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January 10, 1959 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-01-10

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Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom



See Page 4



Cubans Release
Two 'U' Students
Marrero, Michelena Describe Life
Under Revolutionary Government
Fidel Castro's CubaA provisional government has released two of
the four University students detained on the Carribean island since the
revolutionists seized power New Year's Day.
Raquel Marrero, '59Ed, and Eduardo Michelena, '59E, returned to
Ann Arbor yesterday after having their passport papers cleared by the
new Cuban government. .
Two other students, Javier Palacios, '61E, and Jesus Rodriguez,
'01, still cannot be contacted on the strife-torn island. Rodriguez lives
in Rodas, 35 miles from Cienfuegos, where heavy fighting occurred

WSU Staffs
Deny Rumor
Of Protests
Wayne State University officials
last night denied a rumor that
faculty members staged a protest
meeting against the proposed
merger between the Detroit school
and the University.
In fact, a prominent faculty
member portrayed reaction as "al-
most indifferent" as long as
Wayne's autonomy is preserved as
promised by WSU President Clar-
ence Hilberry, chief author of the
Neither Hilberry nor members
of the University Council steering
committee knew anything of the
rumored protest meeting, which
had been reported by an Associated
Press source.
No Local Reaction
in Ann Arbor, no basis for ex-
pecting strong negative reaction
to the plan on the part of Uni-
versity faculty was seen by several
members, who wished their names
Marvin L. Niehuss, University
vice-president and dean of fac-
ulties, reported that members of
the Faculty ^enate advisory com-
mittee have been informed of the
proposals, which call for coordina-
tion of. the two schools under the
University Board of Regents.
He added no official opinion
would probably be given until Hil-
berry's proposal has been con-
sidered by Wayne's Board of Gov-

hortly before ex - dictator Ful-
gencia Batista's downfall.
BatistaA Men Sought
Palacios is the son of a high-
ranking Batista officer, Miss Mar-
rero said on her return yesterday.
All ex - Batista men are being
rounded up in the city, she said.
Commenting on Castro's execu-
tion of Batista officers accused
of having part in war crimes, Miss
Marrero said the Cuban hero is
"entirely justified."
"The people wanted to kill them
but Castro stopped all such kill-
ings. Castro demanded that all
accused of having part would be
guaranteed a fair trial," she said.
"Castro's efforts to allow the
trials prevented mass murder,"
Michelena added.
Rebels Well Organized
"All of the rebels which took
over after Batista fled were well
organized," Michelena said. "They
were able to restore order in the
city and prevent any large scale
looting," he went on.
Before the rebel troops came
from the mountains, Havana had
been run by the militia composed
largely of University of Havana
students. "When Batista left, the
people of Havana donned the red
and black colors of the revolution
and took up arms against die-
hard followers of the former dic-
tator," Miss Marrero added.
Leader Thwarted
One revolutionary unit reported
yesterday they had thwarted the
rebel leader during his triumphal
parade through Havana yesterday..
The son of a former national police
chief, Col. Lutargo Martin Perez,
was identified as the leader.
Describing the parade both stu-

WASHINGTON R) - An anti-
filibuster coalition met a major
reverse yesterday when the Seate
rejected by a nearly 2-1 margin a
maneuver aimed at opening the
way for a tougher clampdown on
endless talk.
This development, foreshadowed
during the first two days of the
battle, heightened prospects for
adoption of a compromise proposal
advanced by Senate Democratic
Leader Lyndon B. Johnson of
Orders Night Session
But the bipartisan group of
Northern and Western senators
wasn't hoisting the white flag in
its campaign to change the Senate
rules so as to make it easier to
choke offalegislation-blocking fili-
busters, a key weapon against civil
rights bills.
It prepared new ammunition
and Sen. Johnson ordered a night
session to carry the dispute closer
to conclusion.
The first test of strength came
when the Senate voted 60-36 to
table, and thus kill, a resolution
offered by Sen. Clinton P. Ander-
son (D-N.M.), a member of the
anti-filibuster bloc. The move to
table was made by Sen. Johnson,
Wants Weaker Measure
Sen. Anderson's resolution
sought to establish that each new
Senate has a right to adopt its own
rules by majority vote at the start
of a new two-year Congress. The
idea behind this was to sidestep
present rules which provide no
way to limit debate on proposals
to change the rules.
The Northern-Western coalition
wants to water down the present
Senate rule 22 which requires a
vote of at least 66 Senators-two-
thirds of the entire membership of
98-to clamp a limit on debate.
Hoffa Halts
Union Plans
sters President James R. Hoffa
yesterday canceled plans for a
special Union convention to get
rid of court-appointed monitors.
Hoffa said there was insuffi-
cient time to elect delegates for
a scheduled March 16-18 conven-
tion in Chicago. He also noted
that the Union's right to hold such
a convention is under attack in
the courts.
Hoffa currently is waging a
court battle over powers of the
monitors named to snpervise a
cleanup of the 1,600,000-member
truckers union.
Federal District Judge F. Dick-
inson Letts ruled last Dec. 11 that
the Teamsters could not hold a
convention until he says so. Letts
also said he intended to arm the
monitors with powers to compel
Hoffa to obey monitor reform rec-
ommendations. The judge said
Hoffa has been dodging this for a
These findings of Judge Letts
were to have been signed today.
But the Judge postponed issuing
them pending the outcome of sep-
arate proceedings begun some
time ago in the United States
Court of Appeals.




Union Address

Red Action Mikoyan Tour Maintains Fast Pace

Requests Aid
In Endeavor

In Germany
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
denounced Russia's drive to force
the West out of Berlin as new
proof the Communists regard in-
ternational agreements as mere
scraps of paper.
Russia's course demonstrates
that future treaties with the Reds
must include provisions to make
them self - enforcing, President
Eisenhower said in his State of
the Union message.
Russia's touring deputy premier,
Anastas I. Mikoyan, promptly dis-
puted President Eisenhower's view
of Russia's international record.
Mikoyan said at a news confer-
ence in Chicago:
Mikoyan Disagrees
"I have not read the statement.
If it has been made, I cannot agree
with it." .
Communist East Germany as-
serted that any conflict over West
Berlin could explode into World
War III.
Deputy Foreign Minister Otto
Winzer said Western officials are
wrong if they believe such a con-
flict would be limited.
"I believe it would be a very big
war," he told an East Berlin news
Claims Sovereignty
Winzer reiterated East German
claims to sovereignty over the air,
rail and highway lifelines between
West Berlin and West Germany.:
He said the Western Allies have no
legal right to use these communi-
cations and said this also applies
to Western civilian air lines now
flying in and out of isolated West
But Winzer also sounded a soft
The deputy foreign minister
said his regime is ready to negoti-
ate with the Western Allies about
the continued presence of their
troops in West Berlin.
"That leads to no good," he said.
"On major subjects we should act
in common."
Five Named
To Joint Judic
Appointed by an interviewing
and nominating committee yester-
day, five new members will take
seats on the Joint Judiciary Coun-
Those chosen were Betsy Barley
and John Eisberg, '60, R. Bruce
Johnson, '60E, Joel A. Levine, '60,
and Stephen H. Marcus, '60L.
Alternate members are Anthony
Weiler, '59NR, and Sarah Rowley,
The Joint Judiciary Council con-
sists of ten members appointed for
one-year terms, half of these beingj
changed each semester.,

By The Associated Press
CHICAGO-Deputy Premier
Anastas I. Mikoyan continued to
maintain his fast pace throughout
the day yesterday to earn goodwill
for the Soviet Union and spread
the gospel of peaceful co-existence
and more trade among Midwest
business and financial leaders.
He came here after visiting De-
troit Thursday.
The Soviet leader attended a
private luncheon in his honor in
Civil Rights
Men Defied
In Alaba-ma
Chairman John A. Hannah said
yesterday that United States Civil
Rights Commission agents have
been unable to inspect voter regis-
tration records in two Alabama
counties despite a Federal Court
order to produce them.
Hannah issued a statement fol-
lowing a closed door hearing of the
commission which is investigating
Negro voting complaints,
He said commission investiga-
tcm e spent two days trying in vain
to look at registration records in
Barbour and Mullock counties
which are in the custody of Judge
George C. Wallace.
Action Questioned
What further action might beI
taken to gain access to the records
was not immediately determined.
Hannah said the commission had
turned the matter over to the
United States Attorney General.
The Justice Department can ask
United States District Court Judge
Frank dohn, Jr., for further pro-I
Johnson, under a compromise
agreement reached last Monday,
ordered registration records in
Barbour, Bullock and Macon
counties made available to com-
mission agents.
Closed Hearing
Hannah said investigators re-
ported at the closed door hearing
yesterday that the officials in
Macon County cooperated with
them in inspection of records
there but that Wallace "has not
made available the records in Bar-
bour and Bullock counties."
In the .face of such continued
resistance, President Dwight D.
Eisenhower told Congress yester-
day he will soon ask for new legis-
lation in the field of civil rights.
President Eisenhower indicated:
"Legislative proposals of the Ad-
ministration in this field will be
submitted to Congress early in the
session. All of us should help to
make clear that the government
is united in the common purpose
of giving support to the law and
the decisions of the court."

the exclusive Chicago Club, a mil-
lionaires' r~ ndezvous.
At the pre-luncheon news con-
ference Mikoyan said among other
things that he expects no new
changes in the Soviet government
and that lack of trust is the great-
est obstacle to ending the cold war.
Demonstrations Ignored
He said also that the placard-
waving, egg-tossing demonstra-
tions of groups of iron-curtain
refugees and other anti-Commun-
ists which greeted him here and
in Detroit are comedies to which
he attaches no importance.
However, Gov. G. Mennen Wil-
liams, by indirection, in Lansing
yesterday blamed the United
States' foreign policy for prompt-
ing demonstrations in Detroit
against Mikoyan.
Mikoyan was the target for in-
sults, jeers and some hurled eggs
during his Detroit visit.
"The large ethnic populations in
Detroit whose countries are now
enslaved behind the iron curtain
have recent, as well as deep-seated,
causes of resentment," Gov. Wil-
liams said. "It would be difficult
for them to restrain their natural
Blames Policy
"The fact that this country
hasn't insisted on the Soviet Union
living up to its treaty obligations
to permit free elections would tend
to make these ethnic groups take
matters into their own hands,"
Gov. Williams said.
Detroit capitalists who dined and
chatted with Mikoyan yesterday
generally agreed, however, that he
is both smart and able.
But one of them said: "I don't
think he sold anyone particularly
on his sincerity." On the other
hand, another expressed belief
Mikoyan definitely was trying to
establish a feeling of good will.
Makes Assessment
Walker Cisler, president of the
Detroit Edison Co. whoractedhas
Mikoyan's host in Detroit, had
this assessment of the No. 2 Soviet
"I consider him to be a very
keen and capable individual, well
informed about his own as well as
other countries. During his visit
here, I believe he was making an
earnest effort to improve the un-
derstanding and communication
between his people and ourselves.
"Personally, I feel his visit

For Peace



... tours Chicago

should achieve some measurable
results in a better and more real-
istic Soviet-American relation-
Sees Return
Of Molotov
CHICAGO {A'}-Deputy Premier
Anastas I. Mikoyan, lifting a
corner of the shroud of mystery
clothing Russian power intrigues,
yesterday predicted former For-
eign Minister V. M. Molotov may.
again be tapped for an important
Molotov, ousted from Soviet
leadership in 1957, and currently
shunted to the post of Ambassador
to Outer Mongolia, may in the
future receive an appointment as
ambassador to a large state, Mi-
koyan told an audience of 200
Chicago lawyers.
"We have full confidence in him
as an ambassador because no
issues of reform will come up in
any country where he is repre-
senting us."
Following Stalin's death, within
the Soviet leadership there ap-
peared arguments, he said. "Es-
sentially the dispute was between
those who wanted to reform and
those who wanted to stick with
the old system.

Students Criticize
Meanwhile, student sentiment in
Ann Arbor included criticism of
the plan.
"I'm afraid the merger might
mean too many responsibilities forj
the Regents," Susan Miller,
'62A&D, said. "They already are
responsible for the campuses at
Ann Arbor, Dearborn and Flint,
and the addition of Wayne might
make their jobs too complex."
Tom Lamm, '61, said, "Appar-
ently Hilberry believes coordina-
tion is inevitable and this merger
seems to be a necessary step
towards that end.
Power Squeeze
"But I do feel sort of sorry for
Michigan State's President Johnj
Hannah, who's going to feel a
power squeeze when it comes to
getting appropriations from the
Legislature," Lam-i said.
Criticism came from Charlotte
Costa, Grad., "I don't believe it's
a good idea,' she said. "I believe
that the standards of the Univer-
sity would ultimately be lowered."
Jere Sweemey, '59BAd, held that
the faculty at Wayne is "not as
good" as the University's.
"I don't feel that the integrity
of the student is as high at Wayne{
as it is at the University," said
another opponent of the merger.
He refused to give his name, he
said, because "I have too many
friends at Wayne."
Wayne Hikes
Stiffer requirements for liberal
arts students have been announced
by Victor A. Rapport, dean of
liberal arts at Wayne State Uni-
More credit hours will be re-
quired of liberal arts students in
the fields of science, English and
foreign languages, he said. In
addition, Rapport said students
must take courses giving them

dents agreed that "wild crowds
halted Castro's progress through
Havana." The 32-year old leader
appeared to be extremely fatigued,
but tried to greet the enthusiastic
crowds that approached his jeep,
they added.
One day after his welcome, how-
ever, Castro was appealing for
unity during reconstruction. Dis-
sident revolutionary elements have
already raided ammunition depots
in Havana.
Turn in Arms
"Castro has ordered all .arms
to be turned in," Miss Marrero
said. "Only those with special
permits are allowed to carry them
or wear the revolutionary ban-
Members of a student - backed
revolutionary group had taken the
Weapons despite Castro's appeal.
Orders went out five days ago, but
the police have been having diffi-
culty collecting them.
"Students were among the first
to organize after Batista's flight
from Cuba," Miss Marrero com-
mented. "Many of the students I
had known in high school were
part of Castro's underground
forces," Michelena added,

Suggests 1959 Plans
For Sound Defense,
$77 Billion Budget
WASHINGTON (F) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower challenged
a "yes, but" Democratic Congress
yesterday to join him in quest of
military and economic strength
for a surging America and a just
peace for a fearful world.
These were the great goals set
forth for the year ahead in a
Presidential State of the Union
message. In general terms, Presi-
dent Eisenhower outlined a for-
midable but "sensible posture of
defense" along with a balanced
budget and war against inflation.
In these days when the latest
bombers "cost their weight in
gold," President Eisenhower said,
"We can afford everything we
clearly need, but we cannot af-
ford one cent of waste,"
Asks Balanced Budget
The President appealed to the
legislators to work with him to
keep in balance the 77 billion dol-
lar budget he is sending to them
Jan. 19. If this is done, he said,
there is hope for tax reforms "in
the foreseeable future."
A White House official inter-
preted this to mean tax cuts, but
not before the 1961 fiscal year -
beginning July 1, 1960 -- a period
which spans the next Presidential
election campaign.
TO Senate and House members
assembled in the House chamber,
See condensed text, page 3
and to Americans who heard him
by radio and television, President
Eisenhower said:
Promote Strength
"One basic purpose unites us'
To promote strength and' security,
side by side with liberty and op-
The President drew his heaviest
applause for jabs at inflation and
a pledge to defend the people of
Berlin "against any effort to de-
stroy their freedom."
Comments after he finished his
5,000-word, 42-minute speech fit
into a familiar format. Republi-
cans offered generous praise. Some
said it was the best Presidential
message they ever heard.
No Basic Quarrel
Many Democrats found no rea-
son to quarrel with the broad ob-
jectives. Some said the speech
lacked meaty details. Others were
strictly uncomplimentary.
"A bowl of mush without even
a bean," Rep. Richard Bolling (D-
Mo.), said.
The "yes, but" reaction was
strongest where it counted most
-among the Democratic leaders
who will have so much to say
about how the Presidential pro-
gram fares,
Speaker of the House Sam Ray-
burn of Texas said, "I hope we
can effect economies but we can't
do it at the expense of essential
Will Request
Labor Laws
enactment of legislation to cor-
rect labor-management abuses
will be sought by President Dwight
D. Eisenhower, he said yesterday.
In his State of the Union mes-
sage to Congress, President Eisen-
hower said disclosures by a Sen-
ate investigating committee of
corruption, racketeering and
abuse of trust and power In' labor-
management affairs "have aroused
A m e r i c a and amazed other
Saying he was disappointed that

leers Bow to Michigan Tech in Overti:

'U' Appoints Committee
To Study New Calendar
A new six-man Calendar Study Committee has been appointed by
the University, Assistant to the President Erich A. Walter announced
The committee, to be chaired by Prof. Richard C. Boys of the
English department, will replace the original study group that recom-
mended a series of calendar changes last Spring. That committee re-
.,signed Oct. 24, after presenting its
report to the Deans' Conference,
Other Members
Other faculty members of the
new group are: Profs. Charles F.
e , - Lehmann of the education school;
m ~ -__Leo#M. Legatski of the engineering
college; John E. Milholland of the
PLEBAUM psychology department and Rich-
ard J. Porter of the zoology de-
boys have played since I've come partment. The student member is
Allan Stillwagon, '59.
Al Renfrew uttered these words Walter said the committee will
the ice after losing to Michigan "review further reaction" to the
of a two game series, when they changes proposed by its predeces-
ory safely within their grasp. The original report, although
and yet our kids fought them all accepted by the'Deans' Conference,
lay with more courage, drive and was tabled temporarily when the

"It was the greatest game the
back to coach at Michigan."
Tired, disappointed and proud
after his team had just skated off
Tech 3-2 in overtime in the opener
appeared to have a miraculous vict
"We were simply outmannedz
the way. I've never seen a team p

determination. I've never seen anything like it."
"Breaks Against Us"
"The breaks went against us and their superior manpower finally
caught up with us. This is a great Tech team, probably one of the
best college teams in the country," Renfrew concluded.
The stage for the downfall of the Wolverines was set in the third
period after they had overcome a Tech lead to assume a 2-1 margin.
The second Michigan tally was by Bob White at 6:30 and after this
score the Wolverines valiantly and desperately clung to this scanty
lead in the face of a continuous shower of shots.
Weathering a penalty shot, a breakaway, near breakaways,

faculties of four colleges requested
further time for study. The literary
college, the law school and the
business administration school
were three of the units.
April Deadline Set
The various colleges will have
until April I to communicate their
opinions to the committee, Walter
explained. The group will deliver
its report to the Deans' Confer-
ence and University President Har-


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