See Page 4
Sixtyi-Eighlt Years of Editorial Freedom
PARTLY CLOUDY, COOL
VOL. ]LIX No. 3 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1958[FIVE CENTS
Gen. Ayub Emerges as Strong Man,
New Martial Law Cabinet Sworn In
KARACHI, Pakistan - President Iskander Mirza stepped aside
last night and, as expected, Gen. Mohammed Ayub Khan emerged as
Pakistan's strong man.
Mirza said he was handing over all powers to General Ayub.
He quit only a few hours after a new martial law cabinet was
sworn in with General Ayub as premier.
Mirza and General Ayub have been ruling with a two-man revo-
lutionary government since Mirza junked the constitution and dis-
solved the National Assembly Oct. 7.
General Ayub, the British-trained army chief, actually motivated
the seizure of power. After Mirza ousted the old government of
A committee composed of three
administrators and the Student
Government Council will discuss
the Sigma Kappa issue in a meet-
ing following the regular SGC
meeting tomorrow evening, it was
The committee, appointed by
the Board in Review of Student
Government Council, will consider
the recent Council decision which
found Sigma Kappa sorority in
violation of University regulations
in the Council room of the Stu-'
dent Activities Building.
Dean of Women Deborah Bacon,
Dean of Men Walter B. Rea and
Vice-President for Student Affairs
James A. Lewis will be the ad-!
Assistant Literary College Dean'
James A. Robertson originally sug-
gested the "joint discussion" at the
Board meeting of Oct. 16. It had
been expected that the Boaid
itself would render a verdict as
to the legitimacy of the Council.
Robertson explained that he ad-
vocated the joint talks because he
wanted to avoid making the issue
one of administration opinion
versus Council opinion.
In a letter to the Council, Lewis
had said that Sigma Kappa no
longer violated University rules so
far as the Dean of Women's Of-
fice was concerned.
Miss Bacon said at the review
board meeting that the Lewis'
letter represented administrative
policy which the council must fol-
On New Plan
By MARY STATON
Premier Firoz Khan Noon, report-
ers --in Mirza's presence - gave
this account of his role in the
"We both came to the conclu-
sion that the country was going
to the dogs. I said to the Presi-
dent, 'Are you going to act or
By NAN MARKEL
A student referendum at Har-
vard University Thursday firmly
supported Harvard's withdrawal
from the National Students Asso-
ciation by a margin of 132 to 839,
The vote followed two weeks of
debate during which many cam-
pus leaders came out openly in
favor of NSA and against the Stu-
dent Council's withdrawal from
President of Harvard's Council
Marc E. Leland had criticized the
students' organization because it
"never got around to discussing
the problems of Harvard." He
said, "The representatives do not
represent the views of their stu-
dent bodies and are therefore not
qualified to vote on their behalf
on national or political issues."
Furthermore, resolutions passed
by delegates were generally devoid
of substance and fact, he asserted.
Richard P. Beck, a Harvard stu-
dent and administrative assistant
to the NSA's international affairs
vice-president, accused the Stu-
dent Council of acting "irration-
ally" and without consideration of
He charged Harvard's voting
delegates with "lack of prepara-
tion and good judgment" at the
recent NSA congresses. He also
claimed that the Council "mis-
represented" several functions and
services of the organization in
their consideration of its worth.
Repercussions from Harvard's
action won't be very extensive,
Student Government C o u n c i11
president Maynard Goldman, '59,
and Jo Hardee, '59, former NSA
"Viewpoint." Miss Hardee ex
plained "and a sense of identifi-
cation with the national student
are the biggest things to be got-
ten out of the organization. You
can get awfully chauvinistic just
sitting at your own school, not
having much contact with other
Many people don't realize that
the climate of interests at Har-
vard is different, she said. They
may tend to look for more in the
withdrawal than it actually
She added that "so many people
want a gimmick, They want to
come back from a national con-
ference with the answer, with
something to bring 'joy' to the
Some schools say they don't get
much out of NSA, But when a
school sends the leaders of its or-
ganizations, the feeling filters
down, she pointed out. A way of
thinking comes back,
FOR NATIONALIZED PROPERTY:
Vote on opeC
"1 1 i'Co
on Called Essentiall
By JAM,3ES SEDER
company which were outside of
To esu eFai compensation for national- E
ized property, such as in the Suez Situation Similar
situation, is essential, so that in- The situation, he said, of a coun-
VATICAN CITY (') - The vestors will continue to funnel' ThiEytongino ay--
princes of the Roman Catholic much needed capital into debtor by like Egypt comining toZsay-
Church were deadlocked last night countries, Prof. Igneay Seidl-Ho-l h aria cour seinga to cl
to Pope Pius XI?.rf ed-ohnedno h Company held in Aerica would
full dys of balloProf. Seidl- ohenUvelden of the be somewhat analogous-although
Two full days of ballotmg m law school of the Austrian Univer- less extreme-to a foreign agent
the deep secrecy of the Sistine sity of Saarbrucker explained the coming into this country and kill-
Chapel had failed to resolve the Suez Canal Company owned prop- ing a former citizen of that coun-
issue. The 51 cardinals participat- erty outside of Egypt: a hotel try.
ing presumably had completed chain in Prance and part interest Then, if he were caught, plead.
eight ballots, in a chain of hotels in Florida. ing that he was a legal hangman
There is little question that the When Egypt nationalized the of his native country and that he
cardinals were trying last night Canal, they had no way that they was merely acting in the normal
to compose their difficulties, so could control the assets of the course of his duties, Prof. Seidl-
that one of their number can Hohenvelden doubted "if an Amer-
muster the 35 votes necessary for e ican jury would be very impressed
the election of a new supreme OLwith such a plea."
pontiff. Assets Outside Egypt
The cardinals try again today.#
Time is important to them in 0 Can Thus after nationalization,
several respects. Many of them are uiostes Egypt had possession of the most
aged and some are infirm. For valuable asset of the Company, but
these, the conclave must be a the Company still had control of
hardship. Dan Belin, '59, Executive Vice- some of its assets.
In addition, a long, drawn-out President of Student Government The final settlement was that
conclave can hardly be considered Council, announced last night he Egypt would pay the market value
disirable by the Church. Except for is not seeking re-election to the of the stock of the Company minus
1922, when it took four days and Council. the value of property of the Con-
14 ballots to elect Pius XI, con- Incumbent Sue Rockne, '60, an- pany which was outside Egypt.
claves in recent church history nounced her candidacy yesterday, "According to a resolution of the
have been relatively brief. while Kenneth Stuart, '60, Roger General Assembly of the United
Persistent rumors circulated yes- Levy, '60E, and Brian Higgins, '60, Nations passed in 1952,"h Prof.
teraytha a laston cadialtook out petitions. Seidl-Hohenlvelden said, "the right
terday that at least one cardinal ok upttin of nations to nationalize strategic
is gravely ill inside the Vatican A total of 10 students have re- property held by foreigners was
conclave area. turned their petitions with 350, affirmed."
The reports said medicines had signatures. The United States attempted to
been requested for Nicola Cardinal They are Ronald Bassey, '61, amend the motion so that it stated
Canali, 84-year-old Italian-born David Carpenter, '61, Irwin Dinn, that the owners of nationalized
pro-dean the College of Cardinals, '61, John Garland, '60, Ron Gregg, property were fully compensated,
who has a heart ailment. '60, Charles Kozoll, '60, Paul Lich- but this motion was defeated, he
At the Vatican press room, ter, '60, Jerry Manning, '60, Elmer explained. India proposed a com-
newsmen were told officials had Prueske, '60, and Richard Sims, promise motion, which was
not been able to confirm the re- '61, adopted, that added to the original
ports. A member of Cardinal Re c e njJy-appointed Council motion a principle which seemed;
Canali's personal staff said there member Robert Alan Haber, '60, to mean approximately the same
had been no request to him to Roger Mahey, '61, Christine Para- thing, but was "weaker."
send anything special to the schos, '61SM, and Higgins, Levy It added to the motion that a
cardinal, and Stuart have yet not returned nationalizing nation "must take
petitions. The deadline for filing in account the free flow of cur-
+, j tbrem is 5 p.m. today. rency."
U Students Council President Maynard Protection Emphasized
Goldman, '59, has not announced Prof. Seidl-Hohenvelden empha-
I " ye -,his candidacy. Incumbents must sized that protection of the equity
... takes control
are you not going to act? It is
your responsibility to bring about
a change, and if you do not, which
heaven forbid, we shall force a
Mirza had said two days after
he canceled the constitution that
he had no intention of remaining
Last night he gave these two
reasons for stepping out:
Any semblance of dual control
is likely to hamper the effective
performance of the immense task
of evolving an effective structureM
for the future administration ofj
"An unfortunate impressionM
exists in the minds of a great
many people, both at home and
abroad, that Gen. Ayub and I mayI
not always act in unison, Such an
impression, I cannot help feeling,
if allowed to continue, would be
most damaging to our cause."
SH it b C Cars also file petitions by 5 p m. but
need not collect signatures.
Council member Lois Wurster,
Two University students were '60. has said she will not run
injured in separate auto accidents again.
and taken to the University Hos- In announcing his decision not
pital Sunday. to run, Belin listed "pressing aca-
Boyd G. Conrad, '61, was hit'by demic demands" as the primary
a car while crossing a city street reason he is not running. He said
at about 1:30 a.m. Sunday. He he no longer feels the Council is
of foreign investors was essential
to the debtor countries as well as
to the creditor nations. He ex-
plained that foreign capital was
essential to some of these debtor
But if there was serious question1
about the safety of these invest-a
ments, the conservative banking
concerns would not invest their
money in that country.
And the country would be forced
to resort to"sharp operators" who
might do the country more harm
than good, he noted.
The Swiss government and a
A crowd-packed Ann Arbor Mirza wished General Ayub and
council chamber heard discussions his colleagues good luck.
by members of City Council last General Ayub. in a statement to
night at a specially called City reporters, said "the decision con-
Council meeting which moved the tained in Miraz's declaration was
tentative urban renewal plan for- taken in the larger interests of
ward into the question of finance, our country,"
The plan, however, as drawn up "I would like to emphasize that
by members of the Plan Standards this change will in no way effecti
Committee, drew a letter of oppo- my policies," he added.
sition from the North Central General Ayub said machinery
Property Owners Association, for carrying out the administra-
Council merely recorded the let- tion of the country for the imme-
ter which charged that the plans diate future already has been set
which were submitted by the Plan up and would start functioning
Standards Committee for adoption shortly.
were "not representative of the
people because the composition TOLLAs TO LECi
of the committee is undeniably T
A msolution authorizing the city C om m u mI
administration to hire Williamj
White as appraiser for urban re-
newal property was approved by ByKTLE OR 1
the council under the tentative By KATHLEEN MOORE
plan. His personal sufferings in a
Guy C. Larcom. city administra- Communist prison camp induced
tor, emphasized before the Council him to protest to the world,'
that the urban renewal plan is through the medium of poetry,
basically one of "rehabilitation" the brutality of the Communist
and that under this plan the fed- regime in Hungary, Tibor Tollas
eral government will give a maxi- said yesterday.
mum of $911.000 for use in the Tollas will speak of his prison
project, whereas, if the project camp experiences and the meth-
were to be carried out on the local ods by which his poetry was writ-
level only, no federal aid would ten at. 8 p.m. today in the Rack-
be forthcoming. ham Amphitheatre. His lecture is
Better Financing being sponsored by the Interna-
More adequate financing is avail- tional Students Associataion.
able under the urban renewal plan.a;Now literary editor of the Hun-
Without urban rentwal, Laroom garian freedom fighters' Vienna-
explained, it would be necessary published newspaper, Guardian of
for the owner to pay for the tear- Freedom, Tollas was imprisonedj
ing down of his own home. if it in 1947, hter fnn i nnn an d ov
was taken to the hospital with
}possible fractured skull and in-
ternal injuries.He was reported to
be in good condition late yester-
City police report that he wasj
struck by a car moving north on
Forest Ave. driven by Patrick J.
Tobin. '61. The officers said that
Conrad was hit as he walked out
between a line of parked cars.
Tobin was not held by the police.
Less than 15 minutes later,
Robert F. Whelan, '60, suffered a
greatly jeopardized by possible ac-
tion of the SGC Board in Review
in considering the Council's deci-
sion on Sigma Kappa.
Five seats are open for the Nov. f
11 and 12 all-campus voting.
IT (,P-The polio epi-
Detroit has claimed 21
one new case was re-
esterday, bringing the
al in the city to 617.
Bagwell Proposes Plan
F or Educational Benefits
In the same period a year ago possible fractured arm when his Republican candidate for governor Paul Bagwell called yesterday
there were 172 cases and two car was hit by another car. The
deaths. Wayne County outside De- other car was driven, according to for an expansion of the community college program as a fair, low-Cost
troit has had 189 cases and one the police, by Thomas L. Gray. method of providing higher education for everyone.
death this year. Gra% was ticketed for a stop light Bagwell also stressed the increased salaries and other benefits for.
The new death was disclosed violationI Michigan teachers of kindergarten through college. A plan providing
following an autopsy on a 32-year- Whelan was released from the special bonuses for veteran teachers was proposed by Bagwell. He said,
old man who died Sept. 8. hospital Sunday. these teachers aren't now paid in proportion to their devotion to
teaching. Bagwell wrote his an-
URE- aswers to state educational prob-
U lems in the most recent of his
"bluebook" series, where he has
been discussing state campaign
ass -If-utaity P~rftod cA-%s ssues.
st Brutaty Produces Poetry The office of StateS.rit.
dent of Public Instruction should
3, a be removed from politics, Bagwell
hunger, suffering and torture he A collection of the poems wr'it- said. It is" mproper" he said, that
and thousands of other Hungar- ten by the prisoners has been pub- a trained educator and adminis-
ians endured and are enduring at lished in Hungarian and trans- trator should be subjected to the
the hands of the Communist re- lated into German, Spanish and pressures of politics."
gime in their country. Russian, with an English transla- Bagwell said there was a need
The literary movement support- tion to be relea sed soon. for a long range educational plan-
ing Hungary's fight for freedom Tollas said the translation into ning program so that educators
began In the prison camps and Russian was sinIficant to the and parents will be assured of the
underground movements, he said. Hungarian freedom movement. t.te's educational development.
He and fellow prisoners band- Many Russians liv'ing in Hun- Revision of the tax structure is
ed together during their imprison- gary were sympathetic to the nIcessary, Bagwell said. He pre-
ment, he continued, to write of cause at the time of the revolt, he dicted a "new and broader" tax
the condition of the camps and said, and translation of the vol- bsis for education would result
to translate into Hungarian, by ume bears this out, he continued. from tax studies now underway,
memory, thelassic poetic works Bagwell said he would judge the
of the world.y Hedescribed instances during
Writing Severely Punished the revolt in wh'i:chR ussian Sol- a eomnain ' h ai
The work had to be done in diers were convinced by the free- f meet public needs, siability of
I ~~~~~~~d fsiters of the authenticity metpbinedsbltyo
secret, writinwith bits of pen- dfmtheirtcasoe ahd foughtiint 'tiure income, and the degree to
cils b hwritIn hea n ofhte usearnd fout n the m n .
r oils ~~ ~~~~~~~~bought within the caimp and l.- -threomnaisit-
Prof. Ignay Seidl-Hohenvelden
... discusses Suez
group of German bankers have
come up with a proposal for the
settlement of compensation prob-
lems in nationalizations problems,
The Swiss plan might be too
vague and German too specific, he
continued, "but I understand that
several compromise proposals are
now being formulated," Prof.
By LANE VANDERSLICE
The American public was warned
again yesterday of an impending
serious shortage of college teach-
ers-but were given practical sug-
gestions for easing the shortage.
The warning-and the sugges-
tions - were from the Carnegie
Foundation for the Advancement
The foundation said the best
hope at the moment is to strength-
en "marginal producers"-gradu-
ate schools already started but not
yet major producers of graduate
The foundation also called for
increased efforts from bigger grad-
Utilize Education School
Despite these efforts, the foun-
dation said, increased use would
have to be made of education and
business school graduates and in-
dividuals with less than a doctor-
American colleges were told that
probably only one fifth the num-
ber of PhD.'s needed to maintain
present teaching standards would
enter college teaching between
1954 and 1970.
The committee said the number
of faculty members holding the
PhD degree would decline from the
present 41 per cent to about 20
per cent by 1970.
Students Will Come
"Great numbers of youngsters
will flood into our colleges and
universities whether we are pre-
pared or not," the foundation
warned. "These youngsters will be
taught - taught well or taught
badly," the foundation said.
The foundation predicted most
of the doctorates produced would
go to leading universities or a
select few liberal arts colleges,
The less influential universities,
most of the liberal arts colleges
and all of the junior colleges will
have to turn elsewhere, the foun-
Some observers predict within a
couple of decades the graduate
school will be no longer the dom-
inant factor producing teachers,
The foundation said it could
not determine how far the gradu-
ate schools should go in meeting
the pressure of numbers.
Yesterday Ann Arbor police
were still investigating a football
Weather in Straits
Causes Air Drop
Of Island Provisions
TAIPEI (91-Communist Chinese
guns shelled the Quemoy Islands
sporadically early today, but first
reports did not say whether the
Reds lived up to their pledge to
I exempt areas where supplies are
The Nationalist defense minis-
try said the Red artillery barrage
against the Nationalist offshore
islands resumed at 9 a.m.
The Nationalists announced,
meanwhile, that In the aix-day
period before the start of the new
Red cease-fire Sunday, Communist
shells killed 19 offshore Island
civilians, wounded 11 others and
destroyed 233 homes.
Under the rules of their cease-
fire, the Reds shoot anywhere on
odd-numbered days. But on even
numbered days they do not fire
at Quemoy areas where supplies
Sunday was the first even-num-
bered day and none of the light
Communist barrages hit supply
landing areas. Yesterday, an odd-
numbered day of the month, was
open season, but the firing was
The Nationalists declined to say
whether they are going along with
the Red game on supplying the
Quemoys. Nationalist military
headquarters said supply plan#
"cannot be disclosed."
But it is known no supply shipS
have gone to Quemoy since the
Reds broke their full-scale cease-
fire eight days ago. The reason
given for this is bad weather 14
Supplies have reached the island,
however, by air. One Nationalist
plane defied yesterday's odd-day
firing and presumably landed safe
ly on Quemoy.
From midnight to nightfall yes,
terday, the Reds lobbed in 34*
shells on the offshore islands The
Nationalist defense ministery made
no mention of any damage or
whether Nationalist gunners fired
(EDITOR' NOTE: Thisis the xt
in a series of 10 articles writtep by
rer. Arthur W. iroae of tba %I.
?CTrsity's Political science deparilut,"
for the assoiated Press on the qua" s
tion of calling a Constitutional Coa-
ventlon. That issue will appw V -,
the Nov. 4 ballot)
By ARTHUR W. BROMAG
None of the issues awaiting
constitutional convention is more
turbulent than legislative appor-
Delegates to any convention
that the Michigan voters may Qa
in November would scarcely over-
turn the bicameral two-house se
How they would distribute the
seats in thu two houses-bypop-
ulation or area or both- is some-
thing else. The fear in alterin th
present distribution ithat
Detroit area, might get a contrOle
The weighting of people a'
area in the scale of representation
is an old problem. If people alon
are to be represented, the rule fs
one man, one vote, and the dis-
tricts drawn to elect leglalatorm
need to be as equal as possible in
If area as such is to be repre-
sented, at least in the lower or
in the upper house, it is because
thinly settled districts need spe-
In 1952, when Michigan arrived
at its present apportionment, the
issue of area vs. people was a bone