Tell F7 Why
Sigmund Freud's Ode
To A Grecian Urn
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Q: Throughout the years, Jews
have picked some pretty interest-
ing names for their children. But
what about Guido? Have any Jews
been named Guido?
A: As a matter of fact, a
prominent member of Italy's
Jewish community was named
Guido Jung was born in 1876
in Italy. From 1932-35, he
served as finance minister for
Benito Mussolini — one of two
Jews Allowed to continue in im-
portant positions in the fascist
Mussolini cabinet (Aldo Finzi,
assistant minister of the inte-
rior, was the other).
Jung was the only minister
— Jewish or otherwise — who
returned to a prominent posi-
tion in the Italian Cabinet af-
ter the war, when he served as Writing the words of the teaching, not the law.
president of the National Insti-
tute of Foreign Commerce. He the belief that "English is des- gay candidate to hold office, died
tined to be in the next and suc- in 1979. The San Francisco city
died in 1949.
Ws it true that members of the ceeding centuries more generally supervisor was murdered by for-
Continental Congress proposed mak- the language of the world than mer policeman Dan White. Milk's
ing Hebrew the official language of Latin was in the last or French ashes were released over San
the newly independent United is in the present age."
Physicist Albert Einstein also
Q: What does the word 'Torah'
was cremated, with his ashes
A: It does not, as popularly scattered in the Delaware River
believed, mean "law." It actu- in New Jersey.
ally means "teaching."
In Hebrew grammar, torah
is the hifil conjugation of the
root word yara, meaning "to
teach." A related word is
rnoreh, or "teacher." This fits in
with Judaism's view of the
Torah as the teachings of a par-
ticular way of life, not merely
a long list of dos and don'ts. Be-
sides, the Torah contains more
than laws; it also includes nar-
rative history, poetry and
The origin of the mistrans-
A: There was never a formal lation goes back to the third cen-
tury BCE, when the Pentateuch
Francois Jean, Marquis de was translated into Greek (the
Chastellux, who traveled with Septuagint). The authors ren-
George Washington in the 1780s, dered the word Torah as nomos,
noted that Americans wished to law.
The mistake became wide-
break as many ties as possible
with Britain, the former moth- spread when, in the fifth centu- Sigmund Freud: What does it mean,
ry CE, the Catholic Church though, that he chose to be cremated?
Chastellux wrote that some ordered a standardized Latin
Americans even proposed re- translation of the Bible, the Vul-
Sigmund Freud, the father of
placing English with a new na- gate, much of which was based
psychoanalysis, was cremated,
tional language, "and some on the Septuagint.
The error entered English in but the family decided to keep his
persons were desirous, for the
convenience of the public, that 1611, with the King James Ver- "cremains" (as some funeral di-
rectors refer to the ashes). What's
Hebrew should be substituted for sion.
Q: What famous Jews have been left of Freud rests in a Grecian
urn in the Golders Green section
Chastellux also said that oth- cremated?
A: That California dreamer of London.
er Americans proposed French
and Greek as new national Cass Elliot, lead singer for the
Mamas and the Papas, died in Send questions to "Tell Me Why"
Most Americans, however, 1974, and her ashes were scat- c/o The Jewish News, 27676
Franklin Rd., Southfield, MI
probably agreed with John tered over the Pacific Ocean.
Harvey Milk, the first openly 48034
Adams, who in 1780 expressed