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January 24, 1968 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1968-01-24

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V .S. Opens Formal Contact Electronic Devices
'-. !Traffic on Ho Chiii

To Detect
Winh Trail

"W ith Greek' Mlilitary

Low Level
Relations Resumed
' Despite Constantine's
Continuing Absence
ATHENS, Greece (A) - The
United States dropped its boy-
cott of the Greek regime yester-
day and resumed normal diplo-
, matic contacts with the leaders
who quashed King Constantine's
countercoup in December.
U.S. Ambassador Philips Tal-
bot signified the end of Wash-
ington's snub by calling on For-
eign Minister Panayiotis Pipine-
lis and telling newsmen after-
0 ward: "This is really the resump-
tion of normal contacts."
In Washington, State Depart-
ment officials confirmed the;
United States had decided to re-
sume "normal diplomatic con-
tacts" with the Greek junta.
They said they used this termin-
0 olagy because diplomatic rela-
tions, while in a state of suspen-
sion for several weeks, had not
actually been broken. Talbot and
his staff had remained in Athens.
Informal Contacts
Since King Constantine's up-
rising against the junta in mid-
December, the United States had
some informal and low level con-
tacts with junta officials. But
during those weeks the United
States mainly waited to see
whether Constantine would re-
turn to Athens to replace the re-
gent appointed by the military
After the military coup last
April, the U.S. government took
the position that its maintenance
of diplomatic relations with
Greece did not constitute implied
approval of the coup since its
the chief of state - King Con-
stantine - and not to the gov-
ernment in power.
After the failure of the king's.
attempt to oust the junta in mid-
December and his flight to Rome,
the junta named Lt. Gen.
Yeoruios Zoltakis regent for the
king. This put the U.S. position
in doubt.
King's Return Unlikely
The State Department hedged,
withholding recognition of the
junta and Zoitakis. A department
spokesman said Talbot had been
in touch with the regime inform-
ally but this did not in any sense
constitute recognition.
Officials i Washington now
say it seems highly unlikely that
Constantine will return and that
the United States finally decided
that its own interests in conduct-
ing business with an ally required
it to end its partial diplomatic
Turkey, a NATO member, and
the Congo extended recognition
earlier this month. Spain did the y
same within an hour after Ta-
bot's announcement.
Junta Relieved
Washington's action was an
enormous relief for the ruling'
junta. It almost certainly meant
that other Western nations like
Britain, West Germany and Italy
would soon follow suit.
The Western powers refused;
open contacts with the regime
after Constantine fled to Rome
Dec. 14, the day after his effort
to oust the junta collapsed.
But the powers eventually re-
sume'd low level working contacts
and the regime became increas-;
~'ingly impatient for them to con-
cede the prestige that goes with

It was not clear what effect the
resumption of normal ties be-
tween Athens and other world
capitals would ultimately have on
the future of the king.
- The regime insists that he is
still chief of state. During the
day retired Air Marshal Hara-
lambos Potamianos flew from
Athens to Rome for another
round of talks with him.
It was Potamianos' third trip
to confer with the king. He re-
fused to say whether he carried
new terms for the king's eventual
return to Greece or a date for it.

Reveal Thai
Based Jets
Bomb Laos.


Planes Used

-Associated Press
British Prime Minister Harold Wilson (left) is shown with Soviet Communist Party General Secre-
tary Leonid I. Brezhnev (center), and Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko (right) at the
Kremlin yesterday during talks termed, "frank, friendly, and constructive."
H-Bomb Search Continues
With Dog Sleds, Diving Gear

Only For Surveillance
BANGKOK, Thailand (MP -
Prime Minister Thanom Kittika
chorn broke a badly kept secret
and officially revealed for the
first time today that U.S. planes
are bombing Laos from bases in
Until Thanom spoke in reply
to a question at his weekly press
conference, the Thai government
had maintained silence on the ac-
tivities of U.S. aircraft over Laos
The United States has been
equally discreet. It has maintain-
ed that Thai based U.S. aircraft
fly over Laos only on armed recon-
naisance missions. An U.S. Embas-
sy spokesman in Bangkok said this
was still the American official
Variety of Planes
The six big bases in Thailand,
Korat, Tahkli, Udorn. Ubol, Uta-
pao and Nakorn Phanom are used
by a wide variety of aircraft
ranging from B52 strategic bomb-
ers to F105.and F4C fighter bomb-
ers to rescue helicopters and pro-
peller driven Skyraiders.
Until recently most of the F105
raids were directed at targets in

VIENTIANE, Laos (')-A high
government source said yesterday
a line across Laos to block North
Vietnamese movement will be
electronic and will include neither
ground barriers nor U.S. troops.
He implied that devices drop-
ped from airplanes as well as
sophisticated airborne devices will
be used to check on the movement
of North Vietnamese down the
Ho Chi Minh trail of eastern Laos
to South Vietnami.
Actually, the United States has!
long used electronic systems, such
as infrared cameras, to photo-
graph truck convoys at night and
U.S. bombers have been called in
to destroy these movements.
[ j Bombing Confirmed
This was confirmed officially'
f for the first time yesterday in
Bangkok, Thailand's capital.
.Prime Minister Thanom Kittika-
chorn said U.S. planes were bomb-
t ing the Ho Chi Minh trail from
bases in Thailand.
Thanom told reporters the trail
was being "constantly bombed."
Air Force sources said much of
the bombing takes place at night
when big Communist truck con-
t voys are on the move.
It was first believed the infil-
tration line in Laos would be an
extension of the fence and mine
barrier across the northern bor-
der of South Vietnam and Wash-
- ington reports have said that it
-already was being pushed into1
Reports Embarrassing
The government of Laos, offi-
cially neutral, has been embar-
, rassed by these reports. The high
government source said he was
i unaware any such extension had
been carried out.
The U.S. Embassy declined to
discuss any aspect of the barrier.
Qualified U.S. sources said that
despite official denials special
American reconnaissancepatrols
1from South Vietnam have been
prowling the jungles in Commun-
ist controlled portions of Laos

seeking out truck and troop con-
Information picked up is ra-
dioed to South Vietnam and then
the bombers come in, these
sources added. It was believed,
however, that all such reconnais-
sance patrols operate for only a
short time in Laos.
Recently, the war in Laos step-
ped up when North Vietnamese

Expansion of Vietnam War
Brings Pressure for Peace
By The Associated Press United States stepped up its activ
Is there a connection between ities in Laos or Cambodia, the
what is happening in these hot Americans would "bear the entire
spots of Asia and the rising press- consequences of such actions."
ure for Vietnam peace talks? With Now in Korea comes new press-
the extension of the Vietnam war ure. North Koreans. infiltrated
beginning to look more and more South Korea, their purported mis-
like a reality, there could well be sion to assassinate its president
a link. and thus spread confusion. North
Both the United States and Koreans, the U n i t e d States
Communist North Vietnam deny charged, seized a U.S. naval Intel-
playing major military roles in ligence ship and produced a "very
Laos, but the activities of both ob- serious situation." And North
viously have been stepped up con- Korea claimed Americans in South
sideabl'y. Korea fired "thousands of shells
and bullets" across the demilitar-
Thousands of North Vietnamese ized zone.
regulars are reported operating in 'Anxiety and Pressure'
Laos. On the American side, a All this builds up anxiety and
major share of the air war is being pressure over the possibility of
carried out 'against Communist widened Asian war, which all
routes from North Vietnam sides profess to dread.
through Laos along the Ho Chi While this is going on, elements
Minh trail. of the important intellectual com-
Penetrate Cambodia munity of South Vietnam, from
Att he same time the United which leadership must spring, are
States has conceded that "in the becoming more restive. The 17
heat of battle" its troops pene- Roman Catholic bishops of the
trated 75 yards into Cambodia in country early this year issued an
pursuit of Communist forces. impassioned appeal: "In the name
Washington long has complained of God, stop!" They called for a
of Viet Cong sanctuary in "Cam- halt in the U.S. bombing of North
bodia. Vietnam and immediate peace
Moscow has been issuing a series talks. This week 65 South Viet-
of"rumbling warnings, typified by namese u n i v e r s i t y professors
a statement last month: if the pleaded with belligerents to extend
------------- a coming lunar new year cease fire
indefinitely as a prelude to peace
Engilne Teststalks. Other intellectuals are cir-
Eulating a plan for a coalition in
the South to include the Commu-
ter D ifficulty nss PoltialVitory
The United States faces a pres-
However, the two burns totaled idential election campaign at a
only 52 seconds, compared with time when criticism of U.S. policy
is mounting. Soviet and British
nearly 13 minutes of firing time leaders are talking about Vietnam.
that had been planned originally. It should be no .surprise if the
Thus, although engine was not Communists scent a political vic-
tested thoroughly, a National tory.
Aeronautics and Space Adminis- Experience in Indochina has
tration spokesman said the flight shown that when the Communist
would be considered successful, have bitten off a chunk of real
despite the initial descent engine estate they are unlikely to give
problem. it up.

and Pathet Lao conquered Nam
Bac, a military base 60 miles north
of Luang Prabang, and sent 4,000
government troops fleeing to that
royal capital.
The entire enemy force had
been estimated by military sources
at about 1,200 men. Neutralist
Premier Souvanna Phouma said
yesterday this force now had re-
turned to North Vietnam.

From Wire Service Reports
An Air Force B52 bomber car-
rying perhaps four unarmed hy-
drogen bombs crashed in flames
off Greenland Sunday.
Six of the seven crewmen para-
chuted to safety. The seventh was
The Pentagon reported last
night that some of the wreckage
had been observed on the surface
of the ice by helicopters.
Other parts of the bomber were
no longer visible, the Pentagon
said, and "may have burned into
or through the ice."
The task at Thule is compli-
cated by the thick layer of ice
over the bay and the extreme
subzero temperatures w h i c h
would affect some of the gear.
A Pentagon spokesman nini-
mized the danger of radiation
from the lost weapons. Deadly
radiation would occur in event
of a nuclear detonation, but this
has been all but ruled out.
If the bombs were broken up,
their radioactive materials in-
cluding plutonium 239 and uran-
ium 235 might be exposed. But
even in this event, the spokesman
said it would be doubtful any siz-
able dose would ever be consumed
by human life.
Plutonium 239 is insoluble in
water but will oxidize slowly in

the air. Scientists say a person
would have to be near plutonium
in a confined area before being
seriously poisoned from breathing
oxidized fumes. *
If the bombs were intact it
probably would be years before
their casings eroded through.
The Defense Department state-
ment did not say how many nu-
clear bombs were aboard nor
whether they were lost, but it
said none of the devices was'
armed "so there is no danger of
a nuclear explosion at the crash
A later statement said search
operations for the weapons, at
first believed to have been carried
to the bottom, were continuing
Monday night by the light of
flares and with the aid of dog
sled teams. Temperatures in the
area were well below zero.
Greenland is in polar darkness
except for a period of what the
P e n t a g o n called subtwilight,
which lasts from about 10 a.m. to
2 p.m. est.
The Defense Department said
the $10 million B52 crashed near
Thule during an emergency land-
ing approach. It said the pilot
declared an' emergency after fire
was discovered, possibly in the
navigator's compartment. The
Pentagon said thick smoke swept

through the craft before it went
The Pentagon would not say
how many nuclear bombs were
aboard the plane when it crashed.
But sources said there were prob-
ably four of the 1.1 megaton type,
with a total explosive force
equivalent to more than 4.4 mil-
lion tons of dynamite.
Two years ago, on Jan. 17,
1966, another U.S. Air Force B52
crashed near the Spanish village
of Palomares and scattered four
hydrogen bombs around the area.
The fishermen and farmers in
that area of southern Spain are
still filing lawsuits and saying
nasty things about the United
The Air Force has paid $660,-1
000 on 520 ;of the claims and
turned down 94. Two are pend-
ing. Seventeen other claimants
were offered a total of $10,580
and turned it down; they wanted
Threats of lawsuits still keep
Claims Commission 21 in exist-
ence. The Spaniards and their
lawyers call Uncle Sam a Scrooge.
Two of the four bombs spilled
radioactive material. Residents
were panicky, and though no
cases of personal harm have been
proved, some are still fearful.

North Vietna
However in

n recent months heavy

attacks have been launched
against Communist supply routesL
in Laos along the network of roads
known as the Ho Chi Minh Trail,
military sources said.
Sources in Bangkok and Vien- Successful Aft
tiane, the Laotian administrative u
capital, say the trail is well de-
fended with antiaircraft weapons CAPE KENNEDY, Fla.W) -'
and some surface to air missiles. America's first Lunar Module4
The missiles and heavy anti- moon ferry rode a mighty Saturn
aircraft guns are located mainly 1 rocket into earth orbit Friday
around the big staging areas along and, after early trouble, fired the
the trail. U.S. aircraft have been engines designed to carry astro-
shot down in Laos but the number nauts to and from the lunar sur-
has never been revealed, face.
s Salvaging success from apparent
Thais Benefit failure, flight controllers juggled
Thanom's statement to Thai re- Lunar Module i's mission plan
porters said the U.S. bombing of after its descent engine-the one
Laos was benefitting Thai land. designed to land U.S. astronauts
He said that when U.S. planes on the moon-cut off after burn-
carry out air strikes against North ing only four of a planned 39
Vietnam and Laos "bombing and seconds.
destroying routes used by the One orbit later, however, just
North Vietnamese for transport of before midnight EST over the
their forces," they helped protect United States, the descent engine
Thailand. motor was triggered twice, first
"Americans also help by flying at 10 per cent of its thrust level,
reconnaissance flights along our then building up to 100 per cent,





border," he added. Mailing off slightly at the end.
Thanom said one of the targets On the second burn, the de-
"constantly bombed" was the Mu scent engine went through the
Gia Pass in North Vietnam "and same sequence and maintained
other targets on the Ho Chi Minh the maximum level when it was
trail." reached.


World News Roundup




By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - A Massachu-
setts Democrat on the House
Ways and Means Committee says
President Johnson will get his
proposed tax hike at least two
months late-if he gets it at all.
And, Rep. James A. Burke told
administration witnesses Monday,
"You'd better put in a few sweet-
eners to have any chance at all."
Burke was theonly Democrat
at the opening day of the com-
mittee's sessions to predict trouble
for the bill. But several Republi-
cans were critical, contending the
administration was not economiz-
ing enough to insure that a tax
increase would really cut the
* * *
DETROIT - Detroit was with-
out any generally circulated daily
newspaper today as the last sur-
viving interim strike paper, the
Detroit Daily Press, announced it
would not publish yesterday, in
the wake of picketing by the
Teamsters Union.
The Teamsters, who started
the newspaper strike in mid-No-
vember, closed another interim
paper, the Daily Express, last

week and a third, the Daily Dis-
pitch, folded early this month
after signing a contract with the
* * *
PASADENA, Calif. - The sun
set yesterday on the final un-
manned U.S. moon lander, ending
two weeks of spectacular photog-
raphy, of rugged lunar highlands.
As Surveyor Ts camera clicked
away in the waning light, a larger
spacecraft called Lunar Module 1
practiced in earth orbit the ma-
neuvers Apollo astronauts will go
through in landing and taking
off from the moon.
Dir. D. W. Griffith, 1915
A story of the Civil War,

-save hours, use your time more efficiently
-learn to read 3 to 10 times faster than you do now
-improve your comprehension and increase your
enjoyment of reading material
Bring a book to a live demonstration of the
reading skills which will be taught in a
GUARANTEED course offered this semester.

i _
. at -
b _
1 - r
tt ; _


Jan. 24 thru Fe
Among the 14 famous films
Eisenstein's monumental POTEM
ANDER NEVSKY (music by Proko
* be st films of all time) and his
miere); the great Dovzhenko's
seen here in 15 years); the orn
* of DON QUIXOTE in color; F
DANCES, a magnificent docume
* the Bolshoi Ballet and the bi
often called the greatest dancer
and CHAPAYEV, possibly the
popular Russian film ever mad


scheduled are
fieff); Donskoi's
(one of the 10
snew biography
(Detroit pre-.
s SHORS (not
ginal version
ntary with

Wed & Thurs POTEMKIN (1925) Sergei Eisenstein -
Jan 24& 25 at 7:15 & 10:15
ALEXANDER NEVSKY (1938) (music by Prokofieff)
Sergei Eisenstein - at 8:25 only

Last demonstrations this week, Tues. and Thurs., Jan. 23 & 25
7:30 P.M. at Bell Tower Inn, 300 S. Thayer St., across from Burton Tower.



Fri & sat LADY WITH THE DOG (1960) Joseph Heinitz -
Jan 26 & 27 at 7:00 & 10:00
BALLAD OF A SOLDIER (1959) Grigory Chukhrai *
- at 8:30 only -


Company of 65, including Symphony Orchestra

® Jan 28 (Color) (1964) Sergei Paradjhanov -
at 2:45, 5:30 & 8:25
PLISETSKAYA DANCES (1965) Vassili Katanyan
- at 4:15, 7:10 & 9:55
Jan 29 & 30 Mark Donskoi - at 7:45 & 10:10
PUDOVKIN (a documentary about the great Russian
director with excerpts from his films MOTHER, S.TORM
Andrei Kustov - at 7:00 & 9:30
Wed & Thurs SHORS (1939) Alexander Dovzhenko - at 8:35 only
Jan 31, Feb 1
CHAPAYEV (1934) Sergei & Georgy Vassiliev -
at 7:00 & 10:35
Fri & Sat DON QUIXOTE*(n Color) (1959) Grigory Kozintsev
Feb 2 & 3 - at 8:35 only
THE -CRANES ARE FLYING (1958) Mikhail Kala- U
tozov - at 7:00 & 10:30 U
Sunday SONS AND MOTHERS (Detroit Premiere) (967

Tonight at


"Coplpelia"-Music by
(in Three Acts)


Leo Delibes


11 AA uu k a



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