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November 26, 1968 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1968-11-26

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SIT-IN SENTENCES:
PERVERSE JUSTICE
See editorial page

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BL ECH
high-45
Low-25
Cloudy and windy;
showers changing to snow

VOL. LXXIX, No. 76 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, November 26, 1968 Ten Cents
ublishingup the ladder of academic s
By RON LANDSMAN some who are bitter, but also many who, 'publish or perish mill' like Berkeley, but Otherwise, he says, "if one man taught at them," he says. "And if it wanted a name "Th
"Some of my best friends are assistant though successful, see many drawbacks there is no question that publications are 'A' level and researched at 'C' level, and as a school for good teaching, it could get ing, a
professors," a full professor admitted re- in it as a system of academic control. the coin of the realm." another man's teaching was 'C' level and that instead." points
cently, "but I wouldn't want to live near In defending the publish or perish credo, Other critics are more harsh. "This is a his research was 'A' level, they would ad- It's much harder to evaluate teaching." colleag
one. They never publish, you .know." Vice President for Academic Affairs Allen research machine," says Prof. Jack Walk- vance at the same rate." admits Asst. Dean James Robertson, di- But
Mythical though this professor may be, Smith defines a "two-fold mission for the er, also in the political science department, That's how it should be, he says. "But rector of the Residential College, "but if say th
his comment does represent to a large University." "Everyone is very anxious to keep up." this institution depends on national re- you're interested and attuned to a man's groun
degree the attitude of many faculty mem- "Research and teaching are both im- The people responsible for determining cognition. That's how we get graduate stu- teaching-from what students say, from It has
bers-and, more important, many admin- portant," he says, "and the University policy on promotions and salary increases dents and new staff. No one here is likely what the man says about teaching, from Hay
istrators-toward the demands to "pub- would be remiss if it were not to work ---such as Smith and Dean William Hays to know who the good teachers are at other his investment of time in curriculum mat- search
lish or perish." toward both goals." of the literary college-explain that the schools, nor do they know who our good ters, you have a pretty good index of who's import
Publish or perish is a national pheno- But a certain dichotomy develops, Some greater reward for research rather than teachers are. publis
menon. Whether the University has to fol- professors prefer to teach, others would teaching stems from two factors: Although critics of publish or perish "Both colleagues and students can know puas
low the national lead, though, is another just as soon spend more time doing re- - Teaching is much harder to assess than acknowledge the difficulty of evaluating this if they want to, he concludes. ut
question. Professors' and administrators' search. This raises a difficult question: research and cannot be done as reliably; teaching, they say the problem boils down Advocates of publish or perish find other mhalle
positions on publish or perish depend on who get the money and who gets prior- and to whether the people who make the final justifications for it. One is the impetus it "Peo
what they see as the goals and purposes ity in promotions? - Research is more important than teach- decisions want to emphasize teaching or gives to teaching, some
of the University. "I've been around long enough to know ing for the national image of the Univer- research. "There's a connection between teach- "Mcn
Those who defend publish or perish are what the central factors are when the col- sity, which has an effect on the quality of Prof. Daniel Suits of the economics de- ing and research," Prof. Daniel Fusfeld discipl
its practitioners-deans and vice presidents lege gives promotions," says Prof. Norman student and staff the University attracts. partment is emphatic on this point. "The of the economics department says, "A publis
0 -and professors who have been successful Thomas of the political science depart- Smith maintains the problem is just the University gets exactly who it looks for, man's teaching is more relevant, more up portan
under it. Its critics are a varied lot- ment. "I never felt the University was a difficulty of measuring teaching quality. If it wants to hire researchers. it can get to date, because of research he is doing."

Ten Pages
access
e people who show up bst i teach-
according to student's views," he
out, "are also rated highest by their
ues professionally."
the defenders of publish or perish
iey needn't defend it just on the
3s that it contributes to teaching
some favorable aspects of its own.
s emphasizes the significance of re-
. The audience in the classroom is
tint," he says. "But it's transient. A
aho is great academically and doesn't
h fails to achieve his potential for
ing others."
Hays goes on to another, and much
nged, point: national status.
ople here are literally hired to do
research and to publish," he says,
in academicians' peer group-his
ine nationally-know him by his
hing. And that reputation is im-
it.
See PUBLISHING, Page 5

Sen.

Fulbright:

BREA KEY, BONISTEEL

Unjust system.
By RICHARD WINTER
"It may just turn out that our system is inherently ir-
rational and unjust," Sen. J. William Fulbright said, "Even
if it is not, it won't hurt us to investigate it."
Fulbright, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee, spoke to a large, enthusiastic audience at Hill
Aud. Sunday night, the final guest in University Activities
Center's Controversy '68 series.
The prestigious senator from Arkansas, one of the strong-
est critics of the war, won re-election earlier this month
after surviving a strong primary threat.
Fulbright said that until recently, the main problem
facing the country was the Vietnam war and how we could
best go about extricating ourselves from it. However, it has
become increasingly obvious to him that "an end to the war
won't bring an end to aliena-
tion" in the country.
Saigon mayT The problem facing the post-
war nation will be "whether the
frightened majority can still re-
y1 P rn spond to the demands for justice
by an increasingly desperate mi-
!nority."

-IH1
By HENRY GRIX
A Detr oit school teacher thinks
she may be a millionai ess and a
handful of heirs in the Midwest
are wondering where their esti-
mated $200,000 inheritance has
gone.
In two probate cases, the inte-
grity of two long time friends, an
Ann Arbor attorney, Roscoe Boni-
steel Sr., a former University Re-
gent, and Circuit Judge James R.
Breakey, is being questioned.

cost

of

Siheriting

manding to know how the estate dustrialist, Joseph F. Buhr. Buhr,
has been handled. who died in 1951, left a trust that
Breakey is the administrator of niay be worth millions.
the estate and Bonisteel is the Buhr's daughter, Margaret Buhr
attorney for Barthell's estate: The Trick, has filed a law suit in
relatives say there are discrepan- Breakey's court to try to find out
cies btween the notarized accounts how much money is in the trust.
and the judge description of how But the suit was filed in 1961 and
Barthell's estate has been han- is still pending, partially because
dled. Breakey has been warned Breakey refuses to recognize Mrs.
four times by government agen- Trick's husband's power of at-
cies since 1951 to file an inventory, torney.
close the account and close the! The Tricks have made nuer-
Barthell estate. But the probate ous leralattempts at clarifying

>:«''
% 'x''

peace talks
WASHINGTON (P)-There were
strong indications yesterday that
South Vietnam has agreed to par-
ticipate in fourway Paris peace
talks.
However, State Department of-
ficials viewed such reports with
caution.
A spokesman recalled that Sai-
gon appeared close to agreement
Oct. 31 on the proposal for an en-
larged conference with the United
States and South Vietnam on one
side and North Vietnam and the
National Liberation Front on the
other.
In latest U.S. discussions with
Saigon, the government of Presi-
dent Nguyen Van Thieu has
demanded assurances that its
presence at Paris would neither
constitute recognition of the NL
nor mean there has been agree-
ment with Hanoi to establish any
form of coalition -government.
In return, U.S. officials have
made clear to Saigon that the
United States remains cool to im-
posing any coalition government
on South Vietnam from the out-
side.
There was no fixed date for
beginning four-way talks. Inform-
ants, however, ruled out any pos-
sibility the meetings could begin
by Wednesday, the day meetings
were held before President John-
son announced a halt to all bomb-
ing of North Vietnam on Oct. 31.

He asserted that the key to then
solution of social problems lies
with the moods and inclinations -
of the "satisfied classes," primar-
ily the affluent middle class where Fulb right: Easing the middle class mina
the major political power lies in<
is country, as shown in the re- - IN EC
cent election. WELFARE SIT-IN SENTENCING:
Right now, the problem plagu-
ing the middle class is fear, and
the root of this fear is the loss of
individuality, he explained. "Mid-
Idle class urban society is a barren, E l enC 1
computerized abstraction.
"And if the reassurance of the By CHRIS STEELE However, he called the prc
new, more conservative govern- Daily News Analysis "manifest misapplication
ment won't suffice to ease the Last week's sentencing of 188 concept of civil disobedien
middle-class mind," then perhaps participants in the September He said that civil disob
these problems never will be welfare sit-ins by Municipal Judge must be aimed at chal
solved, he said. S. J. Elden was the final I e g a 1 "unconstitutional" laws t
One of the solutions he pro- judgement for most of t h o s e the courts. He cited severa
posed to "ease the middle-class involved. Martin Luther King's ch
mind" was a return to the "grace In a decision which Elden called of an injunction before t
and purity of small-town Amer- "the challenge of my career" he preme Court. He said tha
He advised those who do not handed down sentences lighter who challenge the laws m
go along with the current trend 'than expected by many of those willng to pay the penal
in politics as indicated by the involved. Elden contended that ci
elections to "bend so as not to At sentencing Elden spoke for obedience was misappliedi
break" when confronted with un- several minutes to most of the case since the law that was
appealing policies and decisions. groups of ten to fifteen who were ed was not the one the pr
"Middle-class fear is more pow- brought into the courtroom. He sought to change.
erful than all other dissenters put said the protection of the rights Most of the sentencesg
together .We have no choice but of protest "is a great responsibil- followed a regular pattern t
to bow to this reality." ity" but that "states must impose all the sessions: fines of
Furthermore, "social reform ! restrictions" on these rights. choice of jail terms or cour
" movements will proceed only when He then went into the idea of projects of seven days]
the conservative-directed majority civil disobedience. "There a r e court costs, fees and proba
is soothed and then made aware many instances. in which it is periods of 90 days.
of social needs. Middle-class con- justified." There were circum- Nine of those sentenced
servatism will die quietly when it stances in which "there is no other to serve the jail term rath
has had its day." means to challenge unjust laws." the work project. Two st

Qo' idy
d'

otests a
of the
ice."
edience
lenging
through
.1 times
allenge
the Su-
t those
iust be
ty.
vil dis-
in this
violat-
otestors
given
through
$15, a
rt work
length,
tionary
d chose
er than
udents,

According to a series of stories case is still open. the legal morass.
appearing in The Detroit Free In the probate court account of , In 1966, Trick finally contacted
Press last week, Bonisteel and Barthell's estate, there are no de- Sen. Raymond Dzendzel (D-De-
Breakey have drawn complaints tails on the disbursing of more troit , State Senate minority lead-
from the heirs of two sizeable than $100,000 of the $222,293 er and chairman of the Senate
estates: estate. Corporations Committee, who be-
0 The Charles Barthell estate, Breakey says he has disbursed gan an investigation.
valued at $200,000, has been out- $211,123 from the estate, leaving Although subpoenaed in De-
standing in Washtenaw County a cash balance of $11,170. Of the cember, 1966, Bonisteel challeng-
courts for 19 years. $211, 123 disbursed, the judge says ed the subpoenas and refused to
Four of the six original heirs he has distributed $87,000 to the bring the Buhr company records.
of the = estate of the local book- heirs. But the committee's chief in-
tore -owner; who died without However. notorized statements vestigator, William F. Wittenburg
leaving a will, have themselves showed distribution to all the submitted a report several days
died waiting to collect their share. heirs account for only $68,400. later, blasting Bonisteel:
The surviving relatives, including 0 Another case concerns Boni- "Well over 100 discrepancies
two of the original heirs and steel's handling of the estate and 'were indicated in this case, which
about 25 distant cousins, are de- trust of a former Ann Arbor in- possibly fall into areas of al-
leged fraud, violations of judiciary,
trusts .. . embezzlement ..."
Mr. Trick elaborated on the
charges against Bonisteel:
- Records of the trust and es-
tate show that Bonisteel has in-
acreased the percentage of his
holdings, while the percentage go-
ing to the heirs has decreased.
Alan Wilde, '70, and Michael Dav- search for unlawful possession at - Bonisteel did not file a com-
is, Grad, will also serve an addi- any and all times by the officers plete inventory of the estate until
tional 15 days in lieu of payment of any municipality, without a 15 years after Buhr's death. Pro-
of fines and court costs. search warrant therefor." bate court demands an inventory
According to Elden, the c o u r t Anyone who breaks the proba- withmi 30 days
costs were assessed on the basis of tion contract will be subject to the required annual accounting
the amount of time spent by the the full penalty under the ori- of Buhr's assets for 17 years.
court on the case. Those who ginal crime in addition to trial - Mrs. Tiick claims she was a
pleaded guilty or "no contest" at ' for violation of probation, stockholder in hr father's com-
the original hearing or shortly After their meeting with proba- panies before his death. She says
thereafter and thus did not re- tion officer Ron Rinker, several she has received no stock certifi-
quire trial were given the mini- students said they had been told cates.
mum court cost of $50,. that only the provision about vio- When the Tricks first took the
Although there were a large lating the law would be enforced. case to court in 1961, the s i n g 1e
number of students who consid- Many, however, expressed con- sheet listing the trust assets was
ered the sentences "somewhat cern over much of the probation missing from court records.
lighter than anticipated," there contract, particularly the part Breakey declined comment last
were several who raised objections See ADC, Page 5 night on both cages.
to the size of the court costs both -
at the time of sentencing and lat-
er, Several complained that they
were being made to "pay" for "ex-
ercising our legal rights."
{George Stewart, defense coun-
sel for the ADC mothers, request-
ed before sentencing that the 00 1O0C
mothers' circumstances be consid-
ered by the court. The court was
told that they are given "barely PARIS (A -President Charles Paris exchanges, and the franc
enough for subsistence" and the de Gaulle received hopeful re- held firm in Zurich, De GaulleE
fines and costs "would work an ports from money markets yes- ordered squads of the black-cap-
incredible hardship on them." terday on his decision to keep the ped Companie Republicaine de
Elden replied by saying that the franc intact. Securite, France's elite police, to
sentences must be given "on a He backed up his gamble by the nation's borders.
basis of equality" and that many sending France's toughest shock They will help enforce a series
'students were poor, too. He then police to block any outward flow of severe new exchange regula-
appealed to students and inter- of currency. tions.
ested people to help raise money While stocks and the franc Buffeted for two weeks in a
to pay the fines of the mothers. were moving up on the reopened storm of speculation, the franc
The 90-day probationary period'
also raised questions and objec- 0 0
tions among those sentenced.u
The probation contract, which
those who chose the work term
went to jail after their release, r R
provides that the "respondent By DAVID SPURR Prof. James Gindin ql the Eng-
shall not violate any criminal law The curriculum committee of lish department said the commit-
of any State or of the United the literary college yesterday de- tee will probably make a recom-
mutnicpay rdinanstae."f cided not to act on petitions sign- mendation on ROTC credit at its
municipality in any state." ed by 3500 students to end course next meeting, Dec. 9.
Those who signed the contract requirements. Regarding the petitions on lan-
"shall not engage in any anti- _n

Supreme Court
refuses to hear
HUAC case
From Wire Service Reports
The Supreme Court yesterday
refused to hear a case aimed at
abolishing the House Committee
on Un-American Activities and
accepted another case concerned
with the ability of police to search
without a warrant.
The rejection of the case
against HUAC came in a one-
sentence order which let stand a
lower court ruling. The lower
court had thrown out an effort by
three Chicagoans to have the com-
mittee declared unconstitutional
because of the way it was set up
in 1945 and because of its meth-
ods since.
Three justices---Hugo Black,
Williom 0. Douglas and John Har-
See COURT, Page 5
r1 police
irreulcy
reached its highest level since
the May-June crisis. There was
some upward movement on other

Jionisteel

LITERARY COLLEGE COMMITTEE

he quest for
By HENRY GRIX
Intentionally dodging specif-
ics, a new student-faculty com-
mittee will conduct its second
closed meeting today to begin
clarifying the student's role in
the literary college.
Literary college Dean Wil-
liam L. Hays says the committee
will recommend a general: pol-
icy to be used as the "philo-
sophical basis" for the revision
r._ ~lrrof Part B of the Faculty Code.
The dean also hopes the com-
mittee might recommend a
structure for a more representa-
tive student government of the
college.
Part B now dels with the

a better
Shaw hopes the committee,
which now consists of six fac-
ulty, six students and two ex-
officio members, will come up
with a definition of "mutual
responsibilities."
"You can look through the
faculty code and college an-
nouncements and not find a
single statement defining the
relationship between the faculty
and the student body.
"I don't know if the com-
mittee will be a landmark." he
says. "We're interested in pro-
cess rather than product." Be-
sides, the assistant dean ex-
plains, it would be an "exercise

Part B-
encountering a procedural prob-
lem: the manner for securing
student representation on the
committee.
Two members from the LSA
steering committee, two stu-
dents from the honors steering
committee and two student gov-
ernment Council representatives
will meet this morning with the
other regular members to dis-
cuss the selection of students
for the committee.
"We can't solve the ultimate
question until we can arrive at
an acceptable means to get per-
manent student representation,"
Shawe pnlins

money markets in Europe,
This seemed to French officials
to r e f I e c t confidence in De
Gaulle's program for escaping de-
valuation by "taking hold of our-
selves" at home.
Reaction from foreign capitals.
however, was still cautious with
some bankers still maintaining re-
strictions on trading their francs.
No one was willing to say that
the crisis was near an end.
No good reading emerged on an
important barometer: the return
of French cash to France. Most
financial observers feel the franc
cannot be considered sound until
a pattern develops over a period
of months showing that the franics
have returned home.
There was a rush in Frankfurzt
to buy U.S. dollars in exchange
for marks, now that the West

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