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May 13, 1959 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-05-13

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NO 2-3136
While a thrill thirsty nation sinned and
ginned-he built the crime syndicate we
still fight today.

Fernando Calls Revolutions
In Asia Political, Religious

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"The present Asian revolution
is comparable to the American
revolution in that the Asians are
attempting to gain freedom, jus-
tice and order," Celestine Fernan-
do said yesterday in his lecture on
"The Asian Revolution-A Case of
Christian Carelessness?"
Aside from being a social and
economic revolution (few Asians
earn over sixty dollars a year), it
is also one of political and reli-
gious revolt. The country is chief-
ly concerned with building up re-
ligious institutions and gaining
political power.
The Asian people are greatly
influenced by Communist and
Fascist philosophies as well as
Christian doctrines. Both types
spell out their policies in the name
of democracy, and the Asians
must choose which definition they
will accept, he said.
Although the Christians com-
Sociolo ist
To Lecture
John A. Clausen, chief of the
Laboratory of Socioenvironmental
Studies at the National Institute
of Mental Health, Bethesda, Md.,
will lecture on "Research Strate-
gem in the Sociology of Mental
Health" at 4:15 today in Angell
Hall, Aud. C.
The lecture is open to the public.

they have been in power for three
and a half centuries, whereas the
prise only three per cent of the
population of Asia, they have had
some influence on the country for
Russians have only become a
world power in the last thirty
As Christians came to explore
and exploit Asia, they were ex-

m T

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... Asian revolution
pected to display the conduct and
ethics of Christianity. However, as
this was not always true, it im-
planted doubt in the minds of
the Asians and ultimately led to
Christians failed to display'
their beliefs as a "folk" religion,
not expressing and demonstrat-
ing their religion in such a way,
that the people could understand
it, he explained.
The Asians could not under-
stand how Christians could speak
of the spiritual freedom of man
and neglect his political freedom,
or how they could proclaim God's
justice and forget about extend-
ing justice to man. The Christian
message must be presented in a
manner relevant to the society.
"Asians must train men for
moral leadership to guide this
social revolution and to help build
up their society. The greatest
thing that can be taken away
from any nation or any univer-
sity is the vision of life and char-
acter," Fernando concluded.


Staffs Seek
Pay Raises
At Colleges
(Continued from Page 1)
structors, $200. President Conrad
Elvehjem told the committee that
a bill such as this might keep
professors on the campus instead
of having them lured away by
higher paying jobs at other uni-
Recommendations and sugges-
tions involving changing proce-
dure for paying professors and as-
signing them ranks was offered to
the administrative council recent-
ly at Antioch College.
The report suggested hiring
more people at the level of assist-
ant professor than is presently
the practice, and keeping new fac-
ulty at the assistantslevel for a
minimum of five years.
It said the minimum salary for
associate professors is too close to
the salary for assistant professors,
and suggested raising the mini-
mum scale for associate profes-
sors whenever the assistant pro-
fessor minimum is increased.
Financial aid is in sight in some
areas, notably Oregon.
A bill was introduced in the
Oregon House of Representatives
recently which would provide sub-
stantial increases in faculty sal-
aries for the state's six institu-
tions of higher education.
The budget would be increased
by more than $3 million if the
proposed salary boosts are ap-
proved. It carries increases ap-
proximating 17 per cent increases
in the faculty salaries.
Give Award
.For Series
University radio, WUOM, has
received a first , award for its
series, "One Nation Indivisible,"
from the Institute for Education
by Radio-Television recently at
Columbus, Ohio.
The first award was in the
category of pubic affairs in the
Group II division, which is made
up of regional networks and large
states throughout the continent.
"One Nation Indivisible" is a
series of documents on the areas
of the world which are deeply
stirred by the tide of nationalism.
Some of the programs are "The
Rise of Nationalism," "Ghana,"
"Russia," "Hungary," and "In-
Write Programs
The programs were written by
Ed Burrows, assistant director of
broadcasting, in charge of WUOM,
and by William Bender, Jr., of
University Relations. The series
was directed by William B. Ste-
gath of WUOM.
The first award citation called
the series "excellent in purpose
and superior in planning."
It went on to say that the sample
program, with which WUOM en-.
tered the competition "was dis-
tinguished by its extremely high
quality of production, and the
high calibre of its writing.
"The show not only had great
appeal for its intended audience,
but had that rare quality which
compelled listeners from start to
finish. 'One Nation Indivisible'
represents the best in its particu-

lar kind of public service pro-
The first program of 13 in the
series dealt with the rise of na-
tionalism. Its consultant is Prof.
Preston W. Blosson of the history
department. The program tells
how Europe exchanges feudalism
for the ideal of modern national-
ism and sets the example for
countries in Africa and Asia to
follow in the 20th century.
Explains Egypt's Trouble
The program on the Soviet Un-
ion, whose consultant was Prof.
George Kish of the geography de-
partment, shows how the national
tradition is adapted to the de-
mands of Soviet doctrine.
The one on Egypt told how the
culture, religion and search for
a national entity involve a newly
independent country in the larger
struggle between East and West.
The consultant was Richard P.
Mitchell of the Near Eastern
studies department.
The final program of the series,
"Internationalism" r a is e s t h e
question, "Is world government
the answer to the present dilem-
ma and theconflict between mod-
ern national states?"

"Can you afford a career in the
field of gold mines?
"Really, there's a great analogy
between getting into the theatre
in New York and prospecting for
gold," Louis M. Simon, who has
produced several Broadway plays,
told a University audience yes-
But both the prospector and the
actor have to know "where the
gold is apt to be" and also the
"techniques and methods of find-
ing this gold," he said.
Lists Requirements
"The implements one uses in
the theatre - directing, acting,
costumes, scenery; voice and dic-
tion, bodymovement and the abil-
ity to eject, will stand you in
awfully good stead," the past di-
rector of training of the American
Theatre Wing, said.
This type of training is offered
in speech and drama departments
of universities and colleges all
over the country, as well as pro-
fessional theatre schools in New
York City.
"Too much of the theatre goes
on in New York and not enough
in the rest of the country," Simon
admitted. "However, New York is
the primary employment market,"
he added.
Many Roles Open
On Broadway- alone, during the
average season of legitimate thea-
tre, there are 700-800 roles to be
played, he estimated. Off-Broad-
way offers about 300 jobs, while
summer stock has 1,200-1,500
S"Thisis what's available," Si-
mon summarized, "but there are
10,000 members of Equity alone.
In the East, there are 30,000-35,000
union members in the performing
He described the situation as
-simply "tough" and said an as-
piring actor "must have just plain
stick-to-it-iveness and guts."
The main difficulty, he said, is
that no job in the theatre is a
permanent job. "In fact, the only
perpetual job there is is seeking
work," he added.
Compares Theatres
"Acting in America is not like
the European theatre, where you
know you can continue working,"
Simon said. "And it's not like the
field of teaching dramatics or dra-
matic arts, both of which are
relatively sure.
"Like prospecting, the search is

30 spaces,
sti l

Theatre Career Topic
SOf Producer's Lecture

constant and one must be pre-
pared," he continued.
Part of the actor's future is de-
termined by sheer luck, such as
being at the right place at the
right time or knowing directors
and authors. Simon suggested
reading the "vast literature of the
theatre" as a supplement to luck.
The answer to his topic ques-
tion, "Can You Afford a Thetare
Career," is yes if an aspirant is
willing to give his time in ex-
change for excitement, challenge
and self-satisfaction, Simon con-

For Details write: C. S. Shaw'
382 Yale Station
We also supply jobs in Europe

30 spaces


b 77~~fiA~fiF 7Ti:

. Hurok presents.. .
Friday, May 15

-8:00 P.M.

Hill A m

The Sororities and Fraternities participating in Greek Week,

Selzer Notes'
Emotional Ills
Of Students,
Students have almost the same
emotional illnesses that adults do,
Dr. Melvin L. Selzer of Health
Service said recently.
At a meeting of the American
Psychiatric Association at the
University, Dr. Selzer said that
these emotional problems are fre-
quently dismissed as the usual
problems of "adjustment" to col-
lege and campus life.
There are three reasons for this:
1) Treatment often neglects to
explore the underlying causes of
the emotional problems and cen-
ters on the student's immediate
Hard To Accept
2) It may be difficult to accept
the fact that young people with
intellectual ability and academic
prowess are emotionally ill.
3) People who believe that cam-
pus life is carefree and irrespon-
sible may consider certain prob-
lems essentially "social," "aca-
demic," or "family" when they are
actually symptoms of emotional
Dr. Selzer said that eight per
cent of the University's student
body come to the Mental Hygiene
Clinic of the Health Service at
least once during the school year.
Have Psychoneuroses
Approximately eighty per cent
of the students seen by psychia-
trists at Health Service have psy-
choneuroses, personality disorders,
or schizophrenia. These are all
chronic, adult psychic difficulties
and not the result of adjustment
to campus life, Dr. Selzer empha-
Dr. Selzer believes that the great
number of students who come to
the clinic of their own accord ex-
plains the effectiveness of treat-
ment. Patients who are self-re-
ferred have greater motivation to-
ward treatment than those who
must be referred by University
medical or administrative person-
nel, he concluded.

...theatre career
To Unite,
Differences between the types
of student co-operatives is a ma-
jor factor in preventing the for-
mation. of regional associations,
Pamela Harris, '60, said, in evalu-
ating the results of a Mid-West
cooperative conference held here
May 8-10.
Miss Harris, vice-president of
the Inter-Cooperative C o u n e ii
which sponsored the conference,
stated that some schools have se-
lective membership as opposed to
Michigan's open membership. "Se-
lective membership is not our in-
terpretation of cooperative liv-
ing," she emphasized. ,
The informal conference con-
sisted of speakers and .discussion
groups which were concerned
with the mutual problems of stu-
dent cooperative housing. Assist-
ant Dean of Women Elizabeth
Leslie and Assistant Dean of Men
Peter A. Ostafin spoke in one
Seek Sponsor
Paula Fordon, '61, served as
general chairman for the confer-
ence assisted by Miss Harris. Neil
Munro, '60, president of ICC, said
that he hopes another college will
sponsor a similar conference next
year to sustain regional coopera-
tion. Although there is a North
A m e r i c a n Student Cooperative
League, there is no offibial region-
al association because the nation-
al organization fulfills these needs,
he added.
"The differences stem from the
nature of other student housing
and general university atmos-
phere," Munro stated. On other
campuses the houses are much
more organized a n d s o e i a ll y
aware, whereas at Michigan in-
dividualityis stressed more and
the houses are less organization
conscious, Sue Kammeraad, '60P.,
U' Symhon
'' Y/
to Perforn,
The University Symphony Or-
chestra will present its 111th con-
cert at 8:30 tonight in Hill Aud.
The orchestra, conducted by
Prof. Josef Blatt of the music
school, will perform Beethoven's
Symphony No. 3 in E-fIlat, Op. 55,
the "Eroica," and Stravinsky's
"Le Sacre Du Printemps" (The
Rite of Spring).
The concert is open tothe pub-
lic without charge.
Summer School
on the Pacific
408-acre Seashore Campus
JUNE 22-JULY 31 (six weeks)
118 courses in 25 fields -

Editor Views
The primary responsibility of
the press is to help people get the
information they need in order to
learn how to live together, de-
clared Kenneth MacDonald, editor
of The Des Moines (Iowa) Regis-
ter and Tribune, speaking at a
journalism department lecture
MacDonald claimed that as in-
terdependence is a common de-
nominator of the most serious
problems that plague mankind, we
are all affected by the conflict in
the Middle East, the present
threat of war in Germany, the in-
tegration difficulties in the South,
and the controversies of labor and
management. "The fundamental
problems of human relations can-
not go unsolved, because the pen-
alty of not solving them is too
severe," he said.
"If we allow them to go unsolved,
we face. the likelihood of catas-
trophe; either physical destruction
or the regimentation prophesied
by Orwell and Huxley," he contin-
Notes Faults
Lack of leadership and wide-
spread apathy and indifference
are the difficulties which we en-
counter in correcting the current
situations, he continued. The lack
of leadership is apparent at gov-
ernmental levels and in foreign
affairs. Public opinion surveys in-
dicate most people have little or
no understanding of important
Thus, in order to equip a reader
with the information necessary to
cope with the problems of our
times, newspapers must perform
more effectively. MacDonald of-
fered several ways in which our
newspapers are not adequate.
"Newspapers in general are not
printing enough hard news,"
which he defined as all categories
of news except entertainment,
amusement, and trivia. He didn't
say that comic strips, personality
columns, and service features
should be eliminated, but that
their numbers should be reduced
to provide a better proportion be-
tween such material and hard
Although some journalists say
that newspapers must appeal to
the masses, which cannot be held
with "hard news," papers can lead
their readers into hard news, and
can appeal to many types of read-
ers simultaneously.
"Newspapers should make no
apology for seeking a mass audi-
ence; it is a form of intellectual
snobbery to be disdainful, of any
reader." A newspaper must offer
more than entertainment; it must
providemnews of a wider and better
quality than its competitors, he
More Serious News
MacDonald's second criticism
was that there is a need for better
performance in the coverage of
serious .news. Reporting should
"penetrate below the surface of
the news," and produce a broader
perspective in our concepts of
news. More understanding of what
is being reported, better writing,
more interesting presentation, and
more skill in editing and selecting
news are needed to inform the
readers about "the - expanding
world they live in."
A third need in this area is for
newspapers and educators to work
together in research work to learn

how to make the publication of
news more effective, MacDonald
"I suspect we need to know far
more about how our minds work,
how our thoughts 're communi-
cated, how public. opinion is
formed, how;moral values are es-
tablished, how leadership is de-
veloped before we can eliminate
some of the monumental miscon-
ceptions that plague the world.
"These problems can be solved
only when more people, including
newspapermen, are willing to de-
vote themselves to the riddle of
human associations."
JDIAL NO 2-2513
It began on aoMichigan campus
and ended in the most sensa-
tional trial of the day!




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Ticketsare on sale at Hill A uditorium Box Office 11:00-4:00
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Main flooran firstan balcony'. .. $1.75


Second balcony

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