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December 11, 1958 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1958-12-11

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SDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1958 THE MICHIGAN DAILY

« _

SPIRITUAL, PHYSICAL EXPATRIATES:
Levin Lectures on 'Literature and Exile'

By FAITH WEINSTEIN
his own country as a refugee, thus
There are many significant giving up his hope of ever reach-
problems facing the writer who, 'ing his audience. His other alter-
like Pasternak or Nabakov, finds native is to translate himself and
himself in spiritual or physical his work into the new language of
exile, Prof. Harry Levin of Har- his adopted country.
vard said in his lecture "Literature Cas Nabakov Typical
and Exile," yesterday.ClN,,i
The theme of Pasternak's book INabakov, author of "Lolita," is
"Doctor Zhivago" is that of the typical of the miodern "artist as
"struggle of the individual against a displaced person," said Prof.

ture, enveloped in a new language,
often finds the language and
scenes of his native country re-
turning to him. Heine, the Ger-
man in Paris, Lorca, the Spaniard
in New York, Dante, the exile from
his native Florence, all wrote of
this feeling of words returning
from the past.
Before the advent of the print-
incr nrnee nd th e tihnniiP-n

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"""e«" " l~arxaaw u u..gw11 pr11ess anl Me suosequenl
crushing odds," he commented. Levin. "He remains for our sur- spread of literacy throughout the
This idea of individuality is con- prise and delight, a continental world, the exiles were banished
trary to the theories of the Rus- dandy," despite his reference to because of their actions, not be-
sian authorities. The book has "Lolita" as the story of his love cause of their words. "Ovid was
been banned in Russia. The physi- affair with the English language, banished for a poem and a mis-
cal exile is "Doctor Zhivago", the Prof. Levin discussed briefly the take," said Prof. Levin. Since the
spiritual, Pasternak, Prof. Levin emigre Polish writer Vitlin, auth- spread of literacy, however, men
said. or of the paper "Sorrow and have been banished more and
Pasternak Wrote Plea Grandeur in Exile." more for their workshe con-
Pasternak has written a moving "He recognizes," said Prof. tinued.
plea to the Russian authorities, Levin, "the sentimentality which Romantic Exiles Began
begging them to allow him to fin- is likely to haze his retrospective After the French revolution the
ish his life in his homeland, Prof. glance," but feels that the gran- era of the romantic exiles began,
Levin continued, which is very deur of the exiles' view over- 'Prof. Levin said. Such men as
similar to the pleas Ovid wrote whelms the sentimentality. Shelley, Byron and Browning be-
from exile, begging to be allowed Linguistic Form of Problem came expatriates in body, but
to return to Rome. Very often the cultural problem their style and spirit remained in
Prof. Levin pointed out that the of exile takes a linguistic form, their native country.t
artist in exile has two alternatives. Prof. Levin continued. The artist Along with the physical exilese
First, he can choose to write for f in exile, surrounded by a new cul- came the spiritual exiles, the men
Harshbarger Discusses TV Potentialities

For her-for him-
for them - for yourselfes
-we hve the gifts
you like
JOHN LEIDY

Phone NO 8-6779

0 601 East Liberty

PROF. HARRY LEVIN
* . .discusses literature
who wrote to their native audi-
ence, but who were exiles in
thought and in mind.
Prof. Levin, formerly professor
of comparative literature at Har-
vard, is presently the head of the
Department of Romance Lan-
guages for the college. He is the
author of many books, including a
work on James Joyce, and a series
of studies of the French realists,
"The Gates of Horn," which is
about to be published.

.4'

By THOMAS HAYDEN
At a time when speech is more
Television can provide a "great important that it has ever been
contribution" to American democ- in the past, Prof. H. Clay Harsh-
racy, the chairman of the State barger said, television gives the
University of Iowa speech depart- people an opportunity for critical
ment claimed here yesterday. evaluation of public figures.

Through the medium, Ameri-
cans can "look searchingly into
the faces of the speakers" and,
separate the "good man speaking
well from the bad man speaking
well," Prof. Harshbarger declared.
"If we believe in truth, Justice,
and virtue, we must believe they
will win out, and that the public

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PROF. H. CLAY HARSHBARGER
. ..speaks on mass- media
is capable of separating the good
fro'm the bad."
The speaker lectured on "Mass
Media and Speech" at yesterday's
Speech assembly in Rackham lec-
ture hall.
Television is good for speech-
making in general, but not neces-
sarily good for all speech-makers,
Prof. Harshbarger pointed out. He
argued that the destinies of Pres-
Ident Dwight D. Eisenhower, Ad-
lai E. Stevenson, Gen. Douglas
MacArthur, and the late Sen. Jo-
seph McCarthythwere shaped
somewhat by their television
speeches.
Trend to Oratory Seen
Prof. Harshbarger foresaw a
movement back to "the old days
of oratory." Speech now is prob-
ably more important "than at any
time in the history of civilization,"
he said.
For example, he explained, in
any crisis, America's social and
political leaders now go to the na-
tion's living rooms via television.
The impact of television has
been tremendous, he noted. One
hundred twenty-six million per-
sons over 12 years of age watched
television a total of 2.5 billion
hours in a recent week.
This makes the subject matter
of speech departments across the
country more important than
ever, he said.

I

BASS OUTDOOR F'OOTWUR,

-iii

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BETH ISRAEL COMMUNITY CENTER
Friday Evening Sabbath Services
Guest Speaker:
PROFESSOR IRVING HOWE
TOPIC:
"Yiddish Literature; The Early Period"

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December 12
1429 HILL STREET
Everyone Welcome

8:15 P.M.
Oneg Shabbot

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