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October 08, 1968 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1968-10-08

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t

Tuesday, October 8, 1968

THE MICHIGAN *DAILY

Page Three

Tuesday, October 8, 1968 THE MICHIGAN 'DAILY Page Three

MILITARY DEFEAT:
"Tlieu claims N.

Vietnam shifts

war from battlefield to politics

SAIGON (te-President Nguyen which will lead to the creation of
an Thieu'said yesterday the ene- a coalition government, paving
my has lost the Vietnam war on the way for Communist takeover
the battlefield and has shifted ,by political means," Thieu said.}
emphasis to the political arena to Reiterating his conditions for
force a, Communist-led coalition .
peace, oSotVita. I Thieu said Hanoi "has to
governmnent on South Vietnam. acknowledge its aggression against
They know they cannot win South Vietnam and must agree .to
militarily, so they move to the end that aggression."
political phase," he told newsmen "The most reasonable way to
at a Senate reception. end the war," the Vietnamese
Thieu dwelt on the same theme president said,, "is for both sides
in a speech earlier yesterday to to scale down the level of hostili-
the National Assembly, noting ties." This would lead gradually to
that in the past five months "the a cease-fire "effectively controlled
communists have been unable to and guaranteed."
obtain a single miltary success. As an indicator of the new "po-
The scheme of the Hanoi regime litical war," Thieu cited the ene-!
is to have us accept that step my's incre'ased use of political
POEMS AND POLITICS

cadres trying to gain control of,
the countryside.
He said his government would
continue to-oppose a full bombing
halt of North Vietnam until Hanoi
says it will reciprocate. He added
the Saigon government would
never recognize the Viet Cong's
political arm, the National Libera-
tion Front, nor agree to accept it
in a coalition government.
Thieu, said he was confident
that neither President Johnsona
nor any of the U.S. presidential
candidates, if elected, would call a
full bombing halt without obtain-
ing a promise of reciprocation
from Hanoi.
"I don't have any worry with
President Johnson because hehas
discussed it at length with me,"
he said.' "The other candidates
know that a nonreciprocal bomb-
ing halt would bring more, disad-
vantages than advantages."
In yesterday's ground'action a
combined force of 3,000 U.S. Mar-
ines and 1,500 South Vietnamese
infantrymen swept around the
abandoned Leathernecknbase of
Khe Sanh, but found no North
Vietnamese.
The allies' only casualties were
felled by -heat exhaustion as they
hacked their way through dense!
hacked their way through jungle. '

N. Ireland riot
parley declined
O'Neill rebuffs Wilson bid
for talks on weekend disorders
LONDON (A) - Northern Ireland's Prime Minister, Capt.
Terrence O'Neill, rebuffed yesterday an invitation to confer
with Prime.Minister Harold Wilson, of Great Britain, follow-
ing savage weekend rioting in Londonderry.
O'Neill was visiting Britain when the riots erupted. Wil-
son invited the Northern Ireland leader to London for talks,
but O'Neill preferred to see his cabinet first and returned to
Belfast. A cabinet meeting is scheduled there today.
In Londonderry, where nearly 100 persons were injured
in street fighting over the weekend, Edward McAteer, leader
of the opposition Nationalist0 ------- - - --- -

I

- , -Associated Press
President Thieu and Vice President Ky review Saigon troops
IPffT }!Yr T tT /R -~r t4ii

Readings by DONALD Hi
and political realities with BERT GARSKOF
candidate for Congress
Both appearing at
CANTERBURY HOUSE
Wednesday, Oct. 9, 9:00'

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R1AGUE. OPTIMISM:
Czechs hope to keep reforms
despite pact with Russians

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PRAGUE (P) - Liberal Czech-
oslovak Communists are hopefulc
they can keep their popular party1
chief Alexander Dubcek and the.
tative party source said yesterday.I
"I personally cannot imagine a
Czechoslovak Communist party
without the leadership of Com-
rades Dubcek, Oldrich Cernik, and
Josef Smrkovsky," the source said.
Cernik is premier and Smrkov ky
is president of the National As-
sembly.1
The source discounted as "noth-
ing but rumors" reports published
in the West that Dubcek offeredz
or threatened to resign at t h e
Moscow conference 1 a s t week
which provided that some divi-
sions of the 500,000 or so Soviet-
led troops now occupying Czech-
oslovakia will stay on. He said Du-
bcek was in Brtaislava, the Slovak
Capital, over the weekend.
Many Czechoslovaks, however,
expect the new Moscow agreement,j
sined Friday to lead to more So-

preted the negotiations "in a slan-
derous way" as a capitulation by
Prague.
Tass also branded as slander re-
ports that the Moscow talks pro-
duced a k'renunciation of the de-
cisions passed by the January
plenary meeting of t h e Central
Committee of the Communist par-
ty of Czechoslovakia," the meeting
that introduced the liberalization
drive.
Tass insisted the talks w i t h
Dubcek represented "an important
stage in the normalization of the
situation in Czechoslovakia" and
met vital interests of the Czech-
oslovak people.

But it did not explain further
its contention t h a t the .results
should not be regarded as capitu-
lation.
Meanwhile in the United Na-
tions France declared yesterday,
that only an end to the Soviet
military occupation of Czechoslo-
vakia could remove bars to East-
West cooperation in t h e search
for world peace.
In a policy speech to the 125-
nation United Nations General
Assembly Michel Debre, t h e
French foreign minister, describ-
ed the Soviet-led invasion of
Czechoslovakia as "another dark
day in postwar history."

party in t h e Ulster Parlia-
ment, demandedr dismissal. of
William Craig, Northern Ire-
land's minister for home af-
fairs. Craig, who banned a na-
tionalist march through pre-
dominantly pro-British areas
of the city charged there had been
doubt" his police had. acted "prop-
erly and within their code of con-
duct."
The demonstrators, part of the
tCatholic Republican mn i n .o r i t y
seeking to take British Northern
Ireland into the Irish Republic,
were protesting what they consid-
ered gerrymandering of their con-
stituencies to restrict their voting
powers.
McAteer asked for the adminis-
tration of justice to be transferred
from Belfast to London for a
"cooling-off period."
The British government, how-l
ever, has only limited power to#
intervene. The official line in Bel-1
fast is that London must stay
out of Northern Ireland's affairs
Wilson has called for a personal
report on the rioting from his
pome secretary, James Callaghan.
Callaghan will get his information
from Craig in Belfast. where the
Ulster remain in tight control of
its internal security.
But when Wilson meets O'Neill-
probably later this week-they will r
do little more than discuss the!y
situation and exchange views un-
less Wilson wants-to change the
delicate constitutional arrange-
ments worked out between Brit-'
ain and Northern Ireland in 1920.
Under that agreement, North-
ern Ireland was set up as a self-
governing territory linked to Brit-.
ain
Lord Gardiner, the lord chancel-
lor of England, disclosed Wilson's
invitation to O'Neill to the House
of Lords. Gardiner had rejected
a demand that the British govern-
ment exercise overriding powers
and conduct its own inquiry.
Wilson acted at the urging of
several members of Parliament,
some of whom shairply criticized
the police. But O'Neill said, "If!
the \police had not banned the
nationalist march, there might
have been deaths instead of
scratches and bruises."'

Students
prote st
LIMA, Peru .(M-Peruvian stu-
dents engaged police in hit-and-
run battles along ' the capital's
main thoroughfare yesterday mor-
ning and got liberal doses of tear
gas in return.
The violence primarily involved
small groups of students and in-
cluded numbers of girl students.
Demonstrations broke out as
the youths marched from their
homes for the first scheduledday
of classes since last week's mili-
tary coup d'etat.
,'As they marched through the
streets, in the uniforms which
identify each different school, the
youngsters began taunting police.
Good-natured banter turned to
anger, and soon the main- streets
were full of mobs overturning gar-
bage cans, breaking windows and
setting fires. The police replied
with volleys of tear gas grenades,
which. soon had the downtown
area heavy with clouds of the
choking fumes.
Although schools were supposed
to open yesterday, the University
of San Marcos, the capital's lar-
gest, was still closed at latest
report.
Last Thursday's coup overthrew
the troubled government of Presi-
dent Fernando Belande Terry.
The coup came twelve hours after
Belaunde had installed a new 11-
member cabinet, the seventh in
his five year regime.
Immediately after army troop
converged on the capital, Lima of-
ficials announced that Gen. Juan
Velasco, army chief of staff and
president of the joint chiefs, had
been made head of the revolution-
ary government.

Supreme Court rules
reserve call-up legal

vietiza
the re:
end.
The
Tass
Wester
gation
the Kr
The
in its
the tw
'Wester

r IU, IUIZUL LUuO'
tion of life here. They felt WASHING'T'ON AU)-The Su-
form program was near its preme rCourt yesterday turned
at ve down a challenge to President
Russians had another view. Johnson's 'mobilization of reser-
denounced reports in the vists and freed the Army to send
rn press that Dubcek's dele- s
was forced to capituate to 256 soldiers to Vietnam.
remlin. Eight justices joined in the ac-
official Soviet news agency, tion and gave not one word of ex-
first extended comment on planation for their ruling.
o-day meeting, charged that The ninth, Justice William 0.
n newspapers h a d inter- Douglas, dissented and said the
Wednesday, October 9,
explore an
engineering career
on earth's
last frontier.j

Army had not lived up to its prom-
ise- to the reservists.
Douglas, who had temporarily
blocked the Army from sending
the men to Vietnam said the issue
was not the power of Congress
"but how legislation shall be read,
in order, if possible, to avoid cre-
ating a 'credibility gap' between
the people and their government."
The reservists lodged two major
claims: That in being called up
for 24 months as units they were
not given credit for active duty
time some already had served as
individuals, and that they could
be called up only in time of war
or of national emergency declared
by Congress. .
Their appeals presented the first
challenges to the 1966 law which
authorized Johnson to mobilize
the reserve for Vietnam action.
Until the law was enacted re-
serve units could be called to ac-
tive duty only in time of war or of
national emergency.
The Supreme Court also was
asked yesterday to order that the,
names of presidential hopeful
George C. Wallace and candi-
dates for the Socialist Labor Party
be on the -Ohio ballot on Nov. 5.
Charles S. Lopeman, chief coun-
sel in the Ohio attorney general's
office, said any decision which
could be complied with in Wal-
lace's case must, be issued by the
court before Oct. 15. But he said it
would be impossible to get Socialist
Party names on the ballot this
year. f
Wallace,' presidential candidate
of the American Independent Par-
ty, is a write-in candidate in
Ohio-as are Socialist Party can-
didates-but Wallace's name has
been printed on the ballot on the
theory that it will be easier to
delete it than it would be to insert
it should the Supreme Court rule
in his favor.

RECI :ORDIr 0 ''1ErIO

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World news roundup I
By The Associated Press A three-man team headed by
NEW YORK - A defiant new Dr. Alan Harter, chief medical of-
move to banish 80 white teachers ficer for NASA's Kennedy Space
from Ocean Hill-Brownsville class- Center here, declared Apollo 7
rooms increased the threat yester- astronauts Walter M. Schirra/ Jr.,
day of another citywide public Don F. Eisele and Walter Cun-
school tieup involving ,1.1 million ningham physically sound after a
pupils, thorough 41, -hour examination.
Refusing to obey orders from
the Board of Education, Rhody MEXICO CITY - The Defense
McCoy, administrator of the Ne- Ministry said yesterday 57 guns
gro and Puerto Rican experiment- and 5,000 rounds of ammunition
al school district, said the teach- had been found in a housing pro-
ers would be relieved of all class- ject near the Plaza of Three Cul-
room assignments today and given tures, the scene of a bloody gun
nonteaching duties. battle between students and police
' * *last Wednesday.
CAPE KENNEDY, Fla.-Amer i The weapons included seven
ica's three Apollo 7 astronauts machine pistols, 14 rifles, five
were pronounced ready to fly yes- shftguns and 31 pistols. Residents
terday by a team of medical spe- of the housing project told news-
cialists, as work on their space- men they had seen "strange look-
ship proceeded smoothly toward a ing persons" carrying the weapons
Friday liftoff for the nation's first into the building the day of the
manned space trip in 23 months. gun fight.

I

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OCTOBER -1

S peare

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Electrical Engineers
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E~ W - -I EW

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