years ago, and that Mr. Rabin lauded the university as a
"microcosm of tolerance."
Mr. Kaveh continued: "This unspeakable act stands in
contradiction to the principles of Torah, Jewish tradition
and everything that Bar-Ilan University stands for and
teaches its students — tolerance, moderation and moral-
But with Dr. Baruch Goldstein, the Jewish Terror Un-
derground of the 1980s, and now Yigal Amir coming out
of the religious Zionist movement, this leading religious
Zionist institution's claim to teach only enlightened val-
ues was questioned.
Bar-Ilan Professor Uriel Simon,
one of the leaders of Israel's reli-
gious peace movement, said of Amir
Yigal Amir appears in
and his radical, murderous ideolo-
gy: "This is not a problem of Bar-
Ilan University; this is a problem of
President Bill Clinton
the religious Zionist movement." In
headed up the U.S.
many of the religious public schools
and yeshivot, Mr. Simon continued,
"The holiness of Eretz Yisrael is
held above every other value, espe-
cially that of democracy, which is
seen as a Western or 'Hellenistic' import." Beyond this,
Mr. Simon added, there are many rabbis and religious
teachers "who show contempt for the rule of law."
Also coming under question was the university's claims
to be apolitical. It is an institution of the National Reli-
gious Party, which, before the Six-Day War, was a mod-
erate party focused on increasing religious education in
Israel. Since the war it has become sharply right-wing,
focusing on support for the West Bank and Gaza settle-
"If people belong to Kach or take part in political ac-
tivities off-campus, we of course have no control over
"Death to Rabin"
A veteram West Bank
leader says that Rabin
created the atmosphere
that led to assassination.
el Aviv — While one man
murdered Yitzhak Rabin,
many have called for his
death for some time.
When Yassir Arafat arrived in
Gaza in early July 1994, the
right-wing held a giant demon-
stration in Jerusalem. Tens of
thousands of demonstrators
chanted, "Rabin is a traitor."
One man held up a poster fea-
turing a caricature of Mr. Arafat
sodomizing Rabin, who was de-
picted as saying, "The process
must continue." Some people
laughed, shook the artist's hand,
and said, "Good for you." Nobody
said a word against him. A few
dozen youths, many carrying
Likud posters, chanted, "Death
Some adults joined in. No one
tried to stop them.
At the time, veteran West
Bank settler leader and protest
organizer Benny Katsover spoke
of a ferocious animosity towards
Rabin among opponents of the
peace process. "I hear it from peo-
ple, not just in Judea and
Samaria, but all over. It's against
Arabs, but also against Jews,
and it's getting
stronger. Some peo-
ple are saying, 'We
have to blow things
up, we have to kill.'
People have a rage in
the belly. I feel it —
too many people, to
my regret, are saying,
'We have to kill Ra-
After their wish
came true, Mr.
Katsover was asked
how this sentiment
had increased since
his statement over a
year ago. "I never
stopped hearing peo-
ple talk like this — to
attack, to murder, to
assassinate — all
sorts of expressions.
I didn't hear it only at
be sitting at a red
light, and the guy in the lane
next to me would call out, 'We
have to kill this guy," Mr.
Asked if he ever reported the
names of such people to the po-
lice, Mr. Katsover replied, 'There
was no point. The. police knew
about it. And besides, I heard
some policemen tell me, 'We
have to kill Rabin."'
Mr. Katsover blamed Mr. Ra-
bin for bearing "a large propor-
tion of the blame for creating the
atmosphere that led to the as-
"He pushed half of the people
of Israel [those opposing the
peace process] into a corner," he
said. "All his statements about
how the demonstrators don't
move him at all...that we can
'spin like propellers', the corn-
parison of us to Hamas — peo-
ple felt pressed to the wall."
Mr. Katsover, like most other
right-wing leaders, had blamed
Mr. Rabin for the acts of Pales-
tinian terror, and even for dri-
ving Baruch Goldstein to the
Hebron massacre. Asked if he
was now blaming Rabin for his
own assassination, Mr. Katsover
replied: "There's a substantial
basis for it."
Asked the reaction he had
seen in the West Bank settle-
rnents to the murder, Mr.
Katsover said, "The majority is
in shock But there's a small ma-
jority of Jews who, let's say, don't
feel bad. At the very least, they
are not bothered by it."
A Kiryat Arba man said some
residents were dancing publicly
for joy after news of the murder.
A few people at a theatrical per-
forrnance in Ariel broke into ap-
plause when the announcement
was made from the stage, al-
though many in the crowd an-
grily denounced them. A few of
the hundreds or even thousands
of impromptu sidewalk memo-
rials to Rabin -- including can-
dles, flowers and handwritten
notes -- were found desecrated
in Jerusalem and Bnei Brak. In
Bnei Brak, a wall was defaced
with the graffiti: "Death to