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May 05, 1959 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-05-05

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Sixty-Ninth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
"When Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
UESDAY, MAY 5, 1959 NIGHT EDITOR: PETER DAWSON

Self-Service Education
A Sounder Approach,

"It's Too Nice A Suit To Alter - Just Scrunch
Down And Walk Like A Cripple"
. .\,
Ir.
.j-_
Si
..-.-
- ...... ...

MAY FESTIVAL:
Handel Concert;
Partial Success
THE SUNDAY afternoon performance of Handel's oratorio, "Solomon."
was admirable in many respects and yet it left much to be desired.
Lois Marshall unquestionably provided the highlights of the afternoon.
Miss Marshall has a fine voice and seems to sing almost gffortlessly.
Particularly outstanding were the two probing airs, "Every Sight These
Eyes Behold" and "Will the Sun Forget to Streak Eastern Skies."
Ilona Kombrink was also a delight to hear. Her "Blessed the Day"
was sung gracefully and with much control, and the duet with Aurelio
Estanislao, "Welcome as the Dawn of Day" was also noteworthy. Mr.
Estanislao, more than adequate in his role, was perhaps most outstand-
ing in his air, "What Though I Trace Each Herb and Flower."
Howard Jarrett unfortunately was a disappointment. The quality
of his voice on the whole was inadequate. He lacked the necessary con-

f
I

"EDUCATION for democracy" has been a
basic . . . and perhaps for too long, a
sacred principle of American academics.
Jefferson, trying to thwart a tendency to-
ward rule by an elite, strongly advocated wide-
spread public education aiming for a society
able to participate fully in representative
government.
The idea he formulated has been turned into
a compromise which threatens to anchor edu-
cational progress in the throes of mediocrity-
mediocrity caused by catering to a mass, many
of whom lack the mental ability to achieve the
idealistic goal that Jefferson conceived.
To the potentially capable student, mediocri-
ty is the lazy man's way out. Lacking stimuli,
he may succumb to the rut of the "average"
and fail to reach-his peak. Institutions attuned
to giving the mass a light dusting with democ-
racy (i.e., one semester of high school civics)
will. neglect the exceptional individual who is
forced to sit it out with the clods.
A lack of institutions geared specifically to
the discovered genii, a lack of the means to
ascertain exceptional ability, a lack of courses
for or means to aid the top students continues
to hold back development of the present edu-
cation scene. Recent additions in academic
programs such as the University's honors pro-
gram have partially rectified the situation.

But the recent change in emphasis caused
by the Soviet Union's scientific lead threatens
to swing the arc in the opposite direction.
Faced with the prospect of becoming the num-
ber two nation academically, it is conceivable
that mass producing "intellects" will become
the goal in a stepped up "crash program."
IN THAT SITUATION Jefferson's concept of
education would be totally disregarded in
favor of a more utilitarian philosophy-4geared
to defeating a foreign idealogy.
"Education for defense" prostitutes aca-
demics and denies its real purpose. A sounder
premise would make education the prime asset
in the individual's "search for self."
Self could mean absorbing enough facts to
exist as an "average citizen" or complete ex-
posure to all the technical aspects of nuclear
physics.
Then education wouldn't be a stopping off
point where an individual would get a super-
ficial dusting with the precepts of democracy
or a factory where minds were molded to one
pattern.
It would resemble the "self-service counter"
where variety and stimuli are present and the
individual is guided to his particular individual
ability slot.
-CHARLES KOZOLL

CAPITAL COMMENTARY:
nActs as Party Eder
' ::fBy WILLIAM S. WHITE

JUST INQUIRING*- . by Michael Kraft
The Fading Notes

...... .... ... ..... ........ .....: r.,., : ..,...:.r., : *.*v r:..*. " s":. rc -".".{:{:..;: "."."... "_. ". :$..r"..'". %**}* %"S:r::*4":,.* ,

CRACKS and yellowed tones mar the pictures
of 19th century University of Michigan. A
concrete slab now covers the site of the Ro-
mance Language Building, and students chat-
ter in the Undergraduate Library at the place
where engineers once coughed in the old auto-
tive laboratory.
And today, one more of Michigan's dwindl-
ing links with the past becomes memory,
Louis Elbel, composer of The Victors will be
buried this afternoon in South Bend, Indiana.
Sadly, but perhaps appropriately, he spent
the last month of his 81 years in what he called
"dear Ann Arbor town," receiving treatments
at University hospital.
But his previous returns to campus had been
of a more pleasant nature. Every fall, Mr. El-
bel journeyed to Ann Arbor for homecoming
weekend to lead the band through "The Vic-
tors" during. half-time ceremonies.
The band also plays The Victors at the end
of the games and sometimes, when the shadows
from the scoreboard seem blacker than usual,
the note of irony echoes through the stadium
long after the strains of "Hail.to the Victors
.. .hail to the conquering heroes, hail to the
champions of the west" have ceased to hurry
the sad, partisan throngs through the exits.
And there are times when they march out,
almost recapturing the spirit that prompted
Elbel to write the famous song back in 1898.
The birth of the march was described by
him in the October 19, 1957 issue of the Michi-
gan Alumnus.
"WE HAD WONc nine games that season of
1898 and then came the tenth on Thanks-
giving Day on Marshall Field in Chicago, with
a crowd of about 12,000. We knew we had a fine
team . . . about 1,400 went to Chicago from
Ann Arbor. . a. "Michigan Band" that seemed
to come out of nowhere that year . . . and then
came the game . . . those who saw can never
forget. it. Eleven men played eleven men
never a substitute on either side.
"In the second half Chicago led 11 to 6,
Chuck Widman, our right half, got the ball
for a line play right in front of me . . . backed
a little, clipped our right end, and was on his
way . . . for the Chicago goal 65 yards away.
Chicago's Hamill tackled him on about the
three-yard line, but Widman's speed let him
slide over the goal line for a touchdown. Bill
Caley kicked the goal and the score was Michi-
gan 12, Chicago 11.
"Well, that score stood and we won not only
the game but also Michigan's first champion-
ship in football. "Hail to Michigan, the cham-
pions of the West! I wore a badge that said
'Cheer Leader' on it but they didn't need me
to lead them. All our Michigan people were
crazed with joy.
Editorial Staff
RICHARD TAUB, Editor
MICHAEL KRAFT JOHN WELCHER
Editorial Director City Editor
DAVID TARR
Associate Editor
DALE CANTOR................... Personnel Director
JEAN WILLOUGHBY .... Associate .Editorial Director
ALAN JONES ...... ..........sports Editor
BEATA JORGENSON.........Associate City Editor
ELIZABETH ERSKINE ... Associate Personnel Director
SI COLEMAN ........Associate Sports Editor
CARL RISEMAN ........... .Associate Sports Editor
DAVID ARNOLD............... Chief Photographer

"I was due to go to my sister's house in
Englewood, a distance of about one and a half
miles.Most of it I walked, and on my way
thoughts came to me thath our band didn't
have the right celebration song that night.
Neither did Michigan and the thought came
to me that Michigan should have one.
Somewhere along the line my walk turned
into a march and a band got to singing in my
head, a sort of victory sound. And right there
the refrain of 'The Victors' came to me. Not
only the music, but the words, 'Hail to the
Victors Valiant'." and "hail to the conqu'ring
heroes!" . . . I completed the whole work on
the train that took me back to Ann Arbor for
Monday's classes."
IT WAS a worthwhile weekend. Ann Arbor
and the world first heard "The Victors" April
8, 1899 when John Philip Sousa arrived in
town and Elbel gave him a copy asking him if
he'd consider playing it. "The March King" did,
in a concert at the old University Hall. Later
Sousa called it one of the world's 10 best
marches and perhaps the greatest college
march of all time.
But it is more than that. For the strains of
the March are far more permanent than the.
buildings, the people and the University that
graced Ann Arbor at the turn of the century.
Ironically; Louis Elbel never grdauated from
the University nor did he make money from
his famous .work. A child prodigy who toured
the country at the age of 12, giving piano con-
certs, he went in 1900 to Leipzig to study under
Martin Krause.
Elbel gave performances there and with the
Chicago Symphony, but finally forsook the
stage for teaching, and a family music store.
BUT FOR YEARS, including this one, he re-
turned to Ann Arbor to condu't the band,
and live up to the description of one of the
most loyal of Michigan's students. In 1947 the
Regents presented him with the first Regent's
citation ever given, declaring that to Elbel, the
University of Michigan owes its best known
and most characteristic song..
And for this march, he was made an hdnor-
ary member of Kappa Kappa Psi, the band
fraternity.
A member of the fraternity, Ross Rowell, in
a letter to The Daily, declares Mr. Elbel's con-
tribution has given the University a tradition
that, will far outlast any structure of stone or
steel; he has given Michigan a tradition of
dignity, of fellowship, of loyalty-the tradition
of "The Victors."
Described as a man of great vigor and de-
termination, Mr. Elbel also was a man contin-
ually loyal to Michigan. He wrote: "Thousands
have spoken to me about 'The Victors,' how
happy they were over it and thanking me for
my inspiring all at Michigan. I can tell them
all right here, it is the other way around,
Michigan inspired 'The Victors'."
And that in itself may be a measure of the
past 61 years of change.
New Books at the Library
Updike, John - The Poorhouse Fair; N.Y.,
Alfred A. Knopf, 1958.
Williams, William A. - The Tragedy of
American Diplomacy; Cleveland World, 1959.
Griffith, Thomas-Waist-high Culture; N.Y.,
Harper & Bros., 1959.
Issacs, Harold R-Scratches on Our Minds:
American images of China and India; N.Y.,
Jnhn na',y Ir48

HARR S. TRUMAN, who spent
much of his time as President-
in pleasurably loud combat, has
adopted for 1960 the role of tran-
quil peacemaker within the Demo-
cratic party.
Himself a scarred veteran of
spectacular North-South Demo-
cratic splits, the former Presi-
dent's chief interest now is to
avoid that kind of division, first in
the Democratic convention and
then in the Presidential election.
A conversation with Mr. Tru-
man in his Washington home
away from home, the Mayflower
Hotel, finds this energetic private
citizen of Independence, Mo., in-
finitely more optimistic about his
party's future than he was in 1952
or in 1956.
* * 4
HE IS undoubtedly fully con-
vinced, not just for the record but
in his bones, that the Democrats
are going to regain the White
House in '60, and certainly so if
they remain reasonably united.
Accordingly, he has set as one
of his main tasks an accommoda-
tion of the civil rights issue that
will rest upon the compromise
plank adopted by the 1956 conven-
tion. Mr. Truman does not want
the party to go significantly be-
yond that plank in 1960. He knows,
of course, that some extreme Dem-
ocratic liberals (this description
being this correspondent's and not
necessarily Mr. Truman's) are de-
termined to go far beyond. These,
indeed, would like to drive even
the moderate Southerners from
the convention.

The former President, in short,
is the kind of working liberal who
believes that slow progress, even if
imperfect progress, is better than
shouting demands for the impos-
sible.
It is easily possible to draw the
impression that Mr. Truman is not
enchanted with any of the liberal
extremists. And he hopes this kind
of liberal will not dominate the
convention's platform committee.
Actually, Mr. Truman himself ex-
pects to have an important hand
in that committee, as he did in the
1956 compromise. If he himself is
not a member, the will have well-
briefed friends there.
HESEES the 1956 compromise,
in fact, as a decent one then and
a decent one for 1960. He does not,
of course, want the party to run
away from the issue to please the
South. But he does not see the
point of unnecessary provocation
of the Southerners. And he is
aware that more important than
any platform, and almost as im-
portant as the text of any civil
rights law, is the kind of adminis-
tration to be had of civil rights
laws already enacted and to- be.
enacted.
What Mr. Truman wants, in
sum, is for the Democrats to draw
together on the many issues on
which at bottom they are united
and not to overinflate the one
issue on which they really are
apart. He thinks the party should
run against the GOP next year
basically on the traditionally
"gut" issues--public power, farm
relief, housing, labor -where he

believes the Republicans to be
most vulnerable.
He deeply hopes that foreign
policy can be kept out of the cam-
paign, genuinely kept out. In for-
eign matters, he will follow the
wholly responsible line to which
he has clung since leaving office.
He has never once refused to back
up the Eisenhower Administration
when the going has been tough for
us abroad.
He wants to hit the GOP on the
bread-and-butter domestic issues
everywhere and all the time. But
he knows that for the Democrats
to make trouble for the Republi-
cans abroad will- only make trouble
for the country, too.
*. *
HARRY S. TRUMAN is, a far
bigger man, casts a far taller
shadow, now as always, than most
of his critics have ever realized.,
As to who should be the' Demo-
cratic Presidential nominee? Mr.
Truman is not committed. He is,
however, quite interested in Sena-
tor Symington for a variety of
reasons, not least of which is the
plain fact that Symington is, after
all, a fellow Missourian. But the
Truman policy here basically is to
lie low and most of all to keep
himself sympathetically open to
every party leader who might wish
to talk to him about either candi-
dates or issues.
He sees hisrole, in the end, as
that of party elder, party modera-
tor, and party umpire to draw the
heat from every avoidable party
feud.
(Copyright 1959, by United
Features Syndicate, Inc.)

tro: for executing "Sacred Rap-
tures Cheer My Breast" and "See
the Tall Palms," both of which
contain many difficult runs. At
certain points, his timing was not
in accord with the timing of the
orchestra. Mr. Jarrett was at his
best
THE CHORAL UNION, however,
provided the biggest disappoint-
ment of the afternoon. Choral
parts, notably "Your Harps and
Cymbals Sound," "From the Cen-
ser Curling," and "Praise the
Lord with Harp and Tongue"
were conspicuously lacking in
balance; the four voices took turns
drowning each other out. The
tenor section was always strained
and in many places the tenors
found it difficult to sing in uni-
son. The Choral Union fared bet-
ter on the more easily mastered
parts such as "May No Rash In-
truder" and "Music Spread Thy
Nord Around."
The Philadelphia Orchestra re-
sponded beautifully to Thor John-
son's conducting. The overture
was dignified and the symphonia
was attacked crisply. ,Mention
must be made of the charming
oboe duet in the symphonia par-
alleled only by the equally charm-
ing flute duet preceeding "May
No Rash Intruder.", Throughout
the oratorio, the Philadelphia Or-
chestra had ample opportunity to
show off its luscious string sec-
tion..
-Michael Cohen
AT THE CAMPUS:
Psycho logy
WintsAgain
CRIME and Punishment, U.S.A.
is another contribution to a
swelling inventory of drama in-
quiring into the nature of guilt.
The word "compulsion" Is prom-
inent on the Campus Theatre
billboard plugging the flick. There
are shameless references, too, to
the novel written by that Russian
chap who preceded'Freud in the
temporal order of events.
But this evaluation is of a
movie, not a book; so your re-
viewer will make no reference to
Dostoievski's imperishable novel.
The film story, with agreeable
simplicity, confidently stands on
its own contemporary feet.
*
IN A SETTING obviously Long
Beach, Calif., but not so identi-
fled, a law student (George Ham-
ilton) has taken himself out of
the LL.B. diploma race. Megalo-
mania (delusions of grandeur, as
Sigmpund would say) sweeps his
lonely mind as he broods in a
featureless student's apartment.
Soon enough, and through dra-
matic action, the movie lets you
know that the family is on its
uppers regarding coin of the
realm. This gave the hero the tidy
idea of knocking somebody off for
the loot to be had. But an intelli-
gent mind seeks a broader motive
than mere poverty.
The victim: a parsimonious,
old-maid pawnshop proprietress
to whom the hero is in hock. He,
endowed as he is with a superior
mind, convinces himself ("ration-,
alizes") that said proprietress is
the scum of the earth and unfit to
live. (A "bug," in his up-dated
vocabulary.) The moviegoer is
mercifully spared any such un-
settling scene as the taking of a
life; it all happens antecedently.
The processes of conscience
("Superego") go to work'even as\
the cash from the victim's till is
beingastuffed beneath a within-
city-limits oil well tower.,
Certain indiscretions point an

unwavering finger of suspicion at
our hero, even though he has in-
geniously contrived to have a
housepainter immediately arrest-
ed as the prime suspect. The lieu-
tenant, who believes that investi-
gation and assembly of air-tight
evidence is an art, links circuBm-
stances to arrive at a hunch. But
it iswell known that a hunch is
way, way within the shadow of
doubt.
* * *
THE MOVIE (a world premiere,
we're given to understand) is a
hit. Of course, it will never win
an Oscar for cinematography. Not
even though the director (or who-
ever's in charge of such matters)
has exploited every last camera
shot to a perfection of this par-
ticular ingredient of cinematic
art.

PUERTO RICO:
Festival
Casals
By THOMAS TURNER
Daily Staff Writer
THE WORLD'S greatest cellist
is performing and conducting
this and the next two weeks, sur-
rounded by other great musicians
brought together in his adopted
homeland.
For 80-year-old Pablo Casals,
Puerto> Rico has been a refuge
from Franco-Spain. Morerthan
that, it is a land in accord with
the musican's aims.
"My message is always the
same," Casals said shortly before
his 80th birthday in a; message to
the world. "My wish is for happi-
ness, and for people to have cour-
age, and for people to 'manifest
this courage in their love of lib-
erty."
This spirit of Casals dominates
the annual Festival,, established
for him three years ago by the
Puerto Rican government. He has
dedicated this year's Festival to
the 'commonwealth's Operation
Serenity, a stress on what Gov.
Luis Munoz; Marin has called
"spiritual purpose" to complement
the economic push known as Op-
eration Bootstrap.
UNDER THE direction and in-
s p i r a t i o n of cellist-conductor
Casals, the two festivals thus far
have admirably filled the role of
emphasizing cultural values.
In 1957, Casals was joined by
pianists Mieczyslaw Horszowski,
Eugene Istomin and Jesus Maria

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Electronic Music Still Controversial

To the Editor:
I AM WRITING with reference
to Gordon Mumma's article en-
titled "Challenge of Electronic
Music," appearing in The Daily's
Sunday Magazine of May 3. I do
not propose to attack the music
which Mr. Mumma seeks to
champion. But I do feel that stern
exception must be taken to the
intolerant attitudes expressed in
much of the article.
Mr. Mumma postulates his dog-
mas with an arrogance worthy of
Karlheinz Stockhausen himself,
and with an insistence which, it
may be suggested, is not a char-
acteristic ofhhonest, i n q u i r i n g
thought. The medium of elec-
tronic music is so recent, so alien
to our conditionedcmusical re-
sponses, and so inconclusively
formulated, that blind and exclu-
sive adherence to its methods is
possible only to the individual
who has*adopted "convictions"
without having attained them
through evaluative thought, or to
the individual who, cynically or
otherwise, seeks to arrest the
world's attention by the peculiari-
ties of his voice.
The writer's curt and pompous
dismissal of "archaic sounds and
devices . . . still perpetrated by
-indeamith Milhaid .Cnnland and

nority) and those which welcome;
its possible contributions to the'
widening resources of artistic ex-
pression but, lacking Mr. Mum-
ma's prescient vision, reserve
judgment until the results of its
experiments are to be seen in
clear perspective. Respect is due
at least the second of these points
of view.
It may be argued that those
conducting experiments' of this
nature must of necessity adopt
views condemning all that is tra-
ditional - views as chauvinistic
as those expressed in the article
in question. This may or may not
be true. But the public expression
of such views cannot fail to be
offensive and, even while wel-
comed into an arena of free dis-
cussion, cannot be permitted to
go unchallenged.
-Wallace T. Berry
Silence ..--
To the Editor:
THE "SILENCE" which you de-
scribed as the end of our
"Hyde Park," gave me the chance
to think about their discussion of
the Arab-Israeli problem.
The "important" questions (i.e.
"Refugees") are not really as im-
portant as they appear - for it
is mnA.u +n .rnv she mWa is

say to the United Nations, and
their own people, that they desire
the friendship of Israel.
The Arabs have a strength
more powerful than oil, or guns;
their people. This power can be
used for the development of their
own countries, instead of being
wasted on the hatred and de-
struction of Israel. If Israel were
annihilated tomorrow, would the
Arabs now starving or dying of
disease, be any better off? Would
the Arab rulers have more ofn a
chance to combat poverty, and
help their people?
If the Arab leaders desire to
build up their country on solid
foundations, let them say to their
people that their main problem is
not how to destroy others, but
how to help themselves.
Then, and only then, will there
be "Sa'alem" and "Shalom."
-Martin Dann, '61
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-

PABLO CASALS
... a wish for happiness
Sanroma, violinists Isaac Stern and
Joseph Szigeti, singers Maria iSta-
der and Gerard Souzay, and the
Budapest String Quartet.
Last year, new soloists included
Rudolph Serkin, A1ex an der
Schneider and Victoria de los
Angels-many of those from the
first festival returning.
The third Festival Casals, now
going on, is bigger than ever. Fea-
tured artists include, in addition
to Casals: Julius Baker, Eli Car-
men, Eileen Farrell, Horszowski,
Istomin, Mitchell Lurie, Sanroma,
Schneider, SerkinStern, Walter
Trampler, the Bach Aria Group.
and the Budapest String Quartet.
Works of Vivaldi, Bach, Handel,
Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Web-
er, Schubert, Mendelssohn, Schu-
mann and Brahms will be per-
formed.
HOW GOOD will this program
be? Of last year's Festival, the
New York Times wrote:
"This year Don Pablo, as he is
universally and affectionately
known, was the star performer as
well as the inspiration . . . The
soloists and the orchestra under
the brilliant directorship of the
violinist, Alexander Schneider,
surpnsedor themselve. whic-h ise

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