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April 24, 1959 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-04-24

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"Aren't You Big Enough To Have A Key Of Your Own?" i AT LYDIA MENDELSSOHN:

Sixty-Ninth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
Vhen Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

IDAY, APRIL 2i, 1959

NIGHT EDITOR: CHARLES KOZOLL

IFC Board Proposal
Shrinks Student Realm

STABLISHMENT of a Board in Control of
Fraternities, with considerable power in the
ea of recognition is a suggestion that's some-
at laudable but largely objectionable.
For one thing, it represents the IFC's to-
ly un-apathetic and conscientious attitude
ward campus issues.
But on the other hand, the IFC has appar-
tly confused a pair of distinct concepts: the
erest of the fraternity system and the in-
est of the "general student body" (a group
erred to in the IFC proposal). The two
netimes differ, it seems.
HE PROPOSAL to the SOC Clarification
Committee is solid insofar as it argues that
e alumni and the administration, for sep-
ate reasons, have vested interests in the area
recognition.
However, the proposal would also effect an
desirable shrinking of the realm of student
ncern.
Certainly, the fraternity system, alumni and
ministrators should have their say in dis-
tes over fraternity matters, and certainly
aternities are in a sense "quasi-student or-
nizations" in that they represent a consider-
le sum of alumni cash. But it is simply not
stifiable to conclude that the general student
dy should be shrugged off as the proposal

suggests:one student, the ranking male mem-
ber of SGC, would be the lone "representative"
of the "general students body" on the nine-
member committee.
THE CENTRAL issue here becomes whether
or not the fraternity is "quasi-student" or
"fully-student" organization. Neither extreme
is a particularly valid stand, however. The
alumni, as owners of the houses and property,
and the administration, as a body which must
look out for student welfare, are both deeply
involved in matters of fraternity recognition
and withdrawal of recognition.
However, a fraternity is also a body com-
posed entirely of students (on the local level),
a body which has a direct impact on all aspects
of the University, including the full student
population. Recognition of a student living unit
is a matter for student concern.
In this light, it would be grossly unfair for
any Board to seat only one representative of
the "general student body."
Perhaps the general student should not have
as powerful and uncertain a voice as that of
SGC during the Sigma Kappa dispute. But on
the other hand, the IFC proposal bluntly seg-
regates the student from matters of concern
to all registered members of the University
community.
-THOMAS HAYDEN

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self-possessed tutor, the dull sis-
ter and the vulgar Aegisthus are
all foils for Electra and her hate.
She repeats again and again that
her life is in these other charac-
ters, in what she would call their
just fates and ends. Through her
the fates work and she in turn
works through the other charac-
ters.
* * *
LORRAINE SMALL, as Electra,
was sometimes in control of her
part but too often she approached
it with the same monomaniac vio-
lence that Electra herself charac-
terizes. She interpreted the trage-
dy of Electra with a sentimental
pathos and hysteria which great-
ly distorts our judgement. If any
individual rose above a competent
but undistinguished cast it was
Don Catalina as the tutor - but
his style of acting was so jarring-
ly different from the others in the
cast that his sensitive portrayal
was often wasted.
Especially undistinguished was
Howard Poyourow as Orestes. One
finds difficulty in understanding
his graceless interpretation; it is
really unnecessary to approach a
naive character with naivete. The
movements of the chorus had a

'Electra' Ambitious
But Inconsistent
AS THE FINAL PRODUCTION of a varied season the Speech de-
partment is currently offering Sophocle's Electra, an interpretation
marked with the same ambition and verve that have characterized the
productions of their past year. Director Halstead has mingled con-
temporary stage techniques with informed guesses at Hellenic modes in
a shrewd attempt at the tragedy. Unfortunately, his ambition is never
sustained and the cogency of Sophocles is too often hidden in a dis-
order of techniques.
The story itself is one of lucid order, taut in its construction, fluid
in its presentation. But the familiar tale is not a simple one of murder
and family horror. For in Electra the Sophoclean implications of uni-
versals - the ideas of order and violence, justice and hate - come to
focus. All the other characters are included so that we might see how
Electra reacts to them. The frightened mother, the naive Orestes, the

beauty and meaning of their own,
perfect rituals executed sensitively
and purposefully.
But a meaning has failed to
emerge from the production,
Rather we have a confused inter-
pretation; exciting and clever
without any attendant lucidity of
purpose. The extreme formaliza-
tion of the chorus often opposes,
instead of contrasting, the vio-
lence of Electra. They performed
their choreographed ritual while
Electra gesticulated in her pur-
poseful exaggerations. The desired
contrast would have been achieved
if the techniques of? the rest of
the cast had been consistent but
they too vacillated between freely
metaphoric violence and exagger-
ated stylization.
The lighting effects were gen-
erally effective, sometimes bril-
liant, but the music used was
again inconsistent with any unity
of purpose and the result was an
uncomfortable sense of disorder.
In the, ambition of chasing too
much in too many directions the
essence and spirit of the play has
been lost.
--Eli Zaretsky

0a~s;t'~ ~-4,G.-r z M..c'rcK

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Tilting at Pigskin Windmills

UN Potential Overlooked

.MIDST all the discussion of the coming tension could be reduced if this could be re-
foreignministers and summit talks, the UN solved.
is practically being ignored. UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold
Neither the West nor the Soviet Union seem recently expressed belief that his own staff has
to realize the many resources of trained spe- "expert knowledge and experience that might
cialists available in the UN. And as a result, prove useful" at the coming meetings. He also
the coming meetings seem destined to become hailed "the basic philosophy reflected" in Vice-
forums where both side's reiterate old and ad- President Richard M. Nixon's proposal of hav-
vance- new charges at each other. There is ing a strengthened World Court made umpire
still some question if even the West is going to in disputes "growing out of any East-West
these talks in "good faith." agreements." Hammarskjold, who has received
eetlkSecretarodftate. hriste world-wide acclaim in his soothing of trouble
Recently, Secretary of State Christian Herter spots, will be in Geneva at the time of the
said thathe is Intent on maintaining Western foreign ministers' meeting and it would be a
unity in the coming talks. His concern seems great help if he were allowed to participate
to be centered more on having the West pre- in the meeting.
sent a united front than actually reaching an
agreement with Russia. ITIS UNFORTUNATE that summit and other
But attitude is not enough. Also needed is bilateral meetings are necessary outside of
an impartial party to act as moderator at the UN, thus relegating this organization to
these meetings who as a result of his detach- the role of a sounding board. Such problems
ment would be better equipped to offer con- as the veto, the difficulty of negotiation in a
structive suggestions than those delegates who large group and the inability of this organiza-
are interested only in their own country. The tion to enforce decisions have severely weak-
organization to provide this moderator is the ened the UN's peace promoting ability..
UN. Nations are viewing the UN as either a legis-
Moreover, there are a number of other UN lative body in which power politics should be
facilities that could be used. One, for example, used or as a propaganda medium where its
would be using the World Court. The court, delegates are sent only to court world opinion.
say, could- settle the legal questions of whether The thought of using the General Assembly
or not the Soviet Union may legally pull out and the Security Council as the place where
of Berlin and thus, according to the We(, international accord is reached seems gone.
break a post-World War II agreement guaran- Although the UN has not reached its fullest
teeing Western communications with West expectations many resources are still available
Berlin. Since Russia's threat was the precipi- to promote international accord.
tating factor of the present Berlin crisis, much -JOHN FISCHER
initiative at High Prie

Sacrilege
To the Editor:
VER THE years here at Mich-
gan various bemused knights
have attacked the windmill of in-
tercollegiate football without much
success. Apathy; disgust, and ac-
tive opposition on the part of the
faculty and students prevented
any petition or movement from
denting the Michigan Tradition,
and, as a result, we have now
101,101 stadium seats used seven
times each year, plus once for
graduation.
Wade Thompson, an English in-
structor at Brown University, re-
cently attracted nationwide atten,
tion with his struggles against the
Eternal Verity at Brown. For de-
tails see recent issues of Time and
Sports Illustrated, as well as an
article by him in the April 11th
issue of The Nation, which can be
found either on the magazine rack
in the Undergraduate Library or at
Bob Marshall's. Why doesn't The
Daily reprint his article?
Briefly, Mr. Thompson's heresy
consisted of attempting to circu-
late a petition to eradicate the
sport at Brown. The reaction to his
sacrilege led to a Great Debate
between he and the Brown Direc-
tor of Athletics. Mr. Thompson
still breathes and football is still
as firmly entrenched at Brown as
ever.
In his article, Mr. Thompson
blandly states: "I am convinced
that if you wanted to pooh-pooh
football at Michigan, Notre Dame,
or Southern Methodist, you would
need police protection." I agree
with him and wonder how many
others in Ann Arbor feel the same.
If a Michigan counterpart to
Wade Thompson began the Big
March down South State in the
direction of Ferry Field, waving
the sword of intellectuality or the
pen for petitioners, he might not
reach his destination. Found hang-
ing from a lamppost would not be
an effigy either.
-Wells Gray
Popularity .
To the Editor:
HURRAH for the University of
Michigan and their recent
memo to students enrolled in Eng-
lish. Under the title of Personality
Perception Project lies a wicked
potential. Students were asked to
evaluate freshmen of their own
sex on social adjustment, inter-
personal relations, and leadership

potential. They were to list two
equal numbered groups; one of
persons possessing a high rating in
these traits and one of persons
possessing-a low rating. All choices
are matters of personal judge-
ment.
The memo specifically states,
"Normally these are the ones who
have a nice personality and the
ones you like most," when refer-
ring to the group to be selected as
possessors of social adjustment,
etc.
If direct benefits are to be
gained from this they seem to be
only applicable to admissions: If
the University chooses to admit
students on a popularity poll
rather than academic standards
they (the officials) are leading us
up the road. to, the Michigan
school of games.
If we students, and the preserv-
ers of education on the faculty,
will permit the University to run a
popularity poll on campus with a
possibility of using such a poll; we
are ruining our school.
The University is to be run for
our education not popularity.
Those individuals whose social ad-
justment is so lacking that they
cannot live in our society will be
taken care of by the proper offi-
cials. The University doesn't have
to use the personal feelings of stu-
dents to run a good guy, bad guy
contest on campus.
I suggest a bonfire in the diag
supported by blue sheets of paper
put out as memos to students en-
rolled in English, or some other
action with a similar end for the
papers.
-Bart Halliday
Dilemma .. .
To the Editor:
WE THINK the vital thing that
Mr. Ohlson fails to recognize
in his plea for law and order, is
that the integration question is a
dilemma of unusual dimension.
Now is the time for the more
liberal citizens of this country to
demand realistic equality for the
Negro. ne is forced, in reply to
Mr. Ohlson's second letter, to de-
cide what is the more powerful
element of democracy. Shall it be
government based on the sacred
premise of equality, or shall it be
based solely on the sometimes
tedious processes of law. Realizing
the necessity of both elements, at
the same time it seems to us that
the former should be the most
pressing.

The integration petition and the
March on Washington are not
only worthy of themselves, but are
in complete accordance with con-
stitutional guarantees of freedom
of speech. The petitioning of gov-
ernment for redress of grievances
is considered an inherent feature
of our democratic system. It cer-
tainly cannot be classified under
the inauspicious titles of "mob
rule" or "radicalism."
Parts of Latin America and the
Middle East are experiencing a
period of internal unrest. These
people have for years been de-
sirous of freedom from foreign and
domestic suppression. If this urge
for greater equality and expression
can be deemed "radicalism," then
this country is a radical state. Our
Revolution was fought to establish
a representative, republican form
of government It could not have
been achieved by moderate action,
and neither can integration. Seg-
regation, whether by law or not,
represents the gravest inner cleft
within this society. The modera-
tion of the past ninety years has
accomplished very little, and the
continuation of such an atmos-
phere is incompatible with our
"firmly established principles of
government and law." We cannot
believe that Mr. Ohlson and those
who agree with him are really sup-
porters of integration.
if "Mr. Bissell and his fellows"
take issue with the Supreme
Court's proclamation of the sanc-
tity of private institutions, and
especially with those institutions on
their campus, it is their duty to
themselves and to their country to
express their opinions freely. We
personally believe that it is a viola-
tion of all democratic and moral
considerations to allow the college
fraternity system to make such
an arbitrary choice of member-
ship. We further believe that vol-
untary association" in this par-
ticular case is an undemocratic
and inhumane procedure. For these
reasons, the question at hand goes
beyond the narrow confines of
Mr. Ohlson's reasoning.
-Daniel A. Breskin, '62
-Philip J. Ramp, '62
Conservatives . .
To the Editor:
TH E UNIVERSITY'S unwilling-
ness to lend its name to such
a project as the recent integration
march in Washington, D. C. is
another manifestation of a serious
problem which concerns both stu-
dents and administrators of this
university. Controversial subjects
and any matters which have any
elements of "radicalism" are al-
ways evaded, and often indiscrimi-
nately labeled "subversive" and
"worthy of investigation." There
is little room for debatable issues
when they tend to move the uni-
versity's usually conservative (if
not reactionary) stand in a more
liberal direction. Charles Kozoll's
exceptional editorial points out
quite well that there can be no
controversy involved in having
bicycle races and yo-yo contests
on Spring Weekends. It is a well
known fact that loyalty oaths, in-
tegration issues, and socialist
youth groups are just a few of the
issues that the University's admin-
istration tries to avoid discussing,
thorhy eliminating the ned for

ON TOP OF THE HEAP:
Khrushchev Secure
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Harold K. Milks, Associated Press Bureau Chief in
Moscow since 1956, concludes today a series of four uncensored articles on
the Soviet Union.)
By HAROLD K. MILKS
Associated Press Staff Writer
WESTERNERS who regard political churnings in several Soviet states
as signs of trouble for Nikita Khrushchev are apt to find they have
been engaged in wishful thinking.
Most of the upheavals were inspired by the Soviet Union's top
boss, rather than resulting from any possible criticism of the man or
his program. Khrushchev is simply building up his local political
fences and weeding out men he regards as weak either in performance
or personal loyalty.
** *
LATEST OF A series of upheavals among the Soviet states came
in Bylorussia where a new premier was named and shifts made

j

APPARENTLY, the consequences- of Music
School's discontinuation of its major choral
ctivities have not all been bad.
The University community has been de-
ived this year of the Saint Matthew Passion
id, undoubtedly, of much other fine music,
it Sunday afternoon's concert by the extra-
,ademic Arts Chorale seems to indicate that
-in some cases, at least-students are willing
fill the gaps that the administration leaves.
The concert was a sensitive and thoroughly

enjoyable one. The quality of the performance,
however, is less significant than the imagina-
tion and perseverance exhibited by the people
involved. It is reassuring to find that initiative
on this campus may be discovered somewhere
outside of the Student Activities Building. But
one might wish that the action needed to
provoke such commendable efforts had been
somewhat less drastic.
-JEAN WILLOUGHBY
Associate Editorial Director

TRAIL-BLAZING:
Presidency.
Upgraded
By THOMAS WHITNEY
Associated Press Foreign News Analyst
POLITICAL trail-blazing under
way in the biggest of the Soviet
Union's 15 republics suggests Nikita
S. Khrushchev may be headed for
the presidency of the USSR.
It's a figurehead job now held by
the aged and ailing Klementi E.
Voroshilov. But the holder is the
formal chief of state.
The top executive position in the
government now is the premier-
ship, held by Khrushchev.
But an example by the populous
Russian Republic in revamping its
presidency last week points the
way to a change which could put
Khrushchev quickly on an equal
titular footing with such chiefs of
state as President Dwight D.
Eisenhower. and French President
de Gaulle. This would be no disad-
vantage to the Soviet boss
THE PRECEDENT was set last
Thursday at the final session of
the Supl'eme Soviet (parliament)
of the, Russian Republic, which
contains half the population and
three-fourths of the territory of
the Soviet Union.
There was a deliberate upgrad-
ing of the presidency, -fficially
called the chairmanship of the
Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.
There was deliberate subordina-
tion of the premie'ship, officially
called the chairmanship of the
Republic's Council of Ministers.
This reversed tjhe traditional
status of the two jobs and created
a unique-and possibly temporary
.-situation in which the govern-
mental structure of the largest
Soviet Republic is at variance with
that of the Soviet Union's govern-
ment. The governmental structure
in the Soviet Republics is supposed
to parallel that of the government
of the USSR.
* * *
NIKOLAI G. IGNATOV, 58, an
up and coming Khrushchev dis-
ciple who is a full member of the
Communist Party's Presidium, was
elected to the Soviet Republic's
presidency. The speech nominating
him made clear that this was both
a promotion for Ignatov and an
enhancement of his new job.

in the party lineup. But veteran
observers in Moscow said the move
strengthened rather than weak-
ened the man who replaced Stalin.
Nikita Khrushchev approaches
the May 11 meeting of Foreign
Ministers on German problems in
by far the strongest personal po-
sition among leaders from either
side of the cold war barriers.
Since taking over full govern-
mental' as well as party powers,
he has ruthlessly eliminated any
possible critics or opponents. He
used the attack on the "antiparty
group" to get rid of several, in-
cluding such old line party stal-
warts as Malenkov, Molotov, Kag-
anovich-and Bulganin.
He skilfully split the nation's
outstanding military leaders to
pave the way for ouster of a na-
tional hero, Marshal Georgi Shi-
kiv.
He mended personal fences
throughout the Soviet Union,
drawing heavily on his closest and
oldest pals to fill key jobs.
VETERAN diplomats in Mos-
cow scoff at the possibility of any
trouble for Khrushchev at home
at this stage.
Khrushchev demonstrated his
contempt for any possible rivalry
in the Soviet hierarchy by permit-
ting MikhailSuslov-frequently
mentioned abroad as a threat to
the present ruler's position-to
lead a Soviet delegation to
England recently. Suslov's pro-
Khrushchev behavior abroad was
obvious.
"Khrushchev has nothing to
worry about today," was the way
one western diplomat summed up
the situation. "He is the boss. He
makes the rules and the others
follow them. I don't think even a
major .political setback or a crop
failure in the virgain lands -would
shake him much these days."
He added that in Russia noth-
ing is certain "but unless I am
badly mistaken Nikita Khrushchev
is going to stay on top of the
heap here for a long time."

3

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
West's Advances worry Soviets

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
UCLEAR ARMAMENT isn't the only thing
about West Germany that worries Russia.
Irk the old days the eastern part of Germany
hich is now Communist-controlled was con-
derably advanced over most of eastern Europe
espite the fact that it was primarily agri-
ultural.
Now East Germany runs far behind West
ermany'and may even be slipping while West
ermany booms ahead - a poor advertise-
ient for the Soviet system.
And the east zone may be running into more
nd more trouble.
As workers in their prime slip into West
irmany by the thousand, the east zone's pop-
lation - and labor force -- gets older and
'ss productive.
The population reference bureau of Wash-
igtqn estimates that two million people have
ed from East to West Germany since ,1950,
lost of them in the past five years.

West German figures show more than half
of these were under 25 years of age and an-
other 27.8 per cent between 25 and 45.
This has not only reduced the East German
labor force, but shifted its base until it is now
42 per cent women - as compared with 32 per
cent in the United States.
It also reduced the birth rate in six years,
1951-57, from 16.9 to 15.6 per thousand, so that
migration is now three times the increase
through births over deaths.
At the same time West Germany was ab-
sorbing the millions of immigrants from the
east, her own birth rate was climbing from
16.5 to 17.0 making her population of 53.7 mil-
lions the largest in Western Europe.
There was selectivity in the emigration from
East Germany in other than the age field,
which was caused by the fewer ties which bind
youth to old homes.
The latest report from Berlin shows 95 scien-
tist refugees in just the last seven weeks. They
fled, they said, because of continued Commu-

Senimore Says ...

DAILY
OFFICIAL

BULLETIN
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