OF SPACE RACE
fee Page 4
Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXIX, No. 100
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1959
Prime Minister Asks Nations
To Help Redue Danger of War
MOSCOW ()-As a guest of the Kremlin, British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan last night challenged the statesmen of the world
to reduce the danger of war that might arise through "miscalculation
The first British Prime Minister to visit Moscow since the war,
Macmillan arrived on the stroke of noon wearing a light grey fur hat
that delighted the Russians, and sporting a sense of humor that may
h ;ve confused his hosts.
He and British Foreign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd are here for 10X
days of talks they hope will reduce world tensions. But Macmillan
WASHINGTON (A>) - United
_ States officials look forward to
a Washington visit by British
Prime Minister Harold Mac-
millan about mid-March to re-
port on his 10-day visit to
Moscow which started yester-
No special arrangements have
yet been named in Washington
and no specific. date has been
set, officials said. But they added
they expect Macmillan to come
to Washington after visiting
Paris and Bonn.
By FRED KATZ
and BILL ZOLLA
Special to The Daily
EVANSTON - Time ran out on
Michigan's injury-ridden but in-
spired basketball team last night
and, despite their brililant come-
back attempt, the Wolverines
dropped a fast-moving 87-84 Big
. Ten clash with Northwestern.
Forced to play without play-
maker-guard Terry Miller, the
Wolverines couldn't cope with the
Wildcats' fast break as they lost
their fifth Conference game.
The def eat, coupled with
league-leading Michigan State's
win over Purdue, eliminated Mich-
igan from.further contention for
the Big Ten crown. The Wolver-
ines dropped to .500 with a 5-5
record and fell another notch
from the fourth-place position
they had occupied at game time.
To Meet Wisconsin
+ Michigan hosts cellar-dweller
Wisconsin tomorrow evening at
Yost Field House.
The Wolverines 'trailed by as
many, as 15 points early in the
second half when the hosts took
a commanding 57-42 lead. And
although George Lee, John Tid-
well,-and M. C. Burton took turns
in keeping the deficit from in-
creasing, Northwestern also kept
S up the fast-scoring pace and was
still ahead, 83-72, with less than
four minutes remaining.
Then Michigan's great triple-
scoring threat narrowed the count
to thiee, 83-80, on four consecu-
tive buckets, including two made
after the Wolverines' full-court
press went into effect. But this
was as close as they were to get.
With less than a minute left,
the Wildcats' phil Warren in-
creased the lead to five. Burton
came back with two more points,
See BURTON, Page 7
WASHINGTON (M - An attack
:aimed °at scuttling an anti-dis-
crimination committee headed by
Vice-President Richard M. Nixon
appears to be shaping up in Con-
The group, called the Committee
on Government Contracts, has the
assignment of trying to prevent
racial discrimination in the hiring
policies of government contractors.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
established the committee several
years ago by executive order. As
part of his civil rights program,
he asked Congress to give it legal
The Senate Republican Leader,
Everett Dirksen of Illinois, said
yesterday such opposition has de-
veloped he now doubts the Senate
Judiciary Committee will approve
President Eisenhower's request.
Sen. Dirksen said in an inter-
view he has been told southern
*made it clear to Soviet Premier
Nikita Khrushchev at the very
outset that he brought no particu-
lar subject, such as the Berlin
crisis, on which he wanted to ne-
A Kremlin palace dinner cli-
maxed his first day in Moscow.
The text of his address there was
released in advance.
He said Britain did not fear
acts of calculated aggression "and
I hope that you do not."
In this day and age, he added,
"such aggression between the great
powers, at least, would be suicidal
"At the same time it is impos-
iible to hide from ourselves the
danger of a war by miscalculation
or muddle. That, indeed, would be
a calamity for us all."
Then he issued the challenge:
"In such circumstances it is the
duty of statesmen to see if it is
possible to establish some basis of
confidence or treaty or in some
other way to reduce this danger
I do iot pretend that this is
an easy task, but nevertheless let
us attempt it."
"Meanwhile, let us and other
governments try to avoid haz-
No Longer Reality
He also used the Kremlin as a
forum for defending British col-
He called imperialism "an epi-
sode. in history," and "no longer a
"We in Britain still have de-
pendent territories overseas. I say
nothing about the manner in
which these territories were ac-
quired - that is a matter of past
"But just as you regard the
methods by which the Czarist
government extended the princi-
pality of Moscow into the Russian
Empire as fortunate in their re-
sults, we do not feel that our
dependent territories need regret
their British connection."
TEHRAN ()-"I am sure our
regime will survive to attend the
funeral of many other regimes,"
the Shah of Iran said yesterday.
That was his reaction to Soviet
propaganda assertions that Shah
is unpopular in his- own country.
Moscow broadcasts have hinted he
may share the fate of Iraq's King
Faisal, slain in last July's military
Will Sign Pact
The Shah's remarks came at a
news conference at which he an-
nounced Iran will sign a military
pact with the United States de-
spite threats from the Soviet Un-
ion, Iran's powerful northern
The ruler of Iran emphasized
the pact is defensive and the mili-
tary agreement will be invoked
only if his country is attacked.
' As for Soviet charges that Iran
might be converted into a plat-
form for an attack on the Soviet
Union, the Shah said he will grant
no foreign country the right to
erect missile bases here. For that
matter, no one has asked for such
bases, he added.
Once again the Shah said Iran
will continue a peaceful policy and
is willing to maintain friendly
relations with all its neighbors.
A foreign ministry spokesman
told newsmen Iran will not sever
diplomatic relations with the So-
viet Union in spite of the violence
of the propaganda campaign.
The campaign had lapsed until.
negotiations between Iran and the
Soviet Union on a nonaggression
pact collapsed earlier this month.
... speaks to Russians
WASHINGTON (MP)-The Army
Chief of Staff says the United
States has all the strength neces-
sary .to resist force in Berlin "if
we are willing to mobilize it and
do so in time."
"Mobilize the entire nation?"
asked Sen. Russell B. Long (D-
"Yes," replied Gen. Maxwell D.
Taylor at a secret hearing on Feb.
2. "You cannot play around in this
business unless you have a lot of
blue chips in your pocket. This is
unlimited poker." /
The exchange was included in
testimony made public last night
by the Senate Disarmament Sub-
Sen. Long, questioning Taylor
about Western ability to maintain
its position in West Berlin, re-
ferred back to earlier testimony
that Soviet block conventional
forces greatly outnumber those of
the West and said:
No Extra Chips
"But I heard you make'the
statement a moment ago that as
it stands now, you do not have any
blue chips to give away."
Taylor replied that "we do not,
with standing forces," but "we
have a mobilization base, in proved
reserve forces, and so on." This
was an apparent reference to re-
serve and guard forces in addition
to the Army's own regular divi-
Sen. Long brought up the crisis
created by the Soviet Union's call
for removal of foreign troops from
Berlin by May 27, saying:
"It seems to me that there are
a number of situations that are
likely to arise where the Soviets
can seek military solutions. Ber-
lin is the easiest example.
"Once a military solution to this
question becomes necessary, we
don't have the conventional forces
to follow through with."
It was at this point that Taylor
replied "we have all the strength
that is necessary if we are willing
to mobilize it and do so in time."
Rebel Council Forced
To Abandon City Hall
PANAMA ()-A municipal re-
volt in this capital apparently
collapsed yesterday under vigorous
strokes by the national govern-
The government named a city
council to supplant a rebel council
and sent armed troops to city hall
in a show of force,
The revolutionary junta, its
selected council, including chair-
man Carlos Enoch Adames and
about 80 supporters, filed out of
city hall under the watchful eyes
of the troops.
Had Held Out
The Junta had held out in city
hall since seizing it Wednesday.
The junta demanded the ouster of
the 15-man council elected in 1956,
accusing it of mishandling city
funds. The ,uprising won a partial
victory, because the elected council
stepped aside pending investiga-
The rebels tried to keep the
flame of revolt burning. The junta
marched down the street and was
joined by a leaderless band of
several hundred demonstrators
who had made a half-hearted at-
tempt to push through the troop
Three blocksadown the street,
they stopped at a plaza for an
impromptu rally. Guillermo Mar-
quez Briceno, chairman of the
junta, admitted "this is the begin-
ning of the end" as he addressed
Cut Off Radio
Marquez Briceno said the main
reason the junta decided to quit
city hall was because the troops
had cut off the radio the rebel
leaders had been using to summon
the people to their support.
Taking a page from the Cuban
revolution Marquez Briceno told
the rally the "18th of February
movement" had been born. He
showed a red and green armband
as an insignia of the movement.
Marquez Briceno said he had
hoped to turn the movement into
an uprising against the national
government. He and others blamed
this failure on what they termed
the defection of radio commenta-
tor Ramon Pereira, who launched
the movement Wednesday.
A proposal for the University of
Texas to drop its membership in
the National Students' Association
was introduced to the Texas Stu-
dent Assembly recently.
The action follows the recent
withdrawal of Harvard University
from the NSA.
According to local NSA commit-
tee members, the proposal is a
result of primarily structural mat-
ters-increasingly poor communi-
cation between the natonal office
and the University of Texas, a
rebellion on the part of the local
committee against "busy work,"
and some philosophical disagree-
ment with the tone and procedure
of the national congress itself.
Opinion on the matter is not'
unanimous. The Daily Texan is
against the move since vital con-
tact with other American schools
through NSA would be "junked
WASHINGTON (P) -Sen. John
L. McClellan (D-Ark.) said yester-
day phonograph record manufac-
turers would be justified in refus-
ing to sell to outfits that supply
gangster - ridden jukebox opera-
McClellan, chairman of the
Senate rackets investigating com-
mittee, told newsmen that if such
action could be termed a boycott,
he thinks it would be a legitimate
McClellan's comments were
prompted by testimony about the
operations of the Lormar Dis-
tributing Company of Chicago,
described by committee counsel
Robert F. Kennedy as , gangster-
To Probe Further
The committee plans to explore
the company's activities further
when it resumes public hearings
Tuesday in a widespread investiga-
tion of the extent to which mob-
sters and shady union officials
have muscled in on the jukebox
McClellan said the committee
intends to wind up the Chicago
phase of the investigation with
two more days of hearings. Then
it will recess for 10 days or two
A staff investigator testified
Friday that Chicago jukebox oper-
ators have to pay more than $100,-
000 a year to maintain peace in
the industry and keep from losing
the locations for their machines.
To Call English
. One of the witnesses to be called
next week is Charles English, de-
scribed by the committee as owner
of the Lormar company.
Kennedy said English will be
questioned, among other things,
about testimony that the company
last year distributed counterfeit
records to jukebox operators at
These reproductions are stamp
ed with counterfeit labels of the
original record manufacturers,
Kennedy said, and no royalty pay-
ments are made on them.
The committee was told that the
Lormar company began distribut-
ing counterfeit records after in-
timidating jukebox operators into
buying its records for five cents
apiece above the price charged by
To Give Talk
John Crowe Ransom, Prof.
Emeritus of English at Kenyon
College, will speak on "Religion
and Poetry" tomorrow at 4:10 p.m.
in Rackham Auditorium.1
The lecture is sponsored by the
Committee on Studies in Religion
and the English department.
ELLIS A. WUNSCH WILLIAM K. McINALLY
...from Traverse City ... from Jackson
WIN IN LAST EVENT:
I llini Trackmen Edge
wolverines in Thriller
By JIM BENAGH
Special to The Daily
CHAMPAIGN-George Kerr scored a tiring double victory in the
quarter- and half-mile runs, then came from behind to anchor the
final mile relay team to the decisive triumph as Illinois' track team
nipped Michigan, 642/2-58,/2 here yesterday afternoon.
Kerr, a junior from Jamaica, had to outdo a brilliant final leg in
the relay by Tony Seth-second to Kerr in an earlier thrilling 880 duel.
But the Illini star, who had a :46.10
quarter last summer, left no doubt
as he, sped through his 440 in an
unofficial :47.8 to end what both
coaches-Leo Johnson of Illinois
and Don Canham of Michigan-
agreed was the finest meet in their
eight years of opposition.'
The Illini quartet was clocked
at 3:15.7 - almost two 'seconds
better than a Big Ten team had
ever recorded. Michigan's four-
some of Bryan Gibson, Don Chal-
fant, Marsh Dickerson, and Seth
had a 3:16.1, also well under Ohio
State's Conference best of 3:17.3
Kerr,'s leg of the relay came
after Chalf ant and Dickerson,
Michigan's second and third man
respectively, had gained and held
a three yard margin for Seth. The
Wolverinq held Kerr off until the
final turn, but the latter blazed
down the stretch to win' by three
The Illinois runner won the 440
in :49.0, and set a school, dual and
fieldhouse mark with a 1:52 half
mile. Seth was a close second in
that run at 1:52.4 and Michigan's
Fred Montour placed third in
Three Marks Fall
Kerr's half mile record was only
one of four dual meet marks to
fall. Tom Robinson's school record
of :30.6 in the 300-yd. dash, Les
Bird's 24'9%" broad jump and, of
course, the mile relay, were the
Robinson's triumph in the 300
bettered the former Michigan
best, held by Bob Ufer (1943),
Bob Brown (1956), and Robinson
(last week) at :31.4. Robinson
See ILLINOIS, Page 7
CAIRO (AP) - President Gamal
Abdul Nasser, with President Tito
of Yugoslavia beside him, yester-
day angrily denied there is any
rift between the United Arab Re-
public and the Soviet Union.
He said Soviet Premier Nikita
Khrushchev has promised to stay
out of the internal affairs of the
In a speech celebrating the first
anniversary of the Syrian-Egyp-
tian merger, Nasser disclosed an
exchange of letters with Khrush-
chev. He said the letters reaf-
firmed their mutual friendship
despite Nasser's internal anti-
Nasser told a crowd of 100,000
in Republic Square he had sent a
letter to Khrushchev so that "im-
perialists will not be able to sow
dissension between us."
He said Khrushchev's reply ar-
rived Friday and reaffirmed his
solidarity and friendship, despite
the ideological differences between
the two countries.
"There is an ideological differ-
ence between us and Russia," Nas-
ser said. "Every country has its
special social system and its spe-
cial ideology. That is why I talked
frankly and sent a personal mes-
sage to Khrushchev."
At the same time Nasser re-
iterated a U.A.R. policy of 'neu-
"Some people say we are pro-
east, others say pro-west," Nasser
added. "But they forget there is
an Arab republic and an Arab na-
Nasser assailed the Western
press for reports he said asserted
Russia might put pressure on the
UA.R. by withholding arms, stop-
ping economic aid or refusing to
implement the Aswan Dam project.
FT. BRAGG, N. C. (I)--An army
surgeon voiced encouragement
yesterday for Gen. George C.
Marshall in his > fight against a
second stroke complicated by
Col. George M. Powell said un-
less the 78-year-old retired sol-
dier-statesman suffers another
stroke "he has a better than 50-50
chance of getting through this.
Before, I didn't feel this way."
Col. Powell said Gen. Marshall
For Education Post
In Grand Rapids
By JAMES SEDER
Special to The Daily
GRAND RAPIDS-William Mc.
Inally and Ellis Wunsch were nom-;
inated here yesterday as the Dem-
ocratic candidates for the two
Regents' posts at stake in the April
Superintendant of Public In-
struction Lynn Bartlett, ex-officio
member of the Board of Regents,
was renominated for a second two.
year term. He was unopposed.
Wunsch is a Traverse City school
teacher and apple-grower. He is a
former Fulbright scholar-at the
Sorbonne in :Paris. Mcnally is
chairman of the board of the Na-
tional Bank of Jackson. (His cam-
paign was run by Joe Collins, '58,
former president of Student Gov-
The other two participants in
the four-man race for the two
Regents' nominations were James
Hoff and Dr. Ira McCoy. Both
withdrew from the race after the
voting had been completed, but
before the votes had been tallied.
The convention passed, by ac-
clamation, a resolution commeid-
ing Governor G. Mennen Williams
"without reservation to the na-
tion as the man most qualified to
lead the Democratic Party to vic-
tory nationally in 1960."
Urged No Increase
A resolution saying the party
urged that there be "no increase
either directly or -indirectly, of
student fees and, if possible, a re-
duction of such rates for at least
the first two years of college," was
Mrs. Mildred Jeffrey, chairman
of the resolutions committee, said
that reference to "noi ncrease
directly, or indirectly, of student
fees" meant that party opposes
the Bowerman bill. The Bowerman
bill would require students to
pledge $45 a semester, payable
after graduation, as security for a
state bond issue to finance a build-
ing program for state-supported
colleges and universities.
She added that any reduction in
tuition would be dependant on a
satisfactory resolution of the
state's financial problems.
The convention also approved
Gov. Williams' budget and tax
proposals now before the Legisla-
ture, and loudly applauded the
Governor's attack on the Republi-
Calls "Sullen Sulkers"
Calling the Republicans a bunch
of "sullen sulkers," Gov. Williams
criticized their proposal of a one-
cent increase in the sales tax as a
"soak the poor" proposal.
State Central Committee Chair-
man Neil Staebler was re-elected
to that post. Grace Marckwardt,
wife of University Professor Albert
Marckwardt of the English de-
partment, was elected to the Dem-
ocratic State Central Committee.
Foot To Seek
NICOSIA (M)-British Gov. Sir
Hugh Foot returned to Cyprus last
night and said he is working on
practical steps to end the emer-
gency that has gripped the island
for four years.
Foot said he would make an-
nouncements "from time to time
as various steps toward finishing
with 'the emergency go quickly
He also appealed for help from
the islanders to put Cyprus--virtu-
ally bankrupt from four years of
civil strife-back on its feet.
"We have a wonderful task of
establishing a self-governing. in-
450 MEN SIGN UP:
Spring Fraternity Rush Begins Today
Slightly more than 450 under-
graduate men will begin spring
rushing from 2 to 5 p.m. and from
7 to 9:30 p.m. today with a series
of open houses.
Although presently this year's
total is approximately 150 lower
than last year, sign up for spring
rush does not close until Wednes-
day. It is expected that at least
500 men will have signed up at.
that time, Howard Nack, '59BAd.,
Interfraternity Council rushing
Anyone may rush today who has'
not yet signed up. However, Nack
added, one cannot pledge unless
he has signed up.
Men may sign up from 9 a.m. to
noon and from 1 to 4 p.m. at the l