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September 01, 1968 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1968-09-01

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FEAR
STRIKES OUT
See editorial page

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SHOWERS
Iligh-74
Low-55
Mostly cloudy. chance
of afternoon rain

OVoI. LXXIX, No. 4 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Sunday, September 1, 1968 Ten Cents

Ten Pages

ROMANIAN INVASION?
Soviet troop build-up

Chicago: Police

brutality or

stirs

U.S. intelligence

4'
WASHINGTON ()-U.S. intel-
ligerice experts are studying care-
fully reports of mass Soviet troop
movements yesterday in the West-
ern Carpathian area which some
sources fear are a prelude to a
Soviet invasion of Romania.
While, intelligence on 'Soviet
moves around Romania fell short
of matching the solid reports on
massing of troops ahead of the!
Czech invasion, authorities none-
theless voiced apprehension that
Kremlin leaders might make a po-
litical decision to strikeat Roma-
nia-also an independent-minded
Communist country-as an out-
growth of their difficulties with
Czechoslovakia.I
Some Western analysts however
were leaning to the view that the
huge convoys probably represent
replacement of elite Soviet com-
bat troops in Czechoslovakia with
lower quality garrison forces.
TOP DIVISIONS
This would be in keeping with:
a belief that the Russians might~
wish to send their top divisions
back into the critical area of East
Germany, now that the possibility
of major Czech resistance appears
past.
However," the analysts noted
that the bigSoviet movement
serves a double purpose, in that
these troops could play a part in
a Russian war of nerves aimed
perhaps at cowing the Romanians
who have shown tendencies to-
Iward independent policies, as did
the Czechs.
Sources said U.S. authorities
have received no clear sign that
an invasion of Romania is prob-
able. But they obviously believe it
could happen.
One theory is that Russia, hav-
ing taken a world public opinion
jolt from its invasion of Czecho-
slovakia, might now feel there
would not be too much to lose by
squelching Romanian independ-
ence tendencies.
SOVIET STRENGTH
Defense sources reported "a lot
of churning about" by Russian
troops both inside Czechoslovakia
and in areas of Poland and Russia
near Romania.
The current intelligence esti-
mate of Soviet strength inside
Czechoslovakia ranges between

By AUSTIN SCOTT
and
F. RICHARD CICCONE
Associated Press Writers
CHICAGO (IP)-The peace
pilgrims promised they would
march where they wanted.
Mayor Richard J. Daley swore
they would not.
The outcome was a series of
head-cracking c 1 a s h e s that
turned Michigan Ave. into a
blood and concrete battlefield
between antiwar demonstrators
and thousands of police and
National Guardsmen.
There is now a spirit of vic-
tory a m o n g demonstration
leaders and a feeling of
achievement in the City Hall
that defended the compound
where the Democrats named a
presidential nominee.
And, in between, lingering
bitterness and shock and out-
rage-directed either at the po-
lice who put down the protest

or at the demonstrators who
came here to confront them.
It began to happen in the
Spring when young 'antiwar-
riors' dropped off buses in
downtown Chicago and trudged
on leather thongs to the near
North Side havens established
by their compatriots in church
basements a n d hospitality
houses.
It began to happen when
spokesmen for protest organ-
izations predicted disruptive
rallies and marches the week of
the Democratic National Con-
vention.
It began to happen when
Mayor Daley said none of it
would happen and ordered
massive security precautions to
prevent it.
So the stage was set. On one
side, Chicago's-police and 5,500
mobilized National . Guards-
men. On the other, thousands
of demonstrators-some esti-
mates put their number at a

maximum of 15,000.
The fuse was an ordinance
closing the Chicago's parks
after 11 p.m. The police en-
forced it. The demonstrators
defied it.
The confrontation b e g a n
Sunday in Lincoln Park, which
fronts Lake Michigan on the
north side.
About 2.000 hippies, Yippies
(Youth International Party)
and youths flying no flag but
their opposition to the Viet-
nam war were lazily handing.
out peace pamphlets, listening
to speeches and singing free-
dom and folk songs.
One park gathering amused
itself for an entire afternoon
by burning posters of Vice
President Hubert H. Humphrey
in trash baskets. As each went
up in flames they cheered.
They asked the patrolling
police for permission to bring
a flatbad truck into the park
as a bandstand. Police said no.

An argument, then a co
mise. But in the confusi
lice grabbed five persons
Taunts of "pig," "Fa
and obscene cries came
the demonstrators, as
few sticks, stones and b
Reinforcements joined
mushrooming police rank
the incident ended.
At 11 p.m., curfew tim
lice went into the par'
waited patiently as about
youths left. '
But another 1,000 rem
Police formed lines and
ged through the dai
raising riot clubs to an
sistance.
The youths who had l
park spread rapidly th
the aged streets of the
Side and evaded polic
more than an hour. The1
of tear gas brought quie
first day had ended.
Monday night the
keeping the 11 p.m. vig

YIP plot?
)mpro- larger. More taunts. a few
on po- more pieces of glass thrown
s. and more clubswinging in a
ascist," hit-and-run excursion that had
from police chasing youths from the
did a park to the Chicago River,
bottles. nearly two miles.
the Anticipating trouble, they
ks and brought with them about 70
Chicago clergymen who volun-
ie, po- teered to help anyone who got
k and hurt or fell ill, and medical
t 1,000 teams of volunteer doctors.
The clergymen dragged a 10
sained: foot dark wooden cross, set it up
char- in a dim circle of a light from
rkness, a lone streetlamp in the park
ny re- and several hundred sat around
it.
eft the "It's our park...".said a
hrough voice. "We're gonna sit for
North what we stand for." A ripple
e for of laughter eased the tension.
threat Somheone began singing the
t. The "Battle Hym of the Republic."
Then a soft chant arose: "Hell
crowd no, we won't go!"
11 was See CHICAGO, Page 10

State Dems approve
plank, rap Chicago

peace
police

-Associated Press
Undercover Agent
Robert L. Pierson, left,. in dark glasses, a Chicago policeman,
claims he infiltrated the Youth International Party prior to their
gathering in Chicago for the Democratic National Convention.
Pierson says he became Yippie leader Jerry Rubin's personal
bodyguard and was able to sit in on the group's strategy sessions
- NEW CAMPAIGN:
Vietnam1 escalates
war on Corruption
SAIGON 0 - Premier Tran Van Huong's campaign
against corruption in South Vietnam may have reached a
critical point.
Sources within the Cabinet say the premier has sent to
President Nguyen Van Thieu 62 dossiers detailing corruption
charges' against government and military ,figures, many of
them high-ranking and politically powerful.

NedelneDunin
Regental cand ates
Party asks constitutionial provision
creating stu dent Regental position
The state Democratic Party last night adopted a moder-
ately dovish stand on the Vietnam War and condemned Chi-
cago Mayor Richard Daley for police measures taken
against demonstrators during the party's national convention
last week.
In other action at the state convention in Grand Rapids;
the Democrats nominated Robert Nederlander of Detroit and
Gerald Dunn of Mt. Morris to run for the two Regental posi-
tions up for election in November.
Nederlander. was unopposed for the nomination while
Dunn defeated Paul Brown of Petoskey and Thomas Callard
of Detroit.
The convention also passed a resolution stating that
"students and faculty should
be included to a greater ex-
tent in the decision-making
process in state supported col-
leges and universities, includ-
ing provisions for a constitu-
tional amendment requiring a
'student member or members
on the governing boards of

"Much of the corruption involves people appointed by 225,000 and 250,000. Tis is less
than publishe repors o Czec-
Nguyen Cao Ky when he was premier ,and. who have been hn published replrse wr mze-
in power for two or three years," one Cabinet source said. Ky tioning figures up to 600,000.
- - -. is now the vice president and The Soviet Union has some 60'

Ask probe
of Chicago
protesters
CHICAGO (A) - Rep. Roman
C. Pucinski (D.-Ill.) called yester-
day for a federal grand jury in-
" vestigation of "those who crossed
state lines to instigate this week's
rioting in Chicago."
In a letter to Atty. Gen. Ram-
sey Clark, the Chicago congress-
man said the violence gives fed-
eral authorities "an excellent op-
portunity to prosecute the first
case under the new law enacted
by Congress, which prohibits
crossing a state line to incite a
riot."
Rep. Pucinski was a sponsor
of the legislation aimed at head-
ing off interstate travel to prom-
ote disorders.
"There is no question that the!
leaders of the rioting in Chicago
were individuals who came here
from other states," Pucinski
wrote to Clark.
He said the law; signed by Pres-
ident Johnson April 11, authoirizes
prosecution of any persons who
travel from one state to another
to incite, organize, promote or
participate in a riot.
The letter mentioned Tom Hay-
den and David Dellinger, leaders
of the National Mobilization Com-
rnttee to End the War in Viet-
nam, and Jerry Rubin, a leader of
the Yippies - short for Youth
International Party. It said all of
them were in Chicago during the
week. "Hayden and Dellinger
spelled out their intent to incite

at odds with Thieu and divisions in European Russia west'
Huong. of the Ural Mountains.

"The ball is in Thieu's hands
now," the source said.
Meanwhile, the U.S. Mission

-Associated Press
de outside state Democratic convention

'As in the case of the Czech in- ; AntZvWar demonstratOrS par
vasion, any force entering Roma- -
nia likely would be predominantlPT
Pl £ a 1.-.E. kJem A.J'4. . XI ARA U 4..T K

has instituted a new system to mussian, w~ UitiI~nysma11 epr
try to cutdown diversion of U.S. sentation from the other hard-
goods in Vietnam. Such diversi line Warsaw Pact nations such as
is conservatively estimated to Bulgaria, Poland and Hungary.
have reached $272 million over The Romanian army is believed
the last several years. to be smaller and weaker than the
PROVINCE CHIEFS Czech army, which did not fight
So far this year, Thieu has re- the Warsaw Pact invaders.
moved 17 of the Nnatiop's 44 pro- MULTIPLY RISK
vince chiefs, 33 district chiefs, and The Romanian army numbers
hundreds of police officials and sone 150,000 men grouled in nine
other government functionaries, divisions. There is a pitifully small
many for corruption. , air force of about 250 planes,
"Since Huong began the pro- mostly Russian-built MIGs.
gram, people have been trying to A Soviet invasion of Romania,
burn files or hide them," s a i d U.S. authorities fear, would multi-
a member of the premier's staff, ply the risk of a wider conflict in
"Corruption is so ingrown that Europe and bury hard-won im-
we've even found some members provements in East-West relations
of the corruption investigative under a return of the coldest days,
staffs trying to blackmail or bribe of the cold war.

i Clll1 3 1 1J17i1LJ 1 .f1L.i11 l"

Harriman still

v /a

By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER
PARIS (R)) -Despite four
months of mounting frustration
and stalemate, Ambassador W.
Averell Harriman believes the
Paris peace talks may yet pro-
duce some formula for de-esca-
lating the war in Vietnam and
getting on with the peacemaking.
"I hope there will be a way
found to get around the road
block," he said in an interview.
Nor does he think a break will
necessarily await the election and
installation of a new U.S. presi-
dent, although there has b e en
much speculation recently that
the talks might show no move-
ment at all until after the change
of government in January.
"They haven't shown any dis-
position to be hurried," Harriman
JOIN NOW

said of the North Vietnamese.
"And yet I don't think - I am not
convinced, that they want to wait
until after the election."
Harriman was asked what he
thought the North Vietnamese
would do if the United States
should ever decide to end the
bombing unconditionally, as
North Vietnam has demanded.
"I think now they recognize!
that they would have to do some-
thing," he replied. "They have
told too many people that some-
thing good would happen. So
they have got, in a sense, a com-
mitment to other people.
"But I think President John-
son is entirely right in not taking
this, on faith . . . . I think you
can make a very strong case that
the risk has not been justified up
to the present time."

people who were being investi-
gated."
Before Thieu began replacing
government officials in the pro-
vinces, most such posts were
bought and sold. A person who
bought a province-chief post for'
Iexample-was allowed to make
back his purchase price any way
he chose.
Most did, then made more by
illegal taxes, rakeoffs on official:
contracts, the sale of government
and U.S. aid property and sup-
plies, the sale of lesser govern-
ment posts, and so on.
PAY OFF
A man in a middle-class civil
service job who wanted to trans-
fer to a more secure area recentlyt
had to pay 30,000 piasters-$250
-to a superior. Often superiors
threaten to send civil servants to
dangerous areas unless they pay
off.

An invasion of Romania would'
heighten pressure on neighboring
Yugoslavia, which has maintained
an independent Communist posi-
tion for 20 years.
Some American experts believe
the Yugoslavians probably would
resist any invasion.

Isuch institutions."
hope/u The convention also voted to
"condemn attempts to penalize
Harriman was asked if the educational institutionsfor the
meetings were not largely a waste actions of some students and
of time and if the talks were faculty."s u
wort cotinung."Students of state supported
Sorth continuing colleges and universities should
"They are very well 'worth con- not be restricted by university
tinuing," he asserted, and added authorities- except for matters re-
they had already produced var- lated to academic affairs and
ious results. Among these he list- their contractural relations with
ed the following: the state institution," a third
ing: resolution urges.
-The United States has im- END BOMBING
pressed on North Vietnam that The Vietnam resolution calls
it is not interested in making a for an imemdiate end to the
face-saving deal which Harriman bombing of North Vietnam. .4 _
called a "camouflaged settlement" The resolution was a comprom- '
-simply a cover up for U.S. sur- ise between anti-war delegates
render and withdrawal fromjand strong supporters of Vice
South Vietnam. President Hubert Humphrey. It D
-TheUnied Sate hasleanedincludes the Vice President's ac-
-The United States has learned ceptance speech statement that
from the talks, especially the in- the "policies of tomorrow will not
formal coffee breaks, a better in- be limited by the policies of yes-
sight into North Vietnamese in- terday."
terests and reaction than would The r e s o l u t i o n condemning Cot
have been possible in the absence Mayor Daley said he was respon- in Mi
of direct contact. Moreover, per- sible for "ordering or condoning" to de
sonal relations between top mem- the brutal actions of police in their tioni
bers of the two delegations have thandling of the thousands of est fi
been "increasingly relaxed" and demonstrators who had massed in Seleci
this makes it "easier to carry on Chicago. anno
negotiation." . Nederlander and Dunn, the two The
-The North Vietnamese sent Regental candidates, will face in- told t
Le Duc Tho, a member of their cumbent Republicans Fredrick induc
top ruling group, to Paris to Mathaei of Detroit and Lawrence in Oc
serve with Thuy. Harriman con- Lindemer of Stockbridge in the cepta
siders that an indication of a ser- November elections. Thi
ious approach to the talks. Nederlander, is a Detroit at-' Arbor
Reminded that both major po-torney and Dunn, a former state Octob
itemied stats thenominees senator, director of federal and Arbor
intheUnparties and their nmann state relations for the Grand tenaw
+ he+it ha vA nowBlanc Board of Education. beeni

Gerald Dunn

r ar low'
unty selective service boards
ichigan have been ordered
liver 1,128 men for induc-
in October, the second low-
gure in nearly a year, state
tive Service Headquarters
unced yesterday.
e county boards have been
o .deliver 4,074 men for pre-
tion physical examinations
tober to determine their ac-
bility for the draft.
irty-three men from the Ann
area will be inducted in
bar. The local boards, Ann
Board No. 85 and Wash-
w County Board No. 341, have
instructed to call up a total.

The, inimitable Daily scores

As Oscar Wilde once quipped, "The President
reigns for only four years, but journalism reigns
forever."
Considering the current occupant of the White
House and the prospects for next January, we
should all be grateful.
As a campus institution for 78 years now The

judice (not bias) is very difficult to ascertain.
If fairness is ever instituted as a policy of
your little propaganda office, I will' be most
happy to subscribe once more. Until then,
I will not allow my garbage to be insulted.
Thank you,
I won't sign my name
athp..cn vni'ulpr int it

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