Wednesday, April 10, 1968
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Wednesday, April 10, 1968 THE MICHIGAN DAILY Page Nine
Riot Commission Members
Urge Report Implementation
Divided Into Six States
WASHINGTON fiP-Six mem-
bers of the President's riot com-
mission say immediate action is
required to alleviate the causes
behind the violence which has
wracked Negro slums across the
country for six days.
Commission members said in
interviews that they had tried, in
their month old report, to stress
urgency in implementing their
recommendations, and several
criticized what they called virtual
inaction on the report.
"Any community tnat has a
ghetto area can have vilence."
said Rep. James Cprman (D-
Calif), one of the 11 members of
the National Advisory Commission
on Civil Disorders.
"It's going to happen. We sim-
ply have to accept that probabil-
ity until we get something done
about the causes of rioting," he
C Continues in PolId
WARSAW (R) A leading Marx-
ist theorist was purged in Poland
yesterday while Parliament heard
changes are imminent in the
government harassed by -student
The official news agency PAP
said Adam Schaff, a member of
the party's Central Committee,
resigned as director of the Polish
Academy of Science's institute of
philosophy and sociology. Schaff,
a Jew. had been called a "spirit-
- ual leader" of last month's anti-
government student riots r a -
The 460-member .Sejm, or par-
liament, convened for its spring
session and a declaration,. was
read announcing prospective gov-
The announcement of a succes-
sor to Edward Ochab, who re-
signed Monday from the cere-
monial post of president of the
state council because of "deteri-
orating health," is expected to be
made today along with other
Informed sources close to Par-
liament said the new president
- Poland's fourth since the end
of the war - is likely to be the
ministerof defense, Gen. Marian
Emerges From Field
He emerged as the probable
successor from among a few ru-
mored contenders including Pre-
mier Jozef Cyrankiewicz.
Spychalski, 61, is considered a
staunch supporter of Communist
party leader Wladyslaw Gomulka.
Ochab, who is nearly blind, cited
"deteriorating health" in asking
to be relieved, but a Yugoslav re-
port said his name hasbeen link-
ed ;recently, with, party discord
and student unrest.
The shake-up reflects what
Westerners see as a ,power strug-
gle between backers of Commun-
ist party chief Wladyslaw Gomul-
ka and an ultranationalist faction
of World War II Communist un-
derground fighters. Their leader is
Maj. Gen. Mleczyslaw Moczar,
minister of the interior and head
of the secret police.
Members of Moczar's "partisans"
would take over their jobs, the
Yugoslav report indicated.
These changes would fit in with
the anti-Zionist attacks accom-
panying a series of dismissals that
have followed the student demon-
strations. Thirty-seven govern-
ment and party officials, most of
them Jews, have been ousted from
Among the recommendations in
the commission's report, issued
March 2, was that two million new
jobs be created for the under-
employed and unemployed in the
next three years, 550,000 of them
this year. Several commission
members said this is the most
pressing need of the moment.
"Somewhere,.we've got to find
hundreds of thousands of jobs
this summer, jobs that pay a de-
cent wage," Corman ..aid. "We've
got to do it fast. Right now."
Sen. Edward Brooke, (R-Mass),
said he would file a legislative
package, probably when Congress
reconvenes April 22 after its
Easter recess, covering jobs, wel-
fare and housing recommenda.
tions made by the commission.
Jobs, said Brooke, who is a Ne-
gro, would be the first priority of
I. W. Abel, president of the
United Steelworkers of America,
AFL-CIO, and a commission mem-
ber, said in a telephone interview
from Pittsburgh that although he
considers all of the recommenda-
tions urgent, jobs and job train-
ing are most urgent.
"The commission tried to em-
phasize'" the urgency of the prob-
lem by completing its report ear-
lier than anticipated and by is-
suing its findings promptly," Abel
said. "By doing so It hoped to im-
press all with the urgent need for
prompt action to diffuse the ex-
plosive atmosphere found in our
"Clearly, we must get on with
the job of implementing the com-
mission's report as quickly as pos-
sible if we hope to eliminate the
root causes of these riots."
Sen. Fred R. Harris (D-Okla),
said he hopes that perhaps the
violence of the past six davs will
"underscore and emphasize" the
need for prompt action.
"Maybe faster action could have
prevented this," he said. "Maybe
now we can get something ac-
When the violence began last
weekend, Illinois Gov. Otto Ker-
ner, chairman of the commission,
said in Miami he thought "some
of the trouble could have been
averted if "more people had acted
on the commission report."
He struck back at critics of the
report as "people who don't want
to do anything about it and don't
take the first step."
KADUNA, Nigeria (P)--A 1,000-
year era is ending with the politi7.
cal split of the last of West Afri-
ca's feudal empires, the Hausa-
Fulani North of Nigeria.
Nigeria's military rulers have
made the North into six separate
states, challenging a unity which
since the 10th century has sur-
vived Moslem holy war and the
rule of the colonial British. Mili-
tary governors rule where emirs-.
Moslem chiefs - once were abso-
The North still is a land where
subjects prostrate themselves be-
fore emirs, where titled noblemen
in desert Arab robes and kefiyah
headdresses reminisce. Signs of
change were three MIG-17 inter-
ceptors zipping low in formation
in March over centuries-old cere-
monies when hundreds of mount-
ed men charged their stallions
past the emir, clenched fists high
in salutes of loyalty.
"The North now is just geog-
raphy," said Alhaji Ali Akilu, 46,
secretary of the administrative
council phasing out the regional
Then echoing hopes of the rul-
ing establishment, he added: "But
things will continue as they were."
Northerners who disagree in-
clude a 32-year-old civil servant,
A. I. Obeya. Referring to the for-
mer regional capital, he says: "We
will no longer be dragged by the
nose or toe the line because of
somebody's ideas in Kaduna."
Obeya left a top job in Lagos,
the federal capital, to return to
provincial Jos, a tin miners' town,
as secretary of the military gov-
ernment of Benue-Plateau.
Division of States
Benue-Plateau and five other
Northern states have joined six
states carved from Southern re-
gions, including three in territory
claimed b secessionist Biafrans
in the former Eastern region.
The 12 states were created by
the decree of Maj. Geni Yakubu
Gowon, head of the federal re-
gime and a descendant of the
Angas people of Benue-Plateau.
The states will exercise some'au-
tonomy and, under favorable con-
ditions, may be the foundation
for a more balanced federation.
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