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October 08, 1958 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1958-10-08

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"They're Not Going Through With It"

EL7 mir14-gau tiI
Sixty-Ninth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. 0 ANN ARBOR, MICH. " Phone NO 2-3241

Wu Jen Opinions Are Free
Truth WIUl PrevaiU

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1958

NIGHT EDITOR: PHILIP MUNCK

N~N
1

Nuclear Test Suspension Decision
Made in Public Opinion Vacuum

ALABAMA,
M~aRryR.
AWAITS
~AMERIC
1(}

BOLSHOI BALLET:
Ulanova Enchants
In Excerpts from 'Giselle'

FOR THE UNITED STATES, October .31 will
be a very important day in the battle of
nerves which has characterized the American-
Soviet race toward weapons superiority.
On that day, the United States plans to
invoke a, three-fold plan to the testing of
nuclear weapons. The ban will begin the same
day that American and Soviet representatives
start disarmament conferences in Geneva.
The second phase of the ban involves an
indefinite continuation if the Soviet Union
maintains the ban until the Spring of 1959.
However, as the third part of the American plan
states, the United States will maintain the test-
ing ban during the coming year whether or
not any results emerge 7rom the talks.
To a wide cross-section of groups connected
with phases of nuclear development, both in
military and civilian areas of research, the
suspension marks the submission of the United
States governments to the demands of neutral-
ist groups in this country and abroad.'
BY AND LARGE, the group objecting to the
test suspension are right. Relentless efforts
by these pressure groups were finally effective,
but 'it was only the continuing silence of the
American public which allowed anti-weapons
testers to achieve their goal.Certain groups,
realizing the significance of an American stop-
page, attempted to arouse public interest, but
were met with a wall of silence.
The apathy increased when affairs became
quite dangerous for the Nationalist forces of
Quemoy and Matsu and it probably was deep-
ened when the Yankees and graves began their
fight for baseball supremacy.
For the American public has failed to realize
or chosen to ignore certain important factors
that will accompany test suspension. When the
United States stops testing its nuclear weapons,
it will have to temporarily or permanently dis-
band highly integrated and efficient test groups.

I

Halting tests now will also necessitate suspend-
ing all plans for future tests.
But by far the most serious situation that
will occur' is that the slight advantage the
United States now holds will probably vanish.
The demands for revising and modernizing the
nuclear weaponsprogram will have to be left
in lieu of an American commitment to halt
tests.
Doubtless, the Soviet Union will continue
charges that the United States is violating the
ban by holding secret tests. The Russians
may also demand the complete destruction of
out nuclear weapons stockpile as a further sign
of our good will. But in these situations they
will now hold a psychological and actual ad-
vantage in the "battle of conflicting ideologies."
The far reaching effect of this ban may
show itself in the not-too-distant future when
the Communist advantages will be felt in the
fringe areas of Europe and Asia. Their ability
to press on with further demands and miscon-
strue our true'intentions to the underdeveloped
countries is also a real danger to our shaky
position in the "world popularity poll."
PUBLIC OPINION in -the United States has
accounted for more than a few of our presi-
dents, for more than a few of the miscarriages
of justices. But the lack of it has also been
noted when government officials look for a con-
sensus of opinion to guide decisions and are
met with blank looks, popular ignorance and
indifference.
The latter has predominated in more situa-
tions which have proven to be of great conse-
quence to this country. The general public may
sometime in the future look at the government's
decision and wonder why.
But they have only to look to their own in-
difference to find the answer.
-CHARLES KOZOLL

THE MATCHLESS dancing of
Galina Ulanova as "Giselle,"
highlights the London-filmed per-
formance of "The Bolshoi Ballet,"
currently showing at the Campus
theatre. The film includes most
of the two acts of "Giselle" per-
formed at Covent Garden before
Queen Elizabeth, as well as ex-
cerpts from six other ballets of
widely varying appeal, but it is
above all Ulanova that dominates
the film and the company.
It is indeed rare to find a bal-
lerina who combines aflawless
technique with such powerful ex-
pressiveness. Ulanova's interpre-
tation of the peasant girl, Giselle,
is the projection of a completely
lyrical personality and not simply
a series of lyrical movements.
"Giselle" epitomizes the classical
ballet, with its love story of a
prince and a peasant, its pagentry
of the prince's hunting party,
the sylph-like Wilis maidens in
the moonlit wood, and the florid
music. But Ulanova overcomes the
threat of banality with every ges-
ture. Her gaiety while coyly flirt-
ing with the Prince, is never
forced, the power of her mad
scene never degenerates into
bathos.
* * *
ONE particularly memorable
moment occurs while Giselle is
dancing with the prince, and sud-

denly feels faint. The prince is
immediately solicitous but Giselle
puts him off with a simple shrug
and facial expression which so
much as says, "Don't worry, .I'm
all right." Such moments exem-
plify the perfect expressiveness of
her gestures, and make it diffi-
cult to isolate the ballerina's mere
technique. We can see this same
expressiveness even more poign-
antly in the excerpt of Ulanova
dancing "The Dying Swan."
The longest of the excerpts in,
the rest of the film, is the "Wal-
purgisnacht" from "Faust." The
Bolshoi dancers have captured
well the uninhibited gaiety of the
bacchanalia, but the impact is
hindered by some rather fuzzy
photography. The same is true in
one of the other tantalizing frag-
ments, "The Dance of the Tar-
tars," in which the distance of the
camera from the stage prevents
'us from fully appreciating the
vigor and near savagery of the
colorful saber dances.
These excerpts as well as the
"Spanish Dance" point up the
drawbacks of filmed ballet. The
lack of that immediacy necessary
for the appreciation of ballet is
usually so pronounced that we
cannot help but feel we are get-
ting a second-hand view of some-
thing first rate.
-Beverly Gingold

t

SUPREME COURT:
High Bench Vacancy.
Stirs Nation's Judges.

Copyright. 95, h Pter P lshin Co.
NOTE: Bill Mauldin of the St. Louis-Post-Dispatch is temporarily substituting for
Herblock who is absent because of a death in his family.)

(EDITOR'S

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Apathy, Adams SGC Draw Comment

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Quemoy Negligile
%yB WALTER LIPPMANN

THE MOVE MADE by the Chinese Conimu-
nists, which is to order a cease-fire at
Quemoy for seven days, is a spectacular re-
minder that the game at Quemoy is' primarily
political, and that the Peiping government,
which holds the high cards in the offshore is-
lands, knows how to play them skilfully.
Since they hold the military initiative at
Quemoy, they can turn on the bombardment
or turn it off, as if it were a water tap. By turn-
ing off the bombardment without waiting to
negotiate a cease-fire, they have put Chiang
in the position where he can hardly refuse to
supply the garrison and civilians on Quemoy,
yet must do that only as a favor granted to
him by Peiping. This is, and no doubt this is
intended to be, a very dramatic way of demon-
strating to the Chinese on Formesa that Red
China is militarily predominant in the area of
the offshore islands.
The Communist gambit became possible
when Mr. Dulles acknowledged publicly that
the United States would not carry the war to
the mainland in order to raise the artillery
blockade of Quemoy. The real issue here is not
always well understood in this country. All the
talk about "defending" Quemoy and about not
"retreating" has contained a large dose of
naivette in view of the real attitude taken by
the Administration. What we have been grit-
ting our teeth and clenching our fists about
was the decision to defend the island against
an invasion. There are no indications that the
Red Chinese have intended to invade the is-
land. Our declarations ahd defiance have never
meant, however that we would defend Quemoy
against the bombardment itself - that we
would authorize Chiang to lead us into an
aerial strike against the artillery positions in-
Fukien Province.
THE FACT of the matter is that the Presi-
dent and Mr. Dulles have been willing to
accept the bombardment of Quemoy and to
answer it only by measures to run the blockade.
Their decision not to make war against the
mainland gave the Red Chinese the initiative
at Quemoy. It is this initiative which Peiping
is now exploiting politically.
The political objective of the Communists is
to convince the Chinese in Formosa that their
future lies with the mainland and not in con-
tinuing to be a client of the United States. The
cease-fire, which they have just instituted, is
accompanied by an offer to negotiate with
Chiang about a settlement of the offshore is-
lands. It is probably implied in the statement
that Peiping wishes to negotiate with the Unit-
ed States at Warsaweabout the specifically
Chinese-American issues,
The offer to Chiang follows closely upon, and
Editorial Staff

is no doubt related to, what was said by Presi-
dent Eisenhower and Mr. Dulles at their press
conferences last week. They said a lot. They
knocked out the idpa that Chiang will return
to the mainland, and in doing this they de-
stroyed the fiction that he is in truth the legiti-
mate government of China. For a sovereign who
has no hope of governing is like a king who has
lost his throne. Peiping has been quick to point
out to Chiang and to the Chinese on Formosa
that their choice is between exile in Formosa
and a deal with the mainland.
THIS DOES NOT mean that there will soon
be a deal between the two Chinese factions.
There will be much maneuvering, no doubt,
both publicly and privately. But it does mean
that the ground has been prepared and the
seeds have been planted for a Chinese deal.
This should surprise no one. It has long been
most probable that as we were playing the
game with Chiang, the end would be a deal in
which we would be left on the outside.
The fatal error of our policy nas been refusal
to see that the military threat to Formosa was
negligible, given our indisputable command of
the sea-but that Formosa could not be saved
from absorption by the mainland if we staked
everything on Chiang. Without a policy disen-
gaged from Chiang and designed to maintain
some kind of autonomy, in Formosa after he
departs, we have no tenable policy of our own.
We are tied to Chiang and what happens to
our interests will be determined by Chiang or
his successors.
OUR MISLEADING PREOCCUPATION with
the military defense of Formosa has been
and is a grave handicap to lucid thinking in
this field. The President, for example, has no
legal authority to use American power in Que-
moy except as he can say with a good con-
science that what happens at Quemoy is related
to the military defense of Formosa. Mr. Dulles
tried for a while to construct a legal position
for him. The President was to say that al-
though Chiang had "foolishly" locked up so
many troops in Quemoy, Chiang would be lost
if the troops surrendered. Therefore the United
States must prove its courage and its resolution,
no matter how negligible and foolish the rea-
son which occasioned it.
As for the United States having to prove its
courage, or to lose all its friends, I would say
that what we do about Quemoy is a test of the
courage of the United States only if we an-
nounce to the world that we regard it as a test
of our courage. The world knows that we have
fought three big wars in the past fifty years
and the world, friendly, hostile and neutral
will have no doubt about the courage of this
country.
Otherwise, the problem of Quemoy is a prac-
tical problem which could and should be treat-
ed not as if we stood at Armageddon but coolly,
calmly, and with common sense. Quemoy is not
like Berlin any more than it is like London,

Apathy?, ,
To the Editor:
DOES Mr. Michael Kraft sug-
gest, (Sunday, Oct. 5) that
successful big time football is in-
compatible with outstanding aca-
demic achievement? Nonsense!
May I refer Mr. Kraft's attention
to the history of his own Univer-
sity.
Apathy does exist in Ann Arbor,
Mr. Kraft - toward football as
well as the "more serious things,
such as revolt." This is deplorable
but it would seem to me that a
bolder, more imaginative Michi-
gan Daily editorial policy could
certainly contribute more toward
shocking us all out of our lethar-
gy than tearing down the stadium.
-Harry D. Hutchinson
Adams .. .
To the Editor:
JAMES SEDER should know
that there is little parallel be-
tween Adams and Oppenheimer.
Adams is just a "politician"
who has contributed nothing to
civilization. Oppenheimer is a rel-
nowned scholar, the Director of
The Institute of Advanced Science
and the "father" of the A-Bomb.
Adams interceded for a friend be-
fore a Federal regulatory agency.
This friend had lavished thous-
ands of dollars in gifts on him.
Oppenheimer merely carried - a
personal and scholarly relation-
ship with scholars - a relation-
ship that began many Years be-
fore the advent of the A-bomb. In
any era, Adams' conduct would
have been charitably referred to
as "imprudent." Only in the "Mc-
Carthy era" would politically
minded people call Oppenheimer
"imprudent."
The American people were right

in venting their fury on Adams.
Except for a few politicians, the
American people did not vent
their fury on Oppenheimer. Amer-
icans will always be grateful to
Oppenheimer for his great con-
tribution to our country.
-David Gordon
Sigma Kappa .
To the Editor:
WITHOUT a lot of senseless
repetition I should like to
comment on some of the points
brought out last night in the de-
bate on the Sigma Kappa "issue."
1: It was not a Greek-Indepen-
dent contest. There were approxi-
mately as many affiliates who
voted "No" as there 'were who
voted "Yes," so this thorny ques-
tion may be discarded at once.
2. One speaker listed several al-
ternatives open to Alpha Mu of
Sigma Kappa and stated that
there were many more that could
have been taken by the local chap-
ter to rectify the discrimination
and "bad faith" questions. The
Alpha Mu chapter, a little more
than one-seventieth of the nation-
al organization, did everything in
its power to put itself and the
National in the good graces of the
University of Michigan, and was
successful in having their National
Convntion (the supreme body of
SigmP. Kappa government, whose
decisions are the guiding principles
of the national officers in the per-
iod between their conventions)
pass a resolution which proved
their good faith. This is proof of
the good faith of the National;
even if it does not coincide with
the personal desires of the national
officers "'they must abide by it.
There was nothing else Sigma
Kappa could have done, and yet
now they stand guilty of being in

"bad faith." Would a pint of blood
from each chapter have helped?
3. The arguments were bogged
down in the manner 'of most argu-
ments, on the meaning of words,
in this case "policy." Perhaps SGC
in handing down its original deci-
sion so many months ago should
have submitted a clear definition
of the word "policy." They might
also have studied a definition of
"good faith." Like so many rash
assumptions they made, several
SGC members seem to have also
assumed that the meaning of the
word "policy" is universal.
4. The last point that impressed
me was brought out by Scott
Chrysler. The Student Government
Council has placed itself by inter-
ference as the Supreme Govern-
ing Council of the collective uni-
versities and colleges of the United
States, Canada, and in fact every-
where there is a local unit of an
organization also represented at
Michigan. I believe a descriptive
word in this case would be "mega-
lomania." It seems foolish to me
that SGC could honestly make its
decision stick.
Has it ever occurred to SGC that
the apathy they preach so right-
eously against may be nothing
more than passive resistance?.Has
it ever occurred to them that they
have violated (now that we are in-
volved in idealism) one of the
mainstays of Anglo-Saxon ideal-
ism; that of open-mindedness, of
compromise, of non-dogmatism.
The spectacle last night reminded
me of a United Nations Security
Council debate. I suppose this train
of thought could go on forever.
The one thought that haunts me
is that the real losers in the inte-
gration-discrimination question
are the really innocent people, the
American Negro, and anyone who
disagrees with SGC.
-Ellie Davis, '59LSA

By ARTHUR EDSON
Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
WASHINGTON (R) -When Jus-
tice Harold Hitz Burton an-
nounced that he was retiring from
the Supreme Court next Monday,
at least 650 judicial ears must have
pricked up hopefully at the news.
These ears belong to 325 Federal
judges who undoubtedly said to
themselves:
"Let's fasten the old seat belt,
just in case. This could be it."
And countless lawyers, great and
small, also must have faint twinges
of hope today. For even though the
court has been under fierce attack
of late, here's a chance to sit in
while history is being made-and
the pay is $35,000 a year, for life.
Well, it wasn't always thus.
George Washington had a terri-
ble time getting leading men to
serve on the court. John Jay prob-
ably is a good example. He was the
first Chief Justice, but he quit,
saying he didn't think the Court
ever would amount to much. The
judicial structure had fatal flaws,
Jay said, running for the nearest
exit.
* * *
TIME and John Marshall, the
great Chief Justice who served for
34 years, changed all that. When
Marshall had finished his judicial
business, the court was firmly es-
tablished as a top dog in our
federal system.
Maybe you've wondered how
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
goes about naming a judge. The
man who helps him with the pick-

preme Court justices. Although
the first court had but six mem-
bers, Washington had so much
trouble getting them to hang
around that during his eight
years he wound up naming 10, all
we hope, of universal esteem and
much approved practitioners.
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibiity. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 98, 1958
VOL. LXIX, NO. 19
General Notices
The next "Flu Shot" clinic for stu.
dents, staff and employees will be held
in Room 58 (basement) of the Health
Service, Thursday, Oct. 9, only. Hours
are 8:00-11:30 a.m. and 1:00-4:30 p.m.
Proceed directly to basement, fill out
forms, pay fee ($1.00) and receive in.
jection. Arrangements are being made
for a later date when persons who have
received the first "shot" may receive
a second. The next "Polio Shot" cline
for students will be held in the same
room Thursday, Oct. 23. The hour and
procedures are the same as abo'e for
"Flu."
International Center'Tea: Thurs., Oct.
9, 4:30-6:00 p.m. at the International
Center.
. University Directory: All additions
and corrections for listings already sent
in must be received in the University
Directory office, 113 Admin. Bldg., by
Mon., Oct. 13. For further information,
call Florenc, Boyd, ext. 2152.
Engineering Freshmen Assembly: Class
Meeting for election of Class Board
Members and Officers, Thurs., Oct. 9,
7:00 p~m., Trueblood Aud.
Blue Cross Group Hospitalization,
Medical and Surgical Service Programs
for staff members will be ope4, from
Oct. 6 through Oct..17 for new applica-
tions and changes in contracts now in
effect. Staff members who wish to in-
clude surgical and medical services
should make such changes in the Per-
sonnel Office, Ioom 1020, Admin Bldg.
New applications and changes will be
effective Dec. 5 with the first pay-
roll deduction on Nov. 30. After Oct.
17 no new applications or changes cat
be accepted until Oct. 1959.
Agenda, Student Government Council
Oct. 8, 1958, Council Room 7:30 p.m.
Minutes previous meeting.
Officer reports: President: Letters,
Board in Review, Council vacancy; vice
President (exec.) Air Flight, motion to
delegate to Union J-Hop appointment
to committee; Vice-President (admin.)
Credentials Committtee, NSA Tours,
delegate to League, appropriation $50;
Treasurer: Budget, NSA report, Cham-
ber of Commece. "
Cinema Guild.
Standing Committees: National and
International: WUS report, Travel con.
ference; Public Relations: Speakers Bu-
reau, Council publication, recommenda.
tion; Education and Student Welfare:
Course evaluation, Education prospect-
us; Student Activities Committee, Re-
quest for recognition, Canada House,
Petitioning dates; Activities: Home-
coming, Friday night event, calendar-
ing and approval Canada House, out-
ing to Montreal, India Student Associa-
tion, discussion Yoga philosophy, Oct.
12, Union Conference Room, 3 p.m.
Elections, report.
Old business: Tabled motion, SoC
review; Tabled motions, Recommenda-
tions II-A, vII-B from Evaluation
Committee on Internal Structure and
organization (Vol. '2, p. 127), II-A to
form a Campus Relations Committee,
vII-B Little SGC meetings.
New Business: Board in Control In-

WOULD CLEAR SUBSTANDARD HOUSING:'
Urban Renewal Faces Opposition

By PHILIP MUNCK
Daily Staff Writer
IF CIVIL WAR breaks out in Ann
Arbor in the next ten years it
may well be over the subject of
urban renewal.
At the present time the City is
contemplating (indeed is embark-
ing on) an urban renewal project.
In its simplest explanation, the
project is one where a sub-stand-
ard section of a city is rebuilt
with mostly federal money.
* * *
BUT HERE the complexities
begin.
In the first place the people of
the area must want urban renew-
al. Each family whose sub-stand-
ard home is razed must be pro-
vided with adequate housing in
some other section of town -
either permanently or until the
project is completed.
And here, basically, is where
the resistance in Ann Arbor to
urban renewal lies.

residents of the area who are op-
posed to the project invariably
mention relocation as an objec-
tion.
There are families who just do
not want to move out of the area
no matter what kind of prepara-
tions are made for them. These
are primarily families who have
been settled there for a long time
and are reluctant to leave their
accustomed surroundings.
Then there are families who be-
lieve that they will just be moved
into the cold and left to fend for
themselves. These apparently are
the uninformed or those who
have been persuaded to think this
way by others who are opposed for
different reasons.
* * *
BIGGEST opposition seems to
come from people who are not
residents of the area and do not
even own property there. These
evidently are men who might be
interested in land speculation in

ban renewal in Ann Arbor has
been attributed to these outside
'ources.
The problem reaches its final
complexity in meeting govern-
ment requirements for the
project.
* * *
BASICALLY the financing calls
for the government to pay for
two-thirds of the cost of construc-
tion plus the cost of planning; the
City pays the other third.
To get approval from the Home
and House Financing Adminis-
tration, the City must have drawn
up complete plans for the project
and have them approved. Then
they must submit an adequate fi-
nancing program to show that
the City can actually pay its share
of the costs.
And, of course, the relocation
problem must be settled to the
satisfaction of all concerned. If
three people in Ann Arbor's proj-
ect cannot be satisfactorily taken

JUSTICE BURTON
*.. into retirement

ing, Atty. Gen. William Rogers,
has an explanation of how the
ticklish job is done.
Rogers made the explanation,
while he was Deputy Attorney
General, to a regional meeting of
the American Bar Association in
Denver:
1. The man must be an out-.
standing lawyer and a leader. in
his community.
2. He should be moderately
young and fairly frisky.
3. If the vacancy is in one of
the higher courts, judges on lower
courts merit special consideration.
4. The recommendations of the
Bar Association carry considerable
weight.
Ro ersidn'a+ sa. ffth

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