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September 21, 1967 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-09-21

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See editorial page




Chance of light showers,
endinx before noon.

Seventy-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
FacultyDissatisfiedWith Trimester sy
By ROB BEATTIE per cent of the faculty polled trimester system. All but four of considered in the polls do not values under the present system. meetings and with summer re- many
The trimester calendar is un- approved of trimesters. these faculty members recom- merit a radical calendar change. It said that "assimilation and search work in the field," the re- the L
der fire from the faculties of the In late 1966 a poll of literary mended some change in the cal- He concluded it would be better review of material, preparation of part commented. with
University. Individual units of the college faculty, conducted by a endar. to modify the present system to term papers and projects, and pur- The ISA committee also pointed the t
University discussed the problem calendar committee chaired by The results of both polls were correct small problems while re- suit of academic side interests of- out that the original report which starti
for some time, and action is now Prof. George Hay of the math de- forwarded to SACUA and referred taining the three term concept. ten suffered under the compressed recommended the institution of their
being considered at the University- partment, revealed that only 39 to the Educational Policies Com- Increased enrollment in the trimester system." the trimester system in 1961 called Pop
wide level. per 'cent of those responding were mittee, chaired by Prof. Bradford summer session in the past few According to the report, "58 per for a substantial increase in legis- syste
satisfied with the current system. Perkins of the history department. years, he noted, indicates that this cent of the faculty think that stu- lative appropriations for operation lyste
eraryPollege auiess shol- Results of polls conducted at Prof. Frank Kennedy of the Law portion of the system is a success. dents are presently getting less of the plan.
erary college and business school the end of the winter semester in School, chairman of SACUA, said The proportionate increase in out of courses, while only two per The report also expressed a hope tion C
conclude that the former semester falle
1967 indicated that the system he hopes the Perkins committee summer enrollment has been great- cent note improvement." that the University would be set-
system is preferrable to the pres- was even less popular. The liter- will come up with some kind of er under the trimester than it The report also expressed the ting a trend in the area of calen- befor
ent system. The Senate Advisory ary college faculty passed a reso- report on the calendar which can was under the semester system. opinion of the majority of fac- daring with number of other in- highl
Committee onUniversity Afisb rsnedt AU o o-also
on Affairs lution last April calling for a re- be presented to SACUA for con- The main criticism of the tri- ulty members that the current stitutions following the Univer-
has referred the matter to . turn to the two semester calendar sideration. mester system concerns its length calendar interferes with their sity's lead. Neither of these ex- which
Educational Policies ; Committee which had been used before tri- The literary college poll was al- and the rush involved in compres- scholarly work outside the class- pectations has been realized. In aar
for consideration. mester. The vote was 434 in fa- so forwarded to Allan F. Smith, sing a year's academic work into room, regard to the trend setting, the mer
Faculty support for the trimes- vor of the change and 225.against. vice-president for academic af- eight months. Fifty-three per cent claimed report noted that a number of tear s
ter system, which was instituted A poll conducted by the busi- fairs. Smith said yesterday that A report of the Literary College that they were hampered in at- other schools have experimented teach
four years ago, has been dwin- ness school last spring gave sim- he has not taken any action on executive committee on the calen- tendance at scholarly meetings with a trimester system and aban- have
ding steadily. A Daily survey in ilar results: 29 faculty members the poll, and will probably wait for dar question, which preceded the while only three per cent bene- doned it. avail
1964 after the first semester of favored a return to the semester SACUA to act. April poll expressed concern fitted. "The early fall opening The results of the poll of busi- alsoc
the new system showed that 75 system, while only 11 favored the Smith contended the problems about damage to educational conflicts both with many national ness school faculty poll reflected 8

of the same opinions which
LSA faculty held. Problems
compression of the length of
rimester, and with the early
ng date were emphasized in
ular aspects of the trimester
m which were noted were
d in number. The elimina-
f a lame duck session in the
semester by holding exams
e Chrstmas has been the most
y praised aspect. The reports
commented the free time
was available early in May
th students and faculty. The
itage of having a split sum-
ession in which faculty could
during one session and still
a fairly large block of time
ble for other activities was
considered valuable.

SGC Distributes Visa Cards;
Local Stores Offer Discount

Visa, a nationwide.discount sales
program, is currently selling mem-
bership cards to University stu-
dents through Student Govern-
ment Council.
For a $1.50 annual membership'
fee, a student will receive dis-
counts of 10 per cent on the price
of items in 40 Ann Arbor stores.
Discount coupons accompany cat-
alogues and lists of member stores
that are distributed with the cards.
Signs Contract
On Tuesday, SGC Treasurer Sam
Sherman, '68, signed a contract
for 2000 cards at 90 cents each.
By paying 20 cents a card to stu-
dent salesmen, SGC earns 40 cents
on each one sold. SGC yesterday
sold 1200 cards according to
council member Marty Lieberman,

Visa's Elliot Samson, in charge
of state sales, said, 'SOC handles
distribution ,costs as far as I
know; their costs, that's up to
them." He added, "We're going to
show them how to do it, how to
push cards."
Publish Catalogue
Shield International Corpora-
tion, Visa's sponsor, intends to
publish a catalogue every spring
and fall. The catalogue next spring
will cost members an extra 50
Visa, with headquarters in
Washington; D.C., sends out rep-
resentatives to college town retail
stores to sell catalogue advertis-
ing and organize the stores into
the discount system. Over 140 col-
lege campuses in 17 states have
joined the Visa system since its
inception by two graduate stu-

trctura Engineering
w To Use New Materials

Gigantic protective domes, pos-
sibly supported by air and covering
entire sections of cities to ward off
bad weather, may be ready for
demonstration by the year 2000,
according to an internationally
known civil engineer.
This prediction was one of sev-
eral made yesterday by Thomas
C. Kavanagh to delegates of the
third annual meeting of the Na-
tional Acdaemy of Engineering
being held at the University.
Kavanagh said such domes
might lead to less expensive, less
durable housing since homes would
not have to face the full effects
of weather.
Relieve Slums
"This' could in turn relieve the
problem of urban slums- resulting
from constructed units which-
structurally at least--outlast four
to five generations of occupants,"
he added. Inexpensive housing
could be replaced periodically to
prevent its decay into slum con-
ditions, he claimed.
Kavanagh is a former chief en-
gineer for design and construction
of the world's largest radar-radio
telescope and a consultant for the
Houston Astrodome, an enclosed
Major changes in the outlook
and functions or the structural
engineer of the future were the
topics of Kavanagh's address to
the academy which is convening as
part of the University's Sesquicen-
tennial celebration.

Kavanagh indicated that by the
year 2000 he expects computer sys-
tems to be in operation that will
take care of all "the overriding
demands of the computational,
calculational and analytic aspects
which have enslaved designers
over the past century."
Designers will then be free, he
claimed, "to concentrate on the
true creative functions of design."
Designers of the next generation
will be working in new environ-
ments with new materials, he said.
The depths of the ocean may be
explored by "manned glass sub-
marines, consisting of a large glass
sphere mounted in reinforced
plastic pontoons."
Designer Freedom
The new materials will create
new freedom for the designer. Ex-
periments with plastics containing
metal whiskers have shown them
to be many times stronger than
current steels, Kavanagh ex-
Kavanagh also foresaw adhesive
bonding augmenting or replacing
the high-strength bolting and
welding techniques that have al-
ready replaced riveting methods.
Kavanagh said skyscrapers will
have a new twist in the future.
They will contain diversified units,
including residential and commer-
cial space as well as office units.
The biggest change of all, Kava-
nagh concluded, "will be the struc-
tural engineers themselves." C

dents at the University of Virginia
campus in 1964, according to Jim
Smith, Visa's area manager.
"Businesses are willing to offer
student rates to procure business
relations," said Smith. He added
the program is aimed at "small
businesses who can't afford to
market themselves."
In addition to campus stores,
Visa cards are valid for discounts
in certain hotels and night clubs
throughout the country. Trans-
World Airlines also extends its
half-fare program to Visa mem-
"Visa's profits on cards are noth-
ing to be divulged," Samson said..
"The money we're going to make
in the program is in the future.
You can say we're getting money
from advertising, cards and this-
and-that, but somebody is get-
ting something for it."
MSU Operation
Visa has operated at Michigan
State University since last winter,,
and a major complaint, from mem-
ber merchants is that not enough
students use their cards. At MSU
cards and information were dis-
tributed free to 17,000 out of 37,-
000 students, according to the
Michigan State News.
Samson said, that 27,000 cards
were given out for discounts at 27
stores last year and 45 stores
this year. The State News report-
ed the number at 17 stores last
year and "over 30" stores this
Non-participating merchants in
East Lansing tried to ban Visa,
to end its feasibility and to charge
it favored° student customers over
others. One East Lansing merch-
ant reported complaints from reg-
ular non-student customers, but
only three stores there have drop-
ped out of Visa.
Campus Wrap-Up
Visa aims for campus stores
because, according to Samson,
"they've got the campus wrapped
up." The catalogue for Ann Arbor
and Ypsilanti does not include
any bookstores, but Samson said,
"We're talking to a couple book-
Samson said that although Visa
conducts price checks on certain
products in member stores, "We
don't condone any outside pres-
sure. We want to make sure that
merchants aren't jacking up
Smith said that there is no
danger of regular discount stores
reducing their discounts in favor
of lesser Visa discounts, because
Visa discounts are good on any
item's selling price as it is mark-
ed in the store.

Who would have thought when excavation began on the site of the old Red's Rite Spot the summer
before last, that like a phoenix from the ashes, Ann Arbor's tallest;building would emerge? At com-
pletion the apartment complex will tower 26 stories above Maynard and William Streets; so far 23
levels of bare skeleton have been erected.
Research Unit Develops Agent
To Extend Storage Lifetime

Teachers Reach
Pact in New York
Strike Settlement Terms Withheld,
Await Vote of Union Membership
NEW YORK (AP)-A mammoth eight-day strike of New York City
public school teachers was settled. tentatively yesterday, bringing
to an apparent end the worst labor crisis in the history of American
New York Mayor John V. Lindsay had prodded the negotiators
on and on at his Gracie Mansion home on the bank of the East
River. State Mediation Board Chairman Vincent D. McDonnell had
charge of the actual bargaining.
In anticipation of a break in the deadlock, Lindsay had summoned
the entire nine-man Board of Education to the mansion.
The terms of the proposed pact were not announced pending a
rank and file vote.
The latest negotiating session began at .3 p.m. Tuesday, with
Lindsay upping the city's ante for teachers' salaries and other benefits
from $125 million over two years to $135 million over 26 months.
Meanwhile, about 50,000 of the
city's 55,000 teachers boycotted
their classrooms, and only 278,000
students showed up. S Plans
School Supt. Bernard Donovan
said after the settlement 'an-
nouncement that the schoolsT o F ra e
would be closed today. There was
no determination for tomorrow. S u e
Third Strike tu ent us
The near-paralysis of the na-
tion's largest school system began Seek Loan Terms;
Sept. 11, opening day of the new
term. The strike was the third To Use as Contact
waged by the UFT here in seven With Student Body
years, but the first to extend bey-
ond one day. By JOHN LOTTIER
By their walkout, the teachers ,
defied a no-strike order from the At tomorrow's meeting, Student
State Supreme Court, making the Government Council is expected
union liable to a $10,000-a-day to approve the purchase of a
fine and' its leaders liable to up to Volkswagen bus for transporta-
30 days in jail for contempt. tion of students and SGC mater-
However, State Supreme Court ials, according to SGC Treasurer
Justice Emilo Nunez -put off con- Sam Sherman, '68.
tempt hearings against the union The "studentmobile" will be a
after he was told, that "interrup- $995 1963 Volkswagen Microbus
Lion of negotiations would not be to be paid off by a two year loan.
in the public interest." At present SGC is trying to se-
Wage Scale cure a two year loan.
A local Volkswagen dae on
At the strike's outset, the UF'T mented that there may be some
sought an annual wage scale for financing problems. "I don't think
teachers of $7,500 to $18,000, to they (SOC) were ,too clear on the
replace one that ranged from issue. They would have to arrange
$5,400 to $11,950. Before the strike, the financing, and have someone
a three-man mediation panel had with some creditable responsibility
recommended a scale of $6,600 to over 21 sign for it."
$13,600. SGC member Marty Lieberman,
The union also sought a reduc- '69, explained that the University
tion in class sizes and more elas- administration has to approve any
ticity for teachers in banishing indebtedness SGC incurs since
disruptive pupils from classrooms. SGC is an unincorporated body.
About 1 p.m. a spokesman for "A 'studentmobile' has become
Lindsay said of the negotiations: a necessity to SGC's successful
"There's been a snag or a snarl." operation," Lieberman, a propon.
It was 5:42 p.m. when Lindsay ent of the idea, commented yes-
stepped onto the open porch of terday. "We need it first and
the mansion's annex to announce foremost to transport materials
the tentative settlement of a strike around campus."
that had affected the city more The bus will be used in con-
deeply than any since the 1966 junction with SOC's speaker's bu-
subway tleup. reau, allowing students interested
in. T A.n.ivrsity aciv.ities to racn«.w.L

Doctors doing research at the
Ann Arbor Veterans Administra-
tion Hospital have developed a
blood protecting agent that may
allow storage of frozen blood in
the future for an indefinite period
of time. Preliminary work with
hydroxethyl starch as a blood pro-
tecting agent has also permitted
use of frozen blood after thawing
for 90 seconds, reducing time.
Also working with a grant from
the Office of Naval Research, the
group has been actively
seeking a suitable blood protect-
ing agent since the Cuban crisis
of October, 1962. "This incident
brought out the need for adequate
blood supplies," said Prof. Charles
T. Knorpp, a physicist working
on the project.
Other members of the research
team are Doctors Paul W. Gikas,
pathologist; William R. Merchant,
Veteran's Hospital chief of staff;
Herbert H. Spencer, hemotologist
or blood specialist; and Norman
W. Thompson, surgeon. The four
physicians are also connected
with the University School of
According to prof. Knorpp, nor-
mal blood used for human trans-
fusions is treated only with an
anti-clotting chemical and has a
shelf life of 21 days when stored
at four degress-centrigrade. After
this time, the red blood cells de-
cay and only the other parts of
the blood may be used for pro-
ducts such as plasma.
[771nv n ra.- - - - --n. l rn

gen to all parts of the body. For
this reason, methods to preserve
blood have been sought for many
The research group has actu-
ally utilized two blood protecting
agents during the last four years.
The first was polyvinyl Pyrroli-
done, a synthetic material, which
kept frozen blood cells in usable
condition indefinitely. One draw-
back was that the blood protecting
agent might remain stored in the
The researchers then began
using hyroxethyl starch as a blood
protecting agent. It had previously
been used as a plasma extender or
substitute. Hydroxethyl appar-
ently can be stored indefinitely;
the starch is not broken up im-
mediately by blood enzymes as
other starch protecting agents
have been.

"This technique is still in the
test tube stage," says Dr. Knorpp.
"We have worked on it for the
past five months and so far all
tests check out. Our work with
monkeys has gone on for the past
three weeks, and although all
tests have been positive we are
far away from any conclusive de-
cisions about our work with the
Hyroxethyl starch is promising
as a blood protecting. agent be-
cause it can be converted in the
body to sugars and excreted. Thus
the starch need not be removed
before transfusion occurs.
Another protective agent, used
in Vietnam, employs glycerol,
which is similar to antifreeze.
This technique works effectively,
but the glycerol must be washed
out before the blood is used.

_,. ;
3G ';

See Nuclear Power Replacing
Conventional Energy Sources

Vietnamese Poet Says Western Education
Encourages Alienation of Asian Students,

Nuclear power will be the main
source of energy in the United
States by the year 2000, accord-
ing to Chauncey Starr, dean of
engineering at the University of
California at Los Angeles.
Speaking in Rackham Auditor-
ium to the annual meeting of the
National Academy of Engineering

ing these problems, Starr said, is
the use of nuclear energy to pro-
vide an almost unlimited fuel sup-
ply. Because of the long "lead
time" required to develop such
projects, Starr emphasized, long
range planning must begin now.
"The only other alternative is
the use of direct solar energy at a
cost very much in excess of all

dustry and transportation, as
much as 70 per cent of all our
energy consumption would be for
the production of electricity,""he
Large nuclear power plants can
already compete economically with
other sources of energy. Accord-
ing to Starr, nuclear power will
be able "to meet the world's en-

Asians educated in the West
are partly responsible for the
growth of Communism and the
subsequent American involvement
in the Orient, a South Vietna-
mese poet said at Guild House
Mme. Le Thin Anh, who is at-
tending classes at the University,
said western education is respon-
sible for the alienation of Asian

societies which trained them. On
their return to Vietnam and Chi-
na, the colonial rulers placed the
students in positions of leader-
But, she continued, the "native
strangers," as a result of their.
partial westernization, were alien-
ated from the general populace,
and interested only in exploiting
what they conceived to be their
ignorant countrymen, especially

such "strangers" still occupy many
government positions.
In response to a question from
the audience, Mme. Anh express-
ed doubt that the United States.
had become involved in Vietnam
for the purpose of economic ex-
ploitation, since the country has
few resources. When asked if a
Communist takeover in South Vi-
etnam would result In reprisals
against anti-Communists, she

In University activities to reach
all points of the campus.
"SOIC,"' according to Lieberman,
"plans to have the bus on the
Diag daily, equipped with acousti-
cal devices and.hopefully:supplied
with coffee and doughnuts, which
will provide SOC a better chance
to reach the students, and at the
same time cut SGC advertising
costs in half."
There is. also hope that the bus
can be used in voter-registration
drives. SGC President Bruce
Kahn, '68, feels that this is an
integral part of SGC's attempts
to effectively serve the student
"Last year when we called stu-
dents on the telephone we found
that large numbers of them were

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