"You Fellows Serious This Time"
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'Oiuonihead'... Goddess' .. .
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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1958 NIGHT EDITOR: PHILIP MUNCK
Remain California Propaganda
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DURING HIS CAMPAIGN for governor of
California, Edmund G. Brown, pulling all
the punches he could think of, jumped into the
middle of the sorority-fraternity discrimination
Setting a solid anti-discrimination plank into
the Democratic platform, he told the Univer-
sity of California's Daily Californian, "If I am
elected I intend to use the powers of my office
to see that students are recognized on the
basis of individual merit and not race or re-
He said he intended to call for "denial of
official recognition by school authorities, stu-
dent councils and student government bodies"
to student organizations restricting member-
ship on grounds of "race, creed or national-
origin." With his victory over former Sen. Wil-
liam F. Knowland, Brown will soon be sitting
in the governor's chair - with the sorority-
fraternity issue very nicely sitting in his lap.
IT IS RATHER difficult to conceive of any
way for him to implement his stand. Perhaps
without a thought of putting the statement
into effect, Brown has indicated that he does
not believe the state of California can or should
extend recognition to the "discriminating"
sororities and fraternities.
But the University of California, which in-
cludes most of the state's institutions of high-
er learning, has already recognized these
groups and through the University of Cal-
ifornia, the state has also recognized them.
Withdrawal of recognition, as those here well
know, is a difficult, delicate, and perhaps im-
Brown has said he will fight "student socia
organizations that restrict membership on the
basis of race, creed or national origin." But
how will he know which organizations are dis-
criminating and which merely happen to have
a homogeneous membership. The state can-
not indiscriminately attack every all white
Protestant sorority or fraternity, and it is very
doubtful that politicians, a least, would ap-
prove such attack.
IT IS EVEN more doubtful that all California
sororities and fraternities will volunteer in-
formation as to their membership policies. If
Brown wishes to withdraw recognition, he will
have difficulty getting proof on which to le-
gally base his decision.
Also, it might be noted, university admin-
istrators in general tend to be quite conserva-
tive in their actions. Particularly with enroll-
ments rising rapidly, most of them are in favor
of keeping housing facilities status quo.
Chances are that they would quietly obstruct.
and if necessary, forcefully fight, any disrup-
tion by Brown.
The newly-elected governor said a lot when
he began muddling with college issues. Under-
standably, he was anxious to get Knowland
down on every possible count. But his stand is
unenforceable within the realm of possibility.
It \can be discounted as the usual "campaign
THERE MUST BE something
better or otherwise more
worthwhile to do this week-end
than to drop in at the Michigan
and see "Onionhead."
Anything could be better. Help-
ing sweep out Hill Auditorium be-
fore the concert next Tuesday
would be better. Cleaning the
Union Snack Bar grease trap
would be better. Trying- to fig~ure
out administration policy would
be better. but not much better.
"Onionhead" is vaguely based
on the popular but trashy novel
of the same name by some name-
less writer. It stars Andy Griffith,
a second-rate comic who can
usually deliver well-written lines
when he gets them. Here, he
doesn't get them.
Also in the film is Felicia Farr,
who looks like every college man's
dream of the girl next door, if you
live next to a tavern.
The story is all about the Coast
Guard and ships. sailors, cooking
school, cinnamon rolls, officers
mess, tropical ham, and all that
sort of thing. After a while it gets
pretty confused if you stay awake.
The characters seem to shift
viewpoint every few minutes, so
that one sailor is talking like
something out of Aristotle one
minute and like something out of
Smokey Stover the next. t
The Coast Guard officers are all
either good guys or bad guys; a
curious but unlikely situation. And
all the girls look jolly. This is
It seems almost a shame to
waste an analytical treatment on
this particular film. Instead, let
us speculate about just how
"Onionhead" came to be filmed.
ONE YEAR AGO, five men sat
in a smoke-filled ermine-lined
office. These men are the notorious
gang of A., B., C., D., and E.
A: Andy Griffith done pretty
well in "No Time for Sergeants."
We should ought to put him in a
picture again quick before people
go back to watching television.
B: How about that.
C: Just the other night my wife
was reading this book about a
Coast Guard guy. Now, with a
little major revision we could fit
Griffith into the role.
D: How about that.
E: And you know, that girl I
promised a part to? The girl I
took to the Script Writers Open
House? Could we use her?
A: How about that?
C: She'd fit right in.
B: How about that!
This is probably not too far
fetched a theory. If you go to see
this nonsense, don't say you
THE CHIEF VIRTUE of Paddy
Chayevsky has always been a
sort of se:nimental realism. His
chief talent, is the reproduction of
everyday talk and mannerisms.
This talent has occasionally pro-
duced moving if minor, drama.
In The Goddess, however. he is
apparently trying to create a
majfor American work of art.
His method is that of the fable.
He chooses one particularly adapt-
ed to modern American life, whose
theme is success, symbolized in the
end by Hollywood, The story is
one of a soul progressingetoward
the city of mammnon in search of
life. and finding that it offers only
death. Along the way, moreover,
opportunities for life have been
rejected contrary to all sense and
It is a fairly simple and very
old fable. It is told by fairly con-
ventional means. Character is ab-
stracted to the point of carica-
ture: patterns of action are
brought in and used to produce
irony. Irony is essential, for it is
a cynical sort of fable, and one of
the chief functions of irony is its
destruction of a faith in human
Thus mothers desert their
daughters and daughters their
mothers for the sake of some far-
off romantic goal which in the
end turns out to have been the
original relationship. The pattern
is repeated several times. Its sym-
bolic agent is the movie star maga-
zine, its end an illusory acceptance
, * *
THE PERILS into which this
desire for sincerity and egocentric
love lead are the traditional one
of decadent Hollywood. Thus there
is a tantalizing convergence of
levels of meaning, since the movie
is being made by actors and pro-
But perhaps it is also this fact
that seems to dull the point of the
fable. For instance, the old en-
vironmental excuses for human
choice are dragged in, implying
another sociological melodrama,
and never successfully thrown out.
And a general overcast of senti-
mentality is created which further
obscures the point. In fact, it is
implied that the only alternative
to romanticism is a sort of plucky
sentimentality; the alternatives of
wisdom, fortitude and the other
virtues are seemingly discarded
without the attention due them
in a traditionally Christian fable.
The general effect is that of a
cynical plot battling a sentimental
tone to a gawky standstill about
halfway through thepicture,and
the whole project turns out a
A Place for Leadership
RECENT SUGGESTIONS that the Univer-
sity should not raise its entrance require-
ments are faulty in several areas.
True, the University need not boost its re-
quirements merely because Columbia College
recently hiked its standards, but to say that
the people of the state of Michigan should
determine the level of education offered at
the University is impractical.
MARIA CALLAS is an operatic institution.
She has fire, temperament, a voice and
acting ability, and these combine to make her
the biggest drawing card in opera today. After
her late rift with the Metropolitan Opera, she
has everything but a place to perform.
By her antics, which although colorful and
newsworthy, also tend to alienate general man-
agers, she has lost her place at two big houses.
the Met ant La Scala. Last year Vienna and
San Francisco discovered they were safer
without her services. All this has combined to
make Callas the biggest name in small opera
houses around the world.
Callas doesn't need the money; her husband
is a wealthy Italian industrialist. What she
does need is enough contract cancellations to
prove the point that she is not the prima
donna's prima donna. An artist of Callas' posi-
tion is entitled to some say in her performances
and an occasional temperamental outburst.
When carried to the extremes which Maria has
in the past few years, they combine to make
her a worse risk than she is a drawing card.
Italian street singers are always in demand
for tourist atmosphere-type jobs. Callas may
soon be the best of them all.
The level of education desirable and neces-
sary to furnish society with competent, well
trained, and well educated individuals should
be determined and fought for by the Univer-
sity. Of course, the University has an obligation
to the people of the state but to say the people
should determine the educational level ignores
the leadership role of the Universiy.
The University should take the initiative in
the effort to improve education and not mere-
ly sit back and wait for he people to lead.
The prediction that entrance requirements
will go up if the people of the state show an
unwillingness to provide the necessary finan-
cial support for additional facilities is ludi-
crous. Unwillingness to provide funds is a poor
way to indicate that a higher level of educa-
tion is desired.
But also, the University should lead state
high schools towards a higher standard of edu-
cation in order to prepare for better living
and working, the approximately 60 per cent
of high school graduates who never attend
college, as well as better preparation for ad-
vanced study for those who do.
MODERN HIGH SCHOOL students have a
choice of attending a myriad of higher
educational institutions, of high and low
standards, and this presents numerous diffi-
culties to providing academic initiative.
Another possibility is to work closely with
all state colleges and universities to develop
a more uniform standard which would force
high schools students to reach higher aca-
The University probably does not, at pres-
ent, need to raise its entrance requirements,
but in order to remain a leader among the
nation's institutions of higher learning should
keep this leadership role in mind and be alert
for possible changes in the future. V
W ASHINGTON - The political
future belongs so far as the
eye can see to the middle-roaders-
the quiet, reasonable men instead
of the angry and shouting men.
The American voters are plainly
tired of "give 'em hell" in politics,
of black-dyed villains and spotless
heroes. Call them conformist and
complacent. Or call them simply
more grown-up now. Whatever the
reason, the people no longer look
at political candidates and parties
as two frantically hostile rah-rah
alumni groups look at a college
Rather, the people put a cool
eye upon candidates and parties
and then make their decision on
this basis: Which fellow, and
which party. will be better for us
on the whole and most of the
time and taking everything into
THESE ARE the real lessons of
the recent Congressional cam-
paign, which has producedthe
largest Democratic majorities in
the Senate and House since the
Roosevelt New Deal. But these are
not New Deal majorities; at most,
their total complexion is moder-
How did the Democrats win so
largely? By having run a solid,
unspectacular, unbitter and sen-
sible show through two preceding
Democratic Congresses. By having
got the job done without howling
and baying at partisan moons. By
having made a record of true pro-
fessionalism under highly profes-
sional leaders - Senators Lyndon
B. Johnson in the Senate and
Speaker Sam Rayburn in the
What has happened in 1958
simply is an extension of what
happened in 1954 and again in
1956. In 1954 the Democrats took
Congress only two years after the
landslide Republican victory for
President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
In 1956 they again won Congress
while the people were giving Mr.
Eisenhower an even bigger re-
election victory-while he, too, was
THE WAY FOR all this was
prepared in Jan. 3, 1953, to be
precise. On that day, Senator
Johnson became the Senate Demo-
cratic leader. Two minutes later
he told his party caucus that he
was going to drop most of the old
partisanship. The way to win in
future, he declared in this private
meeting, simply was to do things
for most of the people-not to call
the other party bad names.
The Republicans, he observed,
had spent 16 years trying to come
back by shouting slogans against
Franklin D. Roosevelt, who was
manifestly more popular than any-
body they could offer. They should
have cut their losses early, he went
on: they should have forgotten
about Roosevelt and prepared an
affirmative program of their own,
THE DEMOCRATS, he said,
were going to forget about Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower. They
rtpaign Torchight Dies
By WILLIAM S. WHITE
he applied to politics. To this cor-
respondent he forecast long in
advance almost exactly what would
happen, and where, in the Con-
What did happen was an im-
mense rejection from coast to coast
of extremists and extremism. Gen-
erally left-wingers and right-
wingers alike were emphatically
* * *
SOME OF Johnson's more liberal
party associates, already angry
with him for "being too cozy,"
wanted to adopt the technique of
fight, fight, fight. Johnson replied:
''Leave that to the Republicans."
And so it was left to them. And
the Republicans, including Presi-
dent Eisenhower, went out to the
country crying epithets-"radical-
ism" and so on-that simply would,
not stick. The public knew that
the Democratic party that had so
moderately run two successive
Congresses had not now suddenly
emerged, bearded and with bombs
in hand, from some revolutionary
The one great Republican victor
in a national Democratic triumph,
Gov.-elect Nelson E. Rockefeller of
New York. knew the people's mood.
Not for him was the fight, fight,
fight. Indeed, it was his opponent,
Gov. Averell Harriman, who re-
jected the Johnson lines - and
Put the torchlights away in the
attic; sadly if you wish, for many
of us will find dull the new politics
of middle age. There will be no
more parades-not soon, anyway.
(Copyright, 1958, by United
Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
NOVEMBER 11, 1918:
'War To End All Wars' A Forgotten Myth
By TOM HENSHAW
Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
'"HIS," they said as they fought
the Kaiser, "is the war to end
It turned out to be the worst
forecast of the 20th Century.
World War I - "the war to end
all wars" - came to starry-eyed
official close 40 years ago next
To look back over four decades
to those hopeful days is to wonder
whether World War I ever really
ended at all.
The day the armistice was
signed in the railway car in Coin-
piegne, armistice was farthest
from the minds of the rival fac-
tions in one of the century's great
forgotten conflicts, the Russian
For nearly a year, Russian ar-
mies identified only as "Red" and
"White" had been marching and
countermarching, fighting and
killing, t_ length and breadth
ci that huge, confused land. They
kept right on fighting and some
war-weary Allied armies - Brit-
ish, French, American - joined
the conflict. Names like Wrangel,
Kolchak, Denikin, Trotsky be-
came familiar around the world.
The war ended in exhaustion with
the Red armies of the Bolsheviks
At the same time, the Bolshe-
vik forces were engaged in war-
fare against six neighboring na-
tions, five of them creations of
the chaos that followed the col-
lapse of Imperial Russia. The
battlegrounds were Lithuania,
Latvia, Estonia, Finland, Poland
* * *
BUT post-World War I fight-
ing wasn't confined to Europe.
Greece invaded its ancient foe,
Turkey, and it was two years be-
fore the Greeks were driven from
the Anatolian peninsula.
The Arabian peninsula erupted
in civil war with the house of Ibn
Saud arrayed against the Hash-
emites. The fighti'ng lasted seven
years and wound up with Saud in
command of a united Arabia.
The amir of Afghanistan chose
the year 1919 to declare war on
the British in India. He called the
whole thing off when he found he
had underestimated the opposi-
tion quite badly.
In the mid-1920s, Poland fought
Lithuania over a place called
Vilna and Greece invaded Bul-
garia in the climax of a long series
of frontier incidents.
Minor wats of the 1930s pitted
the South American nations of
Paraguay and Bolivia against each
other over a territory called the
Chaco and Saudi Arabia tested
its strength against Yemen.
On the whole, the wars that
immediately followed World War
I were of little importance. They
did little more than straighten
ut a few loose ends left by the big
* * *
IN THE 1930s, however, one
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Russia Shakes over Tests
could sense a change. The loose
ends had been cleaned up. The
lines now were being drawn for
what was to be World War II.
Japan invaded China in 1931
and the fighting was incorporated
into the greater World War II. It
didn't end until 1945.
Italy conquered Ethiopia and
the East African war all but de-
stroyed the League of Nations,
The League, once a bright hope
for international peace, declared
sanctions against Italy and failed
to make them stick.
Civil war broke out In Spain
and other nations used the Span-
ish battlefields as a testing
ground for their armies. Russian
troops fought with the Loyalists
and Germans and Italians with
Flush with victory in Ethiopia
and Spain, Italy overran Albania.
In a three-month winter war,
Russia vanquished little Finland.
Both were wars of maneuver for
position in a bigger conflict to
No one in a world grown wary
of panaceas made the prediction
that World War II was "the war
to end all wars" - and it wasn't.
Since that great conflict ended
In 1945 there have been two wars
in the Far East (the Indochina
and Korean Wars) and two in
the Middle East (the Israeli-Arab
and the Suez Wars.)
(Continued tram Page 3)
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By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
THE SOVIET UNION, by continuing nuclear
tests while negotiating for a cease-fire at
Geneva, is attempting to make people believe
she is forced into it by refusal of the allies to
accept an unconditional ban,
Clinging to her year-long position that she
RICHARD TAUB. Editor
MICHAEL KRAFJO JOHN WEICHER
Editorial Director City Editor
DALE CANTOR . .. Personnel Director
JEAN WILLOUGHBY ... Associate Editorial Director
BEATA JORGENSON . . Associate City Editor
ELIZABETH ERSKINE... Associate Personnel Director
ALAN JONES Sports Editor
CARL RISEMAN -SAc norts R or
will not accept international inspection of any
sort, she is attempting to save the remnants
of her propaganda campaign on this subject.
There are overwhelming indications that
Russia, trying to do a sword dance between
the blades of her desire to play on world fears
of atomic fallout and her need for continuing
her own development program, has cut herself.
The allied report of two more tests in Russia
indicate that she is still experimenting with
small weapons, a field in which she was be-
lieved to be far behind.
But Russia, knowing that the allies would
not initiate a war, is under no great pressure
on this point. She never lets anything interfere
with the political war to which she is far more
committed than to shooting war, which is be-
ing held strictly in reserve. If she wanted a
ban she could have it.
THE ALLIES recognized quickly at Geneva
that they had been caught in another So-
viet propaganda trap.
Having started the whole buAiness of dis-
s urope . O L W R