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April 19, 1959 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-04-19

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See Page 4

Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom




VOL. LXIX, No. 140




Youth Join
In March
On Capitol
WASHINGTON () - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower sent word
to a delegation of student youth
marchers yesterday that he will
never be satisfied until the last
vestige of racial discrimination has
disappeared in this country/'
Pres. Eisenhower also told the
youngsters he is just as anxious as
they are to see an America where
discrimination does not exist and
where equal opportunity is avail-
able to all.
The President's views were con-
vexed to two white and two Negro
students by his deputy assistant,
Gerald D. Morgan, who received a
petition from the group on behalf
of the vacationing chief executive.
Represent Thousands
The students represented thou-
sands of college and high school
youngsters participating in the
second "youth march for inte-
grated schools" being sponsored
by the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People
and other organizations and in-
They left with Morgan a long
petition seeking Presidential and
Congressional action looking to
orderly and speedy integration of
the nation's public schools.
A larger group delivered a simi-
lar petition at the Capitol and;
then marched down Washington's
mall to the Washington Monument
grounds for a rally.
National Capital park police
estimated the number attending
the rally at 22,500.
Wave Pennants
The marchers, chanting and
singing, waved gaily-colored pen-
nants and signs bearing such slo-
gans at "Let Freedom Ring," "It's
Time for Every State to Integrate,"
and "Equality Is the Thing that
Makes Democracy Ring."
One group of Negro marchers;
from Durham, N.C., shouted a
spirited chant "Five, six, seven,
eight, these United States must
Guards End
Prison Riort
In Montana
DEER LODGE, Mont. (P) --
Heavily armed National Guards-
men stormed the Montana State
Prison early yesterday and res-
cued 16 guards held hostage for
36 hours by die-hard rioting con-
z The surprise attack began at
3:45 a.m. (MST). The 50 guards-
men moved in under cover of
bazooka, machine gun and rifle
fire. Two were wounded, neither
Officials said it appeared one
of the two'riot leaders, hopelessly
cornered in the prison's northwest
tower, shot the other and then
committed suicide.
Early reports indicated both
had commited suicide but High-
way Patrol Capt. Alex B. Stephen-
son and Powell County Coroner
Ralph J. Beck said after examin-
ing the bodies that it appeared
Lee Smart shot Jerry Myles
through the head and then shot
himself under the chin.
Smart, 19 years old, was im-

xo prisoned for murdering a Color-
ado salesman and Myles, 44 years
old, was a burglar with a long,
criminal record.
Three tough convicts conceded
to be riot leaders along with Myles
and Smart surrendered meekly as
the guardsmen surged into the
One of the die-hards, George
Alton, serving 15 years for burg-
lary and an old hand at commit-
ting crimes, said Montana's parole
system was the major reason for
the riot which cost -Deputy War-
den'Theodore Roth, 40 years old,
his life at the outset.
Alton contended there was an
"injustice in granting paroles" A
succession of prisoners told news-
men that "we want paroles for the
man, not the crime." They assert-
ed that sex offenders get Montana
paroles more easily than robbers
and burglars.
S 1 *

Reds' Tibet Rule
Lashed by Lama
Says He Fled Tibet Voluntarily,
Chinese Violated Self-Rule Pledge
TEZPUR, India (P)-The Dalai Lama declared yesterday Red
China violated its pledge of self-rule for Tibet, subjugated the Tibetans
and killed or enslaved many Buddhist holy men.
He called Peiping's assertions that he had been abducted by rebels
entirely false.
It was the Tibetan god-king's first statement on recent events in
his homestead, and his words were unexpectedly blunt.
Words Worry Nehru
They undoubtedly sent a chill through Prime Minister Jawaharlal
Nehru's government, which is trying to maintain good relations with

Chou Strives
To Alleviate
Asian Fears'
TOKYO (P) -- Premier Chou
En-Lai of Red China strove yes-
terday to calm any apprehension
among Asian neighbors arising
from Peiping's harsh measures in
rebellious Tibet. /
"China does not want to threat-
en or harm anybody, nor ask any-
body to change the social-political
systems they have chosen," he
told the opening session of Red
China's Parliament in Peiping.
Peiping Radio said Chou ad-
dressed himself particularly to
India, an uneasy host to Tibet's
fugitive Dalai Lama. He declared
attempts to drive a wedge between
India and China because of the
Tibetan uprising had failed.
Denounces Imperialism
In a 30,000-word speech rang-
ing widely over domestic and for-
eign policies, Chou denounced
"United States imperialism" and
vowed Red China would- seize
Chinese Nationalist Formosa and
the offshore- islands.
Th e Premier praised the
people's communes that have up-
rooted families in Red China in
the drive for greater production,
and told the Chinese people
frankly they must work even
an the Tibetan revolt, Chou
said the rebels "have already met
with ignominious defeat" but he
admitted there still is resistance.
"Although the Dalai Lama has
been abducted to India," Chou
said, "we still hope he will be able
to free -himself from the hold of
the rebels.
Maintains Hopes
The Dalai Lama said on his ar-
rival in Tezpur, India, that he left
of his own free will. He accused
the Red Chinese of interfering in
Tibet's Buddhist religion and kill-
ing monks.
Chou asserted Tibet's leaders
will meet soon to decide on the
communization of the country. He
predicted that "with the suppres-
sion of the rebellion in Tibet" In-
dia and Red China will lay an
even firmer foundation of friend-
Aid Tibet

-Red China, and other Asians who
believe in co-existence with the
But in India's Parliament, the
words were applauded as states-
Arriving by Jeep in this north-
east Indian city after his flight
from Tibet, the Dalai Lama
promptly denied Red China's state-
ment that he had been abducted
by rebels and forced into India.d
Left by Free Will
"The Dalai Lama would like to
state categorically he left Lhasa
and Tibet and came to India of
his own free will and not under
duress," his statement said.
The spiritual ruler of Tibet, 23
years old, emphasized that he fled
Lhasa March 17 only after the
Chinese Communists attacked his
summer palace with mortars.
At almost the same moment as
the Dalai Lama's statement was
being read, Premier Chou. En-Lai
of Red China was repeating in
Peiping that the god-king was
carried off to India by reactionary
Expressed Hope
Chou expressed hope that the
Dalai Lama would return to Lhasa,
and a nervous Indian government
undoubtedly would-.like to see this
But the Dalai Lama said he will
make known his future plans later
and gave no hint he was in a mood
to return. The Dalai Lama empha-
sized, furthermore, that he con-
siders himself still the leader of
Tibetans who continue to fight the
Red Chinese rulers of Tibet.
"As Dalai Lama and spiritual
head of all Buddhists in Tibet,"
said his statement, read by a
spokesman, "his foremost concern
is the well being of his people.
Into Effect
NEW YORK (P)-Daylight sav-
ing time begins next Sunday,
April 26, in all or part of 24 states
and the District of Columbia.
The fast-time belt is mainly in
the East and the Middle West. Two
Far Western states and one in the
Southwest also are affected. Most
of the Deep South stays on Stand-
ard Time.
Where DST is observed, clocks
will be turned ahead one hour at
2 a.m. April 26. The hour lost will
be regained when clocks are turn-
ed back next fall-either in Sep-
tember or October, depending up-
on local custom.
Generally, most areas observing
DST begin it the last Sunday in
April and'end it six months later
on the last Sunday in October,
which this year is Oct. 25. But
there are exceptions and the situa-
tion in some states approaches
utter confusion. '
States in which there is no DST
include Louisiana, Mississippi,
North and South Carolina, Geor-
gia, Utah, Idaho, Oregon, Nebras-
ka, Colorado, Wyoming and Mich-

Vote Nears
on Senate
labor Bill
F. Kennedy (D-Mass.) puts his
head into a political buzz saw
next week.
This will be when the time
comes for showdown voting in the
Senate on his labor regulation bill.
Dozens of amendments already
have been proposed by Senators
attacking the complex 59-page
measure from many different
On the 41-year-old Sen. Ken-
nedy wil fall the principal bur-
den of defending the bill from
these attacks. He is author of
the measure as well as chairman
of the Labor Subcommittee that
approved it.
Affect 1960 Chances
It probably will be by far the
most important bill Kennedy
handles on the floor in this Con-
gress; his performance is sure to
affect his chances for the 1960
Democratic Presidential nomina-
Some legislators long have con-
tended that handling politically
charged labor measures is a
heads-ose, tails-you-win prop-
osition - all loss and no gain.
The Massachusetts Senator, in
his opening speech of the debate
last week, asserted that the bill's
provisions not only are strong and
effective in meeting union cor-
ruption but said also in effect that
they achieve a delicate balance of
all the forces brought to bear on
the legislation.
Management Attacks
Several management groups
have assailed the measure, con-
tending it is not tough enough on
some union practices.
On the other hand, some labor
organizations support it only re-
luctantly, claiming it is too tough
and detailed in what they regard
as its interference with internal
union processes.
Sen. Kennedy told a reporter
yesterday, "I am confident the bill
wil pass the Senate substantially
in the form in which it came from
the committee."
Not Surprising
Such an outcome would not be
surprising in view of last year's
action on the similar Kennedy-
Ives bill and in view of the
changed Senate membership.
The Kennedy-Ives bill passed
the Senate 88-i after every
amendment opposed by Sen. Ken-
nedy except one was defeated. The
measure died in the House, how-
Last year, Democrats had a 49-
47 Senate edge. This session their
majority is 64-34.
Kennedy Aided -
Sen. Kennedy also will be helped
in this year's battle by a split in
the Republican ranks on his bill.
One group supports nearly all of
it, another favors most of it but
would like to see some changes,
and a third faction opposes the
entire measure.
There also are cleavages among
the Democrats. Sen. Sam J. Ervin,
Jr., (D-NC), one of the original
sponsors of this year's Kennedy
Bill, is offering a major amend-
ment on which the first vote may
come Tuesday.
Ervin wants to knock out all of
the Taft-Hartley changes in the
bill, and leave only the anti-
racketeering sections.
Some Republicans, however, real-
ize that the vote on this amend-
ment will show up their split at

the outset. They are considering
the offer of a substitute amend-
ment, on which most GOP Sena-
tors can agree, for the initial roll


Allies Cheer
Of Herter
Expect Little Change
From Dules' Policy
LONDON W) - Western Euro-
pean nations welcomed yesterday
the nomination of Christian A.
Herter as United States Secretary
of State and expressed belief he'
will carry on the "no appease-
ment" policies of John Foster
Expressions of approval for the
nomination were heard in Europe
from West Berlin to London.
A statement from British Prime
Minister Harold Macmillan's of-
fice said: "The Prime Minister
has asked the Foreign Secretary
to send his congratulations and
good wishes to Mr. Herter."
Lloyd 'Delighted'
Foreign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd
said he was delighted.
"I am confident," said Lloyd,
"that Mr. Herter will maintain
the close cooperation and intimate
consultation between our govern-
ments in the field of foreign pol-
icy, on which so much depends."
West Berlin's city government
spokesman, Hans Hirschfeld, said:
Continue Dulles' Line
"We are convinced that Herter
will continue the foreign political
line which has been represented
by President Eisenhower and
John Foster Dulles - especially
since he has been one of Dulles
closest associates in the State De-
West German Socialists joined
government circles in hailing Her-
ter's nomination - though for
different reasons. The Socialists
expect him tobe more flexible in
his outlook than Dulles was.'
Socialist Chairman Fritz Erler'
anticipating Herter's a p p o i n t-
ment, wrote of him as a man who
weighed things carefully but did
not shut out new ideas.
'Outstanding Qualities'
In Paris, Premier Michel Debre's
office said:
"The appointment is, of course,
no real surprise. We recognize Mr.
Herter as a man who has exten-
sive experience with diplomatic
problems. We also appreciate his
outstanding human qualities."
Herter is little known to most
Europeans. But there have been
expressions of concern that his
chronic arthritis may prove a
handicap in' the rigorous duties
of his high "office.
The London Evening News, in a
dispatch from Washington, said
Herter will be - unlike Dulles -
a mostly desk-bound Secretary of
"Because of this," said the
News, "he will rely heavily on his
deputies, particularly on Under
Secretary of State Douglas Dillon."
Government officials in Austria
recalled recent talks between Her-
ter and Chancellor Julius Raap,
adding: "We certainly regard him
as a true friend of our country
and as a man capable of fulfilling
the difficult tasks the United
States is facing at the present

GOP Cautions State
On Income Tax Use

Ike Names

LANSING (MP-The Republican
StateNCentral Committee yester-
day urged the Legislature to "con-
sider all other means of taxation
beforearesorting to any form of a
state income tax."
A committee resolution suggest-
ed the possibility of "extending
the scope of the present three per
cent sales tax or enacting other3
specific taxes on a temporary
basis" rather than passing an in-
come tax.'
The resolution also urged that
no income tax be passed until the
people of Michigan are given a
chance to vote on it.
Speaks for Self
'At the same time the committee
said that any Republican spon-
soring a graduated personal in-3
come tax "speaks only for him-
self and not for the party."
Rep. George W. Sallade (R-Ann
Arbor) joined with Rep. Walter H.
Nill (D-Muskegon) this week in,
introducing a graduated income
tax bill. It differs from one pro-
posed by Gov. G. Mennen Wil-
liams in' both rates and exemp-
tions, but was drafted after the
authors conferred with Gov. Wil-
liams' lieutenants. Sallade said he
would seek Republican votes for
its passage.
The Republican Committee
threw its support behind Senate
Republicans who are demanding
a re-writing of the State's unem-
ployment compensation law in ex-
tending temporary unemployment
benefits from April 1 to July 1.E

U.S., Lofts

Big Balloon
FAIRBANKS, Alaska OP) --
Scientists yesterday launched the
third of three hugeballoons, be-
lieved to be the largest ever sent
aloft, in search of data on cosmic
rays and aurora borealis.
The balloon, released at 11:30
a.m. (EST), hovered over Fair-
banks at an altitude of 136,000
feet - more than 25 miles.'
The first of the three balloons
was sent up Wednesday, the sec-
ond Thursday.
The second reached 138,400
feet, a record for balloons made
of polyethylene, a plastic-like ma-
Each of the balloons is 303 feet
long and 232 feet in diameter,
World News
By The Associated Press
HAVANA - Most Cubans are
pleased with the reception Fidel
Castro got in Washington from
the American Society of Newspa-
pers Editors and the Senate For-
eign Relations Committee.
They hoped his United States
trip will bring an improvement in
relations between Cuba and the
United States.
* * *
WASHINGTON - Congressional
approval of a compromise Civil
Rights Bill thissession was fore-
cast today by Sen. Everett Dirk-
sen (R-Ill), the Senate Republi-
can Leader.
Dirksen told reporters he pre-
fers to tackle the issue this year,
even though a delay until 1960
might split the Democrats at about
the time they will be nominating
their presidential candidate.
* * *
GENEVA - A United Nations
conference aimed at reducing the
number of stateless persons in the
world ended today in complete
The four-week, 40-nation con-
ference broke down over a draft
treaty restricting the right of gov-
ernments to withdraw or refuse

Eisenhower Picks Herter

Replace Ailing Dulles

Under federal law states may ex-
tend temporarily from 29 to 39
weeks the period that jobless per-
sons can draw benefits.
Republican legislators, parti-
cularly in the state Senate, insist
that in granting -an extension the
law be re-written to exclude from
benefits any persons idled in a
Michigan plant by a strike against
the same company's plant in an-
other state.
Workers Eligible
The State Supreme Court re-
cently held that Ford workers
idled by an Ohio strike against
Ford were eligible for Michigan
Democrats in the Legislature
have insisted on a measure that
merely would extend temporary
benefits for 13 weeks. Republicans
control the Senate 22-12 but the
House is split evenly, 55-55.
The State GOP Committee said
yesterday that the re-writing it
proposes "protects both the em-
ployers and the working people.
Reds Claim1
MOSCOW (P)-TwQ Soviet si-
entists today claimed development
of the world's first high-voltage
atomic battery. They reported it
could transform atomic energy
directly into an electric current
of 24,000 volts.
No hint of the size of the de-
vice was given, in a letter from
P. V. Timofeyev and Y. A. Sim-
chenko to the Journal of Atomic
Energy of the SovietdAcademy
of Sciences. They said it was
shaped like a spark plug and could
be used as a portable power source.
The designers said the current
is generated by transforming elec-
tron radiation from a thin spread
of the isotopes Strontium 90 and
Yttrium 90 inside a seamless nickel
tube a few microns thick.
They added that 76 per cent of
the electron radiation is trans-
formed into electricity and the de-
vice is completely safe because
casings of aluminum, rubber, glass
and nickel surround the energy
An experimental method of con-
verting atomic energy directly in-
to electric power developed by
United 'States scientists at the
Los Alamos, scientific laboratory
was announced April 7.
Electricity in the Los Alamos
experiment is produced by the
flow of electrons in a device called
a theromcouple, which brings two
different substances into contact,
then cools one and heats the other.
The substances in the Los Ala-
mos device are enriched Uranium
and ionized Cesium gas. Officials
said it produced enough power to
light an electric bulb for almost
12 hours and the technique is
aimed at eventually producing at
least several thousand watts.
Signal Corps
Allots Funds
For Research
The Army Signal Corps has al-
lotted the University's Project
Michigan, located at the Willow
Run laboratories, $4,000,000 more
for further secret research work.
Covering the period from April
to next March 31, the allocation
will increase the total amount
spent on the six-year project to

Universitykscientists and en-
gineers working with Proj e ct
Michigan are studying the de-
velopment of devices for detection
of the enemy. ,These function by

Ex- Governor
To Cabinet
Former Dulles Aide
Selected To Direct
State Department
AUGUSTA, Ga. P) - Christian
A. Herter was chosen by President
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
to be Secretary of State.
Herter promised to "do the very
best I can."
The widely expected selection of
Herter, 64 years old, for the Cab-
inet post was announced by the
President at a news conference at
the Augusta National Golf Club,
'Herter was present.
Herter, former member of Cqn-
gress and former Governor of
Massachusetts, has been Under-
secretary since early 1957. He suc-
ceeds John Foster Dulles whose
resignation because of incapacia
tating cancer was a c c e p t e d
by President Eisenhower last
To Formally Nominate
The President said he will for.
mally nominate Herter early next
week. In Washington, members
of Congress generally praised the
choice of Herter and swift' Sen-
ate confirmation was predicted.
Sen. J. William Fulbright (D-
Ark.), chairman of the Foreign
Relations Committee, called a
committee meeting for Tuesday
to consider the nomination.
"Mr. Herter and I served to-
gether in the House," Sen. Ful-
bright said. "I have known him
for' many years, and I expect to

. "to be Secretary

Campus groups realizing the
hardships caused, by war have
formed to aid Tibet and Tibetans
that were forced to flee from the
One committee formed entirely
of Hungarian refugees forced to
leave their homeland during the
Hungarian Revolution are collect-
ing money to aid the Tibetans.
Addressing their pleas to their
fellow Hungarians, they hope to
aid the refugees thathwere forced
to leave Tibet.
Aid Directly
To aid Tibet, another group has
formed in East Quad. Terry Ram-
bo, '62, one of the founders of the
group, explained they plan to have
a petition urging United States
recognition of the Tibetan rebel
government and extension of all
possible aid to them.
Rambo said that they have al-
ready gotten over 400 signatures
and hope to have over 2,000 be-
fore it is delivered to President
Dwight D. Eisenhower.
All money solicited by the Hun-
garian refugees is collected by
James M. Davis, director of the



Anderson Takes New IHC Trophy

have a close and cooperative re-
lationship with him in his new
Intimate Knowledge
Sen. Alexander Wiley (R-Wis.),
ranking Republican member of
the Foreign Relations Committee,
said Herter has 'an intimate
knowledge of the principles of the
nation's foreign policy and "the
basic issues that are 'on the line'
in the free world struggle against
The committee chairman said
Herter has arranged to appear
personally before the public meet-
ing Tuesday to discuss his nomin-
\ Democratic Praise
Democrats as well as Republi-
cans praised the appointment.
Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas,
the, Senate Democratie Leader,
said it will be welcomed by those
who have worked with Herter ahd
who "have confidence in his abil-
ity, his dedication and his perse-
ver ance." /
"Since he has been working
closely with Secretary Dulles, his
appointment assures continuity of
policy," Sen. Johnson said. "He
will have the backing of a united
Men's Room
Holds Crowd

'Round and 'round the closed
gates of Michigan Stadium, seven
cyclists wearily pedaled to the
finish of yesterday's first IHC
Bicycle Race.
After two hours of over-the-
handlebar spills, frenzied fixing of
bike parts and hoarse cheering
efforts, Anderson House with a
total of 75 lap completions around
the half-mile Macadam track was
flagged an easy first.
Seven Teams Entered
Each of the seven competing
House teams was represented by
six members.


WM IE: i.:' " a .tom

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