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November 02, 1958 - Image 11

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1958-11-02
Note:
This is a tabloid page

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

-Now, --w

A Viit ta Palnd

(Continued from Page 5)
those with the Tartars hundreds
of years ago has damaged it.
Krakow has preserved its old
business section as the center of
the modern city. Thus activity
still centers on the market square.
Krakow also contains Wawel
castle, where Polish kings and
poets are interred. The castle has1
a legend of its own, of a dragon'
which lived in a cave below it; it
is also a record of Polish archi-
tecture, sections having been built
in 16th, 17th and 18th centuries.
Outside Krakow are two "tour-
ist attractions" of a different
sort, the steel town Nowa Huta
and the concentration camp
Auschwitz.
NOWA HUTA, the "new mill" as
its name implies, employs 20,-
000 people and houses them all in
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new apartments directly outside
the industrial complex itself.
The latter is surrounded by
armed guards and a tall fence.
Inside, the equipment is impres-
;ive but bears Russian name-
plates. And the rolling mill in par-
ticular strikes the American visi-
tor as far too noisy and hot to
have been built with any great re-
,gard for worker welfare.
Auschwitz today, 13 years after
Sclosing, is only a neat series of
brick buildings surrounded by
more electric fencing than any
American is likely to have seen. It
is run by the Ministry of Culture
and Science.
Inside the buildings, one sees
showcases full of watches taken
by the Nazis from Polish Jews,
the signs say, and of hair cut from
women prisoners used for hairnets
or tailors' backing.
Thebbrick buildings, one is told,
were built for the benefit of the
Red Cross inspectors. The original
housing in which men slept like
animals is illustrated in their dis-
plays.
ADMITITEDLY, Auschwitz is not
the sort of tourist lure likely

Report

on

British

Higher

Edu

A Former University Student Finds it Excellent but with Faults
By LEWIS ENGMAN

NEW WARSAW GROWING-Poland's capital, 90 percent destroyed during the war, has been re-
built with many inexpensive apartment buildings which are admittedly less esthetic than necessary.
But many structures intended to be attractive, as the Party Headquarters on the left, are monoto-
nous because of Soviet style. Visitors and Poles alike indicate preference for streets (right) which
retain their prewar appearance.

to attract great numbers to Po- All the'
land from outside, and even beau- city haves
tiful Krakow is more appealing snow dam
to a Pole than to another Euro-
pean. . have tradi
But in the Tatra mountains of for the ho
the far South, Poland has a re- ist they wi
sort area in a class with those of leather br
the Pyrenees or even the Alps. flowers e
The Tatras are rugged mountains, and broad
whose slopes draw skiers by the These m
thousands. And these mountains climbing s
hold a culture all their own, typi- shaped lik
fied in the town of Zakopane. Their ap
FrankIv-even we are a

buildings in this little
steep roofs to minimize
rage, all the denizens
itional costumes which
lidays or for the tour-
ll gladly don. Men wear
eeches, black vests with
mbroidered upon them,
-brimmed hats.
nountaineers also carry
sticks with steel heads
e eagle's heads.
pearance is familiar to
mazed bV

:

it
works
to help
you
walk...

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Ripple Sole
Casual

the visitor who has first sampled
Polish fine arts in Poznan or
Warsaw - in the most famous
Polish opera, "Halka," the final
scenes take place in the moun-
tains, and performers dressed as
mountaineers sing and dance.
EVERYTHING in Poland has a
way of tying together; the vis-
itor takes a float trip down a river
near Zakopane- and his boatman
is dressed as a mountaineer. And
this mountaineer shows his guests
a cliff from which he says the
heroine of "Halka" jumped to her
death,
Perhaps the most wonderful as-
pect of the Tatras, howeer, is not
the town at their foot, or the river
nearby, but the mountains them-
selves.
Climbing up a steep valley be-
hind the first ridge, a party of
tourists finds itself atop the
"Sleeping Knight" which looms
high above Zakopane. And a
further hike takes the party along
the backbone of the whole range.
Looking down the other side, one
sees valleys which are sunliteven
when those in Poland are filled
with mist.
They look greener but are not,
for they lie in Czechoslovakia.
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HAVING SPENT a year as an
exchange student at the Uni-
versity of London, one returns to
the United States to find an avid
interest in British higher educa-E
tion
A brief description of some of
the mechanics of an English uni-
versity will provide a general basis
of reference with which to con-
sider the British approach to
higher education. Indirectly it
might create a broader perspec-
tive with which to view American
education.
Founded in the early nineteenth
century, the University of London
was conceived as an institution
teaching all subjects and open to
all people. It did not discriminate
against nonconformist Protes-
tants, Roman Catholics, or Jews-
three groups which were either
not permitted to enter or to gradu-
ate from the other English uni-
versities.
Throughout the years its facul-
ties have achieved the excellence
associated with British higher
education and today a student en-
rollment of over 20,000 crowds
through the large group of its
affiliated schools and colleges.
UNIVERSITY College and the
London School of Economics
are two of these constituent units.
Operating under the general ad-
ministration and regulations of
the University, each offers its own
courses of instruction and awards
its own degrees.
University College, the more
comprehensive, offers a wide range
of departments in separate facul-
ties of general arts, science, en-
gineering, medicine and laws. The
lectures, classes and seminars of
the London School of Economics
are more specialized, dealing pri-
marily with social studies and law.
As is generally the case in Britain,
it is usually expected the bache-
lor's degree will be obtained in
three years.
Admission is based principally
upon a group of General Certifi-
cate of Education (GCE) exami-
nations which normally is taken
upon the completion of a student's
secondary education.
In most cases five subjects must
be passed, two of which must be
at an advanced level. The subjects
must be chosen from an approved
list which includes English litera-
ture, history, economics, logic,
pure and applied mathematics,
chemistry, physics, geology, bot-
any, zoology and a number of
languages.
There are restrictions against
Lewis Engman, a graduate of
the University in June, 1957,
studied last year at the Univer-
sity of London.

unmistakable

Ioo0
of
luxury

Examination papers are gradedt
in three general categories. Most
students receive "passes" of
"thirds;" a large number obtain
"seconds" which are divided into
upper" and "lower" divisions: a
handful are able to attain the
distinction of a "first."
THESE ARE some of the basic
mechanics and structural as-
pects of British higher education
today. Comparisons between the
educational systems of two coun-
tries are dangerous and apt to be
misleading, but a few general ob-
servations might be made.
One of the fundamental prin-
ciples of American education is
universality, a belief that equal

SENATE HOUSE-Presently the tallest structure in London, the
administrative building for the University of London was built
after the war. The old was destroyed during the war.
the combination of certain over- I work has some connection with

lapping subjects. Specific courses
of instruction entail special re-]
quirements. Entrants into the Fac-
ulty of Arts at University College,
for example, must include two
languages other than English, one+
of which must be a classical lan-
guage.
HAVING BEEN admitted to a{
university, the British under-
graduate has far greater spe-
cialized training than that which
faces his American counterpart.
It is assumed that he has already
received what is generally called a
broad, liberal education; his three
years are filled with work in his
chosen field together with a few
courses in related areas.
The academic year at the Uni-
versity of London consists of three
ten week terms between the first
of October and the first of July.
These are separated by a five
week vacation at Christmas and
one of six weeks in the spring.
These vacation bonanzas are
not all that they might appear,
however. Students are advised
that they should spend consider-
able time during their vacation in
private reading and revision.
Paid vacation employment is
definitely discouraged; it is re-
commended only when it will be
of value for some special reason,
for example, when the type of

the student's degree course or pro-
posed career.
IT CAN BE SEEN from this that
the student is not expected to
contribute much financially to his
own education. There is a na-
tional program of scholarships
with vast provisions as an ac-
cepted part of Britain's welfare
state.
Families are asked to contribute
according to their ability to do so,
but the governmental grants are
designed to cover at least basic
expenses for most students.
The size of lecture classes varies
as it does in the United States and
it is not uncommon for introduc-
tory courses to have enrollments
of over one hundred. Professors
are easily accessible, occasionally
inviting small groups of students
to their homes in the evenings.
Examinations take place in late
June; there are no exams in each
subject at the end of each term.
In fact, the work of the entire
first two years is often examined
in a "Part I" test at the end of
the second year, although an un-
official exam may be given earlier
to give the first year student a
guide to his progress. The award-
ing of a degree is based upon
satisfactory completion of the
"Part 11" examination given at
the end of the third year of study.

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