League study reporting that 37
percent of black adults said they
had anti-Semitic feelings.
Overall, said the study, 20 per-
cent of American adults hold
strongly anti-Semitic feelings,
while another 41 percent hold
some anti-Semitic views.
Elie Wiesel, President Clinton and Harvey Meyerhoff light the eternal flame outside the
Ruth Bader Ginsburg, the Supreme Court's first Jewish woman justice.
n April, the California ADL
made the news when the
FBI accused it of illegally
operating a spy network.
That same month, 10,000 people
braved a cold rain for the dedica-
tion of Washington's Holocaust
museum. For many, the high
point occurred when Nobel lau-
reate and Auschwitz survivor,
Elie Wiesel, turned to Bill
Clinton and said, "I have been in
the former Yugoslavia... I cannot
sleep since last fall... We must
do something to stop the blood-
shed. People fight each other
and children die. Why?
Something — anything — must
By the end of 5753, virtually
nothing had been done — and
Bosnia still was being "ethnical-
ly cleansed" by Serbs.
More than 300,000 visitors
had made the museum the
hottest ticket in Washington by
mid-summer. Projections called
for 1.8 million visitors by the
end of 1993 — almost double the
estimates before it opened.
Even with the opening of such
a facility in the nation's capital,
a rise in hate crimes continued
all over the world. In Southern
California, the FBI thwarted a
white supremacist group's plot
to kill blacks and Jews.
In New York, an investigative
team found gross negligence by
city officials in not protecting
the Chasidic community of the
Crown Heights section of
Brooklyn in the first few days of
the August 1991 riots.
And in mid-June, Mr. Clinton
nominated Ruth Bader Ginsburg
for the Supreme Court. When
confirmed by the Senate in mid-
summer, she became the court's
first Jewish woman — and its
first Jew since 1969.
Around the same time, Tom
Dine resigned after heading the
American Israel Public Affairs
Committee for 13 years. His res-
ignation was spurred by anti-
Orthodox quotes attributed to
him in a new book on Jewish
fundamentalism: "I don't think
mainstream Jews feel very com-
fortable with the ultra-
Orthodox. It's a class thing, I
suppose. Their image is smelly."
At year's end, convicted spy
Jonathan Pollard remains in jail
despite massive efforts to seek
his freedom. The U.S. Supreme
Court decided in October not to
hear Mr. Pollard's appeal. This
left Mr. Pollard with only one
WIESEL page 52