100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

The University of Michigan Library provides access to these materials for educational and research purposes. These materials may be under copyright. If you decide to use any of these materials, you are responsible for making your own legal assessment and securing any necessary permission. If you have questions about the collection, please contact the Bentley Historical Library at bentley.ref@umich.edu

March 11, 1994 - Image 100

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1994-03-11

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Clothing For An
Active Life Style.

Tell Me Why

What Would Vidal Sassoon
Have Done With Golda Meir?

ELIZABETH APPLEBAUM ASSOCIATE EDITOR

44: What's the origin of term "anti-Semite"?

A:

the yachtsman

Michigan's largest selection of Patagonia apparel.

4316 N. Woodward Ave. * South of 14 Mile Road

(313) 549-5070

)*0 1[IIT yet
4"
4 Antiques

32315 Grand River Avenue

(1/2 Mile east of Farmington Road)

Special Savings for Our Valued
Jewish News Readers!

Priced Merchandise
15% OFF Any regular
Mention This Ad

12,000 Square Feet Of Fine Antiques

(810) 4 77- 6630

OPEN DAILY 10 am-6 pm • Thursday & Friday Till 8 pm

PASSOVER TORTES

UNUSUAL AND DELICIOUS

w

Cr)

w

CC
1-
LU

LL1

100

ORDER EARLY!

29229 Northwestern Hwy.
Southfield, MI 48034

pronunciation).
(In 1781, Hebrew already had been designated
a "Semitic" language by the German historian, Al.
Schlozer.)
In 1879, German political agitator and propa-
gandist Wilhelm IVIarr coined the term "anti-Semi-
tism" when he founded the League of Anti-Semites.
Thereafter, the idea of the
Jews as a separate race of
humanity entered all as-
pects of European learning
and filtered down to the
mentality of the common
folk. From there, it was a
short distance to the Nazi
-theories of race promulgat-
ed in the 1920s and '30s.

A recent best -seller in Japan:

the anti-Semitic tf You

Understand the Jews, You Can
Comprehend the World.

44: Are Jewish newspapers a relatively
new concept?

Your Upper EnctAntique Shop

ENTREES &
SIDE DISHES
ALSO AVAILABLE

In the mid- to late-
19th century, an-
thropology developed as an
academic discipline, and
scholars and writers began
to think of humanity in
racial terms. In the late-
1870s German-speaking
world, thinking shifted from
the concept of Jews and
Christians to Jews and
Aryans. That is, Jews were
no longer viewed as a reli-
gious community, but as a
race.
According to the Torah, after the great flood the
three sons of Noah — Ham, Shem and Japheth —
repopulated the world. The Jews, via the patriarchs,
descend from Shem. This interpretation was adopt-
ed by the Christian world and thus arose in the late
19th century the designation of the Jews as Semi-
tes, or descendants of Shem ("Sem" by the Greek



onnie's
PATISSERIE

(313) 357 4540

-

Advertising in The Jewish News
Gets Results
Place Your Ad Today.
Call 354-6060

Not at all. The oldest extant Jewish news-
paper is the Jewish Chronicle of London,
founded in 1841. and still widely circulated today.
One of its earliest editors was Abraham Benisch
(1814-1878), who settled in England in 1841. A na-
tive of Germany, while attending the University
of Vienna he founded a secret society whose goal

was to reestablish a Jewish state in Palestine.
Under Benisch's leadership, the Chronicle be-
came the first to publish Herzl's the Jewish State.
It also was the first newspaper to report on the Bal-
four Declaration, in which the British government
expressed approval for a Jewish homeland in Pales-
tine.

Q. Did Golda Meir
ever visit a beauty
salon?

No. The former Israeli prime minister nev-
er made it even once in her long life (1898-
1978) to a beauty parlor.

44: Is the Kaddish strictly a prayer for the
dead?

Kaddish is a doxology, a prayer of praise
to God. It makes no mention of death or
the deceased.
There are various types of Kaddish: The com-
plete Kaddish, the half Kaddish, the scholars'
Kaddish, the mourners' Kaddish, burial-service
Kaddish and the Kaddish recited at the conclu-
sion of the study of a talmudic tractate.
Generally, Kaddish functions as a conclusion
to a portion of the synagogue service.
In 13th-century Germany, during persecutions
by the Crusaders, Kaddish came to be associated
with mourning. Until then, the usual practice for
a male mourner was to lead one or all of the three
daily prayer services in the synagogue. Leading
others in prayer was (and still is) considered an
appropriate manner of public mourning because

it reflects well on the mourner's parents: that is,
they cared enough for their son to have him well-
educated, and thus able to serve as a shaliach tz-
ibur, a leader of prayers.
Jewish law states that only a bar mitzvah, a
male at least 13 years old, may lead prayers. But
the Crusades left many children without parents.
To include minors in the synagogue service, the
rabbis instituted the recitation of a special Kad-
dish at the conclusion of the service and at the
end of certain psalms. And because the text of the
Kaddish calls on the congregation to answer
"amen," this could serve as a child's equivalent to
leading a synagogue service.
Later, the practice was taken up by all mourn-
ers, adults and minors.

Send questions to "Tell Me Why" c to The Jewish News, 27676 Franklin Rd., Southfield, MI 48034

Back to Top

© 2022 Regents of the University of Michigan