THE MICHIGAN DAILY Thursday, Fe
airman of the Senate Judiciary Committee James O. Eastland (D-Miss), left, and the ranking
publican member Roman L. Hruska of Nebraska meet with newsmen in Washington after yes-
lay's session. The vote on confirmation of G. Harroid Carswell for the Supreme Court was de-
ed at least u'ntil today.
A manifesto for
By BETH SCHNEIDER
Daily Guest Writer
What is women's liberation?
Women's liberation is a movement of women dedicated to ex-
posing, resisting, and eliminating the inequities in the status of
women and fundamentally altering the nature of the sex role defi-
nition of both men and women.
The issues around which this movement has grown involve the
most basic questions about all the institutions of U.S. society -
the family, the schools and the training we receive there, the econ-
omy and the state. The oppression of women is a difficult and
complex issue, whose solution, for most of us, lies only in the most
basic radical changes in the political, legal and economic structure
of this society.
The objective status of women today remains essentially the
same as 50 years ago when women won the dubious right to vote.
The women's movement is a continuation of that unfinished revo-
lution of past decades. Jobs, except for part-time work, are vir-
tually still unavailable, day care facilities non-existent, and dis-
crimination in hiring, firing and promotion still rampant.
Women remain un-unionized. Women are still exploited as a
sex in advertising, the media and as workers. We are still denied
opportunities in education through subtle channelling and sociali-.
zation and a not-so-subtle shortage of financial and psychological
support. We are denied the right to control our own bodies and
our legal and political status as capable, intelligent human beings.
We challenge becoming what was always expected of us, those
expectations being de-humanizing definitioris of one-half of the
population. All over the country women are talking and moving
in new and diverse ways to combat their oppression.
The women's struggle for liberation is one absolutely neces-
sary component of the struggle for liberation of all oppressed
groups and for the development of a truly free society.'
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Cutting the ties that bind
(EDIlTOR' S NOTE: TChe followting
is a guest article written by a
member of the 1Voinen's bLiera-
tion Child Care Committee as a
statement for that group.)
The fight for women's liber-
anon is strategically complex,
The enemy surrounds us - in
m e d i a hypnosis, educational
bias, job discrimination, and
male chauvinism at all levels.
Not only do these forces con-
tribute to the subordination of
wuomen, but by securing their
attachment to thehaome gboth
psychologically and practicaliy',
they severely hinder our chanc-
es of building a movement to
overcome their domination.
For this reason it is import-
ant that we not only attack the
forces which commit women to
the home but devise ways to en-
able them to escape the bondage
of housework. Not that we be-
lieve any series of changes uni-
der capitalism can achieve wo-
men's equality; that would be to
ignore the many benefits cap-
italism reaps at women's ex-
Rather, we believe that the
freedom to enter into alternate
pursuits will alleviate woments
conditions and facilitate her
unity with sifters to overcome
the forms their oppression takes
- the very nature of the jobs'
open to them.
Aside.from the many other
responsibilities a woman must
assume in the home, is her role
as sole attendant of the .child-'
ren. The myth of the glories of
motherhood sharply breaks with:
By glamorizing motherhood-
and guaranteeing the mass ac-
ceptance of this image because
of the lack of an alternative -
women' have been left with
physical reproduction as their
only creative outlet.
Because of this, they have
come to view children as thier
products to be shaped and con-
trolled. If these "products" re-
bel, the "producer" experiences
dejection and failure. This re-
lationship places an enormous
strain on the whole family.
is a weekly feature of T h e
Daily designed to provide a
forum for articles about women
and their role in society. Arti-
cles represent only the individ-
ual opinions of the authors;
this must be noted in ali re-
prints. Letters and articles will
be printed at the discretion of
the editors The editors reserve
the right to edit all letters or
Similarly, the daily effects on
the mother of child-rearing
.must be re-evaluated.- the ex-
perience an adult undergoes day
in and day out with only in-
fants as companions, regardless
of h er .particular aspirations,..
skills, or occupational prefer-
For all of these reasons, wo-
men must have access to free
child-care facilities. Such cen-
ters would offer an opportunity
for 'those women who desire jobs
- but who have no place to
leave their children. By placing
the responsibility on govern-
ment and employers for provid-
ing this child care, women will
flee themselves from the often
prohibitive financial burden of
paying for baby-sitters, nurse-
ries, etc. out of their own small
The existence of such centers
will serve to undermine the doc-'
trine that women as such have
some innate talent for child-
rearing. The centers will help.
emphasize the equal right o
men and women to autslde en-
ployment and the equal respon-
sibility of husband and wife fora'
the care and upbringing of their
Finally, industry and govern-
ment wll .begin providing the
people with. services:-'up until
now only t h e reverse process
has taken place,
We have chosen to begin a
campaign in Ann Arbor aimed
at the establishment of free
child-care facilities fundedby
the Universty. The Anni.Arbor
community and University have
been highly negligent in this
area. The extreme variation in
cost and quality among the Ex-
isting facilities - as well as
their very limited capacity -
ilyunderlines further the need
for Universty and pulic-sup-'
ported programs. The inteiral
relationship between the liber-
a ting, of-:women fromri compu-
sory housework and the avail-
ability of child-care centers is
This clarity, however, has not
been enough to stimulate the
University to provide such cen-
ters. Only a show of force can
do that. That means beginning
right now to demonstrate the
strength women have in uniting
around common interests.
-Free day-care facilities for
all University employes, stu-
dents, and faculty to be financ-
ed by the University.
-Control over the (planning
construction of such facilities, '.
Upon their completiorn, control
over the day-tp-day operation
of these facilities must be plac-
ed in the hands of people who
-A professional staff - in-
cluding both men and women,
married and unmarried.
-Twenty - four.-.hour service
for the"benefit of parents forced
to work irregular hours.
The appeal these demands
hold for students, faculty,ands
employes makes the formation
of a broad coalition possible -
a coalition which would be a w
formidable obstacle' to coopta-
tion. Such a coalition will be
artificial without the aid and
encouragement of all these
three sectors. Tonight we will
devise a plan for enforcing our
demYands. All those interested
(men and women) should at-
tend the meeting in the UGLI
Multipurpose room at 8 p.m.
Let the message be clear
our goal is the complete free-
dom of women and the imme-
diate achievement of child-
c a r e service 'is an important
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN o r m to
Room 3528 L. S. A B d g ., before
2 p.m., of the day preceding pub-
lication, and by 2 p.m. Friday for
Saturday and Sunday. Items ap-
pear once only. Student organiza-
tion notices a r e not accepted for
publication, F o r more Informa-Y
ti n, phone 764-9270.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 5
Department of Urban Planning Lec-
ture: Mr. Hns Blumenfeld, lecturer,
Archtecture Auditorium, 4:00 p.m.
Nuclear Colloquium: K. T. Hecht,
"New Quasiparticle Techniques in Nuc-
lear Spectroscopy", P&A Coloq. Rm.,
Professional Theatre Program (Phoen-
ix Theatre): Helen ayes and James
Stewart in Harvey: Lydia Mendelssohn
Theater, 2:30 and 8:00 p.m.
Professional Theatre Program: cabaret,
Chamber Arts Series: Jean-Pierre
Rampal, flute and Robert Veyron-La-
croix, keyboard, Rackham Lecture
'U AND DAY CARE CENTERS
strain on the whole family. men and women to outsIde em-
IS AT THE ,
AU SABLE LODGE..
Snowmobiles, sleigh rides, ice fishing, dancing
to popular rock bands, hot wines, cocktails, sauna
baths, Saturday night smorgasbord and indoor
snuggling. Fine skiing facilities, too . .. for those
Located 5 miles south
of Gaylord, Michigan.
Take the "Waters" exit
(off 1-75) on to N. Old 27.
Call for reservations now.
Phone (517) 732-4314.
Education Jrs. & Srs.: Apples. f o r
Sch. of Ed. Scholarships for the Spring
(Continued nn Page 10)
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I I The Spring Dress Collectidn
5i' I I