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December 14, 1958 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1958-12-14

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0

9 SHOPPING DAYS
UNTIL CHRISTMAS

:Y

Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom

:43 A1t:1

1 .Q U L
COLD, SNOW

VOL. LXIX, No. 73 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1958 FIVE CENTS

TWENTY PAGES

FOR PEACETIME USES:
Law School Examines
Atom Age Legal Issues

By JAMES SEDER

,

With funds supplied by the Phoenix-Memorial Project, a law
school research team is attempting to solve the legal problems of
peacetime use of atomic energy.
The law school, as a result of this project, is becoming a world
center of atomic energy law knowledge, according to law school Dean
E. Blythe Stason, chairman of the law school's project.
The law sschool started the program in 1951 with the aid of a
grant from the 'Phoenix P-oject. Among its most notable accomplish-
ments to date was its work on the revision of the 1946 Atomic Energy
Act. When the Joint Congressional Committee for Atomic Energy

i
Democrats
;Ask Balance
In Economy
MANCHE TER, N.H. ()-Paul
M. Butler, Democratic National
Chairman, said last night Demo-
crats favor a balanced budget, but
are also for a balanced and ex-
panding economy.
"This is more important in the
race for survival," Butler said in
a speech prepared for a Demo-
cratic meeting. "We believe both
can be attained."
Hitting hard at Republican crit-
icisms of Democratic spending pro-
grams, Butler said President
Dwight D. Eisenhower is trying to
"thwart the will of the people by
crying out that if the Democratic
Congress dares to do what the
times and the voters demand, we
will be responsible for catastrophic
inflation and an unheard of public
deficit.
"I want to nail this canard right
here and now," Butler, wh'o ap-
parently referred to President Ei-
senhower's day - after - election
news conference warning against
unnecessary spending and his
promise to fight against it in the
new Congress starting next month,
said.
Accuse Ike
Of Causig
WASHINGTON (A) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower was accused
by a former GOP National Com-
mitteeman yesterday of condoning
the "slaughter of the Republican
party."
Clarence Budington Kelland, fic-
tion writer and ex-committeeman
from Arizona, called, in a letter
to GOP National Chairman Meade
Alcgrn, for a realignment Af both
major parties and a coalition of
Republicans with Southern Demo-
crats in a wholly conservative
party.
Kelland, who backed the late
Senator Robert A. Taft's unsuc-
cessful bid for the Republican
presidential nomination in 1952,
said "the blame for the disgraceful
Republican defeat on election day
should be placed squarely where it
belongs-on the lap of President
Eisenhower."
He also assailed what he called
President Eisenhower's "incredibly
stupid. appointments, chief of
which was that of Earl Warren as
Chief Justice of the United States.
"With this appointment . . . he
placed in the highest judicial posi-
tion in the world R man who did.
not know the difference between
a law book and a farmers' alma-
nac:" Kelland said.
Senator Thomas H. Kuchel (R-
Calif.) fired back in an interview
that ISelland was "100 per cent
wrong" in his attacks on Presi-
dent Eisenhower and Justice War-
ren.
OP Discusses
Gov. Williams
LANSING P) - A resolution
charging Gov. G. Mennen Williams
of playing politics in his decision
to extradite former United Auto
Workers organizer John Gunaca
to Wisconsin bumped into opposi-
tion yesterday at the Republican
State Central Committee.

The committee unexpectedly
tabled the indictment of the

decided to revise the act, they
asked the American Bar Associa-
tion to submit a recommendation
for changes. The ABA set up a
committee under the chairman-
ship of Dean Stason.
Do Research
Because most of the research
work done in the field up to this'
time had been done by the Uni-
versity law school group, most of:
the ABA's report to the Joint
Committee was the result of work,
done by the law faculty team.
The summation of the law school
group's research efforts to date
are contained in the book "Atoms
and the Law." This book has al-
ready been sent to the printer and
should be completed in about six
months, according to Prof. Samuel
Estep of the law school, who pre-
pared a major portion of the
book.
When the group started its work,
Prof. Estep said, they were unsure
what the specific legal problems of
atomioenergy would be.
Some of the areas which they
thought might be of vital concern
would be licensing powers of the
federal government in regard toI
atomic materials, problems of cen-'
sorship, problems of patent rights,
labor relations, and the problems
of liability for injury to persons
and property.
Concentrate on History
To date, the law school group
has concentrated its effortsgpri-
marily on a study of a history
of theact and itsimplications for
the use of lawyers and on the
problems of licensing and injury
liability: to what extent are the
owners of reactors liable for acci-
dent involving fissionable material;
if an accident occurs at a reactor,
do normal liability rules operate
or do strict liability rules govern
atomic energy operations? (Dean
Stason spoke on this subject last
summer at the Second Interna-
tional Conference on Peaceful Uses
of Atomic Energy held in Switzer-
land.)
Investigate Statutes
Prof. Estep explained that the
law school has investigated exist-
ing statutes and cases in an at-
tempt to judge which would be
See LAW, page 5
UAW Strikers
Call Meeting
DETROIT (F')-The United Auto
Worker: called two meetings of
striking Chrysler Corp. workers for
today, giving rise to hopes for
quick settlement of walkouts which
have idled 41,000 workers.I
i I

DEAN E. BLYTHE STASON
. ..*chairs committee

Four Locals
Vote Down
Booth Offer
Three Others Accept
Settlement Terms
By The Associated Press
Printers at four newspapers of
the Booth Newspapers, Inc., group
yesterday-voted to reject a new
contract offer aimed at ending a
19 - day strike that has halted
publication of nine newspapers in
eight outstate Michigan cities.
Printers at three other Booth
papers approved the contract of-
fer.
The latest rejection vote was
at the Flint Journal. Striking In-
ternational Typographical Union
members there voted 56-44 against
the offer.
Tell Votes
Other rejection votes were 50-11
at the Saginaw News; 42-2 at the
Bay City Times and a unanimous
vote at the Jackson Citizen Pa-
triot.
Approving the offer were print-
ers at the Ann Arbor News by a
vote of 27-3; at the Muskegon
Chronicle by a vote of 38-4 and
at the Kalamazoo Gazette by a
vote of 48-12.
Printers at two other Booth
Newspapers, the morning Grand
Rapids Herald and the afternoon
Grand Rapids Press, will vote as a
'unit today
Both the company and the
union withheld comment on the
results of the voting, pending the
outcome of today's balloting.
Withhold Details
Neither disclosed details of the
new offer. But both said it covered
an entire new contract. The old
contract expired Oct. 1.
At one time during negotiations,
a Booth spokesman said the un-
ion's demands were more than 15
cents an hour above the company's
offer.
Booth said at that time it of-
fered the printers increases of
nine cents and 10 cents hourly for
a two-year contract which would
raise the hourly rate to $3.38 In
Flint and Grand Rapids and to
$3.31 in the other cities during the
term of the contract.
The ITU had asked 13 cents an
hour on a one-year contract and
15 cents on a two-year pact, with
management also paying all costs
of fringe benefits other than pen-
sions.
May Refuse
According to Arthur Gallagher,
news editor of the Ann Arbor
News, the three union locals ap-
proving the offer may still refuse
to return to work tomorrow, rather
than go against the votes of the
four other groups.
George McCallum, business man-
ager of the Ann Arbor News, is
at the negotiations in Lansing.
Gallagher said he had not heard
anything definite from him re-
garding the possibilities of the
papers, resuming publications.
Federal and state mediators
have been sitting in on negotia-
tions for a settlement. The new
offer was made Friday night.
The strike of 800 printers stop-
ped publication of the Booth news-
papers in eight of Michigan's
largest cities on Nov. 26.
Carl Linder, a representative of
the ITU said the Booth chain had
not offered an acceptable contract
during the four months of negotia-
tions.
At the beginning of the strike,
picket lines formed in front of
the Booth newspapers throughout
the state. The Booth chain has a
circulation of over 500,000.

'As
Be

Study Committee

Report

i

ks

PROF. SAMUEL ESTEP
...*expert in new field
RED NOTE:
Asks West
To Submit
T'Io _Terms
PARIS (/)-Moscow greeted theI
NATO powers assembling in Paris
yesterday with a new note declar-
ing world tensions can be relaxed
only if the West bows to Soviet
terms.
The note, obviously intended to
spread division and confusion in
the councils of the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization, was directed
at the 15 treaty powers three days
before their annual meeting.
A digest of the note called for
a solution of the Berlin crisis by
making West Berlin an unarmed
free city. It also repeated old!
Soviet demands for the suspension
of nuclear tests, and a nonaggres-
sion pact between NATO and the
Communist East European nations
of the Warsaw Pact.
The United States accused Rus-
sia (J using the note to exert
propaganda pressure on the NATO

Send Monke
300 Miles
Above Earth
WASHINGTON (')-A tiny, one-
pound monkey survived a meteor-
like ascent to about 300 miles
above the Earth yesterday but dis-
appeared in the ocean when a
technical mishap prevented re-
covery of the nose cone of an Army
Jupiter missile.
The nose cone in which the
monkey, Gordo, rode splashed into
the Atlantic about 1,500 miles
from the launching point at Cape
Canaveral, Fla. The previously
proved method for recovering a
cone before it sinks failed this
time
The Army announced six hours
later it had given up the search for
the monkey's little space ship.
For about 13 minutes an auto-
matic radio transmitter which was
linked to microphones, thermo-
meters and other equipment sent
back data on how Gordo was do-
ing -- "valuable scientific data,"
scientists called it.
In general, the radioed data
showed only mild changes in Gor-
do's physical condition as the
Jupiter roared away from Earth
and arched out beyond the atmos-
phere.
His heart beat stepped up slight-
ly as the pull of gravity multiplied
in the first phase of flight, but re-
mained generally normal there-
af ter.
For about 8 minutes, while the
rocket was out beyond the atmos-
phere and curving along an arc
which counteracted gravity, Gordo
went through an experience that
will come to man in space -
weightlessness. The 500 seconds
this condition prevailed, said the
Army, far exceeded any similar
period for monkeys used in previ-
ous tests.
Humanitarians
Blast Monkey
Space Flight
DETROIT (P) - Animal welfare
groups in Michigan took an over-
all questioning attitude yesterday
toward the Army's firing of a
monkey into space.
Myrtle Babcock, president of the
Anti-Cruelty Assn., denounced it
as "a cruel, wicked idea."
"I think it was a perfectly out-
rageous thing to do," Miss Bab-
cock said. "Men are afraid to go
up so they send a defenseless
monkey."
"It was felt by humanitarians
at the time that we were above
such a thing," Clifton Johnson
said. "I hope that the use of a
monkey was only a last resort."

tween Student

UNDERGROUND AGENTS:
Nationalists Report
Mao To Be Replaced

Closer Co-operation

0

E
Cl
J

TAIPEI (A)-The Nationalists' mainland underground reported
yesterday that Mao Tze-Tung is going to replaced as Chairman, or
head, of Red China's government in Peiping next month.
Even if the r'eports prove true, this would not necessarily mean
eclipse for the 65-year-old architect of the greatest revolution since
Lenin's upheaval in Russia.
The reports said nothing about Mao being replaced as head of the
Chinese Communist Party. fountain of all power in Red China. Indeed, T
appointment of a new government " tien
chief might be no more than a ing
maneuver to quiet mainland un- 1 s emi
rest, with Mao still grasping allbosso sk s cou
the reins of power as boss of the leas
party. The agents said the unrest T
was due mainly to the new com- F r T l sby a
mune system that has uprooted tati
family life in China. ver
Top Nationalist leaders, scan- O n A lge aplu
ning reports from their agents, stu
said they were convinced of their imp
accuracy. They said the test will UNITED NATIONS P) - The RE
come some time next month when United Nations Political Commit- six
the people's congress, Red China's tee approved late yesterday a reso- imp
legislature, assembles in Peiping to lution urging France and the Al- tec
rubberstamp party decisions. gerian rebel government to nego- of t
Agents shuttling between For- tiate a settlement of the four-
mosa and the Mainland or relay- year-old war in North Africa. "
ing reports via Hong Kong and But the resolution appeared itsc
the long Southeast China Coast headed for rejection in the 82- first
have had some of their reports nation General Assembly because cou
borne out by events in the past. ,o f *,, t *wn n .r , i
af . Lu il It' W L h nJJ. AA r Au in

valuations
Am zttee
Leuested
Recommendations
Result of Two-Year
Faculty-Student Study
BY CHARLES KOZOLL

he need for closer co-ordina-
between the various counsel-
areas at the University was
phasized in the report of the
nseling study committee re-
ed yesterday.
he result of two years of work
a group composed of represen-
ves from all areas of the Uni-
sity dealing with the subject
s two student members, the
dy will be used as a guide in
roving the present service.
tecommendations dealt with
major areas of concern, with
rovements in coordinating
hniques stressed in all phases
he report.
First Step
While the report is general in
outline, it is to be used as a
t step in providing better
rnseling services to the students
a wide range of areas." It fol-
ed the plan of the 1956 Stu-
t Government Council motion
ch requested that the vice.
sident for Student Affairs con-
t the committee and aim to
e the alread1y existing prob-.
s of providing a complete and
aprehensive service to students,
he results were based on 1127
stionnaires which were sent to
ampling of the student body
40 other inquiries which were
d out by groups directly relat-
o the problem.
major recommendation called
a standing committee to oper-
a continued evaluation on
cs pertinent to the program
des providing the means for
king out individual problems
adjusting the entire counsel-
setup to new trends in educa-
a.

USSR. Asks
Peace Pact

appealed to the

North Atlantic

Treaty Organization members yes-
terday to write a nonaggression
pact with Warsaw Treaty nations
into their treaty constitution as a
means of reducing world tension.
An 11-page statement distrib-
uted to envoys of NATO countries
in Moscow said the record of the
last 10 years made it clear the
Atlantic pact had operated to
cloak preparations of a new war.
It sharply rebuked NATO gen-
erals and political leaders for their
"slanderous assertions" that the
Soviet Union has aggressive Inten-
tions and asserted aggression was
entirely on the other foot.
The strongly worded statement
protested installation of rocket
bases-aimed at the Soviet Union
--in Western Europe.

oz saure to winn e ece ay
two-thirds majority.
The vote in the committee was
32 to 18 with 30 abs entions. Thej
United States and Britain voted
"no," while the Soviet Union and
its entire. bloc voted "yes."
The assembly was set to con=
sider the resolution at a night
meeting winding up a lackluster
three months session.
In addition to being unable to
reach any decisive agreement at
the 1958 session over the future
of Algeria, UN diplomats failed to
break the East-West deadlock on
outer space.
Representatives of the Asian-
African countries pleaded in vain
for enough support to assure As-
sembly approval of the resolution,
Some Western nations said they
could not support the resolution
because their governments had not
extended recognition to the Al-
gerian rebel regime set upin Cairo.
But supporters of the rebels in-
sisted that the resolution specifi-
cally mention the provisional gov-'
ernment as one of the parties in
any negotiations.

low(
den
whit
pres
duct
solve
lem
con
T
queh
a s
and
fille
ed t
A
for
ate
topi
besi
wort
and
ing
tion

World News Roundup

J

The walkouts began Dec. 2 at meeting.
Dodge main plant here and since A State Department statement
have spread to most other Chrys- issued in Washington said a sum-
ler Corp. units, either as sympathy mary has been received there of a
walkouts or as shutdowns by the "lengthy declaration" delivered to
company because of parts short- the United States Embassy in
ages. Moscow .

By The Ass
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.-Th
moved into the final hours of its]
decisively on the controversial issue:
The East-West deadlock overo
as the 82-nation assembly sought to
meeting.
Debate on Algeria entered t
political committee. Representativ

WOLVERINES SWEEP SERIES:

Wolverine Hockey Team Smothers McGill, 8-2
By HAL APPLEBAUM
Michigan spotted McGill a goal in the first minute of play and
then roared back to take a methodical 8-2 victory over the visitors
from Montreal in a hockey game last night at the Coliseum.
The victory coming after Friday night's 10-1 rout enabled the
Wolverines to sweep the two-game series. Gary Mattson scored twice
for the second night in a row to lead the Michigan scoring parade.
Defenseman Scores Fluke Goal
With only 27 seconds of the first period lapsed, Terry Dingle,
McGill defenseman, scored on a fluke goal to give the Iron MenI
a lead which they held for slightly less than six minutes.
Dingle's shot from near the blue line hit Michigan captain Bobbie
Watt in the pads and caromed off him into the right corner of the
net. Goalie Jim Coyle, standing directly behind Watt, was screened
and saw the deflected puck only after it went past him.
Pat Cushing tied the score at 6:13 on an almost identical shot.
After taking passes from Bob White and Dale MacDonald, Cushing
,,yy m . . e - - -

octated Press
e United Nations General Assembly
1958 session today unable to agree
of the future of Algeria.
outer space also remained unbroken
o wind up a lackluster three-months
he final stages in the Assembly's
ves of the Asian-African countries
" pleaded for support of a resolution
urging France to enter into nego-
tiations with the provisional gov-
ernment established in Cairo by
the Algerian rebels.
LONDON-Britain has drawn up
a new plan aimed at settling the
crisis over Berlin and Germany at
a summit conference.
Its adoption as Allied policy
would depend on United States,
French and West German ap-
proval. But the West Germans,
who have had a preview of British
thinking, thus far have shown no
great enthusiasm for it.
s , *
WARSAW - The Communist
Party chiefs of Poland and East
Germany today joined in declaring
the Western Allies must get out
of Berlin.
The denunciations by Poland's
Wladyslaw Gomulka and East
Germany's Walter Ulbricht of
"West German revenge-seee

Seek Cooperation
In line with establishing closer
co-operation between the special-
ized services, the report mentioned
greater interaction between resi-
dence hall and academic advising
groups as a means of establishing
better coordination.
Shifting departmental special-
ists will be examined for its value
in providing on the spot help. A
further step toward a complete
prpgram of information is a man-
ual for counseling personnel
which is being prepared by the
Office of the Vice-President of
Student Affairs. Plans call for the
booklet to be ready for use at the
beginning of tie spring semester.
A second area of consideration
mentioned improving communica-
tion with the student body with
particular concern in educating
individuals to the counseling serv-
ices the University has available,
Try for Understanding
Improvement of student abili-
ty to act as "peers to advice" was
mentioned but the report noted
that only with improved under-
standing in this area could this
system become beneficial. A
means of accomplishing this would
be through the manual which is
to be distributed to all students,
which would make them aware
of their responsibility in giving
advice to others.
Another method would be to
allow a type of "in-service training
program" using teacher counselors
See COMMITTEE, page 5
T Consecrate
New Cardinals
VATICAN CITY (AP) - Princes
and prelates assembled yesterday

M1

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