Friday, April 5 1968
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Friday, April 5, 1968 THE MICHIGAN DAILY Page Three
South Vietnam's Government
Wk ainn ac- as nm P Di ri-u c E Ci
Ve omeU1I1sk s eace 1
SAIGON (R) - South Vietnam's U.S. Ambassador Ellsworth Bunk-
overnment said yesterday it er and envoys of other nations
welcomes U.S. and North Viet- whose troops are fighting in South
namese contacts as "an initiative Vietnam.
to bring an early end to the war Statements by informed govern-
in justice and freedom." ment officials, however, indicated
It was thy government's first a wariness of U.S. intentions. One
reaction to President Johnson's Vietnamese diplomat said some
agreement Wednesday to Hanoi's government officials believe John-
*proposal for discussions to halt son had advance knowledge that
all bombing of North Vietnam as Hanoi would respond favorably to
a prelude to peace talks. the bombing halt he called over
A communique was issued short- most of North Vietnam. But he
ly after a conference between said Johnson had not informed
President Nguyen Van Thieu and the South Vietnamese.
Halts Student Protests
0 RIO DE JANEIRO (R)-Cavalry- heckled as they passed through
men, swinging sabers, charged into downtown streets many barricad-
a crowd of 3,000 students near ed and guarded by armed soldiers,
the steps of a cathedral yesterday to the cathedral. Jet fighters
after the military-led government roared overhead and helicopters
said it would no longer tolerate circled the church before the
protest demonstrations. cavalry drive.
It was the latest outburst in a
Oveek-long series of police-student
clashes that have taken four lives
and challenged the government of
President Arthur da Costa e Silva.
Several persons were dragged
bleeding from Candelaria Cathe-
dral in downtown Rio after the
charge by the state militia. They
*had been told to treat demon-
strators as "enemies invading the
Tear gas bombs and troopers
armed with clubs were used to
clear the rest of the gathering
*which had come to the cathedral
for memorial services in honor of
Edson Luis Lima Souto, an 18-
year-old high school pupil killed
in a scuffle with police. Three
more deaths followed his in riot-
The crowd had assembled in
tront of the cathedral, ignoring
appeals by Father Antonio Dutra
to "go home." Witnesses said the
cavalrymen's charge began after
Maj. Nei Machado, head of the
state secret police service, moved
into the crowd.
The cavalrymen had b e e n
About 50 persons, including four
newsmen, were held by police. Of-
ficers smashed cameras and re-
moved film from a French televi-
sion crew's equipment.
The troops had taken positions
in the city yesterday morning
after ancannouncement that 20
memorial services would be held
for the slain youths. Army units
set up light machine guns at some
intersections, but did not inter-
fere with the crowd moving to-
ward the cathedral.
Opposition Backs Demands
Most shops were closed. Schools
were shut, the. Guanabara State
government had given civil serv-
ants an optional day off, and
parents were warned to keep their
children out of demonstrations.
Opposition leader Carlos Lac-
erda backed the students' de-
mands, which started with criti-
cism of conditions at a student
restaurant and turned into a gen-
eral protest against the govern-
Lacerda accused the government
of keeping itself in power "by the
threat and use of force stained
by the blood of youth"
There also was resentment be-
cause the South Vietnamese are
not invited to Johnson's weekend
conference at Honolulu to discuss
the future course of the war.
A U.S. spokesman said the con- --
ference was an all-American af-
'fair. But the Vietnamese noted~T
that President Chung flee Park 193 IY 11eI
of South Korea will meet John-
son in Honolulu Sunday.S
The Vietnamese diplomat said
his country could hardly be
pleased at being excluded from TT
the meeting, where much will belnanoiuif er
discussed that vitally concerns the
future of South Vietnam WASHINGTON (P)-U.S. mili-
Gen. William C. Westmoreland, tary officers, citing past state-
U.S. military commander in South ments by key North Vietnamese
Vietnam, left en route to Hono- leaders, c a u t i o n e d yesterday
lulu. Bunker and other U.S. offi- against optimism that peace nego-
cials in Saigon are expected to tiations would bring a simultan-
leave for Hawaii today. eous end to the fighting.
A government communique on These officers claim that Asian
the forthcoming meeting of U.S. Communist history shows the Reds
and North Vietnamese officials follow a "fight - and - negotiate
noted that the South Vietnamese policy" in a maneuver to improve
government "gave its agreement their position at the bargaining
to partial cessation of the bomb- table.
ing of North Vietnam as a first Two principal statements cited
step toward negotiations." in this connection were made by
Johnson ordered a halt to the Le Duan, first secretary of the
bombing of most of North Viet- North Vietnamese Communist
nam Sunday and said he was Party Central Committee, and
ready to discuss peace. Hanoi's Gen. Nguyen Van Vinh, chairman
announcement of a readiness foro,,n
preliminary talks was North Viet- partment. Both statements ap-
nam's reply. 'pear in documents captured last
"The governments of the allied year.
countries will be in constant con- "In fighting while negotiating
sulatonsonan pont .o sb-the side which fights more
sultations on any points .of sub- strongly will compel the adversary
stance or decision in conjunction to accept its conditions," Vinh said
with these exploratory talk," the in an April 1966 speech at a Viet
communique said. Cong congress.
The Foreign Ministry said the He pictured fighting while ne-
first such meeting was held with gotiating as "a principal step in
Thieu to assess Hanoi's announce- the evolution of the war."
ment. Le Duan, writing to the Viet
Sitting in with Thieu and Bunk- Cong commanderin chief, de-
er were the ambassadors of South cared that "the strategy on war
Korea, Australia, New Zealand, ad negotiation must be properly
the Philippines and Thailand. used to efficiently serve the p-
This followed an earlier confer- litical and military alms of our
ence between Thieu and Bunker. strategy."
There was also opposition to The same strategy, the North
U.S.-North Vietnamese contacts Vietnamese Communist leader re-
in South Vietnam's House and called, was used in the Korean
Modified Travel Tax Bill
Gets Final House Okay
WASHINGTON (IA)-The House' Because of the omission, the bill
passed yesterday, 272 to 102, a bill that was sent to the Senate would
to tax international air tickets have much less effect on the bal-
and cut the duty-free customs ance of payments than the ad-
allowance for returning travelers ministration package, which was
-but omitting the travel expen- counted on to reduce the dollar
diture tax President Johnson outflow by some $500 million.
asked. However, the House Ways and
Returning tourists now may Means Committee insisted the tax
bring in up to $100 worth of goods on tourist spending abroad is not
duty-free. The bill would cut the dead, but consideration is being
allowance to $10 until Oct. 16, held up while awaiting develop-
1969, when it would rise to $50. ments, such as foreign agreements
Howeer, he 100 xempionand UR. moves to help export of
However, the $100 exemption American goods.
would continue for those return- Tecoms d
fig from Canada and Mexico, arid The committee said it was tak-
the present $200 exemption for ing the "opportunity to encourage
arrivals from the Virgin Islands American travelers to restrict their
and other insular possessions spending abroad."
would be cut to $100 until Oct. 16, "The extent to which voluntary
196,uad teruto$0tloc200. 16, efforts in this regard prove suc-
1969, and then revert to $200. cessful may well be an important
Gifts mailed to the United factor in determining what other
States now are exempt up to $10. measures may have to be taken,"
This would be cut to $1. it said
VICE PRESIDENT HUBERT HUMPHREY greeted steelworkers in Pennsylvania yesterday at a
meeting of the state AFL-CIO. Humphrey hinted broadly that he would seek the presidential nom-
ination of the Democratic Party. But he said that no announcement would be made until the return
of President Johnson from his conference with U.S. allies in Honolulu.
Novotny Criticizes Own Role
During Stalinist Purge Trials
The University of Michigan School of Music
The Ann Arbor Symphony
A Evening With Karl Baas"
FRIDAY, APRIL 5
RACKHAM LECTURE HALL
Tickets $2.50 on sale at:
Appollo Music Center
Hadcock Music House
University Music House
King's Keyboard House
Liberty Music Shop
Paul's Musical Repair
or call: 662-4279 or 663-0035
PRAGUE OP)-Antonin Novotny,
the ousted' Stalin-like ruler of
Czechoslovakia, recanted yester-
day, before the Communist re-
formers ' who forced him from
power. He admitted "serious errors
and aberrations" during his 15,
years as party chief.
Novotny criticized his own role
in the Stalinist purge trials of the
1950's at a meeting of the party's
Central Committee, the official
news agency, CTK, said.
He said his errors would remain
a dark stain on Czechoslovakia's
postwar history. At least 12 prom-
inent Communist leaders were
hanged during a series of show
Novotny was pushed from his
post as party secretary in January
by liberals led by Alexander Du-
bcek, the new party chief. He
surrendered his second major po-
sition, the largely ceremonial pres-
idency, last month. Gen. Ludvik
Svoboda, a war hero, was sworn
in as the new president Saturday.
In a long speech, of which only
brief excerpts were released, No-
votny said he "supported" the
decisions of the Central Commit-
tee's plenum last January which
led to his ouster as party chief
and member of the committee's
presidium. He retains membership
on the Central Committee.
Novotny denied, however,
charges that he tried to stage an
army coup to keep himself and
the old guard in power.
Some C z e c h liberals have
charged that a coup attempt was
mounted with the complicity of
Maj. Gen. Jan Sejna, who later
defected to the United States; De-
fense Minister Bohumir Lomsky
who resigned his post Wednesday,
and Asst. Defense Minister Vladi-
mir Janko, a reported suicide
three weeks ago.
According to CTK, Lomsky
confirmed that the Czechoslovak
army was "misused" in December,
but added: "It must be seen that
it is not in the power of a single
individual to prevent it."
Lomsky said Sejna was able to
negatively influence Janko and
other officials of the Defense
Ministry. He did not elaborate on
the phrase "misused."
Witnesses were heard yesterday.
in the newly launched investiga-
tion into the 1948 death of Jan
Masaryk, Czechoslovakia's first
postwar foreign minister. His fall
from a second-story window was
ruled a suicide by the Stalinist
regime, but many Czechs have
charged he was murdered, per-
haps with Soviet help.
One of the witnesses was Dr.
Josef Goerner, former chief de-
tective in Prague. He said in a
newspaper interview that an in-
vestigator reported killed after
digging too deeply into the Ma-
saryk case was, in fact, alive.
Goerner referred to Frantisek
Borkovec who established links
between Maj. Franz Schramm and
Vaclav Sedm, two men accused of
involvement in a plot to kill
At . Candidacy
Vice President Not
To Announce Until
PITTSBURGH ()-Vice Presi-
dent Hubert H. Humphrey all but
entered the race for the Demo-
cratic presidential nomination
yesterday and he received a long,
noisy ovation from representatives
of organized labor.
Humphrey reminded the Penn-
sylvania AFL-CIO convention of
his long association with labor.
and said: "If we stick together a
little longer, we will be together
a lot longer."
But Humphrey, despite appeals
from some 2,000 delegates cram-
med into a hotel ballroom that
he "tell us what we want to 'hear
Hubert," hinted strongly that he
would not announce his decision
until at least after President
Johnson returns from his Viet-
nam talks in Hawaii.
Humphrey said, "I am not one
to walk away from a decision and
a decision will be forthcoming in
However, Humphrey, , without
direct reference tq the turmoil in
the Democratic party since John-
son took himself out of the race,
said, "I will do nothing that in
any way will impair" President
Johnson's diplomatic mission to
And the vice president said he
wanted to "call on all Americans,
regardless of party or persuasion
to stand together now in unity
behind the President in our na-
tional quest for peace."
Although Humphrey declined
to announce his candidacy, he
exclaimed, "Wonderful" when told
by a newsman that Secretary of
Labor Willard Wirtz had en-
And the vice president, in a
loud aside to others at the head
table, said, "Great, great" as the
delegates to the labor convention
staged their own replica of a po-
litical convention. They snake
danced through the hall and a
red-coated band alternately play-
ed "The Minnesota Rouser" and
"Chicago" in honor of the Demo-
'All the Way'
And there were shouts of "sock
It to them Hubert," a mod ex-
clamation more often associated
with the supporters of Sens. Eu-
gene McCarthy and Robert Ken-
nedy and roughly translated as
give them hell.
And he added, "You know I'm
This drew a joyous ovation
from the crowd, which carried a
thicket of signs reading "Labor
wants Humphrey," "Steelworkers
for Humphrey," "AFL-CIO wants
Humphrey" and "All the way
The vice president also walked
away with the endorsement of
United Steel Workers President I.
W. Abel, who sat at the frpnt table
during Humphrey's speech.
Abel said in a statement that
he was joining AFL-CIO President
George Meany in urging Hum-
phrey to declare his candidacy.
And he said after Humphrey's
speech, "I would urge you, in fact
plead with you, that the minute
our great President returns, you
not only make that decision, but
you make the decision to be our
candidate. Go, Hubert, go. We're
There was an obvious air of
One Humphrey aide said that
events were pushing the vice
president toward announcing his
candidacy and thus challenging
McCarthy and Kennedy.
Engine Misfire May 'Delay
Apollo Manned Moon Shot
NATIONAL SINCRAL CORPORtATION
STARTS EASTERN THEATRES 0
STARTS FoUVI LGE
TODAY 375 No.MAPLE RD.-"769-130
COMING APRIL 8
The bill passed would tax all
air tickets bought in this country
to foreign destinations 5 per cent,
the same rate now applying to
Tickets to outlying U.S. areas
such as Hawaii arid Alaska would
be subject to the tax.
The bill, .with its most contro-
versial section deleted, aroused
little debate in the House.
The senior Republican member
of the Ways and Means Commit-
tee, Rep. John W. Byrnes of
Wisconsin, called it "a drop in
the bucket," and voted for it.
CAPE KENNEDY, Fla. (R) -
Three engines misfired on Amer-
ica's second Saturn 5 super rock-
et yesterday and hurled a 132-ton
satellite into the wrong orbit, pos-
sibly delaying the nation's Apollo
lunar landing timetable by cast-
ing doubt whether the rocket is
ready to launch astronauts.
Despite the fact that three of
the 11 primary engines failed
aboard the Saturn 5 - the type
booster being developed to launch
men to the moon, its Apollo 6
spacecraft landed close to a Pa-
cific Ocean target zone.
If the flight had been intended
to propel astronauts to the moon,
however, "We would have had to
conduct an alternate mission in
Earth orbit," said Maj. Gen. Sam-
uel C. Phillips, director of the Na-
tional Aeronautics and Space Ad-
ministration's Apollo program of-
"The objective of having a pro-
pulsion system function properly
on each stage was not met," Phil-
lips said. "It certainly makes this
less than a perfect mission."
No Re-Entry Problems
While troubles developed with
the Saturn 5, its Apollo 6 space-
craft performed well throughout
the 9-hour, 56-minute mission.
The moonship powered itself to a
lofty altitude 13,821 miles over the
Indian Ocean, then survived a
fiery re-entry dive through the
Earth's atmosphere and parachut-
ed to the Pacific Ocean.
The helicopter-carrying as-
sault ship USS Okinawa, prime
recovery vessel, headed toward the
predicted landing site 250 miles
away, then had to do an about-
face to its original position.
Four Hour Delay
The moonship splashed about 90
miles behind the Okinawa, caus-
ing an estimated delay in the re-
covery of about four hours.
At stake as the 363-foot-tall
booster thundered into space was
whether the Saturn 5 rocket was
qualified to launch astronauts. If
it had performed as flawlessly as
the first super-rocket mission last
Nov. 9, NASA was prepared to skip
a third unmanned test and go di-
rectly to manned Saturn 5 flights.
Decision To Be Reached
Despite the engine problems,
the booster did safely orbit a
spacecraft, and Phillips said
"there is a possibility" the third
Saturn 5 may still be manned.
He predicted a decision would be
made "before the end of this
Flying astronauts aboard the
next Saturn 5 would accelerate
the Apollo lunar landing by sev-
eral months, possibly permitting
a landing on the moon by the
middle of 1969. Having to fly an-
other unmanned test of the super
booster would delay the manned
lunar landing at least until the
last half of 1969.
FRI. 7:00 - 9:20-11:20 SAT. 3:00 - 5:00 - 7:10 - 9:20 - 11:20
SUNDAY 1:00 - 3:00 - 5:00 - 7:10 - 9:20
BEST SUPPORTING ACTOR
BEST SUPPORTING ACTRESS
BEST FILM EDITING
BEST ART DIRECTION
COLUMSIA PICTURES presents a
a matinee performance
Sunday, April7 - 2:30p m.
WORLD WAR III
"End of August at the Hotel Ozone"
Czech director: Jan Schmidt
a short by Danish director: Palle Kjaerulff-Schmidt
Winner: Edinburgh and Oberhausen Film Festivals
by American: Jeff Dell
Thursday and Friday
Directed by Max Reinhardt, 1935
Based on the play by William Shakespeare
. iA A LICC rV' rlIf!I( 1 POWELL