See Editorial Page
Yl r e
Cloudy and wet,
chance of snow
Vol. LXXX, No. 137 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, March 19, 1970 Ten Cents
SAIGON (N) - Prince Norodom Sihanouk's long rule in
Cambodia was ended yesterday by a rebellious Parliament.
The lawmakers, may have acted at the instigation of a general
who quarreled with the chief of state over North Vietnamese
and Viet Cong occupation of border provinces.
The Radio Phnom Penh announcement of his ouster
reached Sihanouk in Moscow, where he had stopped on his
way home from a vacation in Paris. Before he left Moscow for
Peking, he talked with the staff of the Cambodian Embassy.
The Peking correspondent of Japan's Kyodo news serv-
ice reported that the prince arrived in Peking this morning.
An American Broadcasting Co. correspondent in Moscow
said Sihanouk told the Canadian Embassy staff there that
By PAT MEARS
Radical College sponsored its
first attempt at "counter-recruit-
ing" yesterday in response to the
presence of recruiters from Lock-
heed Aircraft Corporation in West
The college held discussions
concerning recruiting on campus
and Lockheed's activities, and
plans to continue "to interview'"
N students today.
College spokesman Jerry Hinkle,
a former Lockheed employe now
with the Center of Conflict Reso-
lution, and Barry Bluestone, of
the economics dept., talked with
about 40 students during the day
Hinkle said that he received a
s "satisfying" reaction from under-
graduate students "who don't have
their head in their wallet."
The reason for the counter-re-
cruiting, Hinkle said, is "to try
to sensitize engineers to public
and common moral issues; to at-
tempt to persuade engineers to
consider their role with respect
to weapons industries, and to di-
rectly apply pressure to corpora-
tions to hopefully deprive them
of their source of manpower.-
Hinkle, emphasized, however,
that this action by the college "is
not a blanket disapproval of any
kind of recruiting." He stated that
the college will center its counter-
recruiting on weapons contractors
and "corporations engaged in en-
vironmental desecration projects."
The main points of contention
with Lockheed, according to the
college, are the present research,
design, testing and evaluation of
the C-3 Poseidon (MIRV) missile,
and the Polaris missiles; Sentinel/
Safeguard ABM testing; and "a
continuous stream of Vietnam
oriented weapons proposals."
Hinkle said that more of the.,
counter-recruiting projects will be
undertaken if the college feels
that they are effective.
Hinkle also said that he "got
quite a bit of cooperation" from
Prof. John Young, Director of
Engineering Placement Services.
Young, commenting on the
counter-recruiting, said that he
"welcomes this type of dissent.
Its a refreshing change from some
that we've had. I feel- quite com-
fortable with it."
A spokesman for the Lockheed
recruiters had no comment.
he would form 4 government
in exile if the Russians a n d
Chinese do not recognize t h e
new regime. But if recognition
comes from the two big Com-
munist powers, he added, this
would be the end of him.
The broadcast from the Cam-
bodian capital said that Sihanouk
had "provoked" the political crisis
in Cambodia, where in the p a s t,
week crowds took to the streets in
violent demonstrations against the
presence of 40,000 North Viet-
namese and Viet -Cong troops in
It said the Royal Council, the
upper house of Parliament, and
the National Assembly, the lower
House, "unanimously withdrew
their confidence in Prince Noro-
"From this day," the broadcast
continued, "the Prince Norodom
Sihanouk ceases to be the chief of
state of Cambodia and will be re-
placed by Cheng Heng, the presi-
dent of the National Assembly,
who will assume the function of
chief, of state until election of a
new chief of state in accordance
with the text of the nation's con-
A report received by the Saigon
government said Gen. Lon Nol,
premier and chief of the military
services. and Sirik Matak, a high
government minister, were the real
powers in the new regime.
Lon Nol quarreled violently with
Sihanouk in 1968 over the pre-
sence of North Vietnamese a n d
Viet Cong troops in Cambodia and
on economic issues. Lon Nol re-
si'ned as premier, but later was
Lon Nol, credited by some sourc-
es with organizing the demonstra-
tions a'ainst the North Vietnam-
ese and Viet Cong troops, had been
1hhed by Sihanouk as pro -
American, and likely to turn the
nation over to the Americans.
Both Lon Nol and Sirak Matak
frowned on Sihanouk's evasive
neutrality policy, which sometimes
was termed Dro-American, b u t
rn"-re frecuently pro-Communist.
The nuostion in many minds was
wxheth-r the Parliament could
make its action stick. Sihanouk
he a strong hold on the Cam-
bodian people, and Parliament
toob tha classic route of waiting
until he was out of the country to
Shgnouk's hold on the Cann-
' 1-dian nPonle arises .from more
thqn )20 years of rule as king,
pr-n. and as chief of state.
Tn Washinaton. Senate Dpmo-
nti L-der Mike Mansfield said
th- ouster of Sihanouk "could
il r1man the Pnr of Cambodia"
REGENT LAWRENCE LINDEMER (R-Stockbridge), right, and Vice Presidents Allan Smith and
Stephen Spurr listen to discussion of the Black Action Movement demands at the Regents open
500 attend open hearing
on min-Iftority admissions
The relative merits of the two would raise the number of black
proposals for increased minority students to 2,100 or 5.5 per cent, by
admissions were debated before 1973-74.
the Regents yesterday at an open In outlining the administration's
hearing which drew nearly 500 proposal, Vice President for Aca-
people. demic Affairs Allan Smith main-
After two vice presidents out- tained that the plan was similar
lined the executive officer's seven-
point proposal, supporters of de-
mands submitted by the B 1 a c k
Action Movement (BAM) sharply
criticized the administration plan
as being an inadequate response to
BAM's demands call for an in-
crease in minority enrollment at
the University to ten per cent of
the student body by the 1973-74
The administration's proposal
would double the current enroll-
ment of disadvantaged students
who are admitted under the Op-
portunity Awards Program. This
to BAM's proposals.
"I'm struck by the fact that the
two statements have so many com-
mon elements" and explained that
the objectives of the proposals, if
not the numbers, were similar.
Following Smith's presentation,
Stephen Spurr, vice president and
dean of the graduate school, read
a statement which reiterated the
administration's contention that
their proposal allows for an in-
crease in minority admission above
their 5.5 per cent goal.
"We anticipate no difficulty in
doubling our black student. en-
rollment to 2,100 . . . by 1973-74,"
Spurr said. "Hopefully, we can do
Speaking in support of the BAM
demands were spokesmen for black
faculty and staff, the Residential
College Representative Assembly,
coalition of radical organizations,
and the Radical College.
History Prof. Sam Warner, a
member of Radical College, called
on the Regents to restructure the
University budget to meet the de-
mands of BAM. "We consider this
program to be the highest priority
for the University," he said.
Speaking in favor of the BAM
demands, Darryl Gorman, a mem-
ber of the Black Student Union
and Student Government Council
said the "rational discussion" of
the minority admissions issue had
produced no visible results.
Calling for concerted action,
Gorman said, "Mr. Smith has
suggested that the debate is over.
I heartily agree."
As the hearing was about to end,
President Robben Fleming, who
acted as moderator at the hear-
ing, declined to consider a request
by several members of the aud-
ience to *move today's Regents
meeting to a room which would ac-
commodate more spectators.
He said the Regents had al-
ready voted, to meet in their usual
meeting place on the first floor of
the Administration Bldg.
Gorman said that if BAM had
known what the administration
would propose in response to its
demands, "we would have demand-
ed there by 30 or 40 per cent black
enrollment at the University (by
By ROBERT KRAFTOWITZ
The Black Action Movement
(BAM) late last night called
for a moratorium on Univer-
sity activities today, and a 1
p.m. rally outside the Admin-
istration Bldg. while the Re-
gents consider proposals for
increasing minority admis-
BAM urged all University stu-
dents and faculty members not to
attend classes today and called
upon non-academic staff members
to remain away from their jobs in
support of BAM's demands for in-
creased minority admissions
Marty Halpern, a spokesman for
the New Mobilization Committee
to End the War in. Vietnam, said
that New Mobe members will en-
ter classes today to encourage stu-I
dents to join, the moratorium.
"The BAM people have called
for a strike," he said. "We're call-
ing for a massive show of white
support for the black demands."
It remained unclear yesterday
whether the Regents favor adop-
tion of the BAM demands or the
proposal of. the University admin-
istration. However, there were in-
dications that if the Regents did
not adopt the BAM demands, its
supporters would respond with
some type of militant action. '
President Robben 'sleming said
last night that he ias requested
that police be present during the
Regents meeting, presumably to
forestall any attempted disruption.
Supporters of the BAM demands
Were urged to gather in Regents
Plaza beginning at 11 a.m., when
the Regents public meeting starts.
A previously announced 1 p.m.
Diag rally and a march on the
Ann Arbor Selective Service head-
quarters were called off in defer-
ence to the activities at Regents
The BAM demands, submitted in
January to President Fleming, call
for an increase in the enrollment
of. minority students to 10 per
cent of the student body by the
1973-74 academic year. The Uni-
versity would proportionally in-
crease its allocation to financial.
aid programs in order to allow
the enrollment of those minority
students would could not normal-
ly afford to attend the University.-
The administration's proposal
calls for doubling the present
number of disadvantaged students
by 1973-74. According to Stephen
Spurr, vice president and dean of
the graduate school, 82 per cent
of the disadvantaged students are
Under the administration pro-1
posal, the funds expended by the
Opportunity A w a r d s Program'
(OAP) would be tripled to finance
the additional students.
. The BAM demands would in-
crease black admissions from an
See BAM, Page 8
N.Y. Times reporter J. Anthony Lukas
Lukas blasts media's
'Chicago 7' coverage
By JENNY STILLER
Editorial Page Editor, 1969-70
If you're planning -to visit Chicago next week to partici-
pate in ecology demonstrations, be sure to get there without
crossing state lines, because "the peg for a federal prosecution
is the state line gimmick."
So said New York Times reporter J. Anthony Lukas,
speaking yesterday afternoon to an audience of about 200 in
Rackham Lecture Hall.
The Pulitzer-prize-winning reporter, who covered all four
and a half months of the Chicago Conspiracy trial for the
T i m e s, delivered what was
[we! mea n eena li iivi
'ht he Oiclared: "Prince Norodom
Sihpnouk is one man in all of Asia
whom I would not sell short."
Baits Tenants Union
plans iag 'eti
By BOB SCHREINER
The Baits Tenants Union (BTU) planned a "tent-in" on
the Diag for early this morning to protest the current state of
living in University residence halls.
The "tent-in," co-sponsored by the Ann Arbor Tenants
Union, was originally scheduled to begin last night. It was
later postponed until this reorning due to bad weather.
The "tent-in" schedule calls for participating BTU mem-
bers to pitch several tents on the Diag at 7 a.m.
The protesters plan to pass out literature pertaining to
the University housing situation all day, and, if weather per-
mits, some of the "campers" plan to remain on the Diag
-throughout the weekend.
The BTU says the "tent-in" is
a protest specifically against the
failure of the University to provide.
adequate housing and for its fail-
awe e to recognize the legitimacy of
The union organized last Jan-
STEVE KOPPMAN uary as the tenant-elected bar-
as really gone quickly," says gaining agent for the tenants of
e sits on his sleeping bag onsthe Baits housing on North Campus.
he Administration building, a "We have two main objectives
thisde d Sanford for the 'tent-in,' " said BTU Presi-
uice at his side and a dent Chet Kulis. "The first is ,an
educational aim. We want to make
coming in to talk. And last people aware that the University
ple from Chicago House slept and the private landlords have a
thy." common goal, which is to make
toral candidate in philosophy, housing an open market in Ann
a one-man fast and sit-in since "We also hope to point out the
g to demonstrate his support for University's obligation to students
regental bylaws which would to provide low cost housing," Kulis
ve jurisdiction to students for said.
and enforcement of non-aca- The University is the number
rning student conduct. one landlord, owner and employer
billed as a lecture but 'was
actually a free-form rap cov-
ering the trial, the govern-
ment, John R. Mitchell, Abbie
Hoffman, reporters as witness-
es and the difficulties of cov-
ering a political trial.
Lukas criticized press coverage
of the conspiracy trial, claining
that most of the media did not
realize the importance of the trial
until it was almost over.
Describing Judge Julius Hoff-
man as "a fantastic actor," Lukas
complained that his editors would
not let him describe the judge's
tone of voice in his dispatches. "I
tried to tell them, 'Look, Julius
doesn't say anything. He hisses or
he snarls or he snaps. The word
'said' just can't convey what he is
really doing,'" Lukas .said.
The reporter called the con-
spiracy trial "a prosecutional
overredction," adding that in in-
dicting the. eight radical leaders
the government "lost its cool just
like Mayor Daley lost his cool dur-
ing the convention."
- - r.
Nixon to ask
limit on aid
WASHINGTON ,(P) - President
Nixon today will propose limiting
federal scholarships and loans to
students from low-income famil-
ies, the Washington Post said in
today's early editions.
The President's message to Con-
gress is due at noon today. Metro-
media Broadcasting network also
disclosed parts of the educational
message last night.
A major feature of the'message,
the Post said, will be a proposal
to make federal funds available
only to poor students, coupled with
suggestions to facilitate proced-
ures by which middle-Income stu-
dents can'obtain loans from banks
and other private lenders.
The .paper said several sources
indicated thejproposed cutoff
would be an adjusted family in-
.come of about $10,000 it year.
THREE DA Y VIGIl
Student fasts for byl
ENA CT teach-in pinpoints issues
"The time hi
Mike Davis, as he
first floor of t
bottle of apple j
night, seven peo
outside in sympa
Davis, a doc
has been holding
changes in the
demic rules gove
By DAVE CHUDWIN
Daily News Analysis
The teach-in is over and the campus is
recovering from one of the most massive
doses of environmental education the coun-
try has ever seen.
But did the five-day environmental ex-
travaganza accomplish anything? Organ-
izers of the effort, caught up on sleep and
looking toward the future, are just begin-
ning to evaluate the event.
Members of ENACT, the group w h i c h
planned the teach-in, emphasize that the
goal of the teach-in was not to propose
concrete action or resolve issues.
"We accomplished what we wanted to do
vironmental crisis exists and something
should be done about it.
Throughout the teach-in, however, a few
basic questions kept coming up, eliciting
radically different. answers from teach-in
Never resolved, these six issues lie at the
heart of the environmental problem:
* Who or what carries the main share
of responsibility for pollution and en-
vironmental decay? Corporations, tech-
nolgy, the American people, capitalism and
the frontier ethic were a few of the culprits
accused by teach-in participants.
"Why do we have a pollution problem?"
asked geneticist James Shapiro at last
Wednesday's kick-off rally. "It's because
President Walter Reuther on Friday night.
The next day Gary, Ind. Mayor Richard
Hatcher took a similar position, describing
all American as "co-conspirators."
Capitalism was the target of ecologist
Richard Levins at a Saturday night panel.
"Only under capitalism are human skills
a commodity and waste necessary," Levins
Sen. Edmund Muskie (D-Maine) gave a
different analysis, placing the blame on
the frontier ethic.
"The frontier ethic helped us build the
strongest nation in the world," Muskie said.
"But it also led us to believe that our
natural and human resources were end-