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14Treasury of firt
F OR CENTURIES the Monastery
of St. Catharine below the
peak of Mt. Sinai has contained a :
magnificent treasure of Byzantine~
Iart seen only: by the few scholars kw Q°
who have traveled there.v°k
This year an expedition of UM,j
Princeton University and Alexan-
dria University scholars and tech-'
nicians returned from the Egyp-
tain site with a photographic
record of the 3,000 illuminated
manuscripts, 2,000 icons and
unique architectural forms.
It is the only place where there
is an appreciable number of icons .
from the sixth and eighth cen-
turies and from the Middle Byzan-
tine period of the ninth and-
THE MONASTERY also contains'
.one of the finest medieval li-
braries ever found.
St. Catharines' marks a sacred
spot for Judaism, Christianity and I
Islam. Inside the monastery walls '
stands a Greek Orthodox Church,
the Chapel of the Burning Bush
and a Moslem mosque.
If the Mohammedan conquest
had -ot isolated the Monastery
during the seventh century, many Silver covers, held together by silver nails, were used
of the icons probably would have on manuscripts. The covers depict Biblical scenes.
been destroyed by the Byzantine
emperor during the Iconoclastic I
controversy of the eighth and
Economic Development in Puerto Rico Is Hard,
But a P' Graduate Has Succeeded with
By THOMAS TURNER
Monastery's basilica (church) is ornately decorated with hanging
icons and ostrich eggs. on right is throne for Abbott of Monastery.
"OPERATION Bootstrap," as the
American press has christened
Puerto Rico's remarkable economic
development program, is headed
by a graduate of the University's
Teodoro Moscoso, '32Ph, has
been administrator of the island
commonwealth's Economic De-
velopment Administration since its'
inception 18 years ago. The Ad-
ministration, known as Fomento
(Spanish for "growth" or "de-
velopment") has "spearheaded"
the activity which has given Puerto
Rico Latin America's second high-
est per capita income, behind oil-
Moscoso smilingly says, "I wrote
the law for the program, got it
approved by the legislature, and so
they had to make me administra-
But statistics alone belie this
modest self-appraisal. Since 1940,
immediately prior to Fomento, ex-
ports have increased over 500per,
cent, imports over 600 per cent.1
And this progress has spread be-.
yond economic areas: while popu-
lation increased only one-fourth,
the number of school - children
Today, observers from under-
developed nations throughout-the
free world come to Puerto Rico to
study the example of a people suc-;
cessfully improving their lot.
MOSCOSO, the man directly
responsible for stimulating
and guiding this growth, and be-'
hind Governor Luis Munoz Marin
the most important man on the
island, comes from Puerto Rico's1
educated property-owning upper-
Until coming to work for the.
Commonwealth government in
1941 as Fomento chief, he had
worked in his family business; a
pharmaceutical firm on the island,
since his graduation from the Uni-
Thomas Turner, a night
editor on The Michigan Daily,
lives in Puerto Rico.
Although industry is new, productivity is impressively high.
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He first came to the University
because he wanted to graduate
from the best university in the
United States with a pharmacy
"I decided Michigan was it," he
At the time, he explained, he
thought of 'postgraduate study,
perhaps in medicine. This was
abandoned, however, for the family,
While at the University, Mos-
coso was a member of Hermitage,
a now-defunct local fraternity, to
which University President-Emeri-
tus Alexander G. Ruthven be-
"The house was so far out Wash-
tenaw Avenue we were authorized
to keep a bus to come in on," he
recalled with a smile.
ON A RECENT visit to Ann Ar-
bor he visited the former loca-
tion of the fraternity- house and
found it quite built up, in contrast
to the former isolation.
Another recollection of his days
at the University brought a smile'
to Moscoso's face--working on the
The humor magazine that year
first put out a parody of The
New Yorker. Moscoso solicited
some previously unpublished ma-
terial from a New Yorker con-
tributor so the magazine had some
particularly good writing in that
Moscoso indicated particular
concern with two current Uni-
versity problems: size of the stu-
dent body and the role of athletics.
Pointing out that the total en-
rollment when he was here was
8,000, he believes autonomy for
various arms and branches of the
University is necessary.
As for athletics, Moscoso's -criti-
cism was still more direct: "The
business of the University is to
make people uncomfortable;
watching football doesn't make
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