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I Vol, LXXIX, No. 97
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Saturday, January 25; 1969
LIMITED MARTIAL LAW:
Gen. Franco suspends
civil liberties in Spain
MADRID (A- Gen. Francisco
Franco decreed last night a three-k
month state of -emergency for all
Spain to cope with rising violence
and dissidence of political oppon-
ents, Basque separatists and stu-
Th e chief of state suspended
five key civil rights.
Shortly before he signed the de-
cree at a cabinet meeting, students'
battled police and the University
of Madrid closed its doors because
of the new disorders.
e decree police can: Refusing to accept that expla-
without warrant. nation, students fought police
prisoners indefinitely from t h e University of Madrid
arge. campus to downtown Madrid.
residents from their Yesterday angry students again
nces. took to the streets shouting, "He'
free speech, has been murdered," and "Police
t public assembly. assassins." With flailing clubs po-
ame to a head in Ma- lice broke up the demonstrations.
ay after a law student Rector Jose Botella Llusia cs-
police on suspicion of ed the University of Madrid un-
activity fell to his til order can be assured.
a seventh-flpor win- Basque terrorism in northern
said the student, En- Spain's Guipuzcoa P r ovncvene
o Casanova, jumped. brought a regional state of emer-
gency last August and there were
" scores of arrests.
au - Solme of t h e Basques, whose
Slanguageand culture differ great-
ly from those of other Spaniards,
want to set up an independent
n /7 S state in their northern Spanish
Franco's latest decree, referring
responsibilities," he to disorders, said: "The defense of
peace and progress in Spain and
courses were establish- the rights of Spaniards force the
nse to pressure f r o m government . . . to put into prac-
y and students. Ac- tice efficient and urgent means
Prof. Sidney Jones, that will cut off these outbreaks
of the opportunities and anomalies finally."
By JIM BECK
Conflicting statements by several nmrmbers ol the Mich-
igan Union Board of Directors yesterday hinted that their
endorsement Thursday of the production, "Dionysus in 69."
may have been made with the condition that the c st b
However, 'Dionysus' director Richard Sehechner sud last
night it was "extremely unlikely" the two nude scenes will be
modified when the cast performs here.
The Union Board together with the League Board of
Governors oversee the University Activities Center. UAC has
to, meet black
By ERIKA HOFF its social
"The black capitalism courses claims.
are the most overt evidence of the? The twoi
new trend in business education,,u ed in respo
says Prof. David Brophy of the bordingcuo
business administration school. cording to
J.J(Ah .a ±Jm
Brophy is a member of the Com-
mittee on Opportunities for Afro-
American Students which planned
the business school's two- newest
courses, Black Capitalism 490 and
Brophy says the courses are re-
levant t the problems of the
black American and to the mo-
dern businessman. "Business is
becoming increasingly aware of
E ucation 11 Sae
WASHINGTON P) - A pro-
posal for a "civilian GI Bill" to
enable needy, students to attend
college will be introduced in the
Rep. Ogden R. Reid, R-N.Y.,
said he would draft the new legis-
lation, which would implement a
report by the Carnegie Commis-
sion on Higher Education.
The 'report, released last Dec.
12, contains 22 reconuendations,
including a massive program of
direct grants to needy students,
with federal matching g r a n t s,
Student loans, work-study pro-
rams and doctoral fellowships.
o Extensive aid for medical training
Although the report is viewed
favorably by most congressmen,
the chances of formal enactment
this year are almost nonexistent.
In the Senate, associates of
Sen. Claiborne Pell, (D-R.I.), new
chairman of the Senate Education
Committee, say that at present
they , would view Reid's bill as
something of a catalyst to stim-
ulate discussion leading to n e W
legislation some time in the fu-
ture, but not necessarily this year.
In an interview before he took
office, Robert Finch, secretary of
health, education and welfare,
said he had talked about it with
Presiden Nixon, "but not in any
committee, students wanted a An announcement accompany-
course that would be relevant to ing the decree said: "Minority ac-
current social needs and the fa- tions systematically directed to
culty wanted to attract more disturb peace and public order in
black students to the business Spain have occurred in the last
school. months, clearly related to an in-
Black Capitalism 490 was or ternational strategy which h a s
ginally designed as a seminarehed numerouscountries."
course with an expected enroll- It did not specify what the in-
ment of ten. The official enroll- ternational strategy was but pre-
ment is now 85 and the first two sumably referred to communism.
lectures had an attendance of The University of Barcelona,
'about 200. "Students attending with 28,000 students, was closed
the class ranged from freshmen Jan. 16 "until further notice" af-
to Ph.D. candidates," said Jones ter a group of students invaded
ton h.D. nites," sd Jones. the office of Rector Manuel Alba-l
Jones supervises the course delejo and unsuccessfully tried to
which is taught by a series of throw him out of his office win-
guest speakers. He says the for- dow m
mat had to be changed because Cifra, the Spanish news agency.
of the unexpectedly large enroll- reported that 13 arrests had been'
ment. made in Barcelona in connection
The list of speakers includes with the incident.
Arthur Ross, vice-president for There has been little academic.
state relations and planning; activity in Barcelona or Madrid
Louis Ferman, research director for several months because of stu-
of the University's Institute of dent assemblies, strikes, demon-"
Labor and Industrial Relations, strations and clashes with police.
and author of Negroes and Jobs: The University of Madrid has
Wilfred White of Howard Univer- 50,000 students.
sity: and John DeLorean, a Gen- Among other things, students
eral Motors vice-president, have been demanding democratic
Black Capitalism 491' is a re- associations free of governments
search course for masters stu- control.
dents. "The students may do lib-
rary research, but so far they
have all chosen to do field work
in Detroit or work with local '.*AC afcUJ.tO.Nt r l r
Lodge itelcoiiies Ks
U.S. Ambassador to the Paris talks, Henry Cabot Lodge, shakes hands with South Vietnam's Vice
President Nguyen Cao Ky at their meeting yesterday. Lodge was formerly the ambassador to Soutd
Vietnam under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson.
ED SCHOIL SURVEY:
Students ask policy role
scheduled the play as part of
its Creative Arts Festival Sun-}
day and Monday.
'Dionysus' is a modern adapta-
tion of a Greek tragedy by Euri-
pides. The Off - Off - Broadway
production contains two scenes
performed in total nudity.
Yesterday, Ann Arbor Police
Chief Walter Krasny said, "I don't
feel the moral standards of the
community should be set by a
fraction of the population - the
student body of the University."
Krasny said if the community
accepts the play "maybe the laws
should be changed. But until
then we intend to enforce existing
Dan McCreath, UAC president,
explained the confusion over the
board decision arose "because of
the information we had at the
McCreath said at the time of
Thursday's board decision, "We
knew only that Schechner had
performed in Minneapolis clothed,
and as far as we knew, this is how
he had always performed."
Board member Prof. William
Palmer of the economics depart-
ment said yesterday "maybe it
was implied" that the cast should
Palmer made the motion en-
dorsing MeCreath's Wednesday
statement w h i c h. backed the
Dionysus production as legitimate
Schechner had agreed by col-
tract to perform the play with the
cast clothed at the University of
Minnesota. The play was banned
By SAM DAMREN
Eighty-nine per cent of the Uni-
versity students taking education
school courses want students to
have some direct influence over
the school's policy decisions.
This is the most striking result
of a survey released Wednesday
by Students for Educational In-
Over 2000 students responded to
the SEI survey. The results which
SEI reported are based on the
responses of about one-third of
This random sampling was
made, SEI officials explained, be-
cause of a shortage of funds. and
lack of time.
Those responding to the survey
were enrolled in either the literary
college, a professional school. or
the education school. All were
working on some program relating
The questionnaire probed coun-
seling, grading system, student in-
volvement in decision-making. ur-
ban education, and other areas of
The survey, taken last term,
sixty per cent of the student
interviewed said they favored vot-
ing powers for students on fac-
ulty committees, or the creation'
of parallel student committees
with equal power:
-ninety-three per cent felt stu-
dent involvement should be in-
creased in curriculum areas:
-fifty per cent of the sample
said they would enroll in urban
education programs if they were
offered at the education school.
They favored an "integrated series
of courses dealing specifically with
the inner-city situation."
Some steps are already being
taken to solve some of the prob-
lems. A joint student-faculty com-
mittee is preparing an urban ed-
ucation course for next fall, and
should have a preliminary report
by early February.
In addition, student involvement
on education school committee de-
cisions has increased markedly in
the past year, mostly under the
impetus of the SEI. For example,
one committee with substantial
student representation, was instru-
mental in the selection of former
hr. Albert Wf heeIer
B H OL R msTsA
Ron Thompson, President of
the Black Student Union, was one.
of the students who proposed the s l g est d el
new courses. He feels the courses
are necessary to make the busi-
ness school's curriculum relevant By LORNA CIIEROT
to the black student.
"They should make both the A group of sudents in the wild-
white and black student realize ; life department of the natural
that blacks have a place in busi- resources school has presented a
ness" he says. series of recommendations for re-
Thompson says the course is form to department chairman
what he expected it would be, but Frederick Smith.
that the merits of the course can Smith describes the report of
not be decided until it is complet- the Wildlife Graduate Committee
ed. as "very constructive." He says it
He adds, "The addition of these will be very helpful to the depart-
two courses to the business nent's faculty during their review
school's curriculum should not of curriculum planned for this
be viewed as a completed assign- spring.
ment, but as a start to what the
business school and the 18 other Key recommendations of the
partm ental reform.
HE Scrtay ilurCoenasfrom the canmpus, however, after' J.
HEW Wilbur Cohen as t mebes of the audience un- Dr. Albert Wheeler of the
dressed during the first perform- Medical School, state chairman of
A report by that committee, the ance. the NAACP, expressed objections
dean's selection committee, was Schechner justified his clothed yesterday to the proposed lease to
presented at Wednesday's meet- performance "as artistic experi- be used by the Ann Arbor Public
ing. It indicated that Cohen was mentation." He was quoted in the Housing Commission..
not selected because of his ability Minneapolis Star-Tribune yester- Wheeler said mostof the provi-
as an educator, but rather for his ,day as saying the clothed per- sions he objected to were clauses
administrative skills, and in hope formance was not successful and that prevented the public housing
that his prestige would attract at-' that "no such agreement exists in tenants from living simple lives
tention to education school pro- Ann Arbor." with the same privileges as a
grams. "We aren't going to sacrifice "normal citizen."
The survey also showed that 75 any artistic integrity," Schechfier "The commission has failedto
per cent of the LSA students in- said. "I think it is ridiculous that~ show concern for the peop~les
terviewed expressed dissatisfaction they're making a big thing out/of rights, or welfare," he said. "The
with their counseling system as a little thing. To prejudge an art lease, and the rules in the hand-
did sixty-one per cent of the edu- work before seeing it is fascism, book are the type of things that
cation school students. For this reason I'll probably agree no free citizen should have to sub-
Most suggestions for restructur- to no changes whatsoever." ject himself to."
ing academic counseling revolved Prof. Arnold Kaufman of the As an example, Wheeley pointed
around a-desire for more informa- philosophy department, a member_________________
tion on course objectives, student- of the board, said, "I would ex-
faculty evaluations, and program pect a group who came to play See related lier
information. here to do no more nor less than Ua
publication of a course evalu-
--elimination of all grades for
all wildlife students:
-the institution of a pass-fail
option for students from other de-
partments taking wildlife courses
as electives, and:
student representation at de-
partmental meetings concerning
matters affecting students.
Smith says he believes the course
evaluation would be a healthy
undertaking for the department,
and recommends that it be car-
ried out completely by students.
If necessary, he says, the depart-
ment may provide financial as-
sitance. but "no faculty member
should have his nose in it.'
Smith says it will be more dif-
ficult to comply with the demand
that the grading system be elim-
"I see no way you can get
around grades of some sort," he
says. However, he suggested that
possible alternatives, like a multi-
level grading system or compre-
of the University must W i 1 d 1i f e Graduate Committee
hensive exams, might be worked Students indicated a great
out. amount of interest for involve-
The chairman also suggested ment in faculty committee decis-
that rather than institute a pass- ions, and felt that the students
fail system for students taking should be selected by some form
wildlife electives, the department of petitioning.
might initiate pass-fail for under- The areas of student teaching
graduates in the department. placement, student discipline, and
Such pass-fail courses should curriculum were the subject of in-
be structured so that they are terest for most students. Lack of
tauhgt in seminar style, Smith flexibility in program requirements
says. He feels that such a venture was indicated by over half of the
would be a challenge to the de- education students, and 61 per
partment, but and that could be cent of the LSA students.
City realtors stop rights booklet
By DANIEL ZWERDLING tee dec
When City Hall decided to publish a enough
public information booklet on the State's tenants
New Tenants' Rights Laws, the commit- stand it
tee hand-picked for the job prepared a After
punchy pamphlet aimed at poor tenants to plea,
who need to know their legal rights, even c
But the booklet, scheduled for city- light y
wide distribution last month, has been dent)
scuttled because the Ann Arbor Board of draft.
Realtors doesn't like it. And now, the The
City may wash its hands of the affair brochur
and hand over the entire tenants' rights Law c
project to the landlords. tions."
The project began in September when which
the city administrator asled councilmen rights,'
Lee Quenon (D-2nd Ward) and John Ha- Insid
thaway (R-4th Ward), Assistant Admin- many r
istrator Don Borut, a member of the ad- laws gi
ministration's staff and several law stu- 0 "Y
dents to write a pamphlet outlining New compla
Tenants' Rights Laws-a series of state in your
laws passed last spring which strengthen a * "
cided instead to put out a simple
statement of legal rights so the
who need it most could under-
several meetings and rewritings
se as many people as possible, ("We
onsidered whether to use dark or
yellow paper," says the law stu-
the committee produced a final
result is a four-page, napkin-sized
re whose cover reads: "You and the
an improve your housing condi-
"It's a terribly basic pamphlet
says to the tenant 'You have
" the student explains.
e, bold print declares "You have
'ights as tenants--and now the new
ve you more rights than ever:
ou cannot be evicted because you
ined about housing law violations
You can sue your landlord if he
doesn't fix up your apartment." This
the "in escrow" clause. The booklet
vises tenants to consult a lawyer bef
putting rent in escrow, however.
0 "If your landlord tries to evict;
for not paying rent, you may win
case in court if the landlord failed
obey: the housing laws."'
This is the main part of the pampl
-- the other two pages refer the tenant
giant print to Commission, Emerges
Housing the City Building and Saf
Commission, Emergency Housing Stf
Legal Aid 'Clinic and Lawyer Refe
Service. "We bent over backwards to m:
every lawyer in the city happy," says
In mid-December, the booklet was rep
for printing and citywide distribution.I
the Ann Arbor Board of Realtors did
like it, so the city stopped publication
"The realtors felt the booklet was ge
ed to a small minority of tenants who h,
Granting the graduate students
a voting representative at the fac--
ulty meetings is a power held by,
the Regents, Smith explains. How-
ever, he says he would be favor-
able to proposing such a change to
Other suggestions made by the
Wildlife Graduate Committee
VI WP,, ' .
ask say in
A group of welfare mothers is'1
observing the laws of the com- Oi LaA& ji
"I would hope that competent to a clause which' prevents tenants
attorneys in whom UAC has con- from holding p u b1i'c political
fidence would instruct UAC as to nieetings in their apartments,
where these limits lie and get the Wheeler complained many of
cooperation of those in the cast," the provisions of the lease and
he continued. rules in a companion tenants
"Our m a i n responsibility," handbook violate the basic rights
Kaufman said, "is to protect ar- of the tenants.
tistic integrity and see that the He said there have already been
laws are complied with. If that cases in existing units of the man-
means they can strip down to the agement entering the apartments
See UNION, Page 8 without notifying the tenants.
~ This is a right the management
reserved in the handbook, he said.
The handbook also says, "You
may have out-of-tovn guests for
reasonable periods and should
notify the management of such
d ecision s visits and their duratione"
Wheeler explained the . of
the term reasonable periodmade
it possible for the comisironlto
fare recipients and expects "a keep tenants from having visitors.
large number" to be collected. Another of Wheeler's objections
The women feel that the only stems from the fact lhat a tenant
way for them to be heard is to or- can be evicted for entering a plea
ganize. According to Stewart, they of guilty or for being convicted of
do not see themselves in an ad- violating any state law or city
visory role, but rather in the ordinance.
wishes to bargain for are supple- "The way this is orded,
ments to their allegedly inade- Wheeler said. "it could be applied
quate utility budgets, clarifica- to a traffic ticket."
tion of the policy of supplying Wheeler also objected to several
down-payments on cooperative other provisions of the lease:
housing, and sums to allow for -Tenanits are responsible for
purchase of furniture, the painting of their apartments
The SSB supervises only the al- with the commission supplyina the
location of "direct relief" funds paint of. a standard color. Wheeler
and other local aid projects such feels it is the "responsibility of
as the food stamp program. Di- the housing commission to keep
-e.a 'seeking recognition as bargaining
-the designation of upperciass agent for all public assistance re-
and graduate students as advisors cipients in Washtenaw County.
to incoming students:.iins.nWstna ony
--the establishment of perma- Four of the mothers, two of
nent student-faculty committee; whom were leaders of last Sep-
-greateri participation by the tember's demonstrations for sup-
department in social and political plemental school clothing grants,'
issues related to the field of wild- met with the County Social Ser-
life management. vices Board (SSB) Thursday con-1
Smith says he would like to cerning their request for bargain-
begin faculty meetings in Febru- ing rights.
ary to discuss the committee's The committee wants to hold a
recommendations. He says he is regular series of meetings with;
confident there will be some re- the social services board on the
forms to be instituted by the Fall terms of county aid programs.
'69 term, and more changes the George Stewart, attorney for the
'! fnlnxxincrv~armothers said this arraingement'
I V C