ANN ARBOR, LANSING:
TWO POINTS OF VIEW
See Page 4
Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom.
42 " 49
VOL. LXIX, No. 152
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MAY 3, 1959
Residence Halls Must Aid
(EDITOLS NOTE: This is the last
of a series of three articles on the
By RALPH LANGER
Daily Contributing Editor
"The University provides resi-
dence halls and supervises other
Housing so that all students may
'have :housing and meals which
assure them c o m f o r t, w e l-
prepared meals, and good study
c o0nditions," according to a hous-
ing pamphlet distributed by the
Dlo inhabitants receive "com-
fort, well-prepared meals, and
good study conditions" in Univer-
sity residence halls? Opinions dif-
It is generally accepted that the
residence halls should be a part
of the overall educational ex-
perience. This is a departure from
the view that residence halls were
to live in and that they were sep-
arate from the educational ex-
perience. The latter view had its
heyday in the last century and
has pretty much gasped its 'last
The possible contribution of
residence halls to the academic
and social development of its -in-
habitants depends on three fac-
tors: physical facilities; house ac-
tivities or tone, and staff.
Current , philosophy regarding
comfort or physical facilities is
the same as'that espoused by Karl
Litzenberg in 1941 and published
in the Michigan Alumnus Quar-
4 terly Review.
"The . . . realistic school (of
thought) holds that it is categor-
icallywrong to accustom young]
f men, and women to living condi-
tions which they can never dupli-
cate in afterlife," Litzenberg's ar-
& l' The construction plans and
equipment schedules of the Uni-
versity of Michigan residence halls
have followed the assumptions of'
this school, and have accentuated
unpretentious facilities for sleep-
ing, dining, study, recreational,
and social purposes rather than
gilt and plush. The University is
not open to the accusation that it
pampers its' residence halls stu-
dents by ensconcing them in
sumptuousness," the article con-
The Michigan House Plan, dis-
cussed by the article, is a well-
thought-out philosophy andl pro-
gram for providing basic equip-
mept to t esidents. The Plan pro-
vides for division of the larger
units into houses which should be
encouraged to develop their own
esprit de corps. The houses should
have a personality and an identity
4. but as the same time should ad-
jus.t to the broad scope of the
total residence picture.
System Not Perfect
The fact that the system has Yet
to ,achieve perfection is quite well
recognized. The observations of a
subcommittee set up to perform
an evaluation of the Michigan
House Plan for the residence halls
board of governors made mention
of goals yet to be reached. ,
That many of the goals haven't,
been attained isn't surprising con-
sidering the tremendous poten-.
tial of the Plan. What is import-
ant is the present extent of
achievement and the prespects for
the future. What is 'today's resi-
dence-hall inhabitant getting in
the wsy of intellectual stimula-
tion and physical facilities to help
50 per cent. As soon as the fresh-
man has served his required resi-
dence hall time he usually leaves
for greener pastures - a frater-
nity house or off-campus apart-
ment. With these exiting upper-
classmen the system loses much
of the stuff a good system is made
of, maturity, experience; and bal-
There are some definite and
some intangible explanations for
MARY MARKLEY-According to current philosophy, University
housing has accentuated "unpretentious facilities for sleeping,
dining, study, recreational and social purposes rather than gilt
and plush." This soves the University from the accusation that it
"pampers its students by ensconsing them in sumptuousness."
Featured in Program
By BRUCE COLE
Beginning tomorrow, all stu-
dents in the literary college will
be able to see special student
counselors who will be able to sup-
ply information and advice on
courses, concentration require-
ments in the counselor's own field
and requirements for a degree.
Established by the Student Af-
fairs Committee of the Union,
headed by Michael Turoff, '61, the
free counseling service will com-
plement and augment the work
done by faculty counselors.
More than 5) counselors repre-
senting 16 departments have en-
listed in this program never before
attempted at the University.
The departments are: anthro-
pology ,astronomy, botany, classi-
cal studies, economics, Far East-
ern languages and literatures,
German, history, jo u r n a i1is m,
mathematics, philosophy, physics,
psychology, romance languages,
sociology and speech.
All counselors have been recom-
mended by the individual depart-
ments. They are seniors, graduate
students and instructors.
Besides academic counseling,
appointments with campus coun-
selin ggroups, such as the Bureau
of Psychological Services, can be
made through the Union's service.
"A great advantage in this pro-
gram is that students will be able
to meet with the counselors in-
formally enabling them to form a
close personal contact, and ad-
visors will spend as much time as
necessary with the students in or-
der to help them," Turoff said.
This is something the faculty
people are often unable to do as
they have such a heavy load, he
Counselors Have attended sev-
eral training meetings with the
faculty and the Union, and all
the counselors will be able to tell
the students everything-from the
contents of the courses in their
fields to the types of teachers in-
Volved in the courses.,
Able To Do Much
"In fact, the student counselors
will be able to do almost every-
thing the faculty does with the
exception of signing a student's
elections card," Turoff said, "in-
cluding helping the student find
the field in which he is most in-
Also ,a student must see his
faculty counselor if he wants to
add or drop a course.
The entire program, almost six
months in the planning stage, has
been organized with the coopera-
tion of Prof. Donald L. Hill of the
English department and chairman
of faculty counselors for juniors
and seniors in the literary college.
Any student in the literary col-
lege wishing to see a student
counselor must call or stop in at
the student offices on the second
floor of the Union, Turoff said.
A confidential record of each
student will be kept so the stu-
dent counselor will be able to see
an individual's record and thus
see better how to counsel the stu-
dent and help him in his prob-
Authorize Coast Patrol -
his academic and social expan-
To the average resident the
Plan itself doesn't mean much.
What this hypothetical student
cares about is what directly af-
fects him - how clean his room
is, how much space he has avail-
able for "living," how noisy his
neighbors are, and other practical,
He is being furnished with a
room, a desk, a bed and a place
to hang his clothes. This is the
necessary equipmnent with which
to study and sleep. But it is in' the
atmosphere and additional facili-
ties for intellectual and social ad-
justment and growth that the
system falls down the most. -
With the present makeup of
houses the dropout rate of upper-
classmen is terrific - more than1
By The Associated Press
CAPE CANAVERAL -The Air
Force's chief strategist for missiles
and space research said yesterday
the nation's first intercontinental.
.ballisticmissile will be ready for
troop. use next July- despite recent.
troubles in the program.
Lt. Gen. Bernard A. Schreiver,
new chief of the Air Research and
Development command, told news.-
men that the Atlas "is right on
schedule and will be operational
early this summer."
* . ,
CAIRO-Anew inyasion of Iraq
-probably on a minor scale-was
reported under way yesterday.
The radio in Iraq's capital of
Baghdad reported the presence of
infiltrators on Iraqi soil. The
broadcast called on the population
to assist the popular resistance
forces in catching foreign infiltra-
the high turnover rate in resi-
dence halls composition. First of
all the halls are operated under
rules designed primarily for the
new freshman who is ever present
to stay for a two-semester stint.
The upperclassman chafes un-
der "no screens off the window,"
staff-determined and enforced
quiet hours, and similar "new-
Other reasons for high drop-out
are the desire for independence
and freedom offered by , apart-
ments - and to some extent by
fraternities - and a general aver-
sion to and wish to get away from
group living. Residents tire of the
rules, waiting in lines and regi-
mentation associated with insti-
There is a potential solution-
upperclass housing. Here the up-
perclassman can ,have a residence
that makes its own rules, in the
main, sets and enforces its own
quiet. hours and insgeneral has no
necessity to have or adhere to re-
strictions aimed at' a less mature
and less experienced student,
Unfortunately the University
will probably not be offering up-
perclass housing for the next
couple of years, despite consistent
urging by several generations of
s t u d e n t leaders. Philosophical
changes 'take time to gain accept-
ance, and prospects are that up-
perclass housing will only be tried
experimentally in two to four
A Freshmen a Problem
A stumbling block has been
what to do with the left-over
freshmen. Some antagonists to the
program have argued that fresh-
See RESIDENCE, Page 4,
By The Associated Press
The Council of the Organization
of American States (OAS) yester-
day authorized an international
naval patrol off Panama to halt
any vessels bringing forces for a
new invasion there.
The approval was given only
after some debate over the touchy
question of the .extent of the ter-
The government of Panama,
apparently still believing that re-
inforcements could be landed for
the 87-member Cuban force which
surrendered ,Friday, asked the
authorization through the special
OAS investigating committee.
Naval vessels for the patrol
A t UCLA
By RUTHANN RECHT
An assistant professor at the
University of California-Los An-
geles has been dismissed because
his research has been insufficient
in quality and quantity.
"Under the UCLA system of
promotions and appointments, if
an instructor has been with the
university for eight years and has
not been promoted to associate
professor, then he must seek an-
other job," Prof. George E. Mow-
ry, chairman of the history de-
partment, told The Daily yester-
Prof. Trygve R. Tholfsen of the
history department "had written
only one article in the five years
he had been with the university,"
Prof. Mowry said. At that time-
eighteen months ago-he was no-
tified that he would not be pro-
moted, but the news did not be-
come public until recently.
Takes 'Moderate Viwe'
"I take a moderate view of the
situation," Prof. Tholfsen told The
Daily yesterday. "I guess my dis-
missal is an attempt to raise the
level of the department, although
I'm not in a position to judge
whether it was qualified."
"I did submit' a manuscript to
the history department to be pub-
lished" he said, "but they reject-
ed it." Since then, "I've published'
a few chapters as individual ar-
ticles," he noted. "These articles
were published in England, as my
field of specialization is English
Thinks Both Important
Prof. Tholfsen feels that teach-
ing and scholarship are equally
important to a university. "Each
school has a right to expect its
faculty to publish work of high
quality, for that is an indication
that a man is a good professor,"
But, he emphasized, it would be'
a mistake for anyone to stress
scholarship at the expense of
Next September, Prof. Tholfsen
will become an associate professor
at .Louisiana State University.
Under UCLA rules, thereare
four qualifications for promo-
See UCLA, Page 5
Meeting with Russi
work have been given, or offered,
by the United States, Colombia
Honduran Ambassador Celeo
Davila noted that the breadth of
the territorial sea has been a hot-
ly-debated point, especially in
Latin America. He asked what
limit might apply.
Panamanian Ambassador Ri-
cardo Arias said the Panamanian.
legislation provides for a 12-mile
limit, as contrasted with the
three-mile limit recognized by the
United States and other nations.
Guatemala rushed troops to de-
fend its eastern shores yesterday
after receiving a warning from the
Panamanian government that a
landing may be attempted by 400
Cubans who originally sailed for
The Panamanian embassy here
told the Guatemalan government
that the Cuban force changed
boats in the Caribbean Sea while
en route to Panama. It said the
Cubans had transferred to a small
ship believed flying the Guate-
The transfer was said to have
been made Monday or Tuesday.
Guatemalan President Miguel
Ydigoras ordered troops to pro-
tect possible landing areas on the.
Caribbean coast. He also ordered
patrols to check highways. All
ranches with private airports
were alerted. .
G s W in Tw ice
By FRED KATZ
Michigan's depth-laden tennis
team maintained its spotless rec-
ord yesterday with a 9-0 shutout
of Minnesota and an abbreviated
6-0 whitewash job on Toledo.
The action was part of a four-
team round-robin weekend meet.
The Wolverines were the only'
team to win all three of their
matches. They pasted Ohio State,
In the only other match yester-
day at the Varsity Courts, OSU
handled homestate rival Toledo
with ease, 9-0.
This weekend was the first time
the Wolverines had had outside
competition, and they established
themselves as a definite threat for
the Big Ten title come May 21,
22 and 23.
Both Ohio State and Minnesota
are considered to be first-division
caliber, in the Conference.
Despite the impressive showings,
Coach Bill Murphy fears only the
worst Tuesday when his charges
face Notre Dame, the midwest's
finest net aggregation. It was the
Fighting Irish who, snapped the
Wolverines' conseutive dual meet
record string at 47 last year.
In both matches yesterday, the
Wolverines were extended to the
full three-set limit only once.
First singles player and captain
See NETMEN, Page 6
By DAVE LYON
Special to, The Daily
COLUMBUS - Ohio State
dropped Michigan out of the Big
Ten baseball race yesterday by
taking both ends of a doublehead-
er 7-4 and 9-1.
The double= defeat gave Michi-
gan a 2-4 conference record and
kept OSU in contention with a
The Buckeyes got to Wolverine
pitching for big leads in the early
innings of both contests. In the,
first game, OSV had to withstand;
a Michigan home run barrage to
Michigan offered little resistance
in the seven inning nightcap, how-
ever, as curve-balling righthander
Dale Denny scattered four singles.
Both Michigan starting pitchers,
Al. Koch in the first game and
Bob Marcereau in the second, had
trouble finding the plate.
Koch walked four men, 'and al-
lowed OSU seven hits and six runs
in the 2% innings he worked.
Three double plays prevented the
Bucks from scoring more than they
OSU held a 7-2 lead when Mich-
igan put on an eighth inning up-.
rising. Leadoff hitter Bill Roman
and Dave Brown clouted successive
home runs to make it 7-4.
Jim Dickey followed with a sin-
gle, but the rally died when Dickey
See OHIO STATE, Page 6
BUENOS AIRES )A'-Fidel Cas-
tro declared yesterday the United
States should provide 30 billion
dollars over a 10-year period to
achieve economic stability in Latin
The Cuban Prime Minister, in
a fervent speech, called for the
United States to back such a pro-
gram for Latin American develop-,
WASHINGTON 'W) - Secretary
of State Christian Herter flew in
from Paris yesterday and told
President Dwight' D. Eisenhower
the Western powers are ready to
open negotiations with Russia for
an end to the Berlin crisis and a
start on German unification.
He described, as very successful
his talks with British, French and
West German foreign ministers
And in an airport arrival state-
ment he challenged Russia to show
an honest desire to negotiate in
the Big Four meeting coming up
at Geneva May 11.
The Westei'n ministers reached
final agreement on a set of. pro-
posals to present 'to Russia for
ending the Berlin crisis and mak-
ing a start on German unification
and control of armed forces.
Officials said proposals in this
package may be bargained over
separately if Russia shows a sin
cere interest in negotiation, which
state department authorities con-
This was Herter's first exercise
in high-level personal diplomacy
as Secretary of State. Dispatches
frem Paris reported Allied diplo-
mats were favorably imipressed
with his work. The assignment was
carried out somewhat in the man-
ner of Herter's cancer-stricken
predecessor, John Foster Dulles
The new secretary, whose walk .
ing is, impaired by arthritis, ap-'
peared relaxed despite a busy week
of meetings and a long overnight
flight from Paris.
Within two hours Herter had
flown by helicopter to Gettysburg,
Pa. There-he conferred with Pres-
dent Eisenhower, then returned to
Both Herter's airport statement
and White House Press Secretary
James C. Hagerty, in relaying word
of the Secretary's talk with Presi-
dent Eisenhower, used the words
"very successful" 'to describe Her-
ter's meetings with Britain's Sel-
wyn Lloyd, France's Maurice Couve
de Murville and West Germany's
Heinrich von Brentano.
"Both 'in spirit and in sub- ,
stance," Herter aid, "we reached
complete agree lent on ahighly
important Western position. This
should assist us greatly in making
progress at Geneva should the
Soviet Union demonstrate an hon-
est desire to negotiate."
Herter said under questioning
that the agreement he spoke or
covered all issues that cameup in
the Paris talks.
He said he will leave again Fri-
day for Geneva, where the West
ern ministers will negotiate for
several weeks with Russia's An-
drei Gromyko as a prelude to a
possible Summit Conference later.
Asked whether he was optimistic
about prospects for the Big Four
conference, Herter said: "I I knw!.
what frame of mind the other fel.
low was in I could answer that
From what Herter said and
from 'other sources, it was clear
the Western ministers had agreed
only on their opening moves at
Counter sale of season tickets
for the 1959 Drama Season will
begin at 10 a.m. tomorrow at the
Lydia.Mendelssohn Theatre boi
Both regular season tickets and
the special student tickets for any
three of the five plays to be pre-
sented will be sold.
The student rate will make the
The 1959 May Festival will con-
clude today with two concerts fea-
turing Thor Johnson as guest
conductor in the afternoon and
Giorgio Tozzi, basso, in the even-
The fifth concert of the series
will open at 2:30 p.m. and will
be devoted to the presentation of
Handel's oratorio, "Solomon," fea-
turing four soloists: Lois Marshall,
soprano; Ilona Kombrink, so-
prano; Howard Jarratt, tenor;
and Aurelio Estanislao, baritone.
The University Choral Union,
Marilyn Mason, harpsichord, and
Mary McCall Stubbins, organ, will
perform in the oratorio as well. It
is being presented in observance
of the, 200th anniversary of the
The sixth and final concert of
the series at 8:30\p.m., conducted
by Eugene Ormandy, will begin
with Mozart's ."Symphony No. 39
in E flat major," and will con-
tinue with two other Mozart
works featuring. Tozzi: "Se Vuol
WASHINGTON -The National
Labor Relations Board ruled yes-
terday that an employer may not
temporarily break a lawful lockout
to disqualify workers from pos-
sible unemployment benefits.
The Board decided 3-2 that a
group of grocery stores in Great
Falls, Mont., had engaged in an
unlawful labor practice by such
conduct in April 1957, during the
latter part of a two-week lockout
of their clerks.
A reported 50 to 100 students
evacuated a party in Ann Arbor
early this morning, damaging an
apartment and ripping out a po-
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following article, the second in a series of seven,
deals with the history of fraternity discrinination at the University.)
By THOMAS HAYDEN
The story of discriminatory clauses at the University reached its
crucial chapter shortly after World War II.
Since then, three of the most significant rulings regarding racial
and religious discrimination have been decided on the strength of a.
single vote. Two of the decisions were reversed by University presidents.
At the same time, the number of written clauses has dwindled
from 22 to four.
A serious sentiment for an end to discriminatory practices was
prevalent in the years immediately following the war. The Student
Legislature had been created in 1946. The Interfraternity Council,
according to former Assistant Dean of Men William S. Zerman, "had
,not gotten on its feet," and the general campus, "as well as many
other campuses at the time, was still disorganized."
Early in 1949, campus housing groups submitted to Student
Legislature results of individual surveys indicating the number of
clauses in existence, IFC's report showed 22 of 34 fraternities had
,a.rin,:c,.ct.r,. A rlam .rp
Hurdler's Surprise Record
Highlights 'M' Track Win
Out of Balance
WASHINGTON R)-The Asso-
ciation of the United States Army
says over-reliance on hydrogen.
weapons is forcing American di-
plomacy and strategy into an all-
In a critique on current defense
policy, the Association said:
"The present military posture of
the United States is out of balance
and incapable of exerting its full
influence on war and cold war
C-11' ..n hofliu'k'n t s hrcl
By JIM BENAGH
Special to The Daily
KALAMAZOO - Sophomore
Dick Cephas sneaked into the start
of the low " hurdles, rejectingthe
advice of his coach, and proceeded
to blaze over the obstacles in
record time, as-he paced the Wol-,
verines to an impressive triangu-
lar-meet triumph here yesterday.
Michigan rolled up 9112 points
in an easy win. Host Western
Michigan was runner - up with
551/2: and Marquette had 13.
Cephas, his legs battered from
recent hurdle campaigns and his
body weary after earlier competi-
tion in the 86-degree weather,
stepped over the 220-yard low,
.ttirk in ;.R_ "