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Semitism, Mr. Ross said.
He pointed out that Holocaust
deniers like Bradley Smith have
become popular via cost-effective
strategies. They simply purchase
inexpensive advertisements in
campus newspapers and revel in
subsequent controversy, he said.
Academic departments and
student organizations showcase
Jew-bashing speakers in low-cost
or no-cost lecture halls. The
speakers receive free publicity
when local media cover the con-
Mr. Ross separated campus
anti-Semitism into five different
categories: ideological anti-
Zionism, traditional anti-
Semitism, JAP baiting,
Holocaust denial, as well as ex-
tremism from militant black
Ideological anti-Zionism con-
demns the existence of Israel.
Traditional anti-Semitism makes
references to run-of-the-mill
Jewish stereotypes. JAP baiting,
which has abated somewhat in
recent years, ascribes a bevy of
pejorative traits to the "Jewish
American Princess," Mr. Ross
The last five years, however,
have most prominently revealed
a strengthening of Holocaust de-
niers and black militant leaders.
"These people are profession-
al haters. They do it for a living
and the living can be very good,"
Mr. Ross said. "It pays to hate."
Mr. Ross said there are right
and wrong ways to battle
Holocaust deniers. Don't argue
for the actuality of the Holocaust,
he said. This legitimizes the de-
bate and generally motivates un-
informed spectators to take the
middle ground. The general pop-
ulace will end up not quite ac-
knowledging the deniers, but
believing Jews probably exag-
gerate the extent of Nazi atroci-
"Holocaust deniers are trying
to create a debate where no de-
bate ever existed before. The
Holocaust happened. Period. End
of discussion," Mr. Ross said.
Instead of arguing, the ADL
encourages people to combat "re-
visionists" by revealing their
funding sources and affiliations,
which include the liberty Lobby,
whose founder, Willis Carto,
orginally sponsored the denial
"Expose where they get their
money, what they are, who they
are, whom they affiliate with and
what their real purpose is," Mr.
Ross said. "The point is, you want
to respond but not debate. Ask
yourself, what is the essence of
their message? It's not about the
Holocaust at all."
It's about hate. He said, "What
is at least on the surface a claim
that genocide never occurred is,
in fact, a call for genocide itself."
When it comes to hostility from
militant black leaders, the ADL
recommends several responses.
For instance, Jewish students
should not attend guest lectures
by people like Steve Cokely, a
Chicago-based activist who be-
came notorious at the University
of Michigan and elsewhere for
saying that Jewish doctors inject
black babies with the HIV virus.
The ADL advises well-inten-
tioned Jewish students against
trying to debate such speakers
because most militant blacks sub-
scribe to a version of history de-
signed to indict Jews as
"It pays to hate."
oppressors. To effectively repu-
diate their statements, however,
requires a lot of factual ammu-
"Jewish students come (to
these speeches) with pride and
passion, but without a lot of
knowledge. Guys like Farrakhan
have stirred up a brew of poison,"
Mr. Ross said. "Their ideas are
out there and have now become
a part of the culture of black mil-
itants. All the things they say
have elements of truth to them.
Indeed, there were Jews involved
in the slave trade. But the (mil-
itants) take these elements of
truth and distort them."
The national offices of ADL
have prepared several video
tapes and pamphlets to educate
students about campus anti-
One video features experts —
primarily black professors — who
explain why people like Mr.
Farrakhan don't have their sto-
ries straight. The ADL has sent
copies of these tapes to Hillel
groups throughout the nation
and encourages academics to in-
clude them in curricula. 0
For Israel Post
Washington (JTA) — Longtime
diplomat Charles Redman is ru-
mored to be President Clinton's
top choice to become the next U.S.
ambassador to Israel.
News reports this week named
Mr. Redman, currently the Amer-
ican peace negotiator in Bosnia,
as the likely successor to Edward
Djerejian, who resigned from the
post last month.
Mr. Djerejian, who had served
as ambassador to Israel for only
six months, left the State De-
partment to become director of
the James A. Baker In Institute
for Public Policy at Rice Univer-
sity in Houston.