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December 05, 1967 - Image 5

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-12-05

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

TUESDAY; DECEMBER 5, 1967

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PACE FIVE

TUESDAY, DECEMBER 5,1967 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAE~,P~ FTVW

a Ca %X W a 9 v JU

J

Summary

of 'U' Thailand Research

EDITOR'S NOTE: Following is
a summary of an interim report
of the Senate Assembly Research
Policies Committee, summarizing
the military research projects of
Willow Run Laboratories in Thai-
land. The report named four Uni-
yersity projects in Thailand:
" The ARPA (Advanced Re-
search Projects Agency) Multi-
band Photographic and Infrared
Reconnaissance Tests--Project
AMPIRT:
The report indicates that the
June 1964 proposal by the Univer-
sity "covers various research ser-
vices in connection with an
ARPA-sponsored program for an
infrared and photographic recon-
naissance techniques applicable to
guerilla warfare operations in
Southeast Asia." The proposal
further states that an "HC-47
aircraft will be modified and
equipped with the necessary in-
struments and will be operated
over Thailand at intervals during
a period of . . . one year. The
purpose is to acquire data which
can be analyzed to provide a
thorough knowledge of the de-
tectability of various targets
simulating guerilla activity.' A
great number of objects were
'placed' throughout a large area.
These were people, animals, trucks,
fires and so on. The aircraft
made more than two thousand
passes over this area collecting
data about the nature of relations
from ground level."
The report states that analyses
of the raw data began in 1965 and
are still continuing at Willow Run
* and are being used by and studied
by "a geographer, forester, and
meterologist as well as those who,
because of military requirements
wish to determine the presence of
human beings."
The original project was bud-
geted at $559,500 and sponsored by
the Advanced Research Projects
Agency. It was a joint project with
Cornell University Aeronautical
Laboratories. "A separate con-
tract" for $515,000 covered col-
lecting ground level data, data

analysis, reporting etc. and was
backed by ARPA. The report adds
that "a new contract for addi-
tional work with these data has
recently been issued through Rome
Air Development Center (Sept. 25,
1967, $104,000). An interim report.
is due in December 1967. Under
present regulations these reports
are classified, but scientists at Wil-
low Run are urging ARPA to re-
move the classification on much
of the imagery and selected data,
and the researchers state they are
optimistic that the restrictions will
be lifted before the final report
is completed."
"The results of the AMPIRT
project were reported orally to the
Thai Supreme Command Head-
quarters and to General West.
moreland in 1965. As a conse-
quence, General Westmoreland
suggested to his superiors that re-
search in infrared reconnaissance
be continued."
" The Joint Military Re-
search Development Center-
U.S. Aerial Reconnaissance Lab-
oratory:
The report states: "In Novem-
ber 1965 the Thai Supreme Com-
mand requested assistance from
the United States in the develop-
ment of its own laboratory for re-
search and training in infrared
reconnaissance. This request was
approved by the Thai Supreme
Command Headquarters, the Air
Chief Marshall, the Royal Thai
Air Force Tactical Command, the
U.S. Embassy, the U.S. State De-
partment, the Department of De-
fense, and the U.S. Congress. The
ispecially equipped aircraft was
still in Thailand and staff mem-
bers from Michigan were by now
familiar with the problems in-
volved in training Thai personnel.
"The project began in March,
1966, is currently in its second year
and will end March 15, 1969 .
"One full time Associate Re-
search Engineer from Michigan
currently stays in Thailand (James
Evans). His job is to keep the

equipment operating well. Half of
the time of a principal investigator'
is provided (Research Physicist,
Joseph Morgan) and additional,
persons who serve as teachers,,
totalling about two men per year.
A technician (Richard Lane) pres-
ently there will return in onea
month.
"The purpose of the Thais in;
this project is to determine the
utility of infrared reconnaissance
in increasing their military sec-
urity. But, the Thais have also
used infrared to dectect areas of
archaelogical interest (previously
unknown) and to find supplies of
water near the surface of the'
ground. The stated intent of both
the U.S. and Thailand govern-
ment is to make the Thais inde-
pendent of outside assistance in
reconnaissance."
0 Acoustic and Seismic Com-
bat Surveillance and Target
Aequisition Research in South-
east Asia:
"The Geophysics Laboratory has
been involved in two research pro-
jects in which University of Mich-
igan personnel were assigned to
tasks in Thailand. Both projects
are classified but much of the ac-
tual research and results are not.
The first project was begun March
16, 1964, as a subcontract to the
Atlantic Research Corporation,
Alexandria, Virginia, which held
the prime contract from ARPA.
The original subcontract was for
15 months and extended to Janu-
ary 31, 1967. The total cost was
$283,000. The purpose of the re-
search, as stated in the preface to
the final report, '... was to pro-
vide basic information about
aconsdic and ei mie nmh At sur .

by military forces in Southeast
Asia and similar environments' ...
"The experimental work was
carried out at 15 different sites;
data processing and analysis were
performed at Willow Run. Thai-
land's military Research Develop-
ment Center assisted Michigan's
researchers in obtaining permis-
sion from private land owners and
various government agencies to
use the test sites.
"The final report, completed in
January 1967, has 586 pages and
is unclassified. A 9-page supple-
ment to the final report,however,
was classified Confidential by Mr.
McLaughlin. It deals with design
specifications for a seismic intru-
sion detector based on available
knowledge of seismic and acoustic
backgrounds."
0 Project 1 1 1 1
The report states: "The Geo-
physics Laboratory also has a

classified project that began in
the first week of July 1967. This
work is being done under a sub-
contract with the Stanford Re-
search Institute. Two investigators
from Michigan spent three months
in Thailand during the past sum-
mer, completed the field work,
and returned to Willow Run. The
remainder of the contribution by
the Laboratory will be data pro-
cessing, analysis, and report writing
to be done at Willow Run and
completed by July, 1968. The total
cost is estimated to be $261,192.
In the past three weeks the Di-
rectors of Willow Run Laborato-
ries and of the Institute of Science
and Technology repeatedly re-I
quested the prime contracting
agency to relax security restric-
tions in order that the purposes
and activities of this project might
be presented here. The agency de-
nied these requests."'

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Speaking on
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b. It's graduate school for me.
c. My mother wants me to be a doctor.

Can't argue with c), but before you check
a) or b)-pencils up! There have been some
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regarding business. . . especially on campus
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Take the belabored point that business
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Individuality pays off. Not only in raises,
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I

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