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May 07, 1959 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-05-07

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Sixty-Ninth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
!hen Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
TruthWill Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. " ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

"What Are These Crazy Proposals To Spend Money
On The Common People?"

ON UNIVERSITY:
Graduate Students
Question Legislators

ti

Y, MAY 7, 1959

NIGHT EDITOR: SELMA SAWAYA

Sir Winston Churchill:

The World Needs More LiKe Hime

W INSTON CHURCHILL has been known for
many things in his long and varied career,
ut there is one thing of which Americans, at
east, are probably unconscious, and - this is
is dynamic conservative philosophy.
There can perhaps be no finer keynote to
he philosophy of this great man than part of
n address he delivered, in the finest tradition
if Burke at Caxton Hall, London, during the
lark days of 1940.
"Am I by temperament and conviction able
incerely to identify myself with the main his-
orical consequences of Toryism, and can I do
ustice to them and give expression to them.,
pontaneously in speech and action? My life,
uch as it has been, has been lived for forty
'ears in the public eye, and varying opinions
,re entertained about it - and about particu-
ar phases in it. I shall attempt no justification.
ut I will venture most humbly rto submit and
lso to declare, because it springs most deeply
rom the conviction of my heart, that at all
imes according to my lights and throughout
he changing scenes . through which we are
,ll hurried, I have always faithfully served two
ublic causes which I think stand supreme -
he maintenance of the, enduring greatness of
ritain and her Empire and the'historical con-
inuity of our island life."
THOUGH HE has been a conservative all his
life, advocating gradual change, a reverence
or the past, slow considered political thought,
till he also has the Disrealian concern for the
ntire nation, and not just for the aristocracy
f whichhe is a member. And this, perhaps, is
rue conservatism. He is not afraid to pursue.
is own vision of public welfare, a conserva-
Lve one. admittedly, but one with merit.
This is not completely popular with British
ublic opinion, but .it reflects his statement, "I
o not intend to take that cowardly course but,.
n the contrary, to stand to my post and ob-

serve in accordance with my duty as I see it."
Later on he added, "I am not worried about
anything that may be said about me. Nobody
would attempt to take part in controversial
politics and not expect to be attacked." Such
behavior. has earned the comment, from a
Cockney charwoman: "I don't want to look at
'im on the tele. 'E's friend to me and mind" but
also "Look at the old * * *. Got to 'and it
to 'im mate. Wish we 'ha more like 'im. Real
Englishman 'e is."
Churchill's conservative notions of inter-
national affairs and the Empire are well
known, but not so well are his domestic policy
aims, which are both enlightened and sane.
On the notion of laissez-faire versus the wel-
fare state Churchill long ago made a prophetic
pronouncement that' has since become his
policy and that of his party. "We want to draw
the line below which we will not allow persons
to live and labour yet above which they may
compete with all the strength of their man-
hood. Wewant to have free competition up-
wards; we decline to allow free competition
downwards."
CHURCHILL has been a sincere, dynamic
conservative through all his years. He sum-
marizes his life and philosophy best in his
words;;"It is curious that, while in the days of
my youth I was much reproached with incon-
sistency and being changable, I amnow scolded
for adhering to the same views that I had in
my youth . . . Of course the world moves 6n
and we dwell in a constantly changing climate'
of opinion. But the broad principles and truths
of the wise and sane political actions do not
necessarily alter with the changing moods of
a democratic electorate. Two and two still
make, four, and I could give you other in-
stances which- go to prove that all wisdom is
not new wisdom."
The world needs more men like him.
-PHILIP SHERMAN

S10
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.1 xK;CAI
SE POLITICS of viol
of violent self-righte
not only unpleasant; it is
even good politics int
"practical" and expedien
He who takes up this s
likely perish by it, and im
because he has no perspe
sense of humor. And ev
does not actually des
career he will walk at le
sour and heavy air. He r
correct man and even
honestly devoted to duty
the end he will walk aloe
For politics is the se
people. And people, as ha
been remarked once ort
fore in human history,a
chaps. They may quickl
the sinner, real and all
they will not like the col
saint-perhaps becauset
no truly cold saints, a
have beer..
* * *
THESE OBSERVATIO
back, for the purpose o
forward, to what has rece
topic "A" in Washingto
"A" was tne implacablec
of Senator Wayne Mors
gon to destroy Presiden
D. Eisenhower's appoin
Mrs. Clare Boothe Lucet
Ambassador to Brazil.
It will be recalled t
Luce, though confirmed
to 1 Senate majority o
Morse's frantic oppositio
resigned her post. She
said, that Sen. Morse
stroyed her usefulness.
Sen. Morse has a b
wounding tongue. (So,t

PITAL COMMENTARY:

Mrs .Luce and the Liberals
By WILLIAM S. WHITE
ence and true, has Mrs. Luce; but she is a They had a great time ofi
ousness is private person and her rhetoric is while-those led by the late
s also not her own business and hers alone.) tor Joseph R. McCarthy
the most For years Sen. Morse has used that thrusting their views down
it sense. tongue to cut down his enemies, everybody's throat. They d
word will and even his impersonal critics. An a small, howing minority
lost of all end will come to all things, how- they were, simply by endless
ective, no ever. Now his actions are condoned ing that there was somethii
ven if he only by the excessively "liberal" torous in not agreeing with
troy his followers of an excessively "lib- The professional liberal
ngth in a eral" Senator, for a time been making
may be a * * headway in their own urg
a man EVEN IN OUR brave new world, forts to thrust similarly
y; but in few really endorse the policy of 'minority views down prese
ne. making political warfare on the throats. Unlike the far-righ
cience of womenfolk, even if motives may be ers, the professional liberals
s perhaps the very highest. Fewer still now employ the brutal weapon
twice be- endorse the kind of invasion of tacking other people's1
are queer privacy involved in Sen. Morse's Their argument is Clot tha
y forgive a'Itempts to pry out from a private who differ with them are
eged. But physician information concerning nals, but only that they1
d, correct a private patient, Mrs. Luce. sensitive fools.
there are Indeed, it would be easy to dwell * * *
nd never lung upon this arresting fact: pro- OUR SYSTEM will no
fessional liberals of Sen. Morse's function under this sort ofr
sort-hotly and rightly and along either from the right or t
NS' refer with many others - have de- For it is based upon the
f looking nounced in the past techniques assumption that it is possib
ntly been quite similar to the kind he felt eTen necessary, to conduct p
an. Topic it right to employ against Mrs. debate as civilized discours
campaign Luce. assumption is that grown-
e of Ore- This, however, would be only- to and women can differv
t Dwight put an all-too-fitting shoe upon suspecting each other of
tment of the other foot; it would serve no intolerable imcompetence
to be our useful purpose. This column is The political system, w
intended mainly only to prove, or, becomes evertired, simply
hat Mrs. at any rate, to argue the case with violence and will have no n
by a 7 the Evidence at hand, that nobody it, as a stomach will at last
ver Sen. can afford the politics of violence no more unsuitable food.'
n, at last and that nobody can long profit what happened to the men
felt, she from, it. frantic right wing. It will1
had de- This is one of the genuine, the now to the men of the fran
bedrock, facts of "political sci- wing.
brilliantly ence." Far-right politicians learned (Copyright 1959, by Uni
too, it is it to their cost a few years back. Features Syndicate, Inc

it for a,
e Sena-
- in
nearly
id this,
though
shout-
ng trai-
h them.
s have
some
ent ef-
fringe-
ent-day
t wing-
do not.
of at-
loyalty.
t those
crimi-
are in-
at long
politics,
he left.
e great
ble, and
olitical
e. This
up men
without
evil or
when it
expels,
more of
accept
This is
of the-
happen
tic left
ted

(EDITOR'S NOTE - The following
is a copy of a letter sent to sen.
Lewis G. Christmian and Reps.
George W. Sallade and James F.
Warner. The legislators' answers
follow.)
Dear Sir:
AS 'OFFICIAL representatives of
the graduate students of the
University of Michigan, we are
greatly concerned about the legis-
lature's failure to provide the Uni-
versity with adequate funds for its
functioning. We are keenly aware
of the depletion of funds, for such
functions as the financin of grad-
uate student doctoral research.
Ourtlibrary hours are now re-
stricted by a shortage of funds to
pay the library staff. At a time
when American educational de-
velopment, especially development
of scientific research, is viewed as
vital to our national interests, we
feel that any program of cutbacks
can only be the result of an ex-
tremely shortsighted view.
We are, therefore, quite eager to
hear what your policy will be re-
garding both the raising and the
allocation of funds necessary to
meet the University's needs. We
would be glad to make your views
better known to our constituents
and to our associates on the Uni-
versity of Michigan faculty.
Yours truly,
Martin Gold, President
Graduate Student Council
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan
* * *
Dear Mr. Gold;
ANSWERING your letter of Feb-
ruary 26th, I believe those who
know me also know I have always
tried to get our University requests
for funds as made.
You should remember, I am only
one of 144 Legislators, that the fi-
nance committees have to make
appropriations to over 100 depart-
ments, commissions and author-
ities, that operate over 600 in-
stallations throughout the state,
and the University is only one of
those units. What would you do if
you were faced with trying to
allocate our revenue receipts?
Sincerely yours,
Lewis G. Christman
State Senator
* * *
Dear Mr. Gold:
THANK YOU for your letter of
February 26. I wish to apologize
for the long delay in answering it,
but I have been very occupied
with problems of the present cash
crisis facing the state.
Obviously I am very interested
in the continued support wnd ex-
pansion of the University of Mich-
igan. All expenditures, however,
will be geared to whatever tax plan
is finally adopted by the Legisla-
ture.
You may rest assured that I will
do everything I can to make sure
that this tax plan is both adequate
and equitable.
Please feel free to write me. at
any time.
Sincerely,
George Wahr Sallade
State Representative
* * *
Dear Mr. Gold:
HAVE your letter concerning
appropriations for the University
of Michigan.. You say that %we
failed to provide adequate fuids
I believe the word "adequate" is
very poorly used, for what could
be adequate to one person might
be' inadequate to another. The

way the University divides up the
money to the various schools is
entirely up to the University's ad-
ministration staff.
In the last seven years the Legis-
lature has doubled the University's
appropriation in dollars and cents
and their per student allowance is
50% greater this fiscal year than
it was in 1951-52.
As you know I live in Ypsilanti
and will be very happy to talk with
you or a group from your council
any weekend that I am home. A
conference could be equally bene-
ficial to both of us.
Yours very truly,
James F. Warner
StateRepresentative
PRESS:
Fi oThuting
Muzzles
By MICHAEL GOLDSMITH
Associated Press Writer
DESPITE suppression of press
freedom in Communist and
other dictatorships, individual
newsmen still risk their lives for
some vestige of free. expression,
the International Press Institute
has reported.
The Institute published a "sur-
vey of the press in authoritarian
countries" which painted a grim
picture of the blackout on news
and opinion among nearly half the
world's population.
The Institute is an organization
of some 500 leading newspaper
editors in 38 countries, Its 200-
page study is based on reports
from newsmen who have worked
in the countries concerned.
It said that in all dictatorships
there exists among journalists "a;
spirit of revolt against the com-
plete tutelage of the press by the
state.
THIS RESISTANCE, the report
said, "can be detected even i the
USSR, where the control of in-
formation media is most rigid.
"There has been evidence in
many authoritarian countries of
the aspirations of journalists to a
greater freedom of expression and
a greater degree of truthfulness in
news Alarge number of these
journalists both in Communist and
other countries have been pre-
pared to run grave risks in defying
goyernment authority for the sake
of their aspirations Some of them
have Daid dearly for their courage,
in some cases at the cost of their
lives."
The report said that in all dic-
tatorshlps there is a spontaneous
public desire for press freedom
which is voiced whenever the con-
trois are even slightly relaxed.
During the 1956 uprising 'in
Hungary, for instance, the sale of
the new free newspapers "assumed
the same importance as that of
bread in the midst of the fighting
in the streets."
* * *
IN POLAND following the re-
turn of Party Secretary Wladyslaw
Gomulka, there was a genuine
though short-lived emancipation
of the press, the report said. But
the Polish experiment in press
freedom soon was severely cur-
tailed to avoid provoking Russia.
'The Polish experience- shows
that under the Communist system,
the press-even in the best condi-
tions-can' never enjoy anything
more than a form of supervised
liberty,' the report said.
In Red China there was a brief
thaw in 1956 and 1957, in which
one paper. the Kuang-Ming 'Jlh-!
Pao, went so far as to criticize
President Mao Ts-Tung and Pre-
mier Chou En-La.. But in the=
summer of 1957, the Communist
Party unleashed a campaign of
"ideological rectification" in which

the editorialstaff of the Kuang-
Ming Jih-Po was purged
DAIL'Yr
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The'Univer-
sity of Michigan for *hichi Tb.h
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices f ot Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
THURSDAY, MAY 7, 1959
VOL. LXIX, NO. 155
General Notices
Inter-Cooperative Council office will
be open from.3-5 this week only. Regu-
lar office hours:' 9-12 Mon. through Bat.
and 2-5 Mon. through Fri. will bgin
May 11. The ICC is now accepting ap-
plications for rooming and/or board-
ing for the summer session and fall se-
mester. Call NO 8-6872 or visit office
2546 SAB for further information,
June Graduates: Order cap and gown
for graduation immediately at Moe's
Sport Shop,' 711 N. University.'

3,

t
4

('

..y

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:

I'

Churchill Gets His Due

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Writers Discuss Bicycles and Consistency

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News"Analyst
' DOESN'T seem liks such a long time since
the papers omitted advance notices of Win-
on Churchill's visits to the United States.
Yet he was a.more important man then than
w. The notices were omitted because, back
the early 40s, there were men - Nazi sub-
arine and bomber commanders - who would
,e tried to kill him if they could have found
mn on the Atlantic sealanes.
He was not a. young man then - he's 84
)w - but nobody could ever persuade him to
ke a care for his own life as long as he
ought his trips were nee'ded to care for the
e of Britain.
'AKE 1943, for instance. He and President
Franklin D. Roosevelt conferred that year
Editorial Staff
RICHARD TAUB, Editor
CHAEL KRAFT JOHN WEICHER
torial Director City Editor
DAVID TARR
Associate Editor
LE CANTOR................. Personnel Director
AN WILLOUGHBY .... Associate Editorial Director
AN JONES .... ,,...... ..... sports Editor
ATA JORGENSON... Associate City Editor
IZABETIH ERSKINE ... Associate Personnel Director'
COLEMAN.............. Associate Sports Editor
RL RISEMAN ............ Associate Sports Editor
.VID ARNOLD---------------... Cief't Photoffravher

in Washington, Quebec, Tehran (with Josef
Stalin)' and Casablanca. At those meetings they
planned how they would knock Mussolini out
of the war, converge on Hitler until he accept-
ed unconditional surrender, and then settle
with Japan.I
Already, while Churchill led a lone Britain
and the United States not in the war, the two
:had met at sea off Newfoundland to announce
the kind of world they hoped for after the war.
Their statement was called the Atlantic Char-
ter, and its ideas became the foundation of
the United Nations.
IN SOME WAYS they were a-strange pair -.
Roosevelt with his ideals about the common
man, and Churchill with his determination to
save the imperial position of Great Britain.
After Pearl Harbor nobody was ever sur-
prised when Mr. John Bull showed up in Wash-
ington. He spoke to Congress. He wore the
coveralls. of a man at work. He made his V-
for-Victory signal, drank his brandy, smoked
his cigars.
He became a hero to the free world.
As the years passed he handed out his pre-.
scient advice about the world's affairs, pierced
clearly the' veil of which the Iron Curtain was
only a symbol while many others remained
confused.
14ow, when he travels, he gets his advance
notices. People remember the not-so-long ago,
the symbol and the faith and the courage of
free men fighting, and they feel warm toward
- him. And if a man now passes through some

'To the Editor:
MISS NANCY FRYE, referring
to Bastian and Arneson's state-
ment about a bicyclist "speeding
through a stop sign," explains that
,a bicycle "is worked by the rider's
own physical effort" and "once a
bicyclist stops, he cannot immedi-
ately resume speed." his is an
amazingly frank and, in my opin-
ion, accurate explanation-though
I doubt that one bicyclist in 100
recognizes its truth.
The motorist faces a similar
problem, and in fact sometimes
responds in the same way. (If you
haven't noticed this, stand at a
traffic signal between two hills
sometime and see how the large
trucks, and even small sport cars,
try to "cheat on the yellow.") The
fact that motorists speed through
stop signs much less often than
bicyclists might be due less to
any greater maturity on their part,
than it is to the fact that police
are more apt to enforce the law
with motorists. (Why police do
this is another question.)
It is ironic that the human
laziness which contributed in part
to putt'ng wheels to work for the
good of mankind, als contributes
in hart to the misuse pf those
wheeis
But ho~wever human it- may be,
we do not condone the misuse of
automobiles. Shall we condone the
misuse of bicycles? I have the feel-
ing we shouldn't. I got the feeling

to conserve momentum at all costs
can breed a callous disregard for
the safety of other mortal hu-
mans? When are responsible
people going to insist that bi-
cyclists obey the law?
We don't condone the misuse of
automobiles. Shall we condone the
misuse of bicycles? I have a feeling
we shouldn't.
-Charles E. Bond, Grad.
Consistency .
To the Editor:
IN CONDEMNING the Speech
Department's opening night
performance of Electra for con-

fusion and inconsistency, t
Daily critic overlooks the exte
to which the production held t
attention of the audience at cr
cial moments in the drama. T
prime example would be Electra
despair over the remains of h
'dead" brother before her realiz
tion of his return with the bles
ing of the Delphic Oracle. Th
scene, consisting of Electra's gri
compounded and then reliev
was a microcosm of the drama
theme - namely the triumph+
justice according to the dictat
of Fate. In developing this them
the Speech Department mai
tained a consistency which u

he
ant
he
°u-
he
a's
ier
a-
ss-
his
lef
ed,
a's
of
es
ne,

fortunately escaped the notice of
your critic.' The import of this
theme was underlined and con-
veyed to the audience by Lorraine
Small's well spoken lines and by
her ability to maintain a tragic
mien until the relief of her broth-
er's return.
Granted, the performance was
rough in spots. But -this does not
justify accusing the Speech De-
partment of killing all "meaning"
and "unity of purpose" in Electra.
-Nancy Gardner, Grad.

Senimore Says

f " "

rC .
4 J
(N-i

J llv}
I

n- Pedestrians...'
THE NAIVE and evasive letter
(Michigan Daily, May 2, 1959)
by bicycle maniac, Nancy Frye,
seems to express the mental out-
look of her kind.
I realize that a moving bicycle
may b6' maneuvered- easily and
quickly. I am not blind to the fact
that there are some pedestrian and
automobile maniacs. I am entirely
in favor of bicycles as an economi-
cal ransns of transportation. But
I think it perfectly reasonable to
expect that a pedestrian may have
some rights.
Nancy implies that stop signs
apply to automobiles and to pedes-
trians, but not to bicyclists!! If this
is the law, or if it becomes the
law, I will obey it to alleviate the

)'

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