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September 24, 1958 - Image 8

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1958-09-24

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE MICIGAN DAILY

mmittee Asks School Efficiency
aeducational institutions

State

1. " 9 )

VISITS COLLEGES-
Asian Universities Face
Three Goals: Henderson

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were told early in June they need
to make more effective use of in-
structional facilities by a legis-
lative study committee.
In its ninth study report, the
Legislative study committee on
Higher Education headed by John
Dale Russell said Michigan col-
leges must improve their space
utilization in preparation for the
hordes of students that are pre-
paring to descend on state schools
in the next few decades.
It did tell Michigan educational
institutions, however, that they
are using their facilities "far be-
yond the average level of utiliza-
tion found in colleges and univer-
sities generally."

"'no one with a realistic view"
could foresee an immediate start
on the program.
The committee said that space
utilization can be improvedmby
using available facilities more
often. A University group, the
University Calendar Committee,
working concurrently on the
problem from a local angle has
come up with some of the same
recommendations.
The average classroom is used
62 per cent of a 5: day work
week, but averages range from 37
per cent at the Soo brianch of
Michigan Tech to 69 per cent at
Wayne State University and Fer-
ris Institute. The University
classroom utilization in 1956 was
59.9.
Make Recommendations
The legislative committee rec-
ommended:
1) Scheduling more classes at'
hours unpopular with students -
such as 8 a.m. and 4 p.m., Fiday
afternoon and Saturday morning
- and shortening vacations.
2) Making better use of facili-
ties during the summer by put-
ting schools on a year-around'
academic basis.
3) Looking into the possibility
of lengthening some classes from

the standard one hour to 1% or
two hours.
4) Giving more individual ini-
tiative work to the student for
some courses, requiring less class-
room attendance.
5) Reappraising tle necessity
for the present volume of labora-
tory courses, which require three
times as much floor space as
classrooms.

I., . _ .-1 - "

Attendance to Triple
The reason for the committee's
suggestion: By 1975 Michigan in-
stitutions are expected to have
three times the number of stu-
dents that were attending school
last fall. This would be approxi-
mately 429,000 students.
To maintain the current per
student investment in college f.a-
cilities and keep up with grow-
ing enrollment, Michigan must
spend a billion dollars on college
construction in the next 18 years.
Cdmpletion of the program
would require a 59 million dollar
outlay in each of the 18 years-a
sum that would allow nothing for
replacement of present buildings
and equipment as they become
outworn and obsolete.
In view of the state's economic
troubles, it acknowledged that
Local College
Called Solution,
The community college is a1
large part of the answer to the1
s t a t e's overwhelming education1
problem in the future, Gov. Men-
nen Williams said Monday night.-
"It is much ceaper for the tax-i
payers," Williams said, "than the
expansion of big universities-andl
it is much cheaper for the parents
because the students can live at
home."a
Speaking at a Democratic sup-
per, Williams urged'that the size
of the present commu ty college
systemi be douhed from 15 to 30.
units, within the coming 10 years.4

Centralize Scheduling
6) Setting up a centralized class
scheduling system so that when
one department is not using a
classroom it may be allocated to
another.
7) Reappraising the need for
small classes in some courses.
"The Legislature quite properly
should insist on good utilization
of present classrooms and labora-
tories in an institution before
funds are provided for further
construction of instructional fa-
cilities," the committee said.
But it warned:
"The determination of need,
based on utilization data, should
not be made by means of the ap-
plication of some inflexible stand-
ard or formula enforced alike on
all institutions."

Universities of Asia are faced
with five fresh goals according to
Prof. Algo D. Henderson of the
education school.
After visiting universities in
seven Asian countries while on
sabbatical leave last year, he said
that the five goals were: 1) to
retrieve the riches of their cul-
ture, 2) to sift the best wisdom
from the experiences of East and
West, 3) to adapt for their own
uses the best available means of
raising their standards of living,
4) to prepare their young people
for occupations that will combine
the earning of bread with the
building of a new social order, and
5) to prepare their youth to ful-
fill the responsibilities of their
newly oriented citizenship.
Characteristics Retained
Prof. Henderson reports that.
Asian universities retain several
characteristics of higher educa-
tion that have been basic in Euro-
pean tradition, such as admitting
students only in limited numbers,
examinations to determine who
should receive degrees, emphasiz-
ing classical and theoretical ma-
terials and ignoring or segregat-
ing the applied arts and sciences,
and setting the professor up as
an authority who lectures on his
subject without participation by
students.
Prof. Henderson says that the
bane of the university system in
Asia is the failure of the graduate
to get a job. "It is estimated in
Japan that 25 per .cent of college
graduates are without Jobs, and
in India the rate must be as high.
The proportion of college men
who turn to Communism for its
promise to cure the ills of society
is -large," he said.
"When pinned down, the Indian
and Japanese educators state that
it is the arts students who become
the unemployed. Actually there is
a shortage of qualified people in

the various technical fields. Stu-
dents do not get a balanced edu-
cation and those in the arts are
educated with neither orientation
nor preparation for jobs," he con-
tinued.
Weakness Cited
Prof. Henderson feels that an-
other weakness of the Asian uni-
versity is the almost exclusive use
of the lecture system in teach-
ing. "Intercommunication between
teacher and student is a cardinal
principle of learning, but in Asia
there is little of this. The profes-
sor lives in a world apart," he
said.
"Plants, laboratory materials
and books are required beyond the
ability to supply them. Obviously,
the training received by those ad-
mitted cannot be as complete as
might be desired," Prof. Hender-
son remarked.
U.S. SENATOR JACOB
JAVITS
TOMORROW NIGHT
in,
RACKHAM AUD.
8:30 P.M.

I

Art Association Plans Exhibits
For 50th Ann Arbor Season

Subscribe to The Michigan Daily

The Ann Arbor Art Association
is planning five major art exhibi-
tions for the 1958-1959 season.
This coming season will mark
the association's 50th anniversary.
The exhibits will be held in the
galleries of the Rackham Building.
The first, which will be in Octo-
ber, will be the Octet, comprising
the works of eight different ar-
tists. The Christmas Sale Show
will be held in November, followed
by the Semi-Centennial Exhibition
in January.
Next March the 36th Annual
Exhibit of the Ann Arbor Art As-
sociation will be on display. The
Ann Arbor Youth Exhibit will be
held in May, featuring works se-
lected from those of Ann Arbor
school children.
In addition to these exhibits,
the association plans to have three
exhibits at the public library, a

U

monthly show at a local restau-
rant and continuous exhibits in
the council room of. Ann Arbor
city hall.
A county-wide orgnization, the
association has both artist and
non-artist members and is open
to anyone who wishes to join.
ID's Required
On Saturday
Students who do not have iden-
tification cards will not be able to
use student tickets to attend the
football game Saturday.
The deadline for ordering iden-
tification cards to be ready before
the weekend is 3 p.m. tomorrow.
Students should see Sarah H.
MacArthur, 2011 Student Activi-
ties Building to pick up, have cor-
rections-3 made or have pictures
taken for the cards.

Everything

you've

been looking for

in an Extra-Curricular Activity

_-
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1 01

THEu

I0

STi

FF

11I

Mi Key Mc Higan
says

U.S. SENATOR JACOB
JAVITS
speaks
THURSDAY NIGHT
8:30
at RACKHAM AUD.

]Plan Enlarged
Il ini Union
Plans have been announced to
double in, size the 17-year-old Il-
lini Union Building at the Univer-
sity of Illinois to meet the uni-
versity's present' and future en-
rollment growth.
The estimated cost of the addi-
tion to the building, which serves
as the community center and i
front door of the campus, is $5,-
000,000. No tax money will be used
for the addition, as it is one of
four buildings to be financed by
a $14,500,000 loan to be repaid by
fees from students once the build-
ings are in use.

university inter-arts magazine

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