min, rya na,v) ,
3 Sivan June 1, 2014
Chaya Tzipa Chesluk
Abraham Isaac Davidson
Taube (Tillie) Dresner
Harry S. Markowitz
Daniel Richard Rollins
4 Sivan June 2, 2014
Elsie R. Greene
Gary A. Zieger
5 Sivan June 3, 2014
Jay S. Bodzin
During the coming week, the students of Yeshiva Beth Yehudah
will study in memory of the following departed friends.
In addition, Kaddish will be said during the daily minyan.
Shema Leah Orechkin
Sima Leah Stern
6 Sivan June 4, 2014
Sarah Leah Kaplowitz
Ellen Ruth Rabinowitz
Samuel H. Weingarden
8 Sivan June 6, 2014
Obituaries from page 71
The Other Refugees
Program focuses on the plight of
Jewish refugees from Arab lands.
9 Sivan June 7, 2014
7 Sivan June 5, 2014
Julius H Wainer
Send a tribute in memory of a loved one —
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Sylvie Jami Salei and Celia Romm Livermore
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May 29 • 2014
hen learning about Israel,
an often overlooked
aspect of history concerns
Jewish refugees of the Middle East. On
May 6 at a lunch and learn program at
Hadassah House in West Bloomfield,
about 50 people learned more about
Presenters were Celia Romm
Livermore, Ph.D., and Sylvie Jami
Salei. Livermore is a descendant of
Holocaust survivors who spent much
of her life in Beersheva in Israel's
Negev region. She now is a tenured
professor of management of informa-
tion systems at Wayne State University
in Detroit. Salei is a Sephardic Jew
born in Tunisia, who settled in Paris
with her family after their expulsion
from Tunisia. She lived in Israel before
moving to Michigan, where she owns a
day spa in Farmington Hills.
Livermore described life in
Beersheva, a city that long has been
home to Jewish refugees mostly from
North Africa: Algeria, Tunisia, Libya,
Egypt and Morocco. Others came from
Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria and Yemen.
An Ashkenazi Jew, she recalls being in
the minority at her school as a child.
"The story is not well known to
Israelis:' she said. "After 1948, 850,000
Jews were forced out of these coun-
tries, leaving all behind with no help,
no compensation and no recognition
of their plight from the international
Yet, she said, everyone knows about
Palestinian Arab refugees.
"The expulsion was not a backlash
against the establishment of Israel
in 1948:' she said. "Jews did not
live peacefully in these places. They
were an oppressed minority [as were
Christians] under Arab rule, which
had a long history of anti-Jewish
prejudice and persecution. They were
considered dhimmis, with no rights to
self-defense, no legal equality, taxes
and inferior occupations."
In the 1930s, Nazism came to
the Mideast. In Egypt, the Muslim
Brotherhood was subsidized by
German funds and made Jew hatred
central to its ideology. And Palestinian
Arab leader Haj Amin-al-Husseini
collaborated with Hitler and wanted
to bring his "final solution" to the
Mideast. After World War II, 2,000
Nazis fled to Egypt, she said.
After 1948 in most Arab lands,
Zionism was criminalized, employ-
ment was restructured for Jews,
riots and pogroms were routine and
Jews were stripped of their citizen-
ship, arrested and detained. This was
how they were encouraged to leave,
In the 1950s, about 650,000 Jewish
refugees from Arab lands were reset-
tled in Israel, which had about 600,000
people at the time, effectively dou-
bling the population of the country.
Refugees lived in huge tent cities all
over the country.
In contrast, the 600,000 Palestinian
Arab refugees from Israel were not
forced to leave, but could stay and
become Israeli citizens; one-third of
the population of British Palestine
chose to stay and today have grown to
1 million people, about 20 percent of
Israel's population. They have equal
rights and equal educational opportu-
nities. In fact, there are more Knesset