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January 28, 1970 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1970-01-28

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See Editorial gage




Low-2 5
Cloudy, snow
or rain


Vol. LXXX, No. 98

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, January 28, 1970

Ten Cenits

Eight Pages



LSA si

t-rn pa
Students convicted in the LSA
Bldg. sit-in trials may lose gov-
ernment supported scholarships or
loans if President Robben Flem- -
ing reports their names to auth-
orities in Lansing and Washing-
Although Fleming has criticized
current laws and pending bills
which would cut off financial aid,
he said he will obey them.
As many as 17 university stu-
dents may , be affected.
"I think it's mandatory," said
Fleming. "Our position is that we
will do what is expected of us. Our
lawyers tell us it is mandatory
The state law does not stipu-
late any penalties for a univer-





state aid

sity or its presidents if he should
fail to comply.
Fleming said he will wait for
University attorneys to decide if
the law does in fact apply to the
actions of the arrested students.
The state higher education bill
for 1970 prohibits state aid to a
student convicted by a court of
law of "disorderly conduct, v i o-
lence to a person, or damage to
property . . . while participating in
any disorder, disruption or the ad-
ministration of or the, rendering
of services or giving of instruc-
The provision also applies to
students convicted by the "pro-
per authorities" of a university
of violating its rules while parti-
cipating in such a disruption.

Upon "final conviction," the law
stipulates, the president of the
university shall inform the state
awarding authority and the fin-
ancial aid will be terminated.
Fleming says attorneys are ex-
amining the law including whe-
ther it would apply to a student
who had pleaded "nolo contendre"
and was convicted of the charges,
and whether "final conviction"
referred to the original sentenc-
ing or to the judgment after ap-
If the university decides these
questions and believes the law
applies, Fleming says he would
then report the student to the
state authority,
Director of Financial Aids Ron-
ald Brown says, according to his

records, only three of the 107
students arrested would come un-
der the state law. One of those
persons, he says, has already been
acquitted and the other two have
not yet come up for trial.
Brown days at least 15 persons
who were arrested may be affected
by an amendment to a federal
appropriations bill once it is
The provisions which were in-
cluded in the HEW bill vetoed
Monday by President Nixon is
expected to remain in any re-
drafted bill.
The bill would cut off govern-
ment funds, loans, or loan guar-
antees from students, professors,
or researchers who participated in
a university disruption in which

there was force, threat of force or
seizure of property. ,
Also affected by the bill would
be persons who tried to "require
or prevent the availability of cer-
tain curriculums" or to prevent
university officials or students
from carrying out their duties or
However the law does not re-
quire a university to report any
persons involved in such disrup-
tions. The bill is worded, said
Brown, so that the decision is left
to the discretion of the university
administration, as is the present
case under the existing HEW law.
The University has not in the
past reported any students to
federal authorities.
The provision in the HEW bill

is retroactive to Aug. 1, 1969 and
may conflict constitutional prohi-
bitions on ex post facto laws, says
Last May, Fleming testified be-
fore the House Special Subcom-
mittee on Education against re-
traction of financial aid because
of disruptions.
"Legislations which deprives in-
dividuals of financial benefits or
deprives institutions of financial
aid will do more harm than good,"
said Fleming.
"'Law and order' are not im-
pressive when administered in a
context which gives rise to in-
equities. Withdrawal of financial
aid does not affect students equal-
ly," Fleming added.

President Fleming

or parity
LSA body asks
students to go to
faulty .meetings
The literary college Student
Assembly last night urged all
LSA students to attend two
upcoming meetings of faculty
bodies and express their opin-
ions on two key proposals for
increasing student representa-
tion in the college.
On Friday, the LSA administra-
tive board is scheduled to discuss
the assembly's proposal for parity
student representation on the
board. The proposal also calls for
establishment of an all-student
judiciary to handle non-academic
discipline and for parity student'
representation on hearing boards
for academic discipline.
Disruption of the board's meet-1
-ing was discussed at last week's
assembly meeting as one possible
response to unfavorable action by
the board, such as rejection of the
proposal or closing of the meeting
to students.
Although discussion of disi'up-
tion did not continue at last
night's meeting, some students
concerned with the need for es-
tablishment of an all-student ju-
diciary have indicated that they
are considering such tactics as a
possible response to unfavorable
The second assembly proposal,
calling for establishment of a stu-
dent-faculty council to participate
in governing the college, will be
discussed by the faculty at its.
monthly meeting Monday.
The proposal urges that a stu-
dent-faculty council be created as
a standing committee of the col-
lege. All committees except the
executive committee would report
to the council.
The council would consist of an
equal number of faculty members
and students who would be chosen
"in a representative and demo-
cratic manner."
At last night's meeting, assem-;
bly members discussed implemen-
tation of the student-faculty coun-
cil proposal. Debate centered on
the type of structure which should
be established. ;
The board meeting is scheduled
for 3 ,p.m. Friday in 1017 Angell
Hall. The faculty meeting will be
held at 4 p.m. Monday in Aud A.


' -
The effects of the pass-fail lang-
uage option appear as uncertain as
the necessity for a language re-
quirement - the controversy that
spawned the new policy 1 a s t
There is considerable uncertain-
ty about the number of students
utilizing the alternative, the moti-
vations of those who do and the
impactoftpass-fail on students'
study habits.
Yet most language students and
instructors contacted in an in-
formal survey agree that pass-fail
is a desirable option.
Following a six-month student
drive to abolish the requirement,
the literary college faculty voted
last April to allow students to ful-
fill their four-semester language
sequence on a pass-fail basis.
Students may also take Psychol-
ogy 171 on pass-fail and juniors
and seniors are allowed to take a
maximum of four courses. one a
semester, on pass-fail except for
courses in their major or for
distribution requirements.
Under the pass-fail option for
languages, begun during the 1969
spring-summer term, a student re-
ceives regular letter grade and
takes the same tests as the stu-
dent who takes the course for a
grade. The only difference is that
the pass-fail students' transcript
is marked pass if he receives a C
or above and fail for a D or E.
At this point no one seems cer-
tain just how many' students are
taking language courses pass-fail.
"Teachers don't know," said
Howard Dwelley, a Slavic lang-
uages lecturer. "We simply turn
in a .grade and. the grade is con-
; verted by the registrar's office."
The registrar's office has not
compiled any statistics either. One
language instructor estimates that
between 15 and 20 per cent of stu-
dents taking introductory lang-
uage courses have chosen pass-fail
grading. Student estimates range
from 10 to 60 per cent.{
There are, in addition, a wide
range of reasons why students:
actually choose or avoid the pass-
fail option.
Language majors-and those who
generally fare well in language'
courses tend to steer clear of pass-
"I didn't take the class pass-fail
because I figured the grade would
help me," one German language
student commented. "My room-
mate took it pass-fail-and was mad
when she got an A."
Language students who have an
average ability find pass-fail an
advantage. "I'm taking it pass-fail
because I didn't want a grade." an
Italian languase student said. "I
know I can't do better than a C
See PASS-FAIL, Page 8




-Daily-Jim Judkis
Pudles to contemplate, pudle to negotiate
Too mScoh rain and snow and too little drainiage are turning Ann Arbor's streets into an obstacle
course of gargantuan proportions. They also provide a rare opportunity for self-admiration, and
perhaps a bit of happy contemplation.
Settlement seen in GE strike as
ne otiations on wages progress

-Daly-Jim Judkis
CHARLES HAMILTON, political science professor at Colunbia University, addressed 1000 students
at Rackham Aud. last night. Hamilton spoke on institutionalized racism in American society.
Author Hamilton levels attack
at racist American institutions

NEW YORK {Al - Tentative 20 cents increase in the average
settlement of a three-month mul- hourly wage of $3.25. In addition,
timillion dollar General Electric a three-year contract called for
Co. tie-up appeared to be in the a three per cent increase in the
offing yesterday as general agree- second and third years, plus a costI
ment was reported on wage issues of living escalator of up to 5 per{
affecting the 130,000 strikers. cent a year.
The government's top labor con- Spearheaded by GE's two largest
ciliator, J. Curtis Counts, director unions, the AFL-CIO International
of the Federal Mediation Service, Union of Electrical Workers and
summoned key officials from 12 the independent United Electrical
striking unions to a special meet- Workers, the strikers sought 35
ing, amid a news blackout of de- cents an hour, with a cost of living
velopments. formula to protect the increase.
The last wage offer on the bar- GE's annual production sched-
gaining table was made Dec. 7 ule was slowed to a trickle in
when GE proposed an immediate plants in several cities, although
nonstriking clerical, .supervisoryI

dustry can do without setting off
another round of superinflationary
increases which would have an
impact on the economy, leaving
I everybody no better off than they
were before."


Labor Secretary George P.
Shutz incurred union criticism by
suggesting that GE's resistance to
wage demands was an understand-
able result of a profit squeeze
brought about by Nixon's anti-
inflation policies.
Despite its obvious concern over
the strike, the White House steer-
ed clear of any intervention, ex-
cept for the assignment of Counts
to try to break the bargaining

Black political scientist Charles
V. Hamilton lashed out at Amer-
ica's educational and political in-
stitutions last night, labeling them
racist and irrelevant to the na-
tion's black population. Hamilton,
a Columbia University professor
co-authored "Black Power: The
Politics of Liberation in America"
with Stokely Carmichael.
Addressing an audience of about
a thousand in Rackham Aud.
Hamilton called for basic struc-
tural changes in American insti-
tutions, charging that massive
black alienation is caused by in-
stitutionalized standards of legi-
timacy that do not deal fairly
with blacks.

Hamilton was particularly crit-
ical of American educational in-
stitutions, citing a failure to deal
adequately with black issues and
problems, botY in academic orien-
tation and admissions policies. "I
ask for relevancy, not special
There is no concern for ,black
values in the academic disciplines,
Hamilton said, and excellent black
scholarship, in tune with black
cultural nuances, is largely ig-
nored. Citing the need for raising
new questions concerning the black
role in all subjects, Hamilton said,
"I see the black studies thing as
a very legitimate place to raise.
these kinds of questions.
The key to overcoming ingrained

Ce am
By JIM BEATTIE interfere witlh the free movement
Central Student Judiciary lost of persons or things on the cam-
the opportunity to test the breadth pus are prohibited."
of its .'urisdiction last .night as Had the case been pursued, it'
Neal Bush and several other stu- would have set a precedent for
.dents dropped disruption charges CSJ's power to prosecute .members
against President Robben Flem- of the administration and faculty.
ing and the Regents. The court itself was sufficiently.
The court had decided at an unsure whether it had jurisdiction
earlier jurisdictional hearing that in the case to call for a jurisdic-


and other employes kept most of
them open.
Loss of wages to the strikers ran
over $200 million in the longest
tieup in the history of the nation's
fourth largest industrial company.{
Many strikers took temporary jobs,
drew on savings, bought on credit,
or augmented strike benefits of'
$12 to $24 a week with unemploy-
ment or welfare assistance.
Company losses were less easy
to capsule, especially in view of(
an AFL-CIO national.boycott ofI
GE products that began Dec. 28.,
Throughout the strike, the Pen-
tagon declined to assess its effectj
on defense production, which com-I
prised 20 per cent of GE's business.
However, some defense plants were
among the few where at least a
percentage of production con-
The walkout began Oct. 26. the


racism in both educational and
political institutions, Hamilton
contended, is an "equitable distri-
bution of decision-making power."
He said that years of bureaucratic
handouts have resulted in a "wel-
fare mentality." Without political
reform, he added, governments can
just as easily take away what they
have given.
Hamilton sees the question of
power as one of defining "what
new social units are necessary to
perform what social functions."
According to his analysis, com-
munity control could be the best
method for handling educational
problems, but pollution might best
be dealt with by metropolitan or
regional governments.
Community control is seen by
Hamilton as a way to bring back
people from their alienation. "I
want to -overcome alienation and
instill participation and involve-
ment." This can be done, he said,
by focusing on the process by
which decisions are reached rather
than by concentrating on specific
solutions to problems.
He claimed a broader definition
of education is needed, to involve
the entire community and make
education the focus of community
life. It is necessary, he declared,
to recognize the blacks' skills that
have been systematically disre-
garded by white institutions and
use them to reshape the black
Hamilton attributed government
failures in dealing with problems
of black citizens to bureaucratic


failure stops clocks

Alarm clocks all over central campus went
off one-half hour late yesterday morning as
the second power failure in two days unplugged
the University.
Since yesterday's failure occurred between
6:15 and 6:45 a.m., it wasn't apparent to most
students until dorm residents affected by the
blackout started walking into morning classes
a half hour late.
"I woke up at 8:30 for my 9 o'clock, but when
I got there, it was 9:30," said one freshman.
"Everyone got there late, though-it's a Residen-

and when the recent warm spell appeared, leak-
age was added to an already troublesome situ-
The defective lines cut off incoming current,
causing the power failures.
"This kind of thing doesn't happen very
often," explained a spokesman for the Detroit
Edison Co., "but when it does, it can be quite a
"This has been building up for several weeks.
A good strong rain would have solved every-
thing, and still may," he added.
Meanwhile :Dtroit Edison crews are clean-


it did have the power to try tional hearing for arguments from1
Fleming and the Regents. The de- both sides on the question.
cision was made on the grounds But Fleming refused to appear
that rules which punish students at the hearing, and said the court'
for acts which Fleming can per- did not have the authority to hear:
petrate with impunity deny. stu- the case. On the other hand,
dents equal protection under the Michael Davis, a CSJ member,


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