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December 10, 1958 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1958-12-10

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j S iVaigal atg
Sixty-Ninth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF "MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MieCI. * Phone No 2-3241

I

"I Don't Know Why Everything Has To Keep
Changing. When I Was A Young Man-"

KREMLIN CHANGES:
Serov Dismissal F

I&"

'hn Opinions Are Fre.
Truth Wll Prevall"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Y, DECEMBER 10, 1958

NIGHT EDITOR: BARTON HUTHWTE

{
-=.--- ;
....

space Age's Educational Challenge
Must Be Faced Squarely

HE RECENTLY-RELEASED report on "The
Status of Mathematics and Science in 514
chigan High Schools" reveals several in-
esting facts which make one wonder if,
leed, the state is preparing to meet the space
The report shows that over 95 per cent of
e schools offer basic mathematics and sci-
:e courses, but only about 15 per cent of the
dents take advantage of these courses.
A greater percentage of high school stu-
nts in private and parochial schools take
ire math and science courses, and more of
ese courses are offered. But according to the
ort, teachers in these schools do not have
e preparation which public school teachers
ssess.
A possible conclusion to be drawn from this
rvey is that the non-public schools are tak-
g the current world situation more seriously
d preparing students in the important areas
mathematics and science. That their facul-

Shhhh

ty is not as well trained is ironic, for the better
trained public school teachers apparently do
not feel the same important obligations.
TIlE LOW percentage of students taking sci-
ence courses is unfortunate, for many will
not go on to college and are missing their only
opportunity to be introduced to the phenomena
of the modern age. For students going on to
college, science training is even more import-
ant, both as preparation for higher courses and
as a general background for liberal education.
The report serves the valuable function of
providing specific information in this area, and
statistics which can be utilized to improve sec-
ondary education in the state. Much needs to
be done yet in seeing that science and mathe-
tatics are given as background for modern
living. The burden placed upon secondary edu-
cators is now greater than ever.
--ROBERT JUNKER
thetic quality of the performance. Due to 20
degree temperatires with snow and blizzard
winds, those who had to drive any distance
were confronted with transportation hazards
and were consequently a few minutes late for
the overture,
AT THE SEATING intermission, groups of
late-corners tramped in, dripping slush at
every step. After they had removed their wraps,
the noise settled down to a steady sniffling and
an occasional sneeze between choruses.
The soloists, chorus -and orchestra indeed
performed admirably when they could be heard
above the steady hum of conversation going
on in the audience. Unfortunately, the chat-
tering tended to drown out the subtler runs, al-
though the "Hallelujah Chorus" rang out loud
and clear.t
The performance in itself was enjoyable as
always, but some members of the audience de-
serve to have "clod" printed in large red letters
across their foreheads.
-JEAN HARTWIG

'I
Nt
r}

Now

By THOMAS P. WHITNEY
Associated Press Foreign News Analyst
THE REMOVAL of General Ivan
Serov from his post as Soviet
Security Chief may hint at troubles
in the Soviet leadership.
Serov was in charge of Soviet
intelligence sa- counter-intelli-
gence both inside and outside Rus-
sia and responsible for the safety'
and lives of Soviet bigwigs. He was
Nikita Khrushchev's personal nom-
inee to succeed to a pa't of the
enormous powers once possessed
by the executed Lavrenty Beria,
Stalin's police chief.
Serov wvas close to Khrushchev
and trusted by Khrushchev. Fre-
quently he himself acted as
Khrushchev's bodyguard-for ex-
ample during the Russian leader's
tours of India and Burma in 1955.
It has been reported that Serov
was used by Khrushchev against
his political enemies in the Krem-
lin. One source with access to
high-ranking Russians has re-
ported that in June 1957-when
V. M. Molotov, Georgi Malenkov
and other Khrushchev opponents
nearly succeeded in ousting
Khrushchev from the leadership
--it was Serov along with several
others that summoned the party's
central committee into extraordi-
nary session, to save Khrushchev.
THE ASSOCIATION between
Khrushchev and Serov evidently
began in the Ukraine. Neither is a
Ukrainian but in the late thirties
both occupied key posts in the
large southern republic of the
USSR. Khrushchev was Commun-
ist Party chieftain and Serov was
Minister of Internal Affairs-Police
and Secret Police Chief. Serov was
a representative of Beria but evi-
dently he managed to get along
well with Khrushchev and earn
his trust.
Thus it was that in June 1953
when Beria was removed from
office by the other party leaders
and later executed, Khrushchev
felt he could depend on Serov to
assist in liquidating Berla's ma-
chine and keeping the police under
control.
Serov was immediately named
in July 1953 a first deputy minister
of internal affairs under Minister
of Internal Affairs Sergei Kruglov,
who was later removed. And then
in 1954 he became chairman of the
new Committee on State Security
which was responsible directly to
Khrushchev in matters of intelli-
gence, counter-intelligence and the
security of Soviet leaders.
The long and close association
between Khrushchev and Serov
raises the question of why Serov
now has been removed from the
security post.
* * *
SEROV HAS BEEN one of the
keystones of Khrushchev's power.
His dismissal at the present mo-
ment could indicate either that

Khrushchev's position has been
seriously weakened or else that
Khrushchev himself came to mis-
trust Serov and decided to replace
him with someone he now con-
siders more reliable.
The official announcement said
Serov has been transferred to
other work. This is an obvious ef-
fort to portray the change to
Russians as something other than
a pure. But whatever new job
Serov now will receive it is un-
likely to be in any degree as im-
portant as his previous one.
The aficial Soviet announcement
leaves up in the air the question
of who will replace Serov as secuw-
ity chief. Normalkv Soviet an-
nouncements fo changes in high
government posts report the new
incumbent at the same time as
they reveal the dismissal of the
previous official. This one did not.
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices snould
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1958
VOL. LXIX, NO. 69
General Notices
TIAA - College Retirement Equities
Fund: Participants in the Teachers In-
surance and Anuity Association retire-
ment program who wish to change the
percentage of their contributions to the
College Retirement Equities Fund, or
to apply for or discontinue participa-
tion in the Equities Fund, will be able
to make such changes before Dec. 12,
1958. For additional information please
contact the Retirement Records Office,
3057 Admin. Bldg., Ext. 619, or come in
to sign the necessary papers.
February Graduates: You 'may order
your announcements and invitations
for graduation in the basement of the
S.A.B. Tues., through Fri., from 1-5 p.m.
International Center Tea: Thurs.,
Dec. 11, 4:30 to 6:00 p.m. at the Inter-
national Center. Special tea celebrating
Channukh; Israeli students will act as
hosts and hostesses.
Extended hours: Women students who
attended "Oklahoma!" at Lydia Men-
delssohn on Thurs., Dec. 4, had extend-
ed hours until 11:45 pm.
Women of the University Faculty will
hold a dinner meeting at the Michigan
League, Thurs., Dec. 11, 5:45 p.m. Mrs.
Claribel Halstead will present "Christ-
mas Readings."
The University of Michigan Student
Debaters, sponsored by the Dept. of
Speech, will hold their last meeting of
the fall semester in Rm. 2040, Frieze
Bldg.. Thurs., Dec. 11, 4:00 p.m. and
7:30 p.m. At these two meetings there
will be a review of the debate activi-
(Continued on Page 5)

At Leadership Problem

- ' i '

[ANDEL'S Messiah is always overwhelming,
whether one is an expert in musical theory,
a novice in cultural areas.
Every year, the audience emerges from Hill
er the performance in a kind of stunned
ence, awed by the sheer magnificence of the
ce. It provides a kind of emotional catharsis
r the listener, whether this be the first or
tieth time he has heard it.
Unfortunately the stunned silence came
r rather thanduring the performance on
inday. Those who attended the afternoon
ncert were far from stunned; they were, at
ist, certainly not quiet while the work was
ing sung.
As the overture began. a relative hush settled
er the audience, but it was soon interrupted
the shuffling of music literature enthusiasts
io insisted on following the performance in
eir treasured manuscripts. Since each person
d a different edition of the score, the turn-
g pakes managed to provide a varied accom-
Lniment to the performers.
The weather also conspired against the aes-

~9s~i ~S,~MT,®.-- ~ ~ rCO

I

JUST INQUIRING

. Kby Michael Kraft

Ike, Soapy Related?

CAPITAL COMMENTARY-
The Dangero
DB WILLI
WASHINGTON-Of the Senate's (instead of two-thir
forthcoming debate on the whole membership)
filibuster rule it could be said that down on debate.
rarely have so many been so pro- The advanced libe
foundly affected by so grave an fundamentally alter th
issue understood by so few. an institution. This t
The decision will come at a time deny; but it is histo
when the/power of persuading the demonstrably the' trut
country by bland and happy over- Senate was deliberate]
simplifications, by stirring the fear and for nearly two ce
of being "out of line," by the so operated, as a fran
comforting appeal of simply being unqualified majority r
in the majority ,is incomparably tion has been that eve
the greatest in our history. may sometimes be angr
Everywhere more and more as. they were wrong i
gaunt television towers beam out draft strikers, into the
endless messages making it all too to pack the Supreme
clear who are the good guys and thus to destroy its i
who are the bad guys in every- an institution.
thing-including the good guys The advanced libera
who denounce and the bad guys est men, but in some
who support a dusty thing called are impassioned men.
the filibuster. This is the term for like the violent abol
endless talking in the Senate to long ago who much
prevent a vote, reasonably liberal
. . * named Lincoln. The
AND THE decision will come flamed by their long,f
also in a supercharged political In seeking full civil
atmosphere that will affect and Negroes. And, of courh
possibly even decide the 1960 Pres- influenced, too, by the
idential contest. legitimate power of ra
For the background: It is not ties at the polls.
now possible to shut off a major * * *
filibuster-short of simply wearing THE extremists amo
it out by letting the filibusterers profoundly illiberal i
exhaust themselves - without the dissent on this questi
votes of two-thirds of the entire tually, some have blo
Senate. The advanced liberals in nostrils. They overlook
both parties wish to provide that fairly decent men-eve
a bare majority-50 of the 98 'erals-are also for civi
Senators-could halt all debate reject the extreme vi
after a specified time. far and how soon thec
The old guard Southerners will go. The extremists t
resist any kind of change. The for constitutional tradi
moderate Southerners, some of the tility to civil rights.
Western liberal Democrats and a They forget that no
good many Republicans are for a other extremists-the
moderate alteration. This would the right wing-treate
permit two-thirds of those voting to Senlator Joseph R.

r _s

ds of the
to clamp
rals would
e Senate as
;hey bitterly
rically and
th. For the
Ly designed,
nturies has
ak check on
ule. The no-
n majorities
rily wrong-
n trying to
Army and
Court and
integrity as
ls are earn-
cases they
. Some are
itionists ,of
troubled a
President
se are in-
frustrations,
rights for
-se, they are
thoroughly,
cial minori-
ng them are
toward any
on. Intellec-
od in some
that many
n many lib-
il rights but
ew on how
country can
reat respect
ition as hos-
ot long ago
se were on
1d opposition
McCarthy's

of the, Majority
AM S. WHITE

attacks on other constitutional
traditions as the equivalent of
pro-communism.
Too, they do not face up to the
fact that any filibuster can be
broken, rule or no rule, by a sub-
stantial and truly determined ma-
jority. The operative words are
"truly determined." What the civil,
rights forces have needed far
more than a new rule is more
genuinely devoted - as distin-
guished from lip service-backers.
Perhaps they have those backers
now. Perhaps there could be a
real effort to break a civil rights:
filibuster flat-out and head-on;
this correspondent has never yet
seen one in 12 years of watching
the Senate.
* * *
THE ADVANCED liberals can
fairly argue that the Senate ought
to be a place of straight majority
rule. But they cannot fairly argue
that the Constitution has made it
such. They intend to change the
meaning of the constitutional
structure; surely, they ought to
say so.
And they cannot deny that
there have been times when a
simple majority anti-filibuster
rule could have imperilled all civil
rights. In the 'twenties, for illus-
tration, disinterested scholars esti-
mated 26 states to be politically in
the grip of the Ku Klux Klan.
This could have meant not 50 but
52 votes to halt Senate debate-
a majority, no less.
The ultimate victims of halting
Senate.debateby simple majority
would be any or every minority
and any or every minority interest
or issue, given a favorable atmos-
phere for the majority.
(Copyright, 1958, by United
Feature Syndicate, Inc.)

)F COURSE it's unthinkable to mention
President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Gov.
-. Mennen Williams in the same paragraph,
ut recent events suggest there may be cer-
in similarities.
Both men owe much of their political such
ess to the worshippers of the "personality
ult." And both men in their long years as
hief executive in the nation and the state
ave had to face a legislative branch domin-
ted by the opposition. Only in 1952 was Pres-
lent Eisenhower able to pull a majority in
he House and only in the forthcoming ses-
9on will Democrats have an audible voice in
he State Legislature, gaining a 55-55 split in
he House and at least compromise control
ith the long-entrenched Republicans.
Yet with all his political handicaps, the Pres-
lent still was able to move his programs, util-
ang the force of his own personal assets, pri-
iarily popularity. The Eisenhower coattails
>oked so politically attractive that for a time,
ome Democrats were even claiming that they
ere better Eisenhower supporters than his
wn party members. But as the clock moves
>ward 1960 and the President's mandatory
2nd Amendment retirement date approaches,
he coat shrinks.
The President retains, nevertheless, consid-
rable power and prestige. If it hasn't been felt,
; is because of Eisenhower's reluctance to ex-
reise it, not resistance on Capitol Hill. The
ailure of leadership to emerge from the White
[ouse has not been due to encirclement by
ostile elements but to a hesitancy to move
utside.
OWHERE has this failure been so apparent
as in the integration issue. But with the
)emocratic liberals backed by resounding ma-
orities, the opportunity to apply presidential
ersuasion has passed.
Initiative will undoubtedly come from the
.orthern liberals but the recent action by the
emocratic Central Committee on seating a
Louisiana delegate virtually challenges the
outh to bolt and suggests that there will be
ttle, if any gentleness, in the approach to

Civil Rights action. Now that they have de-
feated the Republicans, northern Democrats
are free to combat their own party members
and the result, no matter how worthy the mo-
tives, will probably be increased bitterness over
Civil Rights and a South driven even further
away from the rest of the nation's attitudes.
True, this might not have been averted if
President Eisenhower had exerted leadership,
just as his political efforts failed to stem the
November Democratic tide. But perhaps the
move towards the extremes may be the result
of impatience with the President's failure to
move even moderately. In Washington, there
will be little need to look towards the executive
for leadership during the next two years.
IN LANSING too, the executive has failed to
effectively exercise leadership, However,
failure there has been the result of hostile ele-
ments. Ironically, the firm Republican control
of both Houses has permitted Gov. Williams to
advocate and promise to his heart's content,
with the full knowledge that his programs
didn't have to be sound - the Republicans
would vote them down. And for even the pos-
sibly sound suggestions, there usually has been
a chorus of "No's" which transformed Wil-
iams' endorsement into a kiss of death.
But while the past for executive leadership
was bright in Washington and dim in Lansing,
the recent election returns indicate what should
be at least a local reversal. With half a house
behind him, Gov. Williams should at least get
a briefcase into the State Capitol Building.
However, early signs suggest that he too is
showing a reluctance to exert the leadership
when it counts. While the Democrats are pre-
paring to exert legislative leadership on a na-
tional level, a look at the state level indicates
their energies are going in a different direc-
tion. At their caucus last week, the Democratic
members of the House voted to seek a special
session on, of all things, a pay raise. Gov. Wil-
liams has apparently given tacit approval, and
has indicated he would call a session if there
seemed to be enough support for the move.
N CASE anyone hasn't heard, the state is
staggering under a huge deficit, and state
supported institutions are getting mere crumbs
from an empty table.
A possible solution for the state's financial
mess lies in the report from the Citizen's Ad-
visory Committee on Taxation which recom-
mends elimination or modification of some old
taxes and introduction of new ones. However,
among the new tax proposals is a personal
income tax ,iwavs ann omnoniar sestion

___ To The Edito

For Exchange,.
To the Editor:
I'D LIKE to put in a plug for the
reinstatement of the student ex-
change with the Free University
of Berlin while there still is time.
As a preface to my remarks about
the PUB, I'd like to say that I
think the administration of the
exchange should be (and should
have been) in more aware and
experienced hands. I think the
potentialities of the exchange have
not been realized to their full ex-
tent because of the vagaries of
the administrative setup as it has
been.

SPACE RACE BECOMES RAT RACE:
U.S. Should Not Look to Moon for Propaganda

By BARTON HUTHWAITE
Daily Staff Writer
THE SPACE RACE has turned into a rat race with first prize being
a gigantic piece of green cheese.
Within minutes of the Army's Juno II's launching last Friday
night, prominent political figures were optimistically predicting another
propaganda victory for Sputnik-minded Americans. But as the words "a
significant step in United States' space supremacy" were still ringing
in crowded press conference rooms across the nation, a bulletin was
coming across the wires saying the moon shot had failed to orbit the
sun.
Scientists termed the beyond-the-moon probe a "success." Valu-
able information concerning the Van Allen layer of intense radiation
and the earth's magnetic field could cast new light on man's ability
to hazard the perils of space flight.
* * *
BUT THE JUNO II's propaganda value, not scientific data, in-
terested the politician more. Rocket experts are feverishly working tq
launch another space probe in the early part of January, prodded on by
Sputnik-minded American public.
The scientist is becoming disgusted with efforts to shoot a rocket
into space as far and as fast as possible. As one rocket expert who has
just returned from Cape Canaveral said here recently, ". . . the stress
should be placed on scientific data and not what the passions of poli-
tics dictate."
The newly-created National Aeronautics and Space Administra-
tion recently requested some $80 million to carry out an accelerated
space program for five years. The Defense Department has earmarked
$294 million for the space activities of the Advanced Research Projects
Agpnv.

budget of approximately $100 million, the USIA is supplying peoples
around the world, with valuable and needed educational material.
Their propaganda line is not the marvelous scientific achieve-
ments of the industrial giant they represent but the future of the
uncommitted nations. The African native does not understand or com-
prehend that the United States has the ability to go to the moon. What
he does understand is that his homeland has the needed resources to
improve his personal plight -- with the proper education and develop-
ment.
If the United States wants propaganda it won't find it on the moon'

The PUB exchange is a bargain
buy for SGC in several ways. Ob-
jection has come up that Berlin
is politically no longer a center
of activity. Everyone has probably
overcome this objection in his
mind in recent days.
The FUB is enthused about the
exchange and is willing to sup-
port two students there for our
supporting one here. This is prob-
ably an opportunity offered only
on exchanging with the FUB.
I'm sure. that anyone who has
been an exchange student will
support the contention that the
student must know the language
o fthe country in which he studies
to be able to tap, interpret, and
understand feelings of the people
in religious, political, social, and
other spheres at all well. A native
of a foreign land who can talk
good English is often the best
person to go to for expression of
pro-American attitude. This is the
person to whom an American mon-
oglot has to go when he wants to
make conversation in a non-Eng-
lish land. Simple addition shows
that an exchange with a country
whose language more commonly
taught here results in armuch
larger group for the appropriate
SGC committee to choose from in
selecting its representative (s) for
the exchange.
A unique advantage of the Ber-
lin exchange has been the possi-
bility for the exchangee in Berlin
tc acquaint and' often befriend
himself with people who are still
living "in the East" as well as
with "those of the West." A stu-
dent there has the opportunity to
acquaint himself with people of
any class, religion, politicalbcon-
viction, ox what have you, but of
a communistically run land as
well as of a democratic land.
It could be saidthat in the past
years of exchanges, SGC (or SL)
has not made as much use of the
returning exchangee as it should
have felt obligated to do. It was
. - .. n r u r ... - ...x u .- T lof

Editorial Staff
RICHARD TAUB, Editor
AEL KRAFT JO
torlal Director

yHN WEICHER
City Editor

DAVID TARR

Amociate Editor

yr .S l;" r '
...
'. _ -.
x '

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