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August 08, 1963 - Image 3

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Michigan Daily, 1963-08-08

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AY, AUGUST 8, 1963

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

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:CHANGE VISIT:
Evaluates Red China Science

U' Offers Space Seminar

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
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From Student News Features
NEW YORK-Recently, the Ro-
yal Society of London accepted an
official invitation from the author-
ities of Communist China to send
a small delegation on an exchange
visit. The party of five that made
the trip included a physiologist,
a biologist, a physicist, a chemist,
and a crystallographer.
T h i s summer, the eminent
chemist of the group, Prof. Harold
W. Thompson, recorded his im-
pressions in the scientific month-
ly, International Science a n d
Technology. A fellow of St. John's
College, Oxford, and university
reader in infrared spectroscopy,
Prof. Thompson limits himself in
his article to what he "saw and
was able to evaluate directly.'"
"Broadly speaking, we found a
scientific community which still
seems in the process of building
a good foundation," he says. "The
Chinese laboratories we saw are
learning the use of modern meth-
ods by repeating known observa-
tions, rather than aspiring to much
that is really new." Prof. Thomp-
son emphasizes, however, that
among the youth of China there
was always to be found "a marked
keenness to learn."
Nuclear Program
"We made no inquiries about
the Chinese program in nuclear
physics and nuclear energy, but it
is likely that they have made con-
siderable progress, perhaps with
advice from . the USSR," Prof.
Thompson says.
"In this connection, I had the
impression t h a t exchange of
scientists between Russia a n d
China was a good deal less than
previously, he adds.
Prof. Thompson was told that
there are 800,000 students at the
university level in the whole of
China. He was shown four uni-
versities which "presumably rank
among the most advanced."
Hard To Generalize
"It is risky to generalize, but
my impression was that they were
devoted almost entirely to teach-
ing, with much emphasis on so-
ciology and politics. As yet they
seem to have little contact with
Handlin Cites
Three Tests
For 'Consent'
(Continued from Page 1)
"When Americans have been
governed without their consent
the very foundations of order were
weakened and endangered," he
said.
Hence, American political power
has evolved as contingent upon
"consent of the governed" princi-
ple, Prof. Handlin explained.
The American public is contin-
uously applying three specific tests
to measure the extent to which
the 'consent of the governed"
principle is operating:
1) The government may only
work through certain defined pro-
cedures.
2) The government cannot have
a monopoly on the ability to act
and the use of power.
J 3) There is sanction of certain
stated governmental purposes and
not of others.
Usually, "public welfare" is the
formal purpose stated for law.
This accepted purpose has im-
portant implications: public office
is not a kind of property but a
trust; government rules not, to
benefit one segment of the popu-
lation, but the whole; the end of

scientific research or the frontiers
of science," he says.
Specifically, Thompson found
Peking University "comprehensive
('general' is perhaps a better
word), with 11,000 students and
2000 teachers." There were said
to be about 260 graduate students,
but "it was not, very clear to me
just what they were doing..Perhaps
they were junior members of the
teaching staff."
At Peking the equipment avail-
able for teaching physics "seemed
good" to Prof. Thompson, "espe-
cially in electricity and optics."
The laboratories for biology, how-
ever, were "old-fashioned, the
main item being a museum of
birds, animals, and reptiles."
The technological Tsing Hua
University at Peking is devoted to
engineering (mechanical, civil,
radio, electrical and hydraulic).
Russian Advice
"It has been reformed to a large
extent on the basis of Russian ad-
vice. There are 11,000 students,
which indeed seems to be regarded
as a sort of norm."
The Agricultural University of
Peking "is more like an agricul-
tural college 'for the training of
people who can go back to teach
the communes," Prof. Thompson
says.
"The 3500 students, about a
third of them women, are chosen
by examination from all China,
and many come from peasant
stock. It seemed that the function
of this university was to give a

general training in agricultural
matters, rather than to aspire to
serious research. There was some
work on genetics and animal
breeding, but this appears not to
have reached a more than elemen-
tary level."
At Tientsin, an industrial city
and port, Nankai University was
visited.
Anti-American Mainspring
There are about 5000 students,
a few "post-graduates" and 800
teachers. It has been "the main-
spring of anti-American and anti-
Chiang Kai-shek movements."
"We were hustled for a few
minutes into the physics and
chemistry departments, where
there was some simple polaro-
graphic and spectroscopic equip-
ment and apparatus for measur-
ing absorption of gases on silica
gel.
"There was really no sign of
advanced research. I also got the
impression that as a teaching es-
tablishment it might not yet have
reached a high level."
Prof. Thompson also visited re-
search institutes of the Academia
Sinica--two in Peking and three in
Shanghai -- and in general was
more impressed with them than
with the universities. He writes
that the institutes "seem to be
lively establishments in which
many of the younger workers look
very promising, although they are
still feeling their way and have
little c o n t a c t with foreign
scientists."

SPACE TECHNOLOGY SEMINAR-The University offers a space
technology and guided missiles seminar which this year included
a two-day trip to Cape Canaveral. Shown inspecting a Titan mis-
sile launching site are (left to right) Professors Wilbur C. Nelson,
Robert M. Howe, Elmer G. Gilbert and Harm Buning, all of the
astronautical engineering departmient. Seminar members consist
mainly of officers taking advanced courses under the Air Force
Institute of Technology.

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3564 Administration Building
before 2 p.m. two days preceding
publication.
THURSDAY, AUGUST 8
Day Calendar
7:15 p.m.-School of Music Recital-
Staff Training Program-Mich. Union.
8:30 a.m.-American Institute of CPA
Albert C. Gerken, guest carillonneur;
assisted by Brass and Percussion Tower
Ensemble, George R. Cavender, conduc-
tor: Burton Memorial Tower.
7:30 p.m. - Linguistics Curriculum
Committee Linguistic Forum Lecture-
Herbert Paper, Prof. of Near Eastern
Languages and Linguistics, Acting
Chairman of Dept. of Near Eastern
Studies, and Lecturer in Anthropology,
"Judeo - Persian": Rackham Amphi-
theater.
8:00 p.m.-Dept. of Speech Univ. Play-
ers Summer Playbill-School of Music
Opera Dept., Josef Blatt, conductor,
Puccini's "Madame Butterfly": Lydia
Mendelssohn Theater.
8:30 p.m.-School of Music Degree Re-
cital-Mary Jane Huse, violinist: Lane
Hal Aud.
CIC Far Eastern Language Institute
Film Series: Film showing: One Night
at the Peking Opera, today, 3:15, Multi-
purpose Rm., Undergrad. Lib.
Doctoral Examination for Marvin
Newton Diskin, Speech; thesis: "A
Descriptive and Historical Analysis of
the Live Television Anthology Drama
Program, The United States Steel Hour,
1953-1963," today, 2020 Frieze Bldg., at
4:00 p.m. Chairman, E. E. Willis.
Doctoral Examination for Gene Ever-
ett Smith, Mechanical Engineering;
thesis: "Solid-Vapor Equilibrium of the
Carbon Dioxide-Nitrogen System, at
Pressures to 200 Atmospheres," Thurs.,
Aug. 8, 220 West Engineering Bldg., at
10:00 a.m. Chairman, R. E. Sonntag.
Doctoral Examination for Lavon Lee
Yoder, Physics, today, 2038 Randall Lab-
oratory, at 2:00 p.m. Chairman, K. M.
Terwilliger.
Foreign Visitors
Following are the foreign visitors pro-
grammed through the Internationai
Center who will be on campus this week
on the dates indicated. Program ar-
rangements are being made by Mrs.
Clifford R. Miller, Ext. 3358, Interna-
tional Center.
DIAL 5-6290
3RD WEEK

Mosharaff Hossain, Director, Socio-
Economio Research Board, Rajshahi
Univ,, Rajshahi, East Pakistan, Paki-
stan, Aug. 5-9.
Abdul Ghani Askhar, Vice-Chancellor,
West Pakistan Univ. of Engineering and
Technology, Pakistan, Aug. 11-14.
General Notices
Hopwood Awards: All manuscripts
must be in the Hopwood Room, 1006
Angell Hall, by 4:30 p.m., Fri., Aug. 9.
Extra Performance Announced: The
Univ. of Mich. Players will present an
extra performance of the Opera Dept.,
School of Music in an English transla-
tion of Puccini's "Madame Butterfly"
Mon. evening at 8:00 in the air-condi-
tioned Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. Reg-
ularly scheduled performances continue
tonight through Sat., with tickets avail-
able daily 12:30-8 at the Mendelssohn
Theatre box office.
Astronomy Department Visitors' Night:
Fri., Aug. 9, 8:30 p.m., Room 5006 An-
gell Hall. Stephen P. Maran will speak
on "Celestial Explosions." After the lec-
ture the Student Observatory on the
fifth floor of Angell Hall will be open
for inspection and for telescopic obser-
vations of a double star, Hercules clus-
ter, and Saturn. Children welcome, but
must be accompanied by adults.
Part-Time
Employment
The following part-time jobs are
available. Applications for these jobs
can be made in the Part-time Place-
menit Office, 2200 Student Activities
ORGAN IZATION
-NOTICES
U. of M. Friends of SNCC, Freedom
Jazz Festival-A.A. Jazz Quartet & oth-
ers, Aug. 9, 8 p.m., 331 Thompson; Free-
dom Rally-Speech by John Lewis,
chairman of SNCC, Aug. 26.

Bldg. during the following hours: Mon.
thru Fri., 8 a.m. til 12 noon and 1:30
til 5 p.m.
Employers desirous of hiring students
for part-time or full-time temporary
work, should contact Bob Cope, Part-
time Interviewer at NO 3-1511, ext. 3553.
Students desiring miscellaneous odd
jobs should consult the bulletin board
in Room 2200, daily.
The Univ. now has many clerical,
stenographic, and sceretarial positions
available for experienced applicants.
Most positions are twenty hours a week
on a permanent basis. In addition there
are several full-time positions which
will 'last from a fcw weeks to a semes-
ter. Pay rates are from $1.50 per hour to
over $2.00 depending on skills and ex-
perience.
4 . *
Applicants who will not be available
until the fall semester, wait until Aug.
12, or thereafter to fill out an applica-
tion.
S creech Owl
Screeches Not,
Hunt Explains
The screech owl's call is not a
screech at all, but is instead more
like a soft tremolo on a descending
scale, Prof. George Hunt of the
conservation school said recently.
"This pleasantly haunting sound
is heard most often in the spring
during the breeding season.
"Not much larger than a robin,
the screech owl is approximately
10 inches or less in length, weighs
only five to six ounces and has a
wing spread of around one foot,
Many fluffy feathers and a large
head give it a stylishly 'bouffant'
look and the two erectile ear tufts
standing out from the head above
the eyes make it look like a minia.-
ture great horned owl."

Communist Camp Splits over Quarrel

By WILLIAM L. RYAN
Associated Press special Correspondent
WASHINGTON-Only a month
ago a Red Chinese delegation ar-
rived in Moscow to discuss Peking's
quarrel with the Kremlin.
For Communism,. an age has
passed since then.
The talks ended in monumental
failure. The Red camp will never
be the same again.
As of now, in reality, there are
two Red camps-and two Com-
munisms are emerging.
No Global War
One is the revolutionary move-
ment sponsored by Moscow. Its
support comes from most of the
European Communist camp and
party members in advanced coun-
tries. It contends that the West-
ern way of life will eventually be
wiped from the face of the earth.
But it holds that this must be
achieved short of igniting global
war.
The other is the revolutionary
movement sponsored by Peking.
Its support comes from parties and
wings of parties in the underde-
veloped world. It contendsethat
Communist power must be seized
aggressively and violently without
regard for risk. It holds that com-
promises with the West, inspired
by war fears, betray the world
revolution.
With the departure-in a surly
mood - of the Red Chinese from
Moscow in mid-July, a profund
shudder ran through the Com-
munist world movement. It was
face to face with a clearly defined
schism, deeper and far more mean-
ingful than Communism's painful
split at the time of the Stalin-
Trotsky showdown in the 1920's.
Revolutionary Leaning
In countries trembling with rev-
olutionary restlessness, where vio-
lence promises to pay dividends,
Communists lean toward the Red
Chinese view. The impact of the

In advanced countries lacking
any real revolutionary situations,
where the movement would rely
on political subversion, united
fronts, infiltration and less dan-
gerous forms of violence, Com-
munists support Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev's stategy and tactics
of 'peaceful coexistence.-
Confusion, bitterness and rivalry
are evident between the two blocs
and within individual parties in-
side the. blocs. There no longer is.
a single all-powerful center to im-
pose d i s ci p 11i n e, free-wheeling,
reckless adventures by Commun-
ists in some areas can result in
situations menacing to the world's
peace.
World Picture
A survey by Associated Press
correspondents produces a picture
like this:
INSIDE THE RED ORBIT:
Communist - ruled nations in
Europe, except isolated Albania,
support Khrushchev, but Moscow's
troubles have increased. Moscow's
lead has been questioned by the
Chinese, and this encourages satel-
lite leaders to try for more inde-
pendence and to wheedle conces-
sions.
The parties of Red-ruled North
Korea and North Viet Nam follow
Peking. They envision Red domin-
ation of the whole coast of Asia
from Korea to Viet Nam in the
foreseeable future, and see a dis-
tant promise of Communist dom-
ination of the whole continent.
WESTERN EUROPE:
Communist leaders are accus-
tomto flipflops and toeing what-
ever happens to be the Kremlin
line. They cannot operate on the
Chinese theory of disregard for
the risk of war and expect any
popular support.
The French Communist party,
long a bellwether for European
Reds, is solidly behind the Krem-
lil.
"One reason for the French
party's attitude," reports AP cor-
respondent Joseph E. Dynan from
Paris, "is that it operates within
a public which is aware of what
goes on in the world. It is also one
with an increasing high living
standard and which is thus peace-
Gives Concert
From Tower
Albert C. Gerken, guest caril-
lonneur, assisted by George R.
Cavender conducting the Brass
and Percussion Tower Ensemble,
will give a brass, percussion and
carillon concert at 7:15 p.m. today
from Burton Memorial Tower.
The music will be directed to-
ward the roof of the Thayer St.
parking structure, where those in-
terested may listen to the con-
cert.

minded. The French party's rank
and file might be said to be ahead
of Moscow on the peaceful coex-
istence issue.\At least, it is sophis-
ticated as compared with the So-
viet party membership, and much
more so than the party in China."
Noisy Split
In Italy, the AP Rome bureau
reports repercussions from the
split were noisy at first, with some
belligerent support of Peking. This
has subsided. However, it is symp-
tomatic of the impatience of
younger Communists who see their
hope for power in the tough line.
Italian Communist leader Pal-
miro Togliatti orients his party of
1.5 million toward Moscow, but he
cannot appear to be too much a
creature pf the Kremlin. Thus, he
opposed Khrushchev's a t t a c k
against liberal tendencies among
artists and writers - apparently
fearing to antagonize intellectuals
in Italy.
In the smaller countries of Eu-
rope, though most Communists are
on the Kremlin side, there are
evidences of uneasiness, pro-Chi-
nese elements pop up, propagan-
dize, proseltytize. The example of
Chinese defiance of the Kremlin
has encouraged some in the rank
and file in Western Europe to re-
sist certain aspects of Moscow
policy which have had little to do
with the Peking-Moscow split.
W e st Germany's Communist
leadership says it is in "full agree-
ment" with Khrushchev. It seems
to view his policies as holding the
promise of neutralizing all Ger-
many and eventually making it
more vulnerable to Communist po-
litical attack from the East.
LATIN AMERICA:
There is evidence of split in
many Latin American parties,
more pronounced wherever there
exists what Communists regard as
a revolutionary situation.
Cuba's Communists are in a cur-
ious position. There has long been
a split between the "new Commun-
ists" who came in with Fidel Cas-
tro, and the "old" Communists,
owned by Moscow. Castro now pro-
fesses to follow Moscow, although
Khrushchev's performance in the
Cubascrisis last October annoyed
him.
Cuba's Communists call them-
selves an example to the whole
continent, and urge violent revo-
lution, but the Castro regime can-
not exist without Moscow's sup-
port, and is hardly likely to op-
pose Moscow openly.
The heaviest impact of the split
seems to have been felt in Brazil.
AP correspondent Edgar Miller re-
ports from Rio de Janeiro that
the party is torn to shreds. A re-
cent Communist-sponsored stu-
dent meeting brought an open I
battle between the pro-Russians
and the pro-Chinese wings.
In Brazil, largest Latin Ameri-
can nation, the split concerns the
role of violence in revolution, a

capsule of the Soviet-Chinese
fight. Two Communist parties now
exist in Brazil-one pro-Chinese,
one pro-Russian. Even in the pro-
Moscow wing,. s o m e members
clearly are unsatisfied with a
policy of waiting for a peaceful
revolution.
In Peru, intelligence agents say
that while most of the country's
10,000 Communists hew to Khru-
shchev's line, the younger, tougher
elements like the Chinese idea of
toughness. They predict a show-
down eventually between the two
wings. Local Communists are vis-
ibly embarrassed by the develop-
ments.
ASIA:
The Chinese attack on India's
borders in October, 1962, brought
an explosion inside the Indian
Communist party. Officially, it
condemned the Chinese. It had to
if it was to follow its nationalistic
line and keep what support it had.
But pro-Chinese wings remain,
notably in the Calcutta area.
Many of these have gone under-
ground because of an Indian gov-
ernment crackdown.
In Ceylon, there is no visible
split at present but the strains
are clear. The "legal" or pro-
Khrushchev wing of the party, in-
cluding its top leaders, is being
bucked by the labor union wing,
which favors force and looks more
and more toward Peking.
For the Japanese party, the split
was painfully embarrassing. The
party tends toward Peking. AP
Tokyo bureau reports the party
has clamped down on discussions
of the dispute, but its language
sounds like that of the Chinese.
It is embarrassed by the Soviet-
United States-British t e s t ban
agreement. To support it might
mean to deny Red China's right
to test later on, but to oppose it
would be highly unpopular in a
nation so acutely aware of nuclear
weapons.
Indonesia's huge Communist
party of two million, biggest out-
side the Red blocs, is obviously
troubled. Its words support the
Red Chinese, but its leaders have
been trying to serve as mediators.
But with the prospects fora Mos-
cow-Peking reconciliation dimmer
all the time, the Indonesian party
may finally side with the Chinese.

I,

Pu CIflI S

YOU COULDN'T
ASK FOR
friendlier females
or a funnier picture

MADAME
BUTTE...RFLY
continues tonight 8 p.m.
$1.75, 1.25-FRI. & SAT. $2.00, 1.50
presented by University Players, Dept. of Speech
with the Opera Dept., School of Music

. '''.
"
..'
_

a story of
passion,
bloodsked,
desire
and death,
everythin&
in fact,
that
makes
life
wertk
living

1

and announcing

. . .

JaeiK ShILEY
UEMMON MacLRNE
BILLY WILDER'S
I IRMS
ONLY

AN EXTRA PERFORMANCE
of "Madame Butterfly"

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8 P.M. MONDAY

government spells the end to pub- Moscow explosion was particularly
lie welfare. heavy in Latin American and Asia.

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