johnson's statement last week
that the U.S. does not seek a
wider war and he noted Khanh's
declaration that there are no dif-
ferences on the objective.
No extension of the Americans'
limited combat role was envi-
sioned under the plans announced
Monday for a big increase in
American military manpower and
Up to 3,000 more American ad-
visers and training personnel may
be sent to swell the U.S. military
force-already in the country. That
force, as of yesterday, totaled
Meanwhile, striking twice, the
Viet Cong killed four American
servicemen in a swift sequel to
Two Army officers and an Air
Force man were blasted todeath
by an electric mine detonated un-
der their jeep as they drove in a
convoy of five vehicles 21 miles
south of Saigon.
And ten miles northwest of this
city, 20 Communist riflemen halt-
ed and shot an Army major. The
killing occurred between a gov-
ernment military post and the
village assembly hall in Tan Phu
By The Associated Press
LITTLE ROCK-Gov. Orval E.
Faubus of Arkansas walked away
from three Democratic opponents
and toward a November show-
down with Republican Winthrop
Rockefeller in early returns from
yesterday's primary election.
Scattered tallies from the state's
2,363 precincts gave the six-
term candidate a three to one
lead over the combined opposition.
* * *
MEXICO CITY-Mexico is ex-
pected to continue her delicate
tightrope act on the Western
Hemipshere political scene, de-
spite the sanctions voted by the
Organization of American States
against Fidel Castro's Cuba, it was
* * *
BONN, Germany-A meeting be-
tween Premier Nikita S. Khrush-
chev and Chancellor Ludwig Er-
hard in Bonn this winter seemed
virtually set after a visit by Alexei
Adzhubei, editor-in-chief of Iz-
vestia and Khrushchev's son-in-
Later, a spokesman for Erhard
reported that Khrushchev had re-
icted favorably to a previous sug-
gestion by Erhard that he would
be welcomed in West Germanyany
time he had anything useful to
discuss. Erhard, the spokesmen
went on, would be ready for a
* * *
WASHINGTON-Most of the 2.7
nillion men and women in mili-
tary uniform were virtually assur-
d of a Sept. 1 pay raise when
the House Armed Services Com-
Laos made a new 14-nation Ge-
neva conference next month im-
Butler strongly urged the Rus-
sians to continue their partici-
pation in the Geneva agreements.
Gromyko is reported to have re-
sponded, "we will wait and see
what the reaction is to our note."
Meanwhile, in Laos, neutralist
Prince Souvanna Phouma" com-
mented that "we have' always
been ready to discuss a 14-nation
conference and would like this
to be as soon as possible."
At the same time, the prince
made new efforts toward a tri-
party Laotian summit conference,
his immediate goal. It would in-
clude the neutralist, rightist and
A letter from Souvanna was
shown to the Pathet Lao chieftain,
Prince Souphanouvong, by two
members of the International
Control Commission and two Pa-
thet Lao representatives in Vien-
Pathet Lao representative Soth
Pethrasy said the group discussed
with Souphanouvong the format
of a summit conference.
"When these matters are set-
tled, we will propose a place of
meeting suitable for all three par-
ties," Pethrasy said. "This will be
outside the country."
Souvanna had told a meeting of
top Laotian civilian administra-
tors last week in Vientiane of the
possibility of' seeking U.N. assist-
He said Polish proposals for a
meeting of neutralists, the right
wing and the Pathet Lao in Aus-
tria or Switzerland was imme-
diately approved by the three
leaders but as soon as Commun-
ist China denounced the proposal,
the Pathet Lao desisted.
While talking with the Rus-
sians about the Laotian situation,
Butler also approached them
about Soviet arrears on special
assessments for United Nations
Congo and Middle East. He got an
Wulff Defines Objectives
Of Humanist Psychology
By CHRISTINE LINDER
Psychologists can be divided into three groups.
First, there are the psychoanalysts who like people, but don't
trust them; second, the behaviorists, who don't like people, or only
like bits and pieces of them; and third, the humanists, who like,
trust, and value people but don't like the other two kinds of psycholo-
David M. Wulff, a research assistant at the Research Center for
Group Dynamics said this yesterday in discussing the humanistic
approach as a "growing thirdo
force in the field of psychology."
Definingh humanist psychology *DemQ
psychology, concerned with hu-
man potentialities like love and D ela
plc i e te toeas, D e ay Choice
courage that have no systematic,
Wulff pointed to several ways in
which humanistic psychology dif- By The Associated Press
fers from the psychoanalytic and JACKSON, Miss.-The Missis-
behavioristic approaches. sippi Democratic Party voted yes-
Humanist psychologists feel terday to delay deciding what can-
that their primary responsibility didate it will support in the No-
is to understand individuals as vember presidential race.
growing, living persons who are The state party convention
in a process of "becoming," Wulff unanimously' accepted the reoom-~
said. They want to return to the mnaionoGy Paul hsr
study of the "wholeman.mendationofGov. Paul Johnso
In contrast tothis approach, to wait until the Democratic Na-
behaviorists study abstracted be- tional Convention names E
havior in a laboratory. Psycho- candidate and platform before
analyst psychologists are primar- making the decision.
ily concerned with unconscious Johnson said if the state con-
process, Wulff said. vention would delay a decision or
An interest in each person as a presidential electors until Sept. 9
unique being who is born with an "I shall be the first to say 'yea
essential nature, not a blank slate to the majority of the conventior
which can only be marked by the at that time."
environment, is another aspect Delayed
of the humanist approach. It was only after such urgings
He explained that humanist that the moves to endorse Gold-
psychologists do not deny that water and to put up unpledged or
there are general'laws governing pro-Goldwater electors agreed Vt
human behavior, but that they the delay.
want pbeyndhare regarded However, other resolutions made
Present experiences aergre clear the state party opposed the
by humanists as important deter- clrts atdcaty ndspos
minants of what an individual is, civil rights and racial stands o:
Wulff said. Behavorists view the the national party.
individual simply as the product No sentiment for President Lyn-
of h i s previous conditioning don Johnson was voiced by dele-
schedule, while psychoanalyists gates in private conversations
regard men as motivated primar- Most seemed inclined toward Sen
ily by unconscious forces originat- Barry Goldwater of Arizona, thi
ing in early childhood. : Republican presidential nominee
Humanists also regard man as In Georgia, Gov. Carl E. San-
basically rational, or at least po- ders included Negroes on Georgia'
tentially rational, Wulff noted. delegation to the Democratic Na-
They are not ashamed to use tional Convention yesterday fo:
philosophers, theologians, or nov- the first time in modern history.
elists as sources of inspiration, he Two Negroes
stated. He announced the 64 delegate
Evaltiating the contributions of and 51 of the 53 alternates to th'
the several approaches to the arty on penin A
study of human beings, Wulff AtlntiCsess i here wee 24a
-Psychoanalysts have demon- Negro delegates and two alter
strated the existence and impor- nates.
tance of the unconscious; Asked at a news conferencE
-Experimentalists have contri- about the inclusion of Negroe
buted to an understanding of con- after he and Travis Stewart, Exe
ditioning and drives, in animals; cutive Director for the Georgif
-Humanists are attempting to Party, announced the delegatior
make major contributions to the Sanders said the action was "righ
study of major human needs. and proper."
WASHINGTON (P)-Sen. Barry
Goldwater (R-Ariz) said yester-
day he wants to meet President
Lyndon B. Johnson in televised
debates during their campaign for
the White House.
Rep. Jack Westland (R-Wash)
said the Republican presidential
nominee issued his challenge to
the President during a closed-
door meeting with more than 70
GOP members of the House.
Westland quoted Goldwater as
saying he is "ready, willing and
able" to meet Johnson in televi-
Johnson has declined to be pin-
ned down on the question, saying
at a news conference only last
Friday "we will cross that bridge
when we get to it.'
The debate question came up
in connection with pending legis-
lation that would suspend equal
broadcast time requirements to
pave the way for a face-to-face
television meeting between the
two presidential contenders - as
was done in 1960.
'A THURBER CARNIVAL'
'U' Players To Open in Unique Show
By MICHAEL HARRAH
Once upon a time there was a man who liked to write.
This man's name was James Thurber, and he wrote all sorts of
stories and poems and sketches and other humorous things.
But it seems that Thurber one day decided that this scope of the
printed page unduly limited his art, so he turned from such
successes as "Thurber Ark" and "The Wonderful O" to un-
explored territory (for him).
Thurber became a playwright.
But unlike other playwrights on the scene, Thurber was unable
to see the necessity of uroducing any new material simply to
pomattox," "If Washington had Drowned in the Delaware," and
other history corrupters.
Prof. Katter, who directed the highly successful version of "My
Fair Lady" in June, has made every effort to duplicate the charm of
the original Broadway performance, and as a result, stage manager
William Lebzelter, Grad, will spend much time directing the activities
of three turntables, nearly unheard of in touring and amateur pro-
ductions, which will revolve the various sets (and there are a lot of
them) on and off before the audience's very eyes.
"A Thurber Carnival," as one might have guessed, is not a play
or even a musical. It is instead a series of delightful vignettes, per-
former hy a versatie cast. inst as Thurber's sketches in prose are