WONDERING HOW TO PAY
FOR YOUR CHILD'S JEWISH EDUCATION?
For families with children in Sunday, afternoon,
or evening classes, the Jewish Educational Scholarship
Program may be the answer.
This communal scholarship fund was established by the Jewish
Federation of Metropolitan Detroit to promote Jewish education and
to encourage synagogue and temple membership.
Nazi hunter won't let his prey fade away.
DAVID ZEMAN STAFF WRITER
Scholarships are based on financial need, with priority given to families
who are affiliated with a congregation or sponsoring organization.
Application forms are available at any of the
participating schools, or from the Planning Department of the
Jewish Federation of Metropolitan Detroit.
JUNE 30, 1996
Call the Jewish Federation,
642-4260, ext. 221
Beth Abraham Hillel Moses
Jewish Parents Institute
Temple Beth El
• Temple Israel
Temple Kol Ami
Temple Shir Shalom
Join us for a seminar on
HE CELESTINE PROPHECY' AND KABBALA
Strategies for Self Change
RABBI LEIBEL WOLF
Noted Kabbalist and Meditation Expert
from, Melbourne, Australia
MONDAY, JUNE 3, 1996
7:00 p.m. 9:30 p.m.
JEWISH FEDERATION BUILDING
6735 Telegraph Rd.
"The rabbi (Levi Shemtov) flew to Miami, and walked into
a crack den to rescue a troubled Michigan man."
Bob Talbert, The Detroit Free Press
DIFFERENT KIND OF CHAI"
For more information call: (810) 855 1212
Rabbi Levi Shemtov
The End Of The Hunt
hen the court hearing
Mr. Rosenbaum attributes the
ended, the enfeebled 74- rise to the collapse of the Soviet
year-old man begged to Union and other Communist-bloc
stay in the United governments.
States, close to his family and his
"We can now get into archives
in countries that were formerly
"I love this country," a tearful behind the Iron Curtain," he said.
Ferdinand Hammer told the me- As a result, OSI historians have
dia last week. "I love the people. access to records that may cor-
I am no criminal."
roborate a suspect's participation
Instead, the Sterling Heights in Nazi atrocities.
man faces deportation for con-
The new documents have
cealing his role as a Nazi death- strengthened the government's
camp guard when he sought U.S. ability to cross-check Nazi per-
citizenship more than 40 years sonnel records overseas against
a database kept by U.S. immi-
Mr. Hammer, a retired black- gration officials.
smith who walks with a cane, is
Mr. Rosenbaum said it was a
typical of the aging Nazis the U.S. miracle, really, that these papers I
Office of Special Investigations came to light while Nazis and
has brought to justice. Plucked their collaborators were still alive
from obscurity, Mr. Hammer and and subject to prosecution.
those like him are invariably de-
Indeed, this treasure trove of
scribed as quiet, pleasant neigh- war documents helped to under- ).
bors who tend to their own affairs mine Mr. Hammer's defense.
Slowly, they are dying. And
Mr. Hammer obtained a visa
that saddens Eli Rosenbaum, the in 1955 by swearing he merely,
OSI director. Not that they are served in the German army dur-
dying, but that they are dying be- ing the war. He later gained citi-
fore they can be unmasked and zenship after telling immigration
ejected from this country.
agents he had been "drafted" into
"Most of the perpetrators will the "German army SS." He de-
certainly get away with it," Mr. nied ever working as a concen-
Rosenbaum said glumly from his tration-camp guard.
Washington office last week. "It's
But documents discovered by
one of the many frustrations in the government, including a duty
working these kinds of cases."
roster from Auschwitz, placed Mr.
Since 1979, the OSI has pros- Hammer where he claimed he
ecuted 101 people for their activ- wasn't: at the Auschwitz, Sach-
ities during World War II or — senhausen and Flossenburg
more commonly — for lying about death camps and on a transport
those activities in their applica- to Mauthausen death camp in
tions for citizenship.
Mr. Hammer's case is not un-
After nearly a week of testi-
mony in Detroit, U.S. District
He is one of 38 former death- Judge Horace Gilmore revoked
camp guards to have their citi- Mr. Hammer's citizenship, ruling
zenship challenged by the federal that his testimony was not cred-
government. The next largest ible and that his application for
group of OSI defendants, 34, were citizenship contained material
alleged members of special Nazi misrepresentations.
police units. Sixteen defendants
An appeal is almost certain and
have been accused of serving on could take years. If that fails, Mr.
civilian police units which aided Hammer will likely be deported.
If so, he will not be the last.
Mr. Rosenbaum is acutely There are at least 16 OSI cases
aware that in the next decade or pending in U.S. courts and more
so, as Nazis and their accomplices than 300 other individuals who
perish, he and his staff will have remain under investigation, in-
to find other work, though what cluding a number in Michigan.
kind they do not know.
And yet after all these years,
"My mortgage banker asks me Mr. Rosenbaum said he still is un-
that question all the time," Mr. able to answer a fundamental
question about his prey, which is:
He said the OSI either will be What made these people partic-
closed or the government will ipate in these horrible acts?
redirect the office's efforts to find
"We have one case involving a
war criminals from other conflicts. man who signed a death warrant
In the meantime, the OSI of- for a 6-year-old girl," he said. "I
fice has never been busier. While would love to know from him
the prosecution of individuals like what would bring him to do such
Mr. Hammer waned in the late a thing. Of course, we may never
1980s as suspects began to die, know because this man has tak-
there has been a surprising resur- en the Fifth (Amendment).
gence in recent years.
"But I would love to know."