The 2002 Benard L. Maas Prize for Achievement in
Jewish Culture and Continuity will be given for excellence in
Contemporary, Literary, Historical, Social or Cultural Studies
involvement, and the
Bush that persisting with
Americans at first were
Arafat was "a cardinal
clockwise from top left:
reluctant to believe that
error." On June 24, in a
The coffins of Israeli Eyal
the arms had been pur-
Sorek, a soldier, and his
chased on his authority.
speech, the president
pregnant wife Yael, killed
Within days, however,
appeared to signal the
by Palestinian terrorists,
Israel was able to prove
end of the Arafat era,
are carried towards their
that the arms had been
calling on the
graves at Mount Herzl
purchased by Fuad
Palestinians to elect new
military cemetery in
Shubaki, a member of
leaders "not compro-
Jerusalem June 9.
Arafat's inner circle
mised by terror."
Israeli soldiers atop
whom the Palestinian
. The Bush speech was
armored personnel carriers, followed by a joint
leader often used as a
together with tanks, move
into the outskirts of
By mid-January, the
for extensive reform of
Bethlehem June 24.
CIA was con inced of
Arafat's direct involve-
Victims' covered bodies
ment in the arms deal
This was a
are gathered at the scene
and of his links with
of a Palestinian suicide
Tehran, which formed
bombing on a Jerusalem
part of Bush's 'Axis of
bus on June 18.
that could be trusted to
Mourners grieve over the
Reportedly livid at the
keep a peace agreement
bodies of Miri Ohana and that entailed major
Palestinian leader's lies,
her 11-year-old daughter
Bush several weeks later
Yael at their funeral in Tel
formally suspended the
For the Israelis, the key
Aviv on Feb. 7, 2002.
Zinni mission and
demand was reform of the
Mother and daughter
announced that he "was
Palestinian security appa-
were shot to death by a
disappointed in Arafat."
ratus, in the hope that
Palestinian gunman who
In early February, Powell
once this was implement-_
broke into their house on
told the Senate Foreign
ed., the Palestinians would
Relations Committee that Moshav Hamra in the
be able — and willing —
Arafat "must confront
to control terror.
terror and choose peace
One of the immediate
over violence. He cannot
implications of Arafat's
have it both ways."
gradual loss of credibility was that
Still, the. Bush administration
Israel was able to take increasingly
stopped short of severing ties with the
tough countermeasures against
Palestinian violence as the year pro-
gressed. When, after the Oct. 17 assas
sination of Israel Tourism Minister
Rehavam Ze'evi in Jerusalem, the IDF
After months of suicide bombings,
moved ground forces into six
culminating in the Park Hotel mas-
Palestinian cities, the Americans imme-
sacre in Netanya on March 27, in
diately pressured Israel to withdraw.
which 29 Israelis, mostly elderly Jews,
The same thing happened soon after
were killed as they sat down to a
Operation Protective Wall was
Passover meal, Israel launched
launched in the spring, though that
Operation Protective Wall. It was a
time Sharon rebuffed Bush's call for a
major ground offensive designed to
speedy withdrawal and kept Israeli
crush the Palestinian terrorist infra-
troops in place for several weeks.
structure in the West Bank.
When, after another wave of terror
However, when the Israel Defense
attacks, Israel moved back into .
Forces trapped Arafat in his headquar-
Palestinian cities in mid-July in
ters in Ramallah, Powell crossed the
Operation Determined Path, there was
army cordon to meet the Palestinian
virtually no American protest.
leader in an abortive attempt to broker
The invasion of the West Bank
ended in controversial standoffs at
So, too, with Israel's policy of targeted
Arafat's compound and at the Church
killings of known Palestinian terrorists.
of the Nativity in Bethlehem, but
While at first controversial, the killings
Israel did manage to uncover a trove
elicited less and less criticism as the year
of documents in Palestinian Authority
progressed — though critics argued that
offices clearly proving Arafat's personal at times they were counterproductive.
involvement in Palestinian terror.
After Israel's mid-January killing of
In early June, Sharon convinced
Raed Karmi, the head of Arafat's
who is eligible?
Michigan organizations whose programming exemplifies an
outstanding creative strength in Jewish arts and humanities.
Individuals and organizations must be located in Michigan.
A monetary prize, as well as a certificate of achievement, will be
awarded in each category at a public awards ceremony.
The award for the individual recipient will be $2,500; and for the
Names of nominees accepted no later than September 16, 2002.
To submita nomination and/or obtain additional application packets,
contact Kari Alterman at the Jewish Federation of Metropolitan Detroit
at 248.203.1470 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
For individuals nominated include:
• A statement of artistic intent
• Two samples of representative work
• Two letters of support
• A curriculum vitae
For organizations nominated include:
• A description of a program or activity that has become a pioneering
asset to the spiritual wealth of your Jewish community.
T his is rcoieration
Visit us online:www.thisisfederation.org
the ew Year Bring
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Tni Cy - Health,
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THE ENTIRE STAFF OF
THE TAMAROFF AUTOMOTIVE GROUP
What three TV personalities
are coming to the JCC's
JEWISH BOOK FAIR?
NOV. 6-17, 2002
Find the answer elsewhere in this issue.