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November 20, 1958 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1958-11-20

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"Ah Yes-We'll Take It Up At The Very Highest Level"

Mr eii arcBil
Sixt y-Ninth Year
- EPrrED ANI) MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE IJNIVLRSITY OF MIlCHIGAN
Vhen Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BoRD IN CONTROL OF STUDINT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Wtll PrevaU" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, ICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This wus i be no/ed in all reprints. .
rRSDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1958 NIGHT EDITOR: SELMA SAWAYA
Sudan's Dictatorship Established
In Explosive Situation

UIETLY and with almost no interruption
of the normal civilian activity in Sudan, Lt.
'eneral Ibrahim Abboud assumed control of
he East African country Tuesday.
After proclaiming control by the army. Ab-
oud issued three decrees which invoked an
nergency situation, suspended the Constitu-
on and dismissed the Parliament. Accom-
.ishing the initial steps with amazing efficien-
r, the former army commander stated the
itionale behind his abrupt and bloodless coup.
" The country was suffering from the
alady of political wrangling and self-seeking
ader ... the natural step . . . .is for the army
put an end to the corruption and restore
der and stability."
111E DISORDER of which Abboud spoke has
been attributed to the inefficiency of ousted
emier, Abdullah Khalil. Unable to maintain
der in the pro-western nation immediately
the south of Egypt, Khalil incurred army
rath which led to the governmental change.
Interpreting the move as neither pro-
yptian nor anti-Western, observers view the
up optimistically. Noting that Sudan has
ooded by Nasser propaganda in recent
onths, Abboud's seizure of the pro-Nasser
ess, abolishment of political parties and pro-
aiming of a state of emergency were looked
on as good signs. ,
Temporarily, at least, the military clique
es have strength behind it with a large seg-
ent of the population disgusted with the
rmer shaky government. The speed and ef-
iency of the moves plus the fact that life
nerally remained as usual were all favor-
le signs for the new government.
But Tuesday Abboud appointed a cabinet
minated by military men and set up a mili-

tary council of 13 which a government decree
called ".. . the supreme power in Sudan." The
council is headed by the new Sudanese dicta-
tor who has also assumed full legislative, exec-
utive and judiciary powers.
DESPITE the fact that he is pro-western, Ab-
boud has set up a dictatorship which threat-
ens to stifle popular will in Sudan. The biggest
deficiency in the recently deposed parliamen-
tary democracy was a lack of a strong party
to govern. Lacking governing stability, the old
system fell prey to a "fast moving army or-
ganizer."
Abboud the organizer claims that the army
is behind him - the same army which was
purged last year when a revolt by younger of-
ficers was discovered. If the army is solidly
behind the new dictator, he could operate suc-
cessfully.
With a military cabinet and a relatively
powerful Middle Eastern army, Sudan could
exist as a stable dictatorship. But the big ques-
tion is whether Abboud realizes the limitations
of the government he has just formed.
IF ANY ONE of several groups, esides the
army jelled into a solidified u~it, a new
coup could emerge. One such move by former
premier Ismail el-Azhary was avoided in Tues-
day's power transfer.
Sudan, marked by the United Arab Republic
as choice real estate, is in an explosive posi-
tion. Abboud's decisions in the next few months
will be important ones for the West..
One big slip could mean land masses for
expansion of the new force - Arab nation-
alism, something Abboud should be careful to
avoid.
-CHARLES KOZOLL

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UNIVERSITY SYMPHONY:
Debussy, Moussorgsky
Highlight Pro 0ram
T HE UNIVERSITY Symphony Orchestra gave a fine performance last
night featuring an ambitious program of four works from the
standard repertoire.
The two shorter works the "Overture to the Barber of Seville"
and "Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun." were executed with greater
precision than is usual for the group. Excellent balance and cohesive-
ness and clear detail marked the performance of these works. Except
I for a too languid tempo, the Debussy showed the orchestra to best

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advantage. The frequently ma-
ligned string section excelled here,
exhibiting a shimmering tone.
Brahms' Symphony No. 2 is an
immediately appealing w~rk, with
richly-textured orchestration.
Prof. Blatt apparently conceived
of the wvork as a symphony of con-
trasts rather than a unity. The
first movement was conducted on
the assumption that the musical
content was something greater
;han, in fact, it is. Its interpreta-
tion was an example of heavy-
handed orthodoxy. ,
It was in the third movement
that the pastoral qualities of the
symphony came to life. Prof. Blatt
elicited great charm from the or-
chestra. The final movement pro-
vided the orchestral highlights of
the work as the group executed it
with an almost dance-like quality.
The technique of the group was
not always equal to Blatt's fine
conception of the movement, yet
vivacity more than compensated
for the defects.
MOUSSORGSKY'S "Pictures
from an Exhibition," although
>verworked as a finale, provided
i fine vehicle for each section of
the orchestra to display its vir-
tuosity. Although sonically pleas-
.ng, it lacked conviction if not
volume. Brasses and tympani were
loud on cue, ana nothing more.
The "Ballet of the Chickens in
Their Shells," "The Catacombs"
and "The Great Gates of Kiev"
were particularly well handled
sections of the work,
The string section appears im-
proved over former years, and the
orchestra is to be commended for
n attempting such a challenging
2e work as the Brahms.
--Robert Junker
s-I
al ALUMNI HALL:

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e?7f9'SS wr rritrAtdrvnt i*sr.

INTERPRETING:
Industrial
War fare
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
EUROPEANS trying to do busi-
ness with Soviet Russia under
recently relaxed trade regulations
aren't finding the profits they had
expected.
There is evidence that the Reds
are more interested in purchasing
production models which can be
copied than in buying to meet
consumer consumption directly.
This is an old Soviet habit. Long
before World War II the Russians
were frequently more interested in
blueprints even than in production
models.
This effort to compress the
world's industrial revolution into a
brief period for Rdifsian purposes
has now. become a major factor in
the cold war.
There ismuch kinship, then,
between what the Russians are
doing now and what the Japanese
did after realizing their industrial
backwardness years ago. They
copied the West, raced toward in-
dustrialization, and began to com-
pete with the countries which were
ahead of them in the industrial
revolution.
.They finally tried to take over
a vast area with a billion people
as their private trading preserve,
and got themselves into a disas-
trous war.
* * *
RUSSIA'S "spot" buying is an
additional clue to the methods by
which she intends to prosecute the
told war.
She already is selling at a loss
and buying at a premium when it
suits her political purposes. To do
so, her dictatorship can withhold
food and products from the in-
ternal economy almost at will in
order to establish entangling trade
relations abroad. In addition, she
is producing actual surpluses, such
as pig iron, which will soon be
used the same way. She can dump
surpluses to disturb world mar-
kets - disturbance always being
one of her chief stocks in trade.
Or she can start supplying under-
developed countries and then cut
them off if they refuse to swallow
her political program.

CAPITAL COMMENTARY:
Basi na Role
By WILLIAM S. W]

Smoothness vs. Students

EAN OF WOMEN Deborah Bacon criti-
cized, at Saturday's Board in Review of
ident Government Council meeting, "aca-
mnic, ivory tower" type thinking. Another of
an Bacon's comments was that students
ve "legalistic minds."
Perhaps a more serious question than the
ality of student thinking is the problem of
Tether the students are thinking at all.
my students, particularly liberal arts stu-
nts, are induced to enter college, because
ey are under the impression that college will
lp them develop their ability to think. It
ild seem that some of these students would
discouraged, or at least confused, to hear
important administrator of the University
icule attempts of students to think.
The Dean's concern over student thinking
s, no doubt. due to the fact that thinking
dents cannot be passively herded into cer-
n lines of thought: thus they are not as
iducive to being administrataed as apathet-
sheep would be. Dean Bacon's concern,
rming in its own right, is doubly alarming
v4aut it might symbolize.
Bylaw, Not
HE CRUX of the Sigma Kappa, Student
Government Council-Administration tangle
the 1949 Regental Bylaw which states that
.mission to activate or reactivate since that
to will not be granted to a group which
hibits membership in the organization be-
se of race, religion, or color.
iowever, the bylaw is a bad one, and should
withdrawn.
t is not argued that the regulation should
withdrawn because it is and will be un-
orceable in any but the most blatantly ob-
us cases, although not-so-cynical people
uld say now that it is,
Rather, fraternities and sororities should
ve the right to discriminate. The Regents,
a group acting for the Regents should con-
er it beyond their power to tell fraterni-
and sororities that they should not dis-
minate.
RANTED, it is difficult to say what rela-
tionship fraternities and sororities should
e with the University. In one sense, fra-
nities and sororities are a part of the Uni-
sity and are thus under Regental authority.
tin a sense which must be maintained, fra-
nities and sororities are independent hous-
units, and not mere appendages of the
iversity.
athough it is nowhere specifically men-
led, the precedent for the rules applied to
ternities and sororities. with the exception
the bias bylaw. has been a standard of
aintenance of order.'' With this implicit
ndard, the University has made rules gov-
ing such standards of conduct as women's
rs and drinking regulations, for example,
t must be uniform throughout the Uni-
dty to maintain order. Other requirements,
a as financial ones. have been made in
same "maintenance of order" spirit.
IS DIFFICULT to see how the present anti-
Las regulation fits in with any "maintenance

Perhaps it was merely a coincidence, but
perhaps it was more a grim indication of a
general trend, that at the Board in Review of
Student Government Council, Dean Bacon, a
very competent administrator, seemed at times
diametrically opposed to Assistant Dean of
the Literary College James Robertson, a very
perceptive and stimulating educator. On
seemingly every point during the meeting the
two deans took opposing viewpoints.
PERHAPS the board's decision and Dean
Bacon's comments symbolize a trend travel-
ing throughput the University; smooth admin-
istration, lack of unfavorable publicity, con-
trolled thinking are becoming more important
than developing the intellects of the students.
And perhaps the Board decision really means
that the smooth administration of the Uni-
versity is more important than Student Gov-
ernment. Therefore SGC should be disregarded.
But perhaps the University will decide some-
day that the smooth administration of the
University is more important than students,
What will they do then?
-JAMES SEDER
SGC Wrong
Ideal of an independent fraternity system is
worth maintaining, then the Regents should
withdraw the bylaw as not within the frame-
work of authority they rightfully should have
over fraternities.
The Regents would have reason for broad-
ening the scope of their authority over frater-
nities and sororities if the harm being caused
is sufficient, such as on the national scene,
considerable deprivation of voting rights, or
educational or housing opportunities. But it
should be obvious to any but the most tender-
minded that by these standards no great harm,
even inc'Tuding "mental anguish," is being done
to students who are not admitted to a fra-
ternity or sorority because of their race, color
or religion. As it violates an ideal and as these
students are somewhat injured, integration
in fraternities and sororities, should be sought,
but by using liberal means - education - to
achieve the liberal end,
HOWEVER, abolishment of the Regental By-
law prohibiting discrimination at least after
1949, does not imply approval of the Board's
action in reversing SGC. On the contrary. By
reversing SOC. the Board is working a great-
er injustice on Student Government Council
than the injustice the Board tried to correct.
SGC, given the rule prohibiting discrimination
after 1949, acted both within its jurisdiction
and with due regard for the evidence in mak-
ing its decision.
Good reasons for supporting SGC's juris-
diction have already been printed. And a
careful observance of the facts of the case-
and SGC members' attitudes toward these facts
should be evidence enough that SGC acted
with due regard for the evidence.
Inasmuch, then, as the Board's decision was
based on the charge that SGC did not act with-
in its area of concern in finding Sigma Kappa
in violation, or that SGC did not act within
its proper area of concern, the Board's deci-
sion was motivated in the main by a genuine
concern for Sigma Kappa and this is praise-

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THREE SETS OF MEN are pre-
paring now for the most im-
portant and the least understood
struggle of the new Congress.
Immense complications - tradi-
tion, emotion, political ambitions
-will bedevil the great conflict, to
open in January. It will bear on
the 1960 Presidential election. It
may result in a profound change
in what for nearly two centuries
has been out most nearly change-
less institution, the United States
Senate.
The probable greatest personal
winner is Vice-President Richard
M. Nixon. As the Senate's presid-
ing officer, he may well decisively
shape the outcome. The probable
collective loser, at least to some
extent, is the Democratic party.
Possible eventual losers may be all
future minorities-economic, reli-
gious, racial or sectional-to the
immediate gain of the currently
mistreated minority, the Negroes.
THE ARGUMENT will involve a
dusty thing, the Senate anti-fili-
buster rule-"Rule 22." A filibuster
is endless talking to prevent a vote.
It can be halted now only by deci-
sion of two-thirds of the entire
Senate membership-or simply by
wearing out the filibusterers.
A Southern old guard faction
would resist any change whatever.
It is, however, a tiny group, and it
is melting fast.
A faction of advanced liberals
is demanding an alternation so
extreme that its adoption would
the Senate as a unique deliberative
body. This group is led by Sena-
tors Paul H. Douglas of Illinois
and Hubert H. Humphrey of Min-
nesota, Democrats, and Clifford P.

Case of New Jersey and Jacob K.
Javits of New York, Republicans.
They wish to make it possible
for two-thirds of those Senators
voting to clamp down on a filibus-
ter by a process called cloture
after two day's notice. But they
would go much beyond this moder-
ate reform-and this is the kernel
of it-to permit the barest Senate
majority, or 49 members, to put on
cloture after 15 days.
THIS WOULD make the Senate
only a somewhat slower House of
Representatives. The slimmest
Senate majority, after 15 days,
could adopt any kind of bill under
public pressure, informed or un-
informed. The House already can
do so. Indeed, it did so during the
Truman Administration in cheer-
fully approving within about 90
minutes a measure to draft strik-
ing railroadmen into the Army
The third and probably the
largest of the Senate groups wishes
to harden the cloture rule by per-
mitting two-thirds of those actu-
ally voting (instead of two-thirds
of the entire membership) to put
on cloture-but never less than
this two-thirds in any circum-
stances.
These forces will be made up of
moderate Democrats, some, re-
treating Southerners, some West-
ern liberal Democrats and some
Republicans.
For many years, the liberals
have blamed the filibuster for their
inability to enact legislation in
behalf of Negro rights. Last year
a bill was passed-the first in
eight decades - without any
change in the rules. This, how-
ever, has never satisfied the liber-
als, who think it did not go far

Threatened
KITE
enough. And their cause has bee
immeasurably aided by som
Southern defiiance of the cour
in integration.
But the filibuster in Senate his
tory has been more often a libers
than a conservative implemen
Indeed, the holder of one of tl
all-time filibuster records, Sena
tor Wayne Morse of Orgeon, is a
advanced liberal. He talked for 2
hours and 26 minutes in Apri:
1953, in resistingwihat many calle
the "giveaway" of the oil tide
lands.
MOREOVER, the Senate is fun
damentally a non-majority insti
tution; the smallest state ha
equal representation with the larg
est. But so, indeed, is the Bill o
Rights. That unlimited debate ha
been much abused is undeniable
But the Fifth Amendment, unde
which a single man can refuse t
testify against himself, howeve
guilty, also has been undeniabl
abuse.
Some conservatives would de
stroy the Fifth Amendment for it
shortcomings, forgetting its tow
ering nobility. Now, many liberal
forget that the filibuster weapon
deemed by them to be in unworthy
hands, has many times halted vin
di'ctive legislation that a thorough
ly "democratic" House was all to
ready to approve.
Finally, civil rights legislation
in plain fact has suffered mos
of all, not because of rules, bu
because far more rank_ and fil
Senators have had it on their lips
than in their hearts.
(Copyright 1958. by United
Feature syndicate, Inc.)

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Uniform
Exhibit
HE American Federation of Arts
is circulating the Eleventh Na-
tional Print Exhibition now at
Alumni Memorial Hall. Artist Will
Durant, Collector Mrs. Herbert E.
Rothschild, and Brooklyn Museum
Curator of Prints Miss Una E.
Johnson selected the prints from
1200 submitted entries.
The prints display a uniformity
of design since almost all deal with
color and pattern relationships
rather than any subject interest.
However, some prints seem unique
when compared with others that
treat only formal qualities. "Wom-
an in Black" by Mimi Weisbord
is especially noteworthy, as are
Rose Schaffer's woodcut "A Run
Through the Woods" and "Cyclo-
pean Wall" by Minna Citron,
The similarities among the
prints seem more noticeable than
any distinct differences in compo-
sition. But there is variety in
techniques including lithography,
etching, intaglio, and serigraphs.
Currently exhibited with the Art
Department Faculty Exhibition,
the prints may be seen until
November 23.
-Aaron Sheon

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
SGC Election, Board in Review Draw Response

To the Editor:
WHEN is a candidate for an
elective office to be given the
enormous advantage of being able
to campaign within the Quad-
rangles proper almost exclusively?
In a horse race, the horses all
start evenly. Never is one horse
given a ten orsfifteen yard ad-
vantage. A horse race may be
compared with an election. In all
elections there are favorites, yet
never is one candidate prohibited
from campaigning where another
has. There are elections which are
nrt fair. These elections. however,
are held in nations without the
democratic principles held so dear
by the United States.
The Student Government Coun-
cil elections, being held in a demo-
cratic nation, should maintain the
ethics of that nation. Just as the
election should be free from viola-
tions of the codes of conduct, so
should the campaign,
The campaign is probably the
most important part of an elec-
tion. It is by the campaign that
voters are informed of their candi-
dates. To give all candidates an
equal opportunity, certain rules
have been made as to campaigning
within specified areas. These rules
must be adhered to. A campaign
can only be fair when all of the
candidates are given an equal
opportunity.

posters on house bulletin boards
may be obtained through indi-
vidual house councils." (I assume
that the term "bulletin boards"
includes all wall surface, speci-
fically the landings.)
On the issue of campaigning
(meaning: soliciting for votes)
within the Quadrangles, however,
the rules are specific - "(it) is
strictly prohibited," In a com-
plete disregard for this rule there
was soliciting for votes within the
Quadrangles. This soliciting con-
sisted of the distribution of gum-
med stickers, bearing the candi-
date's name, and preceding it, a
box with the number one inscribed
in it. With the gummed stickers
went instructions as to their use.
"Paste it on the ballot!" If one
asked why he should do same, he
received reasons to squelch any
lingering doubts he might have.
This letter is written neither
for nor against that candidate.
This letter is written against the
methods used by representatives of
that candidate to elect him. That
these representatives were not
chosen by him, or acting in his
knowledge, is irrelevant. By ac-
cepting the office he assumes re-
sponsibility for the method by
which it was gained.
--David McCrary, '61LSA

about, trying to find a way of
lessening his burden. Suddenly, he
was struck with an idea: he would
delegate to the young hoot owls
the responsibility of enforcing his
law stating that no living being
be denied access to the forest on
the basis of genus, species, or
color-if any organization among
the forest folk should attempt such
denial it would immediately be
ordered to turn in its charter and
disband. ,
For the first few years the re-
vised administrative system func-
tioned smoothly; but one night,
while scanning organization char-
ters, the sagacious Owl was amazed
to discover that the snowy, white
doves had in their charter a clause
which denied access to all sooty,
black doves. Hurriedly, the old
Owl called his young administra-
tors together: "What are you going
to do about it?" he screamed.
"Disband them! Disband them!"
answered the young hoot owls,
"Fine! Fine!" said the old Ruler
'of the forest.
However, the snowy, white doves
didn't like being disbanded: their
organization gave them a feeling
of social security - still they
weren't going to live with sooty,
black doves. What was the answer?
"We could write a letter to the
wise old Owl," one dove suggested,
"Yes, but what will we say?" cooed

tion, the hoot owls, did not rubber-
stamp; instead they hooted pro-
test: "Ambiguous! Assuming they,
are allowed complete control of
their internal operations they may
continue to discriminate."
Immediately, the Owl regretted
his rashness in delegating away
a portion of his authority. He
over-ruled the decision reached
by the youthfpl administrators,
and returned the charter to the
doves. To prevent reoccurrence of
this sort of situation, he stripped
the hoot owls of their authority.
In a few years the Owl died; the
forest was thrown into chaotic
confusion-nobody knew how to
administer the rules of forest life.
The moral of this tale: wise old
owls only become so through ap-
plied education in their youth.
-Lauri Kallio, '60
Thanks ...
To the Editor:
THE RECENT front-page edi-
torials by the senior editors
are worthy of especial comment.
'They were well written, concise,
and indicative, I believe, of the
majority opinion of the students
on the Michigan campus. My
thanks for a much needed crystal-
ization of opinion.
A comment by Roger Allen in

DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
rhe Daily Official Bulletin is aa
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Dailyclue at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
THURSDAY. NOVEMBER 20, 195*
VOL. LXIX, NO. 56
General Notices
A tea for international students, will
be h1eld, Thurs., Nov. 20, 3:30 to 5:30
p.m. at Mosher Hall.
Regents Meeting: Fri., Dec. 12, Com-
munIcations for consideration at this
meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than Dec. 3.
The Stearns Collection of Musical
Instruments will be on display Fri.,
Nov. 21, 4:00-5:00 p.m., Second Floor
Foyer, Hill Aud.
The automobile regulations will be
lifted for Thanksgiving vacation from
5 p.m. Wed., Nov. 26, until 8 a.m. Mon.,
Dec. 1, 1958.
The General Electric and Charitable
Fund is offering 34 fellowships for the
academic year 1959-60. Field will In-
elude Physical Sciences, Engineering,
Industrial Management, Arts and Sci-
ences, Graduate Law, and Business.
The stipend will be $1750 for a Fellow
who is single, $2100 if married without
children, and $2500 for a married Fel-
low with children. Tuition and fees
are also paid. Application forms and
further information may be obtained
from the Graduate School Office. Ap-
plications will be submitted to the
General Electric Company by Dean
Ralph A. Sawyer In the Graduate
School, and all applications should be
in his hands by Dec. 24, 1959.
The following student-sponsored so-
cial events have been approved for the
coming weekend. Socia chairmen are
reminded that requests for approval
for social events are due in the Office
of Student Affairs not later than 12
o'clock noon on Tuesday prior to the
event.
Nov. 21: Alpha Gamma 15elta, Phi
Delta Phi. Graduate Student Council.
Nov. 22: (one o'clock closing hour)
Beta Theta Pi and Alpha Delta Phi, Al-
pha Epsilon Phi, Alpha Sigma Phi, An-
derson and Cooley Houses, Angell
House, Chicago House, Delta Chi, Exec-
utive Council, Gomberg House, Greene
House, Lambda Ci Alpha, Nu Sigma
Nu, Owen Co-op House and the I.C.C.,
Phi Delta Epsilon, Phi Delta Phi, Phi

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