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"Lyndon, Could You Say A Few Calming Words
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Ten Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staf writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
LRSDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1958 NIGHT EDITOR: LANE VANDERSEICE
mss., r-^ - Y
- / /
_ ^ .
Special SGC Meetings
Need More Organization
VHILE no one can deny the essential value
of the special Student Government Coun-
i Tuesday night meeting on philosophy of
udent government, it might be well to consid-
some necessary improvements before it
sses completely from mind. Whatever is done
th these meetings in the future it is well to
member that the basic concept is sound.
The principle criticism lies in the way the
eeting was handled. First of all, there was
sizable block of the membership absent. Some
.d other more pressing obligations and some
erely didn't feel up to it. Surely a meeting in
rich the Council is discussing its, own con-
pt of student government should be consid-
ed as important as a business meeting. This
some ways answers the question of whether
rC is an administrative or legislative insti-
tion in the minds of some members.
'HE SECOND overlooked important facet of
the meeting was that, until past the middle
the meeting, the fact that valuable and
rthwhile criticism and comment can come
>m the Council's constituents. It is encourag-
g to note that when the Council realized that
number of people in the audience willing to
scuss the concept of student government, the
nainder of the meeting (a little more than
lf the time) was made open to them. But
ONE AXIOM states education never remains
static; its corollary states education under-
es improvement. Any course of instruction
subject to critical appraisal, be it from fac-
y or students, originating in committees or
31 sessions. A mass approach toward criticism
educational methods and content was found
the student course evaluation forms dis-
buted through the literary college last week.
Responses to a questionnaire, however, are
ly a partial solution to the vital question of
w teaching may more effectively be im-
oved. The success of the evaluation form
thod rests on an -attitude of seriousness on
e part of the student and his teacher. If the
eet is an outlet for the student's personal re-
atment against the teacher or serves the
tcher as a means of placating the student,
will fall far short of its purposes.
Disregarding the element of sincerity, the
estionnaire method does not aid the student
.o completes these forms. Sealed and locked
ay until after final exams, the questionnaires
:eive judgment in an atmosphere divorced
m the classroom..Whether the instructor in-
'porates the comments and suggestions in
y future teaching scheme or discards them
npletely will have no bearing on the student
sently enrolled in the course.
OURSE EVALUATION should be a contin-i
uous process. One half hour per semester
specific preparation should have been made
beforehand to encourage, not only students but
interested faculty and perhaps administration
personnel to take part in the discussion.
Prof. Lionel Laing, for example, would prob-
ably have a great many ideas on the subject.
Had a vigorous attempt been made to get more
students there it would have been valuable
to the discussion. If student government is to
be construed in any way to be a representation,
of students, it must make every possible effort
to determine whta its constituency believes.
LASTLY, the brainstorming type of meeting
is better suited for a seminar group than
a public hearing. When a group becomes larger
than nine or ten it is difficult to conduct a
really productive seminar or debate. Further-
more ,a public seminar meeting suffers because
everything said is not only for the benefit of
the Council but for the public. In such an at-
mosphere formality increases and productivity
declines. The solution to this and the other
problem is to 1) hold larger and better organ-
ized meetings by setting up more rigid topics of
discussion than the ideal "discussion of the
philosophy of student government," and 2)
making a stronger effort toward non-Council
# --PHILIP MUNCK
will not justify the ideals of the course. Periodi
cally (perhaps once a week) the teacher should
set aside a few minutes to take stock of the
whole situation. Students won't be reluctant
to respond to such questions as these:
"Am I, as a teacher, presenting logical ar-
guments? How are you reacting to my lecture
material? Are my illustrations relevantIto the
subject being discussed? How would you, as
a teacher, handle topics so the students will
be most appreciative of them?"
THIS ARRANGEMENT is most adaptable to
a small class in which the students are
highly knowledgeable in regard to the course
material. Even a large freshman lecture course
would benefit from this method of evaluation
by framing questions geared to the level of
the students enrolled.
If there is reciprocity between student and
teacher over the subject matter, what precludes
comparable reciprocity over discussion of inY.
structional methods? A professor has his short-
comings and his courses may have pitfalls; it
would be. more helpful to all concerned if
students had the opportunity to express their
specific views on such defects.
Before the course evaluation questionnaire
setup becomes a mechanical routine, it should
be revised to allow for direct student discus-
4 ? .
By ROY ESSOYAN
Associated Press Writer
][HE MEN around Nikita Khrushchev, the crown princes of Russia
today, are practically faceless. They are able, hard-working and
dedicated, but in the Soviet Union individuality is suspect and today
only Khrushchev can afford a'personality.
Khrushchev, however, is not immorral and history has a way of
repeating itself in Russia.
Barring a coup, Khrushchev's passing will be followed by another
scramble for power. This probably will be settled by another temporary
truce, in the form of a so-called "collective leadership," while one of
the unknowns now around Khrushchev gathers enough character and
strength to shoulder his way to the fore.
This was the pattern after Stalin's death and there is no reason to
believe it will be much different after Khrushchev's.
THE STRUGGLE for power after Stalin's death took more than four
years to settle. It was still nip and tuck before the June and October
Kremlin shakeups last year, when Malenkov, Molotov, Kaganovich and
Marshal Zhukov were sent off to the present-day equivalent of Siberia.
Their removal apparently left no one with sufficient stature and
following to threaten Khrushchev directly. But one can never tell. So
much in Russia is under the surface.
Mikhail Suslov, the dour, ascetic "Stalinist" in the Kremlin, is still
a potential threat. He is relatively isolated and would have been dropped
by now, but his ideas have powerful support in Communist China's
Mao Tse-Tung, who may eventually out-Stalin Stalin.
THE ONLY OTHER MAN of stature left in the Kremlin Is Anastase
Mikoyan, the Soviet's trade wizard.
He is able, agile and too smart to seem over-ambitious. Mikoyan
is the only Kremlin leader, besides Khrushchev, who shows occasiavial
flashes of personality in public.
All the other men in the Kremlin are either too old to be dangerous
or were handpicked by Khrushchev.
Two of the latter stand out, not so much for their personality,
but on thei records and through a process of elimination.
Frol Kozlov, 50, is handsome, greying and quiet. His main claim to
fame is his meteoric rise since Stalin's death.
The son of a peasant, he was a relative unknown, working his way
through the provincial party apparatus, until last year. Then in January
he was named a cabinet member of the ruling party presidium. Four
months later he made full member.
* * * *
IN THE GOVERNMENT set-up he is a first deputy premier, second
only to Mikoyan. At diplomatic receptions he has been shy and ill at
Alexei Kirichenko, also 50, is a bid, burly Ukrainian who was named
to the Presidium two years ahead of Kozlov and has been in the publi
eye even longer.
Give Kozlov 10 more years of worry and a goatee and he could
pass for former Premier Bulganin. Kirichenko, given a chance, could
develop a Khrushchev type of personality, though he is less subtle than
Khrushchev in his sense of humor, public appearance, private maneuver-
ability and physique.
If history wanted to repeat itself again, Kozlov and Kirichenko
could make a post-Khrushchev soft-shoe team, just as Khrushchev and
Bulganin did in the heyday of the post-Stalin campaign of sweetness
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Handel, Hoops and Hallelujah
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
IN 1742 BEFORE the first per-
formance of Handel's Messiah
in Dublin, ladies were requested to
leave their hoops at home so that
as many music lovers as possible
might be squeezed in. Such ex-
treme measures were not requested
of co-eds two weekends ago. Never-
theless, Hill Auditorium was filled
to capacity and the enthusiasm of
the audience seemed to be just as
intense as it was two hundred and
sixteen years ago. Such a con-
sistently popular work seems to de-
serve a few words concerning its
genesis and original nature.
Through the years, the Messiah
has undergone such drastic
changes in the size of the chorus
and orchestra, in instrumentation,
and in conductorial treatment, not
to mention cuts, that the original
version has become a mere musical
skeleton upon which these "im-
provements" have been super-
imposed. Many will be surprised
to find out that the total number
of performers in the original Mes-
siah was less than one hundred,
Including acomplete chorus of
forty with an orchestra of roughly
the same size. Instrumentally, the
Messiah was basically a string
work, having two solo violins pitted
against a tutti section in true con-
certo grosso style. The continuo
with cello and bass reinforcement
was used. And the arias, if this
can be imagined, were more highly
ornamented than at the present
time. And of course, the liberties
taken now as to cuts did not exist.
Although Handel wrote the Mes-
siah in three weeks, he did not
leave us an incomplete work, upon
which additions and alterations
were to be imposed, but a complete
masterpiece which was to be.per-
formed as written. It is true that
Handel would have preferred the
chorus to be somewhat larger than
it was, but he intended nothing so
large as choruses of today.
SOME twenty - five years after
Handel's death, radical changes
began to appear in the Messiah.
Performers began to number in
the thousands. Certain arias and
recitatives, necessary for the con-
tinuity of the work; were cut. Later
the more ornate arias were sim-
plified and new orchestrations
were used to replace the fast dis-
appearing continuo accompani-
ment. In our own century during
the early twenties, spurious Mes-
siahs with four thousand perform-
ers mhade their appearance.
Within the last thirty years we
have witnessed a revival of the
Baroque tradition with a new ap-
preciation of its style. We hear
more and more Brandenburgs
played by chamber groups instead
of by larye orchestras. Several
years ago, the Messiah itself was
restored to its original form in the
Coopersmith edition which, so far,
has received comparatively little
attention. Most conductors still
tend to ignore it and favor the
"pseudo - Handelian" versions to
which they are too accustomed to
* * *
IN REFERENCE to the local
performance, we do not propose a
completely restored Messiah for
next year, but some suggestions do
come to light; Why not select the
fifty most capable voices in the
Choral Union and have an or-
chestra of the same size? The sing-
ing would be much less muddy and
the strings would be clearer on the
runs. It is surprising how many
times in Handel that one stacatto
voice pronouncement is followed
by a second, more flowing pro-
nouncement, while the third and
fourth voices remain silent. Only
in the "Hallelujah," "Wonderful,"
and a few other spots do we hear
all four voices at the same time.
For this reason, the choral parts
in the Messiah are easier to put
together than, say, similar parts
in the "St. Matthew Passion."
With the fifty best singers in the
chorus, it would be easier to speed
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Suggestions for Imprt
up the tempo without losing clar-
Why on earth "And He Shall
Purify" and "For Unto Us a Child
Is Born" should drag is beyond this
writer. Rarely do we hear a fresh,
crisp attack on "Why Do the Na-
tions" and "Oh Death, Where Is
Thy Sting," Musicians and audi-
ence alike seem to feel that these
dragged out affairs make the Mes-
siah dignified. On the contrary,
the Messiah has dignity only when
its correct tempo is observed. The
"awe" of the Messiah lies in its
very construction, and only by a
musically faithful execution does
the Messiah have power. Sheer
volume is not enough.
There is probably not a singer
alive today who could do justice
to the arias of the Messiah as they
were originally, so that as far as
soloists are concerned, little change
can be hoped for.
Two welcome additions to this
year's performance were "Potter's
Vessel" and "Oh Death, Where Is
Thy Sting." It is doubtful that any
new additions will appear next
year. Cuts are here to stay, the
concert version of the Messiah
being now "the desired length."
WAS EVIDENT from the beginn
; to say since the first Soviet
anksgiving Day, that the propos
lin could not be and would not be
the Western powers. The position
Alin as an island deep inside the So
>ccupation is indeed, as Mr. Khrush
hit this abnormality derives from
t Berlin, the whole of it, was in the
>ourid again in the future to be th
of East Germany or of West Gem
a reunited Germany. The Wester
I the Western obligations in Be
mIy on this obligation to restore I
capital of Germany.
'he present situation of West Berli
mal because the present division
ay is abnormal. There is no way1
situation can be normalized excep
nification of Germany. Until tha
plished the Western allies are be
4jr Si44w Ii
By W ALTER LIPPMANNI
ing, that they have just said once more in Paris, to
note on maintain their presence in Berlin. If they are
al about to maintain their presence, they must have
accepted free access to West Berlin by road, rail, water,
of West and air.
ichev in- THE CRUCIAL question then is whether the
future of Berlin can be discussed separately
from the reunification of Germany -- which
the fact is what Khrushchev seems to be proposing -
past and or only as part of the negotiations for an all-
e capital, German settlement - which is our position.
aany, but The problem of the statesmen is to find some
'n rights way of building a bridge of negotiation between
rlin rest these two positions.
Berlin as If this can be done at all under present con-
ditions, it will come from the unwillingness of
in is ab- either side to let a collision with military vio-
of Ger- lence take place around Berlin. But both sides
in which have now gone very far in staking their pres-
t by the tige. Assuming that by May or earlier the So-
t is ac- viet government hands over its powers to the
ound, as East German government, the avoidance of
a collision will depend on how Moscow instructs
the East Germans to exercise their powers.
Moscow knows that a blockade, denying free
f access to West Berlin, will be resisted by the
West. The question is whether East Germany--
if and when it is given the powers now exer-
cised by the Soviet government - will in fact
use those powers to interfere with free access.
WEICHEr HE BEST that could come of such a devel-
. opment would be a prolongation of the
status quo in a condition of chronic crisis. The
I r co better way to prevent a collision in Berlin
rt E would be to set in motion a campaign for a
Ity Editor settlement of the German question. This is,
I Director of course, easier said that done. For there is
rts Editor no such unanimity of opinion in the West on
itographer the German question as there is on not sur-
To the Editor:
THE CHORUS of the "Messiah"
(particularly the women's sec-
tions) was well-drilled, and showed
at its best, I believe, in "His Yoke
is Easy," which was well executed,
and emotionally intense. Yet why
must a group sing "are" when
"our" is written in the score? Why
teach a chorus to disjoint such
words as "flesh" and "see" and
"born" so that they become "fleh-
heh-hesh" and "see-hee" and
"boh -hoh - hoh - hoh - horn" (this
looks no cruder than it sounded)?
I know that such a large group is
difficult to control in florid pass-
ages, yet the runs on "easy" in
"His Yoke is Easy" were admirably
sung in most instances, so we may
assume that the chorus is capable
of singing "flesh." I might add
that of course no one who tries to
pronounce words as he should will
be inspired to his best when he
hears a soloist singing of "the
sound of the 'trumpit' ".
,The orchestra performed its dif-
ficult task capably at most times,
yet it often played with such
volume that the soloists, good
musicians all, were scarcely au-
dible. Miss Kopleff, who deserves
better treatment (I have heard her
sing Bach extremely well), was
the most abused in this respect.
It should be noted, of course, that
Mr. McCoy is not alone in his
failure to provide correct orches-
tral accompaniment; Mr. Paray
treated Miss Mattiwilda Dobbs in
the same fashion when she sang
a Bach cantata in Detroit last
season. I suppose that Mr. McCoy
uses the Mozart revision of the
orchestral score; I think that this
gilds the lily (perhaps it does not).
At least, may, not the lines that
Hnde m sed forhis-siers
formed? So much deletion and eli-
sion makes one think of an
adaptation for television of a
Broadway drama. I must complain,
in particular, of the great dis-
service Mr. McCoy does Handel
and his audience, in two instances.
At the end of "All they that see
Him" the tenor sings the cus-
tomary leap of a fourth, in this
case from E-flat to B-flat. One
expects, then, a V-I cadence in
E-flat. However, the tenor's B-flat
is at once followed, brutally, by
a C (the first note of the next
number). This was most annoy-
ing to my ear, at least. Almost as
disturbing was the end of "Be.'
hold and See." Mr. McCoy omitted
two measures in order that "Why'
do the Nations" might follow with
less abruptness than it would have
if "Behold and See" had been
completed on a B major triad.
However, the conclusion as we
heard it seemed most inconclusive.
MIGHT WE not have been given
"But Thou didst not leave"? The
change from A major to C major
would have been less unpleasant
than what was offered us (and the
contrast in thought i and mood
would have been perhaps less jolt-
ing, though certainly not ideal). I
might add that by the time we
reached the "Amen" chorus I was
so inured to unpleasant surprises
that the cut (or cuts-after the
first I ceased to listen) therein
did nothing more than convince
me of Mr. McCoy's ill intentions
(or good intentions, wrongly ap-
Mr. McCoy has fine forces as
his disposal; he drills them well.
Yet I think that many aspects of
the performance were not in good
By THOMAS P. WHITNEY
Associated Press Foreign 'News Analyst
T HE KEY fact in the position of Mao Tze-Tung is that although he
is going to step down as head of the government he will remain the
head of the Communist party.
Mao has held two official positions. He has been chairman of the
government-the job he is resigning. He is also chairman of the Central
Committee of the Chinese Communist party. This position he retains.
It seems quite possible that a main reason for Mao's quitting as
president is to dissassociate Mao's personal prestige and reputation in
some degree from acts of the Chinese Communist government.
The most important thing going on in Communist China today is
the nationwide organization of Peoples' Communes. These radical Com-
munist semimilitary rural districts, each embracing some tens of
thousands of people and running
all economic, cultural, political and
military activity within their
o iJ me nbounds.
THE DRIVE to organize these
Communes constitutes a drastic
Courtesy . . . social revolution. It is much more
To the Editor: far-reaching than the drive to
TW} YEARS AGO the Pakistan organize collective farms in Rus-
Students' Association of the sitin the 1528-32 period.
University of Michigan sponsored Such a revolution cannot be car-
a debate on Kashmir. Anyone who ried out without resistance. It dis-
wanted to speak was given a chance turbs traditional patterns of social
although the speakers weren't al- relationships in rural China. It
lowed more than five minutes, The strikes at the Chinese family, the
Indians were invited to send a dfundamental institution of the
speaker and he was given the same nation.
amount of time given the Paki- In order to carry through the
stani speaker - 15 minutes. Ap- drive for organization of Com-
plauding the impartiality of the munes the Chinese Communist
debate, The Michigan Daily, in an government must suppress discon-
editorial entitled Kashmir Debate tent on a nationwide scale.
of Real Educational Value, called The measures which the govern
it "of real educational value" and ment is ging to have to take are
"a service to the University com- not the kind which are likely to en-
munity." hance any political leader's popu-
In marked contrast was the sym- larity.
posium on India's foreign policy It is of importance to the Chinese
held last Thursday at the Union. Communist party to keep as un-
Only speakers invited by the India sullied as possible the image of
Students' Association, sponsors of Mao Tze-Tung as father to the
the debate, were allowed to speak, masses.
The efforts of the Pakistani ktu- mTherefore it is timely for Mao
dents to get an invitation to speak Tze-Tung to leave the post of
at the symposium were thwarted chairman of the government. But
by the sponsoring group. At the he will remain, it seems certain,
symposium itself, a Pakistani the key figure in Red China.
RICHAR1D TAUB, Editor
EL KRAFT JO
wanted to speak but wasn't al-
A curious role was played by the
moderator. In explaining why he
wouldn't allow a Pakistani to
speak, he said that already a few
speakers had been selected (by
the sponsors of the symposium)
and that "there are 82 other mem-
bers in the United Nations and
they cannot all speak." The mod-
erator, who was expected to have
at least some rudimentary knowl-
edge of India and Pakistan, thus
made the incredible implication
that, as far as India's foreign
policy is concerned, Pakistan was
no more important than any of
the 82 other members of the
The Daily Official Bulletin is oS
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sity of Michigan for which The
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be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
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publication, Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 pm. Friday.
TUURSDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1958
WILLOUGHBY ..... Associate Editoria
JONES ............ Spo
A JORGENSON......... Associate C
BETH ERSKINE....Associate Personne
)LEMAN ..............Associate Spr
D ARNOLD................. Chief Phoi
MOSCOW - Red Star yesterday
told the story of an Ai-my of-
ficer who reaped 200,000 rubles in
a big swindle by using soldiers
under his command for private
Worse still, said the Army
newspaper, the officer pulled the
wno ove-th a'e rP i f rnrnuigia