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September 05, 2013 - Image 24

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 2013-09-05

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Kindertranspor 4 qeunion

Local survivors in London to honor 75th anniversary of the lifesaving program.


Barbara Lewis
Contributing Writer


outhfield neighbors Edith
Maniker and Rosie Baum
recently traveled to London for
a reunion they wish they'd never been
invited to.
In 1939, in the nine months leading
up to World War II, they and 10,000
other children aged 5-17 were sent from
Germany and Nazi-occupied countries
to safety in England. The rescue effort
became known as the Kindertransport.
Baum was 11 when she left
Schweinfurt, Germany (near Frankfurt),
in April of 1939. Maniker was 8 when
her parents put her on a train in Leipzig,
Germany, in July of 1939. Her older sister
had left a few weeks earlier. Her parents
told her she was going to meet her sister
in England for a holiday and that they'd
join her soon. She never saw them again.
The women, now almost-next-door
neighbors in Southfield, returned to
London in June to celebrate the pro-
gram's 75th anniversary. About 400
Kindertransport children, most of them
in their 80s, attended the June 23 event.
"People came from all over, from the
United States, Australia, France, Belgium,
Israel. It was very exciting," said Maniker,
The day after the reunion, Charles,
Prince of Wales, hosted the Kindertransport
participants at a luncheon at St. James
Maniker gave the prince a copy of the
Kindertransport Memory Quilt book, a
gift from the Holocaust Memorial Center
(HMC) in Farmington Hills, where
Maniker volunteers as a docent.
Created by the Kindertransport
Association, the memory quilts consist of
squares created by Kindertransport par-

'Find A Spiritual Place'
Series At Adat Shalom
Join Rabbi Aaron
Bergman of Adat
Shalom Synagogue in
Farmington Hills to
"Find a Spiritual Place
for Yourself" on four
Sundays. Rabbi
Bergman's hamakOhm
Rabbi Aaron
program is set for 9:30
a.m. Sept. 22, Oct. 13
and 27, and Nov. 17.
Participants of all ages are invited to
discover internal spirituality and realize
that Judaism can make one happier.
Sessions will continue throughout the

24 September 5 • 2013

Edith Maniker and Rosie Baum, both of Southfield, attended the Kindertransport
reunion in London.

ticipants, each one reflecting the creator's
experience. Three large quilts and two
smaller ones, with a total of 65 squares,
are on display at the HMC.
"Prince Charles was very gracious and
welcoming," Maniker said. "He made
everyone feel very welcome. He made
each one of us feel that whatever we had
to say was interesting."
Baum went to the reunion with her
daughter, Debbie Jacobs of New York, one
of her three children. She enjoyed show-
ing Jacobs the sights of London, which
she remembered from so long ago. Her
husband, Henry, a retired public school
principal, is also a Kindertransport alum-
nus, but he did not go to the reunion.

Saving Children
British Jews proposed the idea for the
Kindertransport to Parliament soon after
Nov. 9, 1938. That was Kristallnacht, the
infamous "Night of Broken Glass" when

year. Individuals may attend any one or
all — each session is a separate experi-
ence. There is no charge.
For information, call (248) 851-5100.

Beth El Book Groups
Begin Monday Series
The "Bagels & Books" and "Books & Bites"
groups of Temple Beth El's Prentis Memorial
Library and the Temple Sisterhood
announce their 2013-2014 series.
The two groups will meet on selected
Mondays: "Bagels & Books" at 10 a.m.
and "Books & Bites" at 7 p.m. in the
Bloomfield Township temple. Facilitators
are Rabbi Keren Alpert of Temple Beth
El; Eileen Polk, Prentis Memorial Library

the Nazis rampaged throughout Germany
and Austria in widespread, state-sanc-
tioned pogroms, beating up and killing
Jews, burning synagogues and trashing
Jewish stores.
"Every Jewish family in Germany and
Austria was affected by Kristallnacht —
every one," Maniker said.
By early December, trains full of chil-
dren were rolling out of Berlin, Vienna
and Prague. The program continued until
Sept. 1, 1939, when World War II started.
Many of the children were taken in
by foster families in London and in the
countryside. Others were housed in refu-
gee hostels run by the Habonim and B'nei
Akiva Zionist youth movements.
Baum, now 85, who was Orthodox,
was taken in by an Orthodox family in
London, with whom she stayed for sev-
eral years. By then, her older sister, who
came on a Kindertransport a few months
after she did, was living in an apartment.

librarian; Marilyn Schelberg, Judaic edu-
cator; and Barbara Goldsmith, educator.
The series opens Sept. 23 with a discus-
sion of The Ocean at the End of the Lane
by Neil Gaiman. The novel takes its nar-
rator, a 40-year-old man, back to the time
when he was 7 and the world was a magi-
cal and frightening place. Eileen Polk will
be the facilitator.
Cost of the series is $30. There is a $10
per session drop-in fee. To register, call
Polk at (248) 851-1100, ext. 3138.

B'nai Moshe Education
Includes K-8 Classes
L.I.EE. (Learning is a Family Experience)
is a Conservative Jewish educational

Baum lived with her until her sister mar-
ried, and then she moved to a hostel for
refugee children.
Maniker lived with a foster family in
London, but then the British govern-
ment evacuated every school-age child in
London to the countryside, Britons and
refugees alike. After several months the
children returned to London, only to be
evacuated again during the Blitz.
When her foster family could no longer
care for her, Maniker went to a Habonim
"Most of the people I met during that
time were very kind:' Maniker said.
"Some of the families were poor. Their
houses were not as nice as what I was
used to. But they made room for me. I
was never hungry:'
After the war, the Kindertransport chil-
dren scattered. A lucky few were reunited
with a parent. Many more learned that
they were the only members of their
families to survive the Holocaust.
Some of the children stayed in
England, but many went to other coun-
tries where they had relatives. Maniker
and her sister had an aunt and uncle in
Detroit, so that's where they went. She
has lived in the same Southfield house for
52 years, raising her three children. Her
husband, Art, died a year and a half ago.
Baum, who lives two doors away from
Maniker, went to New York to join cous-
ins. Henry Baum, whom Rosie met in the
refugee hostel, went to New York after the
war as well, and that's where they mar-
ried. They moved to Detroit in 1949.
Maniker got letters from her parents
until 1940. She never learned exactly
what happened to them.
Baum's parents were taken to the
Theresienstadt concentration camp and
transferred to Auschwitz, where they
were murdered.

program for grades K-12 at Congregation
B'nai Moshe in West Bloomfield.
The kindergarten (with free tuition)
meets Shabbat mornings.
Other levels include first-seventh
grades, which meet Shabbat mornings
from 9:15-11:45 a.m. and Tuesdays from
4:30-6:30 p.m. Ninth through 12th grades
meet Shabbat mornings from 10:15-11:45
a.m. Eighth grade meets at "Monday
Night School" from 6:45-8 p.m. (and may
also attend Shabbat morning at no addi-
tional charge).
Classes begin Sept. 17. For registration
information, contact Gail Gales, director
of education and youth, at (248) 788-3600
or cbmedu@bnaimoshe.org .

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