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February 17, 1968 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1968-02-17

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Johnson Na

mes Smith

Hanoi Releases
American Pilots

New Commerce
WASHINGTON (P) - President conspiracy among other countries da
Johnson announced Friday the to undermine him. ye
resignation of Alexander B. Trow- "I do think it is in the nation's ye
bridge as secretary of commerce interest and your interest and theA
and the name of his successor- free world's interest," he said, an
C. R. Smith, chairman of the "that this man . . . be here at els
board of American Airlines. this critical stage." in
This was the kick off for a He said he had no intention of th
news conference ranging over ma- seeing Westmoreland leave his B
jor matters of the moment. spot as leader of U.S. forces ina a
For one thing, Johnson said that Vietnam. 525
rGen. William C. Westmoreland On the question of peace feelers, in
has his complete confidence as the President said that: wa
commander in Vietnam and said "I don't think that Hanoi is thi
there had been something of a anymore ready to negotiate to-
er Bson
Nigeria, Biafra Seekhe
Peace Agreemeni1ts
LAGOS, Nigeria (A)-With the One influential government of- M
Nigerian government and seces- ficial said a Commonwealth peace T
sionist Biafra both in deep fi- force was not discussed by Gowon ou
nancial trouble after nearly nine and Smith. But the official did say ha
months of civil war, a proposal for that Nigeria might accept ob- no
a Commonwealth peace force to servers to help keep the peace
police a Nigerian cease fire is a during a cease fire and negotia-T
live political issue here. tions. wil
It is believed both sides seek The Nigerian military opposes of
ways to end the fighting. The intervention of outside troops in wh
peace force idea seems to offer one any way. Lt. Col. Hassan Usman W
avenue despite strong denials from Katsina, former military governor for
the federal government that a of Northern Nigeria, said he
peace force is being considered. wanted peace, "but not one on me
Exhaust Treasury Ojukwu's terms of treachery no M
The Biafrans have exhausted matter under what cloak
their treasury since May 30, 1967 whether via NATO, the United i
when Lt. Col. C. Odumegwu Nations or the Commonwealth. cn
Ojukwu declared Biafra independ- According to diplomats, the ef-
ent. Biafra has vowed to fight to fort to keethfo
the finish and accused the federal p e peace orce issue by
army of waging a war of genocide secret has forced both sides to res
to eliminate the Ibo tribesmen, toughen public stands. in
the predominant element in the
Biafran population.
The financial position of the
federal government is little bet-
ter. When the civil war started W orld
foreign exchange reserves were
about $240 million. The latest list-
ing puts reserves at $72 million By The Associated Press
and some economists believe they PARIS - President Charles de ce
are closer to $48 million. Lagos Gaulle and West German Chan- pla
has already reached the statutory cellor Kurt Georg Kliesinger yes- ow
limit of $204 million in short term terday offered Britain more trade po
treasury bills and-borrowing ca- until the day when France will letT
pacity is limited. it become a full member of the Fo
Visits Countries European Common Market. vis
The financial squeeze may "Britain must do what is neces- pla
make the idea of a Commonwealth sary to be in the same situation
peace force look better and better. as we are, and to be with us," de
Ako Arikpo, Nigeria's commis- Gaulle's spokesman quoted him no
sioer or oregnaffairs, will visit as saying. "This means a very ter
four Commonwealthcountries, great economic effort. We noteth
India, Pakistan, Singapore and the beginning of an evolution, but De
Malaya in the next three weeks. A we think that it is not yet sal
diplomat from one of the four enough."
Asian countries has already ad- * * *
vised his government to expect WASHINGTON - Five Soviet Mc
Arikpo to raise the peace force bombers in two flights approached th
issue, within 70 miles of the North gal
According to Arikpo, he ac- American coast line Feb. 9, U.S. tio
cepted invitations to the four and Canadian officials disclosed we
countries to explain Nigeria's posi- yesterday. N
tion toward Biafra. But diplo-
matic sources say Arikpo solicited -
the invitations 10 days ago in
London when he met Arnold
Smith,nsecretary-general of the IN
*Commonwealth. IJO.JIN
Must Prepare Military
"This must be done in extreme
secrecy prepare the military for ISRAELI FOLK
such 'a force," one Asian diplomat t1
The peace force issue was Tomorrow at
raised following Smith's sudden
4 visit to Lagos to meet Maj. Gen. Glick SoCic
Yakubu Gowon, head of Nigeria 'sHILRFUDTO
military government. Arikpo as H IL EL FOU N DA TION
publicly rejected the idea.(-

He ad

y, anymore than it was one
ar ago or two years ago or three
ars ago."
Asked whether he was giving
y thought to raising troop lev-
in Vietnam, Johnson replied
a mild tone that, "yes, we give
ought to it every day."
He said the United States has
goal-it is at a maximum of
5,000 troops at this point-and
the light of circumstances it
s hoped to reach it sometime
s year.
Health Poor
With reference to Trowbridge's
parture from the cabinet, John-
said it was with deep regret
at he was accepting the resigna-
n. He mentioned Trowbridge's
alth and said it was not too
bust when he took the cabinet
The resignation will be effective
arch 1.
Trowbridge is 37 and has been
t of action for weeks. He has
d a heart condition, Johnson
ted. Smith is 67.
McNamara Departure
The departure of Trowbridge
1 coincide with that of secretary
defense Robert S. McNamara
o is being replaced March 1 by
ashington attorney Clark Clif-
Johnson had another appoint-
nt to announce-Charles S.
urphy who is resigning from the
vil Aeronautics Board and com-
to the White House as a legal
He will be replaced on the CAB
John H. Crooker, Jr., now rep-
enting his Houston law firm

-Associated Press
JORDAN'S KING HUSSEIN, third from left, walks with aides during a visit to Karameh village which
was hit Thursday during an eight-hour battle between Israeli and Jordanian forces along the Jordan
River ceasefire line.
ussein Accuses s eArmy
Of 'Premeditated- Aggression'

VIENTIANE, Laos UP) - Three
American pilots, the first U.S.
airmen to be freed after capture
in North Vietnam, arrived here
yesterday after their release in
Hanoi. One of the officers, speak-
ing for the group, said he was
well, but "physically a little
weary" and "emotionally over-
The fliers were flown on to the
big U.S. Air Force base at Udorn,
Thailand, where the Pentagon re-
ported they underwent physical
'Heavy Language'
Two American critics of U.S.
Vietnam policy who served as go
betweefis in sepuring the fliers'
release and accompanied them to
Vientiane from Hanoi, accused
William Sullivan, U.S. ambassador
to Laos, of using "heavy lan-
guage" to convince the men to go
to Udorn instead of returning di-
rectly to the United States.
The officers are Maj. Morris
Overly, 39, of Detroit, Capt. Jon
David Black, 30, of Johnson City,
Tenn., and Lt. David Matheny,
23, of South Bend, Ind.
Captured American soldiers
have been released by the Viet
Cong and North Vietnamese but
the Communists had never pre-
viously freed airmen who flew
bombing missions over the north.
Peace Delegation
The pilots arrived in Vientiane
aboard an International Control
Commission plane. With them
were the Rev. Daniel Berrigan
of Cornell University and Prof.
Howard Zinn of Boston Univer-
Berrigan and Zinn formed the
peace delegation that flew from
New York two weeks ago after
the North Vietnamese announced
the three fliers would be released
as a gesture for the Tet lunar
New Year holiday.
Dressed in ill fitting, grey cot-
ton suits and dark blue turtle
neck sweaters, the pilots appeared
bewildered by the camera lights
that flashed on them when they
stepped from the plane.
Overly looked haggard. Speak-
ing in -a toneless voice, he gave
his name, rank and serial num-

ber. then said, "I was shot down
on Sept. 11. I was treated well, as
I observed other American pilots
being treated. I vould like to ex-
press my gratitude to the Viet-
namese people."
Overly told newsmen he could
not explain why he was chosen
to be released but that he thought
the group was freed "to show
sympathy with the peace loving
people of ,America."
Hue Battle.
Citadel Walls
SAIGON (W--While hard fight-
ing continued in Hue's Citadel,
the. U.S. Marine command ex-
pressed belief yesterday that the
back of. Communist resistance in
the old imperial capital is broken.
U.S. Marines. and South Viet-
namese troops, already in rifle
range, pushed ahead slowly in-
side opposite walls of the Citadel
against North Vietnamese regu-
lars who clung to the south wall
under another heavy bombing.
The Leathernecks-about 1,000
riren of the 5th Marine Regiment
-poured fire on the Communists
from a high stone tower they
seized Thursday and drove south
more. than 100 yards into an area
of homes and small shops along
the east wall.
The U.S. consulate reported 25
American civilians were killed in
tne Viet Cong offensive. Seven
were employed by U.S. govern-
ment agencies. Missionaries and
private construction workers were
among the others.
The enemy forces in Hue, be-
lieved to total 800 men, seemed to
have plenty of ammunition. The
Communist soVliers, who were
helped by some dissident Hue
University students, obviously had
stocked Citadel strong points with
food, water and war supplies
when they all but took over the
city Jan. 31.

By The Associated Press
King Hussein of Jordan accused
Israel yesterday of "premeditated
large scale aggression" in the
eight-hour battle Thursday along
the Jordan River cease fire line.
But he said in an Amman radio
broadcast he will try to prevent
Arab guerrillas from striking at
Israel across the border.
"As from today, I sh'all not al-
low anyone to supply the enemy
with pretexts and justifications
for aggression," the king said.
The battle that started with ar-
tillery, mortar and tank gun bar-
rages and involved rocket and
bombing attacks by Israeli jets,
stretched along a 60 mile front be-


tween the Dead Sea and the Sea
of Galilee before a cease fire was
It was the heaviest fighting be-!
tween Jordan and Israel since the
June 5-19 Middle East war.
Israel's top generals threatened
severe retaliation if Arab attacks
continue along the west bank of
the Jordan River. Chief of Staff
Maj. Gen. Haim Bar Lev told
newsmen, "We have even more
drastic ways of dealing with the

News Roundup

American jet fighters inter-
pted them, and the Soviet
anes later left the area of their
n accord, the Pentagon re-
The Pentagon said U.S. Air
rce F12s flew near enough to
ually identify two of the Soviet
anes over North Atlantic waters.
"The Soviet aircraft evidenced
hostile intentions and the in-
ception was made solely for
e purpose of identification," a
fense Department statement
* * *
NEW YORK - Sen. Eugene J.
cCarthy (D Minn.) said Friday
at the Senate should investi-
te reports that the Administra-
n is considering using nuclear
apons in Southeast Asia.
McCarthy, who is opposing

President Johnson for the Demo-
cratic presidential nomination,
told a news conference he disa-
greed with the State Depart-
ment's criticism of Sen. J. Wil-
liam Fulbright (D. Ark.) for rais-;
ing the question.
Fulbright, who is chairman of'
the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee, wrote a letter last Fri-
day to Secretary of State Dean
Rusk asking about the reports.
In a reply, made public Thurs-
day, Rusk said Fulbright did a
disservice to the country by rais-
ing the question.

Arab Sabotage
Each side accused the other of
starting the fighting. Israel in the
past two weeks has reported a
series .of Arab sabotage raids in
west bank territory that Israel oc-
cupied from Jordan in the June
While he did not mention the
Arab Al Fatah terrorist organiza-
tion, Hussein said he would hence-
forth "not allow anything which
does not conform with the higher
Arab interest or which does not
support Arab rights in Palestine to
occur in this land."
Guerrillas Criticize
In indicating he would try to
control the guerrillas, Hussein
added that "nobody can outbid
us in nationalism." The remark
apparently was intended to coun-
ter charges by some Arabs that any
action to hamper guerrilla raids
indicates a lack of patriotism.
Hussein said Jordan would con-

tinue its efforts to recover occu-
pied Jerusalem and Jordan from
Israel "or die with honor" in the
He said Jordanian forces were
hampered in Thursday's battle be-
cause many Israeli gun positions,
were in areas occupied by Arab,
civilians and the Jordanian troops
could not fire on the gun em-.
Jordan said its casualties in-
cluded 16 civilians dead and 581
wounded, including women and1
Israel put its casualties at five
Down Six Planes
Jordan claimed its antiaircraft 1
guns downed six Israeli planes.
Jordan's air force was destroyed in3
the June war.
The fighting ranged from the
Beisan Valley south to Jericho.
The truce was called after Jordan's
direct appeal for a halt in the.
Meanwhile on Israel's northern
border, Syria's chief of staff, Maj.
Gen. Ahmed Sweidani, was re-
placed by Maj. Gen. Mustafa Tlas.
The change was believed by sour-
ces in Beirut to be the result of a
dispute over future Syrian policy
toward Israel.
Syria has demanded renewal of
the war against Israel and Swei-
dani was reported heading a
group of officers demanding the
government adopt a more mode-
rate stance.

singing City Folk Music
1421 H iI St
playing 6 & 12 string guitar and banjo 8:30 P.M.
$1 00 cover includes entertainment
and refreshments!


Every Friday and Saturday Nite
1:30 to 4:00 a.m.
Cover only $1.00

3:30 P.M.
:iI Hall




. ... 1429 Hill St.

216 W. Huron Phone 761-7866





216 West Huron Street
February 18, 1968 7to 10 P.M.
DONATION *.. $1.50
(Tickets available at the door)
All proceeds to Wshtenaw-County League for Planned Parenthood






605 E. William


Director: Jean-Luc Godard
- -- w -^ !9.\A6,11




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