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Tell Me Why
Of The Talmud
Israel's prime minister was hardly
the first with the name.
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• Bat Mitzvah
PHILIP AND ELIZABETH APPLEBAUM
A biography of the late David Ben-Gurion,
first prime minister of Israel, says that he was
born in Poland, where his name was David
Gruen. I always thought that by changing his
name to Ben-Gurion he came up with something origi-
nal, but I was told that he was not the first person
with that name. Who was the first Ben-Gurion?
A: The earliest documentation of the name goes back to
the first century, C.E.
The Talmud, in the tractates Ketzibot, Taanit and
Gitlin, all mention Nakdimon Ben Gurion. In the last
years of the Second Temple, he was one of the wealthiest
Jewish citizens of Jerusalem. The Talmud .describes him
as pious, generous and patriotic. After the fall of
Jerusalem, he and his family were reduced to abject
• Bar Mitzvah • Children
Q: One of my favorite Broadway musicals is Rogers
and Hammerstein's Carousel. I understand the show
has many Jewish roots. Can you explain?
A: Carousel is based on the tragicomic play Li/join by the
Hungarian-Jewish playwright and novelist Ferenc
The story tells of the handsome and charming but
loutish Liliom, who runs a carousel in •a seedy carnival
on the outskirts of town. A favorite of the women,
Liliom wants love but will not admit it; he wants suc-
cess, but cannot take responsibility.
• The naive Julie is attracted to him, but Liliom makes
her miserable, and he ends up taking his own life. A
heavenly court gives him a second chance to make
things right, but he botches that task, as well.
In 1909, the play premiered in Budapest. In 1921,
Li/join was staged in New York to great success. The
Vienna-born Jewish actor Joseph Schildkraut starred in
the title role.
In 1934, the Jewish -film director Fritz Lang made a
French version of Liliom that still is well regarded. It was
Lang's only film in French, and his first work after exile
from his native Germany.
The American-Jewish composer George Gershwin
approached Molnar with a proposal to turn Liliom into
an opera, but he was refused.
Molnar later relented to the almost constant appeals to
set the play to music and gave his approval to Richard
Rogers and Oscar Hammerstein II, both Jews. Carousel,
their version of the Molnar story, opened in 1945. It was
an immediate success and has become a classic of the
American musical theater.
Digital Flip Book
Are You Puzzled?
on CD ROM of your event
(new contracts only)
Phone (248) 960-61217.
Are you good at word searches, mazes, secret codes?
Then AppleTree's newest feature, Are You Puzzled? is
perfect for you! Each week, AppleTree will offer a new
puzzle for you to try.
We'll print the names of everyone who solves the
puzzle here in AppleTree,
This puzzle is called a letter tile. All the letters to a-
sentence are here. All you have to do is place the tiles
in the correct order. (Need a hint? The first letter in
the sentence is 0. Need another hint? The last letter is
If you solve this week's challenge, send your completed puzzle, along with your name and age, to arrive
NO LATER THAN Tuesday, Jan. 14, to: I Found It! c/o AppleTree, The Jewish News, 30301 Northwestern
Highway Suite 200, Farmington Hills, MI 48334.
E E K
M 0 R
0 N L
U R I
N T I