NUCLEAR BAN GIVES
ADVANTAGE TO REDS
See Page 4
Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
e p c.
AT XIMX No. .8
ANN ARBOR., MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 8, 1959
Rebel Leaders Kill
Gunfire Erupts at Hotel in Havana;
Follows Execution Announcement
HAVANA (A)-Revolutionary authorities announced yesterday the
execution of 15 officers of the armed forces of former dictator Ful-
A brief flurry of gunfire erupted last night after announcement
of the executions near Havana's American-operated Nacional Hotel
where scores of United States citizens are staying. It appeared to be,
an isolated incident.
The executions signalled the start of widespread trials by revolu-
tionary courts of Cubans accused of crimes against the state.
Authorities said ten officers, including Col. Arcadio Casillas
Lumpuy, were executed in Santiago De Cuba, capital of Oriente
WASHINGTON (M - The
United States formally ex-
tended diplomatic recognition
to the new revolutionary gov-
ernment of Cuba yesterday.
The action came six days
after former President Fulgen-
.clo Batista fled Cuba, admitting
defeat at the hands of rebels
led by Fidel Castro.
CLEVELAND, Ohio (') - Bol-
shevik and onetime revolutionary
Anastas Mikoyan addressed here
yesterday a strong plea for more
friendship and trade between Rus-
sia and America to a roomful of
the Midwest's wealthiest and most
The Soviet Deputy Premier
spent a very busy and tiring first
day on his one-week tour from
coast to coast with stops planned
in five major cities. He was also
met by 1ungaran demonstrations.
Mikoyan paid no' attention at
all to heckling and demonstrations
organized to protest his American
trip-in considerable part by Hun-
garian freedom fighters expressing
their distaste for Communism.
These demonstrations have grown
steadily more frantic as the Mi-
koyan journey continues.
Yesterday demonstrators, no,
longer content with merely shout-
ing such epithets as "murderer,"
began to use physical violence.
One woman was taken into custody
for throwing a stone-not at Mi-
koyan's own car but at one follow-
Hung rian immigrants threat-
ened Americans accompanying the
Russians with violence through
car windows and others struck a
car carrying Americans with snow-
balls and some heavier objects.
Large Hungarian Center
Cleveland is perhaps the largest
Hungarian center in America,
with an estimated 4,500 freedom
fighter immigrants, some 60,000
older Hungarian immigrants and
an estimated 20,000 citizens of
Mikoyan is being provided with
protection by local police and by
State Department security officers,
but anti - Soviet demonstrators
have managed frequently to get
quite close to the Russian group.
The themes of the public and
semi-public side of the Mikoyan
tour-peace, friendship and trade"
became steadily more apparent
yesterday as the day wore on.
When he arrived at the airport in
the morning Mikoyan told his host
-Cyrus Eaton, in fr'ont of motion
picture cameras: "Let each of us
retain our views on ideological
matters but let us be friends and
turn our thinking to peace rather
Province and hometown of Fidel
Castro, leader of the revolution.
Lumpuy was Batista's chief of
operations in Oriente, where be-
tween 200 and 300 prisoners were
reported awaiting trial.
Five military men were executed
in Santa Clara, capital of central
Las Villas Province. Among those
reported sentenced to death there
was Lt. Col. Cornelio Rojas, a
police inspector. He was accused of
Havana Police Chief Aldo Vera
said 800 prisoners are being held
in the capital on political charges.
He declared each case is under
investigation and the innocent
will be released.
Camilio Cienfugos, Commander
of Havana Province, said plans
were under way for a drastic re-
organization of the country's
armed forces, under the supervi-
sion of the revolutionaries. He
added that regular army men in-
nocent of misdeeds will be per-
mitted to take part in the re-
Civilia n Sites
TAIPEII (A--Red China's gun-
ners shelled civilian centers of the
Quemoys yesterday in what Pei-
ping called a retaliatory action.
This led to the offshore war's
biggest artillery duel in two
months. Nationalist batteries hit
Nationalist authorities said many
Soviet-made incendiaries were
loosed by the Reds on surviving
hamlets and towns in a four-hour,
50-minute barrage that totaled
more than 33,000 shells. One of the
targets was Kinmen, the' Quemoy's
main city, with a normal popula-
tion of 7,000.
Many civilian homes were de-
stroyed, the official central news
agency said. There was no immedi-
ate estimate of the casualties.
The Military Information Serv-
ice reported the Nationalist coun-
terfire hit many Communist gun
positions and blew up several am-
A Peiping broadcast said the
Reds had dealt appropriate pun-
ishment for what it called an in-
discriminate bombardment "which!
caused heavy casualties to inhabi-
tants" of Shantou village, Tateng
The Nationalists denounced the
accusation as a lie.
The Nationalists had been braced
for ttouble, however, since the
Communist Chinese propagandists
first raised the charge at the week
end. Shantou village is a Red
commune nursery.dr r
By PHILIP MUNCK
Student Government Council
will add one or two non-voting
members to the Council table from
"organizations not represented by
SGC ex-officio members" at com-
A motion by David Kessel, Grad.,
passed last night will allow the
executive committee to invite such
students to attend three or four
meetings. This, Kessel said, "will
give some new 'student leaders' an
opportunity to debate and con-
tribute their ideas to SGC."
In other action the Council
tabled a motion to request the
University Regents to change the
composition of the Board in Con-
trol of Intercollegiate Athletics.
Not at Business Meetings
Maynard Goldman, '59, SGC's
president, repeated the statement
he made in his prospectus that to
his knowledge none of the present
student members of the Board
have gone to a business meeting
The meetings, he explained, are
dinner meetings and while the
student members did go to some
of the dinners he said that he did
not know of any who stayed for
the business meeting after the
Phil.Zook, '60, chairman of the
Student Activities Committee, said
he thought it "essential that there
bemore student voice on the
Under the recommendation
which will be presented to the
Regents if passed, the number of
students on the board would be
increased from two to three with
one athlete and two students ap-
pointed by the Council.
In moving to table the motion,
Bob Ashton, '59, said, "SGC will
be subjected to an immense
amount of criticizm on this sub-
ject and we should cover ourselves
in every way. We should have the
student members of the Board and
possibly other members of the
Board present when we discuss
The Council also named Alan
Stillwagon, '59, to the new Calan-
daring Committee. The major job
of the new committee, according
to Fred Merril, 'O, will be to re-
view the report of the previous
At its meeting last night Student
Government Council approved a
change in the constitution of As-
sembly Dormitory Council.
Presented by Pat Marthenke,
'59, Assembly. president, the revi-
sions call for one representative
on ADC from each independent
women's housing unit. The new
provision is intended to reduce the
size of the present 80 member
organization, she explained.
. Under the new constitution, any
member of ADC may move a refer-
endum on any issue. Three-fourths
of those voting members present
at the meeting must pass the
motion in order for the referen-
dum to take place.
The referendum, which will con-
sist of a written ballot with all
members of Assembly participat-
ing, is intended to prevent unfair
representation of the larger houses.I
Legislators FRENCH PRESIDEN
Add Alaska De Gau li
WASHINGTON (M-A new and
bigger Congress came into being
yesterday embroiled in conflict
over filibusters and the choice of
men to lead the election-thinnedf'
ranks of Republicans.
The Senate quickly took up t
arms and waded into a scrap over
proposals to curb the time-honored
right of minorities to try to talk'
legislation to death.
At the end of one fast, inde-
cisive round, the outlines of an4
intended compromise were emerg-
ing on this issue which is so tight-
ly entwined with civil rights. The
probable compromise: to let two-
thirds of the Senators present and
voting choke off debate rather
than two-thirds, or 66, of the to-
tal Senate membership as the CHARLES DE GAULLE
rules now provide. Civil rights ... assues control
backers insisted this plan wasn't
acceptable, to them. .."
Accept Alaskans aRepublicans
To resounding applause, theSA
Senate accepted two new *sena-
tors from Alaska. The House PicK DirKSe
swore in a new representative from
the 49th state. That lifted Senate e
membership from 96 to 98, and
the House roster from 435 to 436--
the largest totals in history.
Democrats d o mi n a t e both WASHINGTON (P)-Senate
branches - 283-153 in the House publicans settled their differe
and 64-34 in the Senate. yesterday by electing Sen. Eve
Senate old line Republicans Dirksen (R-Ill.) as party f
beat down a liberal insurrection leader and Sen. Thomas Ku
and picked Sen. Everett M. Dirk- (R-Cal.) as his assistant.
sen (R-Ill.) as their new leader Dirksen, choice of the old tim
for the 86th Congress. Senate and once an ardent supporte
Democrats unanimously re-elected the late Sen. Robert A. Taft,
Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson (D-Tex.) feated Sen. John Sherman Coc
as their leader. (R-Ky), the candidate of re
hreadeRyburnling GOP members, by a 2
Seat Rayburn secret ballot.
As a matter of course and for- A swing by in-betweeners t
mality, the House placed Sam put Kuchel, a liberal candid
Rayburn (D-Tex.) in the Speak- in the post of whip, or assist
er's chair for an unprecedented leader. Here, too, the vote
ninth term. 20-14.
Senate and House galleries were Defeats Mundt
crammed with spectators and Kuchel defeated Sen. E
with relatives of the lawmakers. Mundt (R-S.D.), whose name
Wives and kids, decked out in their put up by conservatives irrit
Sunday best, beamed down on the at the insurgents for challen
scene -below. the elevation of Dirksen from
Former members of Senate and present job as whip.
House turned out, too, to watch Republicans generally prono
the Congressional curtain go up. ced themselves satisfied with
Among them was former President outcome. These included Presid
Harry S. Truman. Dwight D. Eisenhower and V
President Richard M. Nixon, r
ill Introduced ther of whom had a vote in
In initial House activities R
To Guard Press Sam Rayburn (D-Tex.) accep
his ninth term as speaker of
WASHINGTON (P)-Legislation House yesterday with a plea t
WASHIrGTOtNewme aLgislat n-in foreign affairs "we will all
to protect newsmen against pun- the things good for the nat
ishment for refusing to reveal ahd nivgs d t
sources of information was offered and unversal peace."
the House yesterday. 'No Partisanship'
Rep. Francis E. Dorn (R-N.Y.) In this field, Rayburn said,
introduced a bill exempting news- hopes "there will be no De
paper, radio and television report- crats, no Republicans."
ers from being compelled by fed- Rayburn said that in the1
eral courts to reveal their sources, elections the voters had "expres
except in cases affecting national overwhlming confidence" in
security. Democrats. This, he said, was
Dorn said his bill would extend something * to brag about1
the federal ourts , caecr go brought with it "tremendous, ov
the federal courts a recognition whelming and almost crushing
provided by law in 12 states. sponsibility."
e A ssumes Power Today
PARIS (A'-Charles de Gaulle takes over the presidency of France
today from grandfatherly Rene Coty, the man who summoned him last
May to save the nation from civil war.
I The 68-year-old warrior-statesman is stepping from the premier-
ship to the French white house-the ornate Elysee palace-under
tailor-made terms that make him France's most powerful executive
since Emperor Napoleon III gave way to the Third Republic in 1870.
Governmental stability is his aim for the new Fifth Republic.
Coty, 75, ordinarily would have served two more years. He seemed
relieved-though sad-as the changeover approached. A political un-
known when de Gaulle was leading the free French in World War II,
he leaves the presidency with the
affection of almost every French-
It was Coty who played the key Rep. B
role last May in de Gaulle's returnp
from retirement, though FrenchTR e ue
presidents for years have been T e u s
little more than figureheads.
"Call de Gaulle or I resign," he T 1
told France's feuding politicians tudent Bil
Feudists Give In
That would have leftan awe- Rep. Alvin Bentley (R-Mich.) is
some void in France's already planning to introduce a tax relief
crumbling political structure. The bill for college students, his office
feudists gave in. in Washington said yesterday.
Coty's aides say he foresaw even The bill would amend the tax
then that events would sweep de code by allowing a full-time stu-
Gaulle to the presidency. The dent an additional $600 exemption
General was elected chief execu- on his income tax. This would al-
tive by an overwhelming vote of low a student to earn up to $1200
the country's electoral college Dec. before paying income tax.
21. Aid to Married Students
Coty is getting another job. He The bill also provides that mar-
becomes chairman of the Constitu- ried students will both be able to
tional Council, the nation's high- claim an additional exemption,
est legal body. The Council rules allowing them to have a total of
on constitutional questions and $2,400 in exemptions.
advises the president. Bentley said that the idea for
Political experts expect the pre- the bill had been suggested to him
miership to go to Justice Minister by a number of college students.
Michel Debre. Debre is an old- He called the bill "a definite
time Gaullist lawyer who has had effort to help (the full time college
some bitter words about the United student) in a manner that will
States and also of the European bring results." He said that, he was
Union movement, in which France sure lack of funds was an impor-
has been a leading member. tant contributing factor to a na-
However, under de Gaulle's tional situation that sees only 50,
strong executive powers, the new per cent of high school graduates1
premier is expected to proceed attending college.
along the General's course. Cites Statistics
Quoting recent statistics, Bent-
Motion Allows Cloture
By Vote of Senators
Present and Voting
WASHINGTON (P) - Senate
Democratic Leader Lyndon B.
Johnson (D-Texas) tossed a Com-
promise proposal yesterday into
the impending Senate fight on
curbing of filibusters.
His proposal was offered shortly
after Vice-President Richard M.
Nixon told the Senate it has the
right to adopt new rules by ma-
Johnson's plan would permit
the shutting off of debate by a
vote of two-thirds of the Senators
present and voting. The present
rule requires a vote by two-thirds
of the full Senate membership -
or 68 votes - to halt debate.
The Texan's compromise was
offered with powerful bi-partisan
backing before spokesmen for a
bloc of Northern and Western
Democrats could submit their pro-
posal for liberalization of theanti-
He won the floor under Senate
procedure which always entitles
the majority leader to first recog-
nition from the chair.
Sen. Clinton P. Anderson (D-
N.M.) spokesman for the North-
ern-Western bloc had planned a
motion simply to provide that the
Senate consider changes in its
Allows Rules Debate
The effect of Johnson's move
is to give the Senate the right to
debate the filibuster rules, just as
Anderson's motion would have
Senators working for a rules
change are split on what they
Some of them, including Paul H,
Douglas (D-Ill.), want a rule
which eventually would permit a
majority of the full membership,
50 votes, to close debate,
'Not an Improvement'
These Senators contend that
Johnson's plan is not much im-
provement, if any, over the pres-
ent rule. They argue it would be
about as hard to get a debate-
stopping vote of two-thirds of
those present as to get approval
by two-thirds of the entire mem-
Backing the Johnson compro-
mise were Sens. Carl Hayden (D-
Ariz.), president 'ro tem, and
chairman of the powerful appro-
priations Committee; Mike Mans-
field (D-Mont.), the Democratl
whip; Everett M. Dirksen (R-ll.),
the newly-elected Republican
leader; Styles Bridges (R-N.H.),
chairman of the Republican Sen-
ate Policy Committee and Leverett
Saltonstall (R-Mass.), chairman
of the Senate Republican Confer-
Nixon's view that the Senate
has the right to change its rules
by majority vote was expressed in
response to an inquiry by Sen.
Jacob K. Javits (R-N.Y.),
"Friends, Romans, countrymen,
lend me your ears."
These immortal words of Mark
Anthony will be heard once more
when the Ann Arbor Civic Thea-
tre presents "Julius Caesar" at 8
p.m. tonight in the Lydia Men-
Featuring five University stu-
dents in major roles, the produc-
tion is directed by Ted Heusel.
Michael Eisman, Grad., will be,
seen in the title role, while Marcus
Delta Airlines will move from
Willow Run Airport to Detroit
Metropolitan Airport April 1, the
It will be the fourth company
to move in the six months since
Metropolitan Airport opened.
The move is being made "as a
convenience to Delta's passen-
gers," according to Detroit dis-
trict sales manager for Delta,
Richard T. Brodhead. Metropoli-
tan Airport is 14 miles closer to
Detroit than Willow Run.
Robert E. Miller, president of
the Airlines National Terminal
Service Co. at Willow Run, said
yesterday that even if Delta
makes the move Willow Run Air-
port will "still serve 63 per cent"
of Detroit's domestic air travelers.
Delta officials said construction
will begin immediately on a $1,-
500,000 jet plane hangar on Met-
ropolitan Airport property.
ley added that only 60 per cent of
those who finally do go graduate
from college. "I am sure that lack
of funds is an important factor in
this picture," he commented. r
"We should do everything pos-
sible to encourage young people to
go to college," he went on. This
tax relief bill, Bentley believes,
would be a definite effort to bring
The University recently an-
nounced a new scholarship pro-
gram designed to attract out-
standing student talent from
throughout the nation.
In cooperation with the College
of Literature, Science & the Arts,
the University Development Coun-
cil has launched a drive to obtain
$10,000. This amount will sponsor
the first year of the project, called
the Honors Student Scholarship
Open to both Michigan and out-
of-state students, the scholarships
will range in value from $100 to
$1,700, depending on individual
need. Students who qualify will
be assisted through four years of
Within three years, it is hoped
$40,000 in private contributions
will be available annually to sup-
port the scholarships on a con-
According to Prof. Robert C.
Angell, director of the Honors
Council in the Literary College,
the new program is designed toj
bring the "cream of the freshman
crop" to the University.
IWASHINGTON " - Congress
CAN! DID4 T E FOR MA YOR:
Creal Criticizes Approach to Urban Renewal
By KENNETH McELDOWNEY
"Precinct work is the most im-
Cecil O. Creal, Republican candidate for mayor of Ann Arbor said portant for it encourages people
last night that he does not approve of the approach that has been to run for office;" he said.
taken on Urban Renewal. ,
He then gave several of his criticisms of the present plan. . Crane Speaks
hristmas vacation burglaries
three fraternities netted thieves
r $2,000, chiefly in records and
ewriters, according to Ann Ar-
leta Theta Pi reported severalj
ewriters and numerous records
..TI AR 'll ..frn nat T,,
One of the points of the project which he does not agree with is
that of the zoning plan. Creal said. "It is ridiculous to zone an area
residential when it borders on railroad tracks. He added that such an
area should be zoned for commercial usage.
Speaks at YR Meeting
These statements were made by Creal following a Young Re-I
publican's meeting which was held last night. Dr. Fredrick B. House,
the other Republican candidate for
mayor, was unable to attend the ' money in the treasury should be
meeting. used to increase the nrotection
Florence Crane, a member of the
City Council, commented on the
number of people who work for
the University but yet fail to
register and vote. With the use of
a personal survey she had con-
ducted, Councilwoman Crane said
that on two-thirds of the Univer-
sity personnel in her ward take'
the trouble to register. She said
that this is important because the
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