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September 22, 1995 - Image 45

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1995-09-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

5755

Joyful Grips

Mordecai Gur, 65: Deputy
defense minister, of a self-in-
flicted gun-
shot wound
after suffer-
ing from ter-
minal
cancer. In
the 1967
Six-Day
War, he
headed
paratroopers
who first reached the Western
Wall. His stunning words on
Israeli radio at the time: "The
Temple Mount is in our
hands; The Temple Mount is
in our hands. And now the en-
tire Old City is in our hands,
and we are very, very happy."

Israel's most dramatic diplo-
matic achievement came under the
desert sun on Monday, Oct. 17.
That afternoon, with President
Clinton on hand, Israeli Prime
Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Jor-
dan's King Hussein did publicly
what they had done secretly for
years. They shook hands. More
than one commentator contrasted
the warm ceremony with Mr. Ra-
bin's reluctant grasp of Yasser
Arafat's palm on Sept. 13, 1993.
Israel and Jordan immediately
agreed to build dams on the
Yarmuk and Jordan Rivers that
will increase the supply of water
that stays in the region. The peace
treaty also opened the way for joint
ventures in energy, tourism, sea-
ports, airports, railroad systems
and roads.
By year's end, American Jewish
and Israeli tourists seemed as com-
mon in Jordan as Jews with kip-
pot in Jerusalem. Jordanian
students were studying Hebrew,
Jordanian taxi cab drivers were
saying "Shalom Aleichem" and
Jewish tourists were eating in Am-
man's kosher restaurant. Some
30,000 Jordanians have visited Is-
rael to date, far exceeding the rate
of Egyptian visitors.

Syd Einfeld, 86: Named for
his native city of Sydney, he
was credited with changing
Australia's immigration policy
to provide a refuge for Holo-
caust survivors. Served in
both federal and state parlia-
ments. Four-term past presi-
dent of the Executive Council
of Austi Lilian Jewry.

Kay Feinberg, 73:
Chairman of the Jewish com-
munity of Oslo, of natural
causes.

Rabbi Baruch Korff; 81:
Known as President Richard
Nixon's rabbi He
traced his rab-
binical lineage to
the 11th century
scholar Rashi.
Staunchly de-
fended Nixon
when Watergate
scandal broke out
in 1973 and
founded the President Nixon
Justice Fund.

Yeshoshafat Harkabi, 72:
Former intelligence chief of
the IDF and specialist on the
Arab-Israeli conflict.
Well-known for his liberal
attitudes and stream of
academic writings.

Yeshayahu Leibowitz, 91:
Philosopher, scientist and re-
ligious philosopher, in his
sleep. Active until the last day
of his life, the Orthodox Jew
staunchly opposed mixing re-
ligion and state. Vehemently
condemned Israel's occupa-
tion of the West Bank and
Gaza Strip as demeaning to
Jewish sensitivities.

Mc d. General
Meir Zorea, 72: Once head of
operations of Israel Defense
Forces. Career plunged in
1959 when he took blame for
a nationwide broadcast pur-
portedly announcing a mili-
tary emergency, which was
only a mobilization exercise.

Gaza's Woes

Unsettled On The West Bank

By year's end, almost 140,000 Jewish residents were
living in the West Bank. A majority of them, in the bed-
room communities near Tel Aviv and Jerusalem, were
drawn to the area by low-cost housing as much as ide-
ological reasons.
For some, even the hint of Jewish surrender of sov-
ereignty over the area is tantamount to treason.
Above: With Yitzhak Rabin's government at times treat-
Golan supporters ing such settlers with disdain, a number of main-
burn tires. stream Israelis began voicing support for their
West Bank brethren. The Likud opposition kept
trying to raise no confidence motions in the Knes-
set on behalf of the settlers, but to no avail.
The settlers took their protests to Israel proper, block-
ing traffic and even burning tires in what some have
called a mini-Jewish intifada. The settlers called for
a national referendum on the peace process, which Mr.
Rabin steadfastly refused.
Nonetheless, as the country's standard of living con-
tinued to rise, a large percentage of people in the coun-
try increasingly focused on gaining material goods.

Israeli soldiers used to dread pa-
trolling the Gaza Strip. They no
longer have that duty, but Yass-
er Arafat's extensive police force
— whose numbers surpass agreed
limitations — did not have an easy
time replacing them.
The most serious challenge
came on Nov. 18. Sixteen demon-
strators, in what was labeled
"Black Friday," were massacred
by Palestinian police in Gaza after
protesting Mr. Arafat's rule. The
Palestinian Authority appointed
two commissions to investigate; Is-
rael treated the matter as an "in-
ternal Palestinian affair," saying
little about what some thought
would be the start of a Palestinian
civil war.
Poverty and unemployment,
particularly as Israel prevented
Gazans from working in Israel af-
ter bus bombings, were a constant
story. Despite it all, Mr. Arafat con-
tinued to do what he has done best
as a Palestinian leader — survive.

King Hussein
and Arafat
came together.

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